Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0
Indonesia 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3
Congo, Rep. 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
Qatar 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6
Philippines 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2
Singapore 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6
Pakistan 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1
Oman 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9
Comoros 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6
Monaco 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9
Tanzania 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7
Fiji 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4
Kuwait 3.7 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2
Sudan 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7
Gabon 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8
Thailand 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Algeria 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2
Vanuatu 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9
Bahrain 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7
Nigeria 5.6 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9
Eritrea 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2
Lao PDR 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9
Mauritius 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9
Rwanda 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3
Central African Republic 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1
Saudi Arabia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4
Angola 4.1 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9
Belize 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5
Seychelles 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8
India 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3
Azerbaijan 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6
Tajikistan 3.9 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Kenya 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Romania 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3
Papua New Guinea 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1
Ethiopia 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1
Ghana 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8
Korea, Rep. 4.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2
Ecuador 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Mongolia 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4
Malawi 6.5 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3
Cameroon 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Estonia 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9
Jamaica 4.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6
Libya 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
Togo 4.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5
Tonga 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1
Dominica 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Senegal 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7
Vietnam 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2
Swaziland 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8
Madagascar 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0
Maldives 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6
Morocco 4.0 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3
Tunisia 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4
Turkey 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3
Armenia 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6
Liberia 6.0 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4
Kyrgyz Republic 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
Djibouti 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2
Haiti 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3
Samoa 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1
Nepal 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4
Mexico 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8
Slovak Republic 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9
Colombia 8.7 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9
Nicaragua 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1
Botswana 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3
Guyana 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6
Andorra 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4
Russian Federation 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9
Solomon Islands 3.8 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0
Cyprus 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6
Namibia 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5
Guatemala 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4
Ukraine 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9
Croatia 7.3 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4
Mali 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2
Latvia 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2
Dominican Republic 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
Poland 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2
Cambodia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3
Lithuania 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5
St. Lucia 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2
Mozambique 5.3 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4
Belarus 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6
Cuba 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3
Albania 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2
San Marino 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1
Bolivia 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6
Grenada 7.8 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2
Zambia 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7
Czech Republic 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1
Lesotho 6.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1
Paraguay 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1
Niger 6.9 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8
Ireland 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0
Burundi 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2
Suriname 6.8 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6
Brazil 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0
Spain 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2
Honduras 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3
Barbados 6.1 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
Uganda 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
Bulgaria 6.0 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6
Hungary 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6
United Kingdom 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8
El Salvador 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7
Finland 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2
Japan 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.6 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5
Bhutan 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1
Malta 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2
Chad 5.9 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8
Panama 6.9 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6
Costa Rica 6.8 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1
New Zealand 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9
Moldova 5.9 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3
Italy 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2
Luxembourg 5.8 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7
Palau 11.1 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3
Argentina 9.4 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2
Australia 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3
Belgium 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0
South Africa 8.9 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6
Montenegro 7.5 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1
Slovenia 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
Georgia 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5
Kiribati 8.8 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6
Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8
Serbia 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0
Greece 8.6 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9
Sweden 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3
Portugal 7.9 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3
Denmark 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5
Canada 8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8
Jordan 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3
Austria 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3
Iceland 9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6
Norway 10.1 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6
Sao Tome and Principe 8.5 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8
France 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8
Switzerland 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9
Germany 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7
United States 13.5 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6
Sierra Leone 15.9 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5
Marshall Islands 18.7 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Guam
Somalia
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Isle of Man
Bermuda
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Aruba
Hong Kong SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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