Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Marshall Islands 19.8 20.4 19.4 19.0 17.3
United States 15.3 15.6 16.0 17.0 17.0
Tuvalu 19.4 17.0 13.4 12.8 16.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4 13.8
Moldova 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5 12.1
Liberia 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.4 11.9
Germany 10.3 10.2 10.4 11.4 11.3
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 11.2 11.2
New Zealand 8.6 8.4 10.7 11.2 11.2
France 10.5 10.4 10.6 11.3 11.2
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.6 11.2 11.2
Denmark 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5 11.1
Switzerland 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0 11.1
Uganda 9.9 9.8 9.1 8.4 11.0
Lesotho 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8 10.9
Palau 8.7 9.0 9.1 9.5 10.6
Kiribati 10.9 13.7 12.2 12.2 10.5
Netherlands 9.4 9.4 9.6 10.3 10.5
Portugal 9.7 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.4
Sierra Leone 10.7 10.1 10.3 13.1 10.3
Cuba 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.8 10.2
Belgium 9.2 9.3 9.6 10.4 10.2
Serbia 9.0 10.0 10.0 9.9 10.1
Georgia 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2 10.1
Costa Rica 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7 9.7
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5 9.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.3 8.4 8.6 9.6 9.6
Spain 8.2 8.4 8.8 9.5 9.6
United Kingdom 8.4 8.4 8.9 9.8 9.5
Sweden 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9 9.5
Italy 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4 9.4
Malawi 9.0 6.7 8.4 8.3 9.3
Norway 8.4 8.6 8.4 9.5 9.3
Afghanistan 8.2 7.6 8.7 9.4 9.2
Greece 9.3 9.4 9.8 9.8 9.2
Paraguay 6.4 6.4 7.1 9.1 9.1
Slovenia 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4 9.1
Finland 8.4 8.1 8.4 9.2 9.0
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0 9.0
Iceland 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.1 8.9
Djibouti 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.4 8.8
Burundi 11.5 10.0 7.9 7.0 8.8
Ireland 7.2 7.6 8.6 9.5 8.8
Uruguay 11.2 8.2 8.2 8.8 8.6
Slovak Republic 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2 8.5
South Africa 7.6 7.5 7.7 8.4 8.5
Swaziland 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5 8.5
Honduras 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8 8.5
Jordan 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5 8.4
Malta 8.9 8.4 8.2 8.3 8.3
Brazil 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.3
Croatia 7.0 7.4 7.7 8.2 8.2
Haiti 5.7 5.6 5.9 6.7 8.2
St. Lucia 6.4 6.8 7.4 8.1 8.1
Panama 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6 8.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.9 5.8 6.3 7.6 8.0
Andorra 5.3 6.3 6.6 6.8 8.0
Sudan 3.9 4.7 8.2 8.0 8.0
Maldives 7.4 6.6 9.3 9.2 7.9
Rwanda 10.0 8.5 7.7 7.2 7.9
Namibia 7.2 7.0 7.1 8.1 7.9
Hungary 8.1 7.5 7.3 7.5 7.9
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8 7.8
Luxembourg 7.7 6.8 7.3 8.1 7.7
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9 7.5
Bahamas, The 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.4
Czech Republic 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8 7.4
Israel 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.4
Bulgaria 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.2
Cyprus 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.2
Lebanon 8.8 8.9 8.1 7.4 7.2
Burkina Faso 6.6 6.6 6.8 7.4 7.2
Lithuania 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5 7.1
Chile 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.4 7.0
El Salvador 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8 6.9
Montenegro 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1 6.9
Poland 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.1 6.9
Ethiopia 4.5 4.7 4.3 4.4 6.9
Macedonia, FYR 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.8
Russian Federation 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.4 6.8
Korea, Rep. 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.8
Colombia 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8 6.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8 6.7
Guatemala 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.6
Guyana 4.7 6.5 7.5 7.3 6.6
Nicaragua 6.3 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.6
Latvia 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.6
Argentina 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6 6.6
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2 6.5
Nepal 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.4
Grenada 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2 6.4
Mexico 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.6 6.4
Niger 7.4 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.4
Vietnam 5.6 6.1 5.5 6.0 6.4
Mali 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.3
Estonia 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9 6.2
Barbados 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.2
Tajikistan 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9 6.0
Cambodia 4.3 3.5 5.6 6.4 6.0
Ecuador 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.9
Morocco 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.9
Belize 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8 5.8
Romania 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.8
Comoros 4.6 4.9 5.1 3.8 5.8
Suriname 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.8
Gambia, The 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8
Dominica 4.5 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.7
Samoa 4.7 5.3 4.5 5.0 5.7
Botswana 4.9 4.7 5.6 6.4 5.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.6
Turkey 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.6
Belarus 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1 5.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.5 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.5
Bolivia 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.8 5.4
Thailand 4.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.4
Mozambique 6.5 5.3 4.9 5.4 5.4
Zimbabwe 5.1 4.5 5.0 6.3 5.4
Togo 5.6 5.5 5.7 6.6 5.4
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.3
Albania 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.3
Ghana 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.3
Azerbaijan 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9 5.3
Jamaica 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2 5.3
Tanzania 6.9 4.7 4.2 4.0 5.3
Mauritius 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.3
Cameroon 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.3
Sao Tome and Principe 7.8 7.4 5.7 6.7 5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.4 5.2
Bhutan 5.3 5.9 6.6 6.0 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.2
Algeria 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.4 5.1
Venezuela, RB 4.9 5.3 4.0 5.8 5.0
Peru 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.4 5.0
San Marino 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.6 5.0
Benin 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.9
China 4.5 4.3 4.6 5.1 4.9
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.9
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.8
Vanuatu 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1 4.7
Mongolia 4.7 5.1 5.6 5.3 4.7
Senegal 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.6
Tonga 5.6 5.8 5.1 4.7 4.6
Armenia 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5 4.6
Guinea 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8 4.5
Kazakhstan 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1 4.4
Zambia 6.1 4.4 4.9 4.7 4.4
Monaco 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3 4.4
Philippines 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.4 4.4
India 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3
Fiji 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.3 4.2
Papua New Guinea 5.9 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.2
Dominican Republic 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6 4.1
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0 4.0
Kenya 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.0
Singapore 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.3 4.0
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.6 2.9 4.0 3.9
Central African Republic 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.6 3.9
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3 3.8
Iraq 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6 3.8
Bahrain 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.8 3.6
Seychelles 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6 3.6
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.5 2.9 4.1 3.5
Nigeria 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2 3.5
Sri Lanka 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4
Gabon 2.9 2.9 2.5 3.4 3.4
Angola 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4 3.4
Mauritania 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.8 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3
Eritrea 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.2
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.1
Libya 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2 3.1
Pakistan 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0
Chad 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.9
Kuwait 2.3 2.1 1.9 3.9 2.8
Lao PDR 4.1 4.1 2.8 3.8 2.7
Oman 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.8 2.7
Indonesia 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.3
Qatar 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6 2.1
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.0
Myanmar 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9
Timor-Leste 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.9
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Guam
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Curacao
Faroe Islands
Macao SAR, China
Bermuda
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
New Caledonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Greenland

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