Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Liechtenstein
Guam
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Cayman Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Somalia
French Polynesia
South Sudan 2.0
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Macao SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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