Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Timor-Leste 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 3.9
Turkmenistan 3.5 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8
Qatar 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.6
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3
Libya 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2
Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8
Indonesia 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8
Kazakhstan 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8
Gabon 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7 3.7
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Eritrea 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6
Monaco 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3
Angola 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4
Singapore 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Cambodia 5.8 4.2 3.5 5.5 6.3
Mauritania 4.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.8
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
Pakistan 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9
Malaysia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.5
Vanuatu 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9
Chad 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
Sri Lanka 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3
Iraq 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6
Fiji 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.2
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 4.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5
Algeria 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.2
Philippines 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1
India 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0
Lao PDR 4.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 3.6
Mauritius 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0
Cabo Verde 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2
Central African Republic 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6
Armenia 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5
Zambia 6.2 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
China 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.1
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.7
Kenya 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6
Nigeria 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2
Benin 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.4
Peru 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.7 5.4
Bolivia 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.8
Cameroon 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.1
Botswana 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 6.1
Senegal 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8
Ethiopia 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.1
San Marino 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2
Comoros 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 3.8
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5
Azerbaijan 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4 7.2
Dominica 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9 5.2
Estonia 5.0 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9
Romania 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
Ghana 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2
Tajikistan 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9
Russian Federation 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.5
Haiti 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 6.4
Morocco 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7
Malawi 6.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.8
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.0
Tonga 6.4 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.6
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2
Barbados 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.2
Mongolia 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4
Tanzania 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4 5.6
Guyana 5.8 4.7 5.8 7.2 7.3
Gambia, The 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Mexico 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.4
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3
Grenada 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2
Bhutan 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6
Samoa 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.7
Suriname 5.4 6.2 5.9 6.3 6.8
Mozambique 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.8
Paraguay 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.7 7.5
Turkey 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1
Cyprus 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8
Andorra 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1
Albania 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8
Sudan 4.1 4.9 6.1 7.3 7.4
Lithuania 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5
Colombia 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9 7.6
Panama 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6
El Salvador 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.2
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8
Chile 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.4
Solomon Islands 7.8 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9
Korea, Rep. 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2
Belarus 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1
Togo 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8
Argentina 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6
Vietnam 5.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0
Czech Republic 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8
Luxembourg 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1
Montenegro 8.5 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1
Ecuador 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3 7.1
Niger 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2
St. Lucia 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4 8.0
Bulgaria 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2
Kyrgyz Republic 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.0 7.5
Namibia 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 8.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9 6.8
Mali 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8
Latvia 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8
Swaziland 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3 7.5
Guatemala 7.2 7.4 7.2 6.9 7.1
Israel 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Croatia 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.2
Burkina Faso 6.9 7.4 7.7 6.8 7.4
Hungary 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5 7.7
Djibouti 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.3
Slovak Republic 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2
South Africa 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0 8.7
Ireland 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 9.9
Honduras 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8
Uruguay 8.2 8.3 8.0 7.9 9.0
Slovenia 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4
Finland 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3 9.2
Lebanon 7.9 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.3
Georgia 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5
Jordan 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5
Costa Rica 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7
United Kingdom 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.8 9.7
Afghanistan 8.8 8.6 8.4 9.6 8.5
New Zealand 8.3 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.8
Brazil 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.9
Malta 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2 8.3
Lesotho 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8
Spain 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 9.6
Italy 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.7 9.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.8
Palau 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.4
Norway 9.0 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.7
Sweden 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9
Iceland 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6
Uganda 10.2 8.0 9.5 10.0 9.6
Belgium 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.7
Canada 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 11.1
Greece 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2
Sierra Leone 11.9 10.4 9.8 10.0 12.7
Denmark 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5
Portugal 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.8
Burundi 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9 7.0
Rwanda 6.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.2
Switzerland 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0
Liberia 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.2
Austria 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5 11.2
Serbia 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4 10.5
Cuba 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.7
Germany 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7 11.8
Netherlands 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9
France 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.6
Moldova 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4
Kiribati 10.1 10.9 12.2 12.9 10.8
United States 15.2 15.3 15.6 16.1 17.1
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
Marshall Islands 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9 17.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Guam
American Samoa
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Somalia
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Macao SAR, China
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
South Sudan 1.9 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
Hong Kong SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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