Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Marshall Islands 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9 17.5
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
United States 15.2 15.3 15.6 16.1 17.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4
Burundi 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9 7.0
Kiribati 10.1 10.9 12.2 12.9 10.8
Liberia 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.2
France 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.6
Netherlands 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9
Germany 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7 11.8
Moldova 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5
Sierra Leone 11.9 10.4 9.8 10.0 12.7
Switzerland 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0
Austria 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5 11.2
Portugal 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.8
Rwanda 6.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.2
Denmark 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5
Greece 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2
Canada 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 11.1
Belgium 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.7
Serbia 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4 10.5
Malta 9.1 9.1 8.5 8.2 8.3
Iceland 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6
Sweden 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9
Italy 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4
New Zealand 8.3 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.8
Afghanistan 8.8 8.6 8.4 9.6 8.5
Norway 9.0 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.7
South Africa 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0 8.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.8
Brazil 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.9
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Slovenia 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4
Georgia 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2
Spain 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 9.6
Palau 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.4
Uruguay 8.2 8.3 8.0 7.9 9.0
Finland 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3 9.2
United Kingdom 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.8 9.7
Lebanon 7.9 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.3
Hungary 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5 7.7
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5
Jordan 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5
Montenegro 8.5 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1
Uganda 10.2 8.0 9.5 10.0 9.6
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3 7.5
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9 6.8
Costa Rica 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7
Luxembourg 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1
Cuba 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.7
Honduras 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8
Ireland 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 9.9
Guatemala 7.1 7.4 7.1 7.0 7.2
Burkina Faso 6.9 7.4 7.7 6.8 7.4
Slovak Republic 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2
Niger 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2
Israel 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Namibia 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 8.1
Lesotho 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8
Djibouti 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.3
Croatia 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.2
Malawi 6.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.8
Panama 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4
Bulgaria 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2
Swaziland 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5
Latvia 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8
Czech Republic 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8
Argentina 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6
El Salvador 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9 7.6
Solomon Islands 7.8 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9
Mali 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8
Tanzania 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4 5.6
Mozambique 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0
St. Lucia 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4 8.0
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8
Togo 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5 7.2
Belarus 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.0 7.5
Cyprus 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4
Chile 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.4
Suriname 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.2
Lithuania 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5
Azerbaijan 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9
Colombia 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0
Korea, Rep. 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8
Andorra 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1
Vietnam 5.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0
Grenada 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8
Albania 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8
Turkey 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1
Paraguay 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.7 7.5
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.8
Tajikistan 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9
Haiti 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 6.4
Mexico 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.4
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.0
Gambia, The 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Tonga 6.4 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.6
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3
Senegal 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8
Zambia 6.2 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.7
Mongolia 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4
Russian Federation 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.5
Bhutan 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6
Barbados 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0
Morocco 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7
Samoa 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.7
Cabo Verde 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2
Romania 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4 7.2
Estonia 5.0 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5
Ecuador 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.6
Botswana 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 6.1
Sudan 4.1 4.9 6.1 7.3 7.4
San Marino 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3
Bolivia 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.8
Cameroon 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.1
Benin 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.4
Dominica 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.7 5.4
Guyana 5.8 4.7 5.8 7.2 7.3
Ghana 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2
Comoros 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 3.8
Armenia 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5
China 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.1
Ethiopia 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.7
Angola 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4
Kenya 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6
Peru 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.3
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.1
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8
Mauritius 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Lao PDR 4.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 3.6
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2
Cambodia 5.8 4.2 3.5 5.5 6.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0
India 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
Chad 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
Central African Republic 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6
Sri Lanka 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3
Philippines 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1
Fiji 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.2
Monaco 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 4.6
Kazakhstan 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6
Pakistan 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9
Nigeria 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2
Malaysia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
Singapore 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.5
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6
Algeria 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.2
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Eritrea 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3
Mauritania 4.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.8
Gabon 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7 3.7
Vanuatu 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9
Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8
Iraq 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6
Indonesia 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8
Turkmenistan 3.5 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9
Qatar 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6
Libya 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.6
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Timor-Leste 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3
American Samoa
Macao SAR, China
Somalia
Aruba
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
South Sudan 1.9 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
Taiwan, China
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
Zimbabwe

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