Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Timor-Leste 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.9
Myanmar 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9
Kuwait 2.3 2.1 1.9 3.9 2.8
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.0
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3 3.8
Qatar 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8 2.7
Oman 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.8 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.6 2.9 4.0 3.9
Libya 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2 3.1
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.1
Gabon 2.9 2.9 2.5 3.4 3.4
Bahrain 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.8 3.6
Guinea 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8 4.5
Indonesia 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kazakhstan 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1 4.4
Eritrea 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.2
Seychelles 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6 3.6
Chad 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.9
Pakistan 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0
Monaco 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3 4.4
Angola 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4 3.4
Singapore 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.3 4.0
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.5 2.9 4.1 3.5
Cambodia 4.3 3.5 5.6 6.4 6.0
Mauritania 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.8 3.3
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0 4.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6 4.1
Vanuatu 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.7
Iraq 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6 3.8
Syrian Arab Republic 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3
Fiji 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.3 4.2
Sri Lanka 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4
Algeria 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.4 5.1
San Marino 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.6 5.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1 4.7
Philippines 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.4 4.4
Papua New Guinea 5.9 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.2
Central African Republic 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.6 3.9
Kenya 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.0
Lao PDR 4.1 4.1 2.8 3.8 2.7
India 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3
Mauritius 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.6
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.8
Armenia 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5 4.6
China 4.5 4.3 4.6 5.1 4.9
Dominican Republic 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.1
Zambia 6.1 4.4 4.9 4.7 4.4
Nigeria 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2 3.5
Zimbabwe 5.1 4.5 5.0 6.3 5.4
Benin 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.9
Peru 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.0
Dominica 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.7
Ethiopia 4.5 4.7 4.3 4.4 6.9
Botswana 4.9 4.7 5.6 6.4 5.6
Tanzania 6.9 4.7 4.2 4.0 5.3
Senegal 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.6
Sudan 3.9 4.7 8.2 8.0 8.0
Cameroon 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.3
Belize 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8 5.8
Trinidad and Tobago 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.4 5.2
Jamaica 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.2
Comoros 4.6 4.9 5.1 3.8 5.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.8
Bolivia 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.8 5.4
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.9
Mongolia 4.7 5.1 5.6 5.3 4.7
Azerbaijan 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9 5.3
Estonia 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9 6.2
Romania 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.8
Samoa 4.7 5.3 4.5 5.0 5.7
Mozambique 6.5 5.3 4.9 5.4 5.4
Venezuela, RB 4.9 5.3 4.0 5.8 5.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.5 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.5
Ghana 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.3
Tajikistan 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9 6.0
Russian Federation 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.4 6.8
Thailand 4.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.4
Morocco 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.9
Togo 5.6 5.5 5.7 6.6 5.4
Haiti 5.7 5.6 5.9 6.7 8.2
Barbados 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.2
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2 6.5
Gambia, The 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.3
Tonga 5.6 5.8 5.1 4.7 4.6
Nepal 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.9 5.8 6.3 7.6 8.0
Grenada 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2 6.4
Bhutan 5.3 5.9 6.6 6.0 5.2
Mexico 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.6 6.4
Suriname 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.8
Ecuador 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.9
Korea, Rep. 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.8
Turkey 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.6
Cyprus 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.2
Vietnam 5.6 6.1 5.5 6.0 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8 6.7
Albania 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.3
Lithuania 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5 7.1
Colombia 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.8
Poland 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.1 6.9
Panama 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6 8.0
El Salvador 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8 6.9
Andorra 5.3 6.3 6.6 6.8 8.0
Chile 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.4 7.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.3
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8 7.8
Bulgaria 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.2
Paraguay 6.4 6.4 7.1 9.1 9.1
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9 7.5
Belarus 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1 5.6
Guyana 4.7 6.5 7.5 7.3 6.6
Argentina 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6 6.6
Czech Republic 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8 7.4
Burkina Faso 6.6 6.6 6.8 7.4 7.2
Maldives 7.4 6.6 9.3 9.2 7.9
Malawi 9.0 6.7 8.4 8.3 9.3
Montenegro 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1 6.9
Luxembourg 7.7 6.8 7.3 8.1 7.7
St. Lucia 6.4 6.8 7.4 8.1 8.1
Guatemala 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8 6.7
Macedonia, FYR 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.8
Nicaragua 6.3 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.6
Niger 7.4 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.4
Mali 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.4
Namibia 7.2 7.0 7.1 8.1 7.9
Latvia 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.6
Swaziland 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5 8.5
Bahamas, The 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.4
Israel 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.8 7.4 5.7 6.7 5.2
Croatia 7.0 7.4 7.7 8.2 8.2
Hungary 8.1 7.5 7.3 7.5 7.9
South Africa 7.6 7.5 7.7 8.4 8.5
Ireland 7.2 7.6 8.6 9.5 8.8
Afghanistan 8.2 7.6 8.7 9.4 9.2
Djibouti 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.4 8.8
Slovak Republic 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2 8.5
Honduras 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8 8.5
Slovenia 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4 9.1
Finland 8.4 8.1 8.4 9.2 9.0
Georgia 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2 10.1
Uruguay 11.2 8.2 8.2 8.8 8.6
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5 9.6
Brazil 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.3
Jordan 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5 8.4
New Zealand 8.6 8.4 10.7 11.2 11.2
Malta 8.9 8.4 8.2 8.3 8.3
Spain 8.2 8.4 8.8 9.5 9.6
Costa Rica 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7 9.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.3 8.4 8.6 9.6 9.6
United Kingdom 8.4 8.4 8.9 9.8 9.5
Lesotho 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8 10.9
Italy 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4 9.4
Rwanda 10.0 8.5 7.7 7.2 7.9
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0 9.0
Norway 8.4 8.6 8.4 9.5 9.3
Iceland 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.1 8.9
Lebanon 8.8 8.9 8.1 7.4 7.2
Sweden 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9 9.5
Palau 8.7 9.0 9.1 9.5 10.6
Belgium 9.2 9.3 9.6 10.4 10.2
Netherlands 9.4 9.4 9.6 10.3 10.5
Greece 9.3 9.4 9.8 9.8 9.2
Portugal 9.7 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.4
Uganda 9.9 9.8 9.1 8.4 11.0
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 11.2 11.2
Denmark 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5 11.1
Serbia 9.0 10.0 10.0 9.9 10.1
Burundi 11.5 10.0 7.9 7.0 8.8
Sierra Leone 10.7 10.1 10.3 13.1 10.3
Germany 10.3 10.2 10.4 11.4 11.3
Switzerland 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0 11.1
Liberia 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.4 11.9
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.6 11.2 11.2
Cuba 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.8 10.2
France 10.5 10.4 10.6 11.3 11.2
Moldova 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5 12.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4 13.8
Kiribati 10.9 13.7 12.2 12.2 10.5
United States 15.3 15.6 16.0 17.0 17.0
Tuvalu 19.4 17.0 13.4 12.8 16.8
Marshall Islands 19.8 20.4 19.4 19.0 17.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Guam
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Curacao
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Somalia
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Faroe Islands
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
West Bank and Gaza
Isle of Man
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa

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