Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Marshall Islands 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9 17.5
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
United States 15.2 15.3 15.6 16.1 17.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4
Burundi 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9 7.0
Kiribati 10.1 10.9 12.2 12.9 10.8
Liberia 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.2
France 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.6
Netherlands 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9
Germany 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7 11.8
Moldova 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5
Sierra Leone 11.9 10.4 9.8 10.0 12.7
Switzerland 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0
Austria 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5 11.2
Portugal 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.8
Rwanda 6.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.2
Denmark 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5
Greece 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2
Canada 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 11.1
Belgium 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.7
Serbia 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4 10.5
Malta 9.1 9.1 8.5 8.2 8.3
Iceland 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6
Sweden 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9
Italy 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4
New Zealand 8.3 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.8
Afghanistan 8.8 8.6 8.4 9.6 8.5
Norway 9.0 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.7
South Africa 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0 8.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.8
Brazil 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.9
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Slovenia 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4
Georgia 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2
Spain 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 9.6
Palau 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.4
Uruguay 8.2 8.3 8.0 7.9 9.0
Finland 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3 9.2
United Kingdom 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.8 9.7
Lebanon 7.9 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.3
Hungary 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5 7.7
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5
Jordan 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5
Montenegro 8.5 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1
Uganda 10.2 8.0 9.5 10.0 9.6
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3 7.5
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9 6.8
Costa Rica 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7
Luxembourg 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1
Cuba 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.7
Honduras 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8
Ireland 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 9.9
Guatemala 7.1 7.4 7.1 7.0 7.2
Burkina Faso 6.9 7.4 7.7 6.8 7.4
Slovak Republic 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2
Niger 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2
Israel 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Namibia 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 8.1
Lesotho 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8
Djibouti 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.3
Croatia 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.2
Malawi 6.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.8
Panama 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4
Bulgaria 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2
Swaziland 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5
Latvia 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8
Czech Republic 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8
Argentina 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6
El Salvador 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9 7.6
Solomon Islands 7.8 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9
Mali 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8
Tanzania 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4 5.6
Mozambique 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0
St. Lucia 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4 8.0
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8
Togo 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5 7.2
Belarus 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.0 7.5
Cyprus 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4
Chile 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.4
Suriname 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.2
Lithuania 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5
Azerbaijan 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9
Colombia 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0
Korea, Rep. 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8
Andorra 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1
Vietnam 5.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0
Grenada 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8
Albania 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8
Turkey 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1
Paraguay 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.7 7.5
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.8
Tajikistan 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9
Haiti 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 6.4
Mexico 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.4
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.0
Gambia, The 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Tonga 6.4 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.6
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3
Senegal 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8
Zambia 6.2 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.7
Mongolia 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4
Russian Federation 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.5
Bhutan 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6
Barbados 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0
Morocco 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7
Samoa 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.7
Cabo Verde 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2
Romania 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4 7.2
Estonia 5.0 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5
Ecuador 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.6
Botswana 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 6.1
Sudan 4.1 4.9 6.1 7.3 7.4
San Marino 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3
Bolivia 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.8
Cameroon 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.1
Benin 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.4
Dominica 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.7 5.4
Guyana 5.8 4.7 5.8 7.2 7.3
Ghana 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2
Comoros 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 3.8
Armenia 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5
China 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.1
Ethiopia 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.7
Angola 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4
Kenya 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6
Peru 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.3
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.1
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8
Mauritius 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Lao PDR 4.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 3.6
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2
Cambodia 5.8 4.2 3.5 5.5 6.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0
India 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
Chad 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
Central African Republic 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6
Sri Lanka 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3
Philippines 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1
Fiji 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.2
Monaco 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 4.6
Kazakhstan 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6
Pakistan 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9
Nigeria 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2
Malaysia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
Singapore 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.5
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6
Algeria 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.2
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Eritrea 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3
Mauritania 4.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.8
Gabon 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7 3.7
Vanuatu 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9
Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8
Iraq 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6
Indonesia 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8
Turkmenistan 3.5 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9
Qatar 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6
Libya 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.6
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Timor-Leste 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3
Puerto Rico
Somalia
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
New Caledonia
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Middle East (developing only)
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
South Sudan 1.9 2.1
Aruba
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Bermuda
Zimbabwe

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