Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Marshall Islands 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9 17.5
United States 15.2 15.3 15.6 16.1 17.1
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4
Kiribati 10.1 10.9 12.2 12.9 10.8
Liberia 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.2
Moldova 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5
Netherlands 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9
France 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.6
Cuba 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.7
Germany 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7 11.8
Austria 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5 11.2
Serbia 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4 10.5
Switzerland 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0
Portugal 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.8
Denmark 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5
Greece 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2
Rwanda 6.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.2
Sierra Leone 11.9 10.4 9.8 10.0 12.7
Canada 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 11.1
Uganda 10.2 8.0 9.5 10.0 9.6
Belgium 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.7
Afghanistan 8.8 8.6 8.4 9.6 8.5
New Zealand 8.3 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.8
Sweden 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9
Iceland 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6
Costa Rica 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7
Georgia 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2
Ireland 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 9.9
Spain 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 9.6
Italy 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4
Lesotho 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8
United Kingdom 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.8 9.7
Jordan 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.8
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.7 9.0
Palau 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.4
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5
Norway 9.0 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.7
Slovenia 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4
Brazil 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.9
Honduras 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8
Finland 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3 9.2
Swaziland 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5
Malta 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2 8.3
Djibouti 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.3
South Africa 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0 8.7
Slovak Republic 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2
Uruguay 8.2 8.3 8.0 7.9 9.0
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9 7.6
Burundi 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9 7.0
Croatia 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.2
Lebanon 7.9 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.3
Hungary 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5 7.7
St. Lucia 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4 8.0
Sudan 4.1 4.9 6.1 7.3 7.4
Luxembourg 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4
Israel 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Guyana 5.8 4.7 5.8 7.2 7.3
Namibia 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 8.1
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.0 7.5
Bulgaria 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2
Guatemala 7.2 7.4 7.2 6.9 7.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9 6.8
Niger 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2
Chile 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.4
Cyprus 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.2
Czech Republic 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8
Burkina Faso 6.9 7.4 7.7 6.8 7.4
Panama 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6
Mali 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8
Malawi 6.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.8
Argentina 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6
Korea, Rep. 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8
Latvia 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8
Colombia 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0
Lithuania 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5
Togo 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8
Mongolia 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4 7.2
Suriname 5.4 6.2 5.9 6.3 6.8
Ecuador 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3 7.1
Bhutan 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3 7.5
El Salvador 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
Russian Federation 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.5
Montenegro 8.5 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1
Andorra 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1
Barbados 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.2
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.0
Turkey 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1
Kyrgyz Republic 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8
Estonia 5.0 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8
Solomon Islands 7.8 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9
Belarus 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1
Gambia, The 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3
Albania 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8
Mexico 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.4
Grenada 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2
Paraguay 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.7 7.5
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.8
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2
Tajikistan 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9
Vietnam 5.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0
Mozambique 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0
Haiti 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 6.4
Cambodia 5.8 4.2 3.5 5.5 6.3
Romania 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
Morocco 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2
Tanzania 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4 5.6
Botswana 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 6.1
Comoros 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 3.8
Tonga 6.4 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3
Samoa 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.7
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8
Cameroon 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.1
Dominica 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9 5.2
Senegal 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8
Bolivia 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.8
Ghana 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0
Zambia 6.2 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.7
San Marino 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9
Peru 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.7 5.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1
China 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.1
Mauritius 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6
Azerbaijan 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.1
Ethiopia 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Central African Republic 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5
Algeria 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0
Benin 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.4
Kenya 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.5
Nigeria 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2
India 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
Cabo Verde 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2
Philippines 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
Singapore 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Iraq 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6
Angola 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4
Armenia 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5
Eritrea 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3
Mauritania 4.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.8
Vanuatu 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9
Kazakhstan 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1
Monaco 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3
Fiji 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.2
Malaysia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8
Sri Lanka 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3
Pakistan 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Chad 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 4.6
Indonesia 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8
Lao PDR 4.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 3.6
Gabon 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7 3.7
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.6
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1 3.0
Libya 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Turkmenistan 3.5 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 3.9
South Sudan 1.9 2.1
Qatar 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6
Timor-Leste 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Somalia
Guam
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Kosovo
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Macao SAR, China
Hong Kong SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Zimbabwe

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