Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Puerto Rico
Somalia
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Curacao
South Sudan 2.0
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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