Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Timor-Leste 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.6
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 3.9
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1 3.0
Libya 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2
Indonesia 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8
Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8
Eritrea 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3
Gabon 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7 3.7
Qatar 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6
Pakistan 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9
Algeria 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.2
Vanuatu 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9
Malaysia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
Turkmenistan 3.5 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 4.6
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0
Fiji 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1
Singapore 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.5
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6
Philippines 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8
Monaco 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3
Tanzania 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4 5.6
Sri Lanka 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2
Kazakhstan 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1
Nigeria 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2
Sudan 4.1 4.9 6.1 7.3 7.4
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5
Iraq 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6
Angola 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4
Mauritania 4.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.8
Chad 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
Ethiopia 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Comoros 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 3.8
India 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
Lao PDR 4.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 3.6
Central African Republic 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6
Kenya 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6
Haiti 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 6.4
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Mauritius 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.7
Ghana 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3
Peru 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.3
China 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.1
Dominica 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.7 5.4
Benin 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.4
Cabo Verde 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5
Ecuador 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.6
Cameroon 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.1
Samoa 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.7
Gambia, The 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Estonia 5.0 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9
San Marino 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9
Morocco 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0
Russian Federation 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.5
Armenia 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.1
Bhutan 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4 7.2
Senegal 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8
Vietnam 5.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0
Barbados 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.2
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.8
Turkey 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1
Romania 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
Grenada 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2
Bolivia 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.8
Paraguay 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.7 7.5
Botswana 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 6.1
Korea, Rep. 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.0
Andorra 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1
Cambodia 5.8 4.2 3.5 5.5 6.3
Colombia 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0
Kyrgyz Republic 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8
Guyana 5.8 4.7 5.8 7.2 7.3
Lithuania 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5
Mexico 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.4
Tajikistan 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4
Mongolia 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.0 7.5
Albania 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8
Malawi 6.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.8
Zambia 6.2 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.7
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.2
Lesotho 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8
St. Lucia 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4 8.0
Mali 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8
Cyprus 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4
Latvia 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8
Tonga 6.4 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.6
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8
Togo 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5 7.2
Chile 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.4
Suriname 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1
Swaziland 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5
Argentina 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6
Rwanda 6.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.2
Mozambique 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.9 7.4 7.7 6.8 7.4
Belarus 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1
Czech Republic 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8
Croatia 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.2
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9 7.6
Slovak Republic 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2
Niger 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2
Guatemala 7.1 7.4 7.1 7.0 7.2
El Salvador 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
Djibouti 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.3
Bulgaria 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2
Namibia 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 8.1
Israel 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Panama 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6
Ireland 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 9.9
Honduras 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8
Costa Rica 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7
Solomon Islands 7.8 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9
Lebanon 7.9 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.3
Azerbaijan 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9
Luxembourg 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1
Liberia 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9 6.8
Cuba 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.7
United Kingdom 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.8 9.7
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5
Uruguay 8.2 8.3 8.0 7.9 9.0
Palau 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.4
Spain 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 9.6
New Zealand 8.3 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.8
Brazil 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.9
Finland 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3 9.2
Hungary 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5 7.7
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Montenegro 8.5 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1
Slovenia 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4
Georgia 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.8
Italy 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4
Afghanistan 8.8 8.6 8.4 9.6 8.5
South Africa 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0 8.7
Jordan 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5
Norway 9.0 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.7
Serbia 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4 10.5
Sweden 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9
Malta 9.1 9.1 8.5 8.2 8.3
Moldova 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5
Iceland 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6
Canada 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 11.1
Belgium 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.7
Greece 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2
Denmark 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3 7.5
Kiribati 10.1 10.9 12.2 12.9 10.8
Burundi 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9 7.0
Uganda 10.2 8.0 9.5 10.0 9.6
Portugal 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.8
Austria 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5 11.2
Germany 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7 11.8
Switzerland 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0
Netherlands 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9
France 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.6
Sierra Leone 11.9 10.4 9.8 10.0 12.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4
United States 15.2 15.3 15.6 16.1 17.1
Marshall Islands 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9 17.5
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Puerto Rico
Taiwan, China
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan 1.9 2.1
Isle of Man
Aruba
Somalia
West Bank and Gaza
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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