Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Aruba
Isle of Man
Hong Kong SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Guam
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
New Caledonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
South Sudan 2.0
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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