Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Timor-Leste 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.9
Myanmar 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.0
Qatar 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6 2.1
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.3
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8 2.7
Indonesia 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7
Oman 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.8 2.7
Lao PDR 4.1 4.1 2.8 3.8 2.7
Kuwait 2.3 2.1 1.9 3.9 2.8
Chad 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.9
Pakistan 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0
Libya 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2 3.1
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.1
Eritrea 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3
Mauritania 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.8 3.3
Angola 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4 3.4
Gabon 2.9 2.9 2.5 3.4 3.4
Sri Lanka 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4
Nigeria 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2 3.5
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.5 2.9 4.1 3.5
Seychelles 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6 3.6
Bahrain 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.8 3.6
Iraq 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6 3.8
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3 3.8
Central African Republic 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.6 3.9
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.6 2.9 4.0 3.9
Singapore 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.3 4.0
Kenya 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.0
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0 4.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6 4.1
Dominican Republic 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.1
Papua New Guinea 5.9 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.2
Fiji 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.3 4.2
India 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3
Philippines 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.4 4.4
Monaco 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3 4.4
Zambia 6.1 4.4 4.9 4.7 4.4
Kazakhstan 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1 4.4
Guinea 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8 4.5
Armenia 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5 4.6
Tonga 5.6 5.8 5.1 4.7 4.6
Senegal 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.6
Mongolia 4.7 5.1 5.6 5.3 4.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1 4.7
Vanuatu 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.8
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.9
China 4.5 4.3 4.6 5.1 4.9
Benin 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.9
San Marino 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.6 5.0
Peru 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.0
Venezuela, RB 4.9 5.3 4.0 5.8 5.0
Algeria 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.4 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.2
Bhutan 5.3 5.9 6.6 6.0 5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.4 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.8 7.4 5.7 6.7 5.2
Cameroon 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.3
Mauritius 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.3
Tanzania 6.9 4.7 4.2 4.0 5.3
Jamaica 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2 5.3
Azerbaijan 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9 5.3
Ghana 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.3
Albania 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.3
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.3
Togo 5.6 5.5 5.7 6.6 5.4
Zimbabwe 5.1 4.5 5.0 6.3 5.4
Mozambique 6.5 5.3 4.9 5.4 5.4
Thailand 4.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.4
Bolivia 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.8 5.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.5 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.5
Belarus 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1 5.6
Turkey 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.6
Botswana 4.9 4.7 5.6 6.4 5.6
Samoa 4.7 5.3 4.5 5.0 5.7
Dominica 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.7
Gambia, The 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8
Suriname 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.8
Comoros 4.6 4.9 5.1 3.8 5.8
Romania 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.8
Belize 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8 5.8
Morocco 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.9
Ecuador 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.9
Cambodia 4.3 3.5 5.6 6.4 6.0
Tajikistan 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9 6.0
Barbados 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.2
Estonia 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9 6.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.3
Mali 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.4
Vietnam 5.6 6.1 5.5 6.0 6.4
Niger 7.4 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.4
Mexico 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.6 6.4
Grenada 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2 6.4
Nepal 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.4
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2 6.5
Argentina 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6 6.6
Latvia 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.6
Nicaragua 6.3 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.6
Guyana 4.7 6.5 7.5 7.3 6.6
Guatemala 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8 6.7
Colombia 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.8
Korea, Rep. 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.8
Russian Federation 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.4 6.8
Macedonia, FYR 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.8
Ethiopia 4.5 4.7 4.3 4.4 6.9
Poland 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.1 6.9
Montenegro 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1 6.9
El Salvador 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8 6.9
Chile 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.4 7.0
Lithuania 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5 7.1
Burkina Faso 6.6 6.6 6.8 7.4 7.2
Lebanon 8.8 8.9 8.1 7.4 7.2
Cyprus 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.2
Bulgaria 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.2
Israel 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.4
Czech Republic 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8 7.4
Bahamas, The 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.4
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9 7.5
Luxembourg 7.7 6.8 7.3 8.1 7.7
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8 7.8
Hungary 8.1 7.5 7.3 7.5 7.9
Namibia 7.2 7.0 7.1 8.1 7.9
Rwanda 10.0 8.5 7.7 7.2 7.9
Maldives 7.4 6.6 9.3 9.2 7.9
Sudan 3.9 4.7 8.2 8.0 8.0
Andorra 5.3 6.3 6.6 6.8 8.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.9 5.8 6.3 7.6 8.0
Panama 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6 8.0
St. Lucia 6.4 6.8 7.4 8.1 8.1
Haiti 5.7 5.6 5.9 6.7 8.2
Croatia 7.0 7.4 7.7 8.2 8.2
Brazil 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.3
Malta 8.9 8.4 8.2 8.3 8.3
Jordan 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5 8.4
Honduras 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8 8.5
Swaziland 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5 8.5
South Africa 7.6 7.5 7.7 8.4 8.5
Slovak Republic 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2 8.5
Uruguay 11.2 8.2 8.2 8.8 8.6
Ireland 7.2 7.6 8.6 9.5 8.8
Burundi 11.5 10.0 7.9 7.0 8.8
Djibouti 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.4 8.8
Iceland 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.1 8.9
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0 9.0
Finland 8.4 8.1 8.4 9.2 9.0
Slovenia 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4 9.1
Paraguay 6.4 6.4 7.1 9.1 9.1
Greece 9.3 9.4 9.8 9.8 9.2
Afghanistan 8.2 7.6 8.7 9.4 9.2
Norway 8.4 8.6 8.4 9.5 9.3
Malawi 9.0 6.7 8.4 8.3 9.3
Italy 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4 9.4
Sweden 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9 9.5
United Kingdom 8.4 8.4 8.9 9.8 9.5
Spain 8.2 8.4 8.8 9.5 9.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.3 8.4 8.6 9.6 9.6
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5 9.6
Costa Rica 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7 9.7
Georgia 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2 10.1
Serbia 9.0 10.0 10.0 9.9 10.1
Belgium 9.2 9.3 9.6 10.4 10.2
Cuba 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.8 10.2
Sierra Leone 10.7 10.1 10.3 13.1 10.3
Portugal 9.7 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.4
Netherlands 9.4 9.4 9.6 10.3 10.5
Kiribati 10.9 13.7 12.2 12.2 10.5
Palau 8.7 9.0 9.1 9.5 10.6
Lesotho 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8 10.9
Uganda 9.9 9.8 9.1 8.4 11.0
Switzerland 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0 11.1
Denmark 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5 11.1
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.6 11.2 11.2
France 10.5 10.4 10.6 11.3 11.2
New Zealand 8.6 8.4 10.7 11.2 11.2
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 11.2 11.2
Germany 10.3 10.2 10.4 11.4 11.3
Liberia 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.4 11.9
Moldova 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5 12.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4 13.8
Tuvalu 19.4 17.0 13.4 12.8 16.8
United States 15.3 15.6 16.0 17.0 17.0
Marshall Islands 19.8 20.4 19.4 19.0 17.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Curacao
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Faroe Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
Aruba
South Sudan
American Samoa

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