Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Equatorial Guinea 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2 2.9
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Bangladesh 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.1
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1 3.5
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8 3.7
Malaysia 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9 3.7
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.1
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Mauritius 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9 4.2
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.2
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Seychelles 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8 4.3
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.3
Ethiopia 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.3
Gambia, The 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.4
Peru 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.4
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
India 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.5
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Dominica 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.1
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5 5.1
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Korea, Rep. 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2 5.2
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Guinea 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
San Marino 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1 5.3
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1 5.4
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Vietnam 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.5
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.6
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Andorra 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.7
Nepal 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 5.8
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2 5.8
Swaziland 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.9
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4 5.9
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Ghana 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8 6.1
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Guatemala 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.4
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Albania 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.5
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7 6.6
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
Zambia 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7 6.7
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1 6.7
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Nigeria 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5 7.0
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
Cambodia 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3 7.1
Barbados 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1 7.1
Niger 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8 7.1
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
El Salvador 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.3
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Ireland 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3 7.5
Israel 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.6
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
Malawi 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3 7.8
Uganda 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6 7.9
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
United Kingdom 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.0
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9 8.0
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 8.2
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.2
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.3
Moldova 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3 8.5
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5 8.6
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Malta 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2 8.6
Serbia 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8 8.7
Montenegro 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1 8.7
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2 9.7
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0 9.8
Canada 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.8
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0 10.0
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6 10.0
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Norway 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Kiribati 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6 10.4
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 11.0
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Sierra Leone 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5 15.4
United States 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6 15.7
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Liechtenstein
Guam
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Cayman Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Somalia
French Polynesia
South Sudan
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Macao SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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