Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 1.8
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8
Eritrea 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Bangladesh 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.4 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Malaysia 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Ghana 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Seychelles 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.2
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3
Ethiopia 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3
Nigeria 2.8 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3
Gambia, The 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Dominica 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.4
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 4.5
Peru 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6
India 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Mauritania 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1
Vietnam 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1
San Marino 5.1 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.1
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.6 5.3 5.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 5.8 5.2
Korea, Rep. 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.6
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.6
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7
Andorra 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.7
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7
Nepal 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Swaziland 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Malawi 6.1 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.9
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.3
Albania 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.4
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Niger 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.4
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Guatemala 5.4 6.9 6.8 7.1 7.0
Chile 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.0
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
El Salvador 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.3
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Zambia 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8 7.3
Israel 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Ireland 6.2 6.8 7.1 7.3 7.6
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
United Kingdom 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.9
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.0
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.4
Montenegro 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5
Malta 6.6 7.1 7.9 8.2 8.5
Moldova 6.7 14.6 11.7 9.7 8.5
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Serbia 6.8 7.4 8.6 8.8 8.7
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Afghanistan 8.2 9.3 9.2
Canada 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6
Norway 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.6
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.6 9.7
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.1 9.7
Uganda 7.2 7.9 8.5 8.2 9.7
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 9.9
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Kiribati 8.0 8.9 9.0 10.0 10.4
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.9
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Sierra Leone 13.8 11.9 11.8 11.4 11.4
United States 13.1 13.8 14.6 15.1 15.2
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Aruba
Somalia
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Macao SAR, China
American Samoa
Greenland
Zimbabwe

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