Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Timor-Leste 3.7 3.9 2.5 1.3 1.0
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4 1.6
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.8
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Kuwait 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.4
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.4
Oman 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.6
Bangladesh 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
Libya 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5 2.7
Gabon 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.8
Indonesia 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.8
Guinea 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1 2.8
Eritrea 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.8
Pakistan 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.9
Qatar 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6 3.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3 3.1
Bahrain 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2
Sudan 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.2
Algeria 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.2
Malaysia 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7 3.3
Saudi Arabia 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.6 3.4
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0 3.5
Fiji 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.7
Singapore 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2 3.7
Vanuatu 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.9
Seychelles 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.2 3.9
Chad 6.1 8.3 5.5 5.7 3.9
Philippines 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.9
Monaco 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0 4.0
Sri Lanka 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.1
Jamaica 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.1
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.1
San Marino 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1
Angola 5.4 3.6 4.4 4.7 4.1
Nigeria 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.1
Iraq 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6 4.1
Ethiopia 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.2
Mauritania 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7 4.2
Dominican Republic 5.6 5.8 5.5 4.3 4.3
India 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3
Central African Republic 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.3
Comoros 2.9 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.3
Lao PDR 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.5 4.3
Kenya 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4
Haiti 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.4
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Samoa 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.5
Mauritius 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.5
Ghana 3.6 3.1 3.1 4.0 4.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9 4.6
Dominica 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.6
Thailand 3.7 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.6
China 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Tanzania 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.7
Venezuela, RB 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.7
Benin 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.7
Cameroon 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.9
Gambia, The 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4 5.0
Estonia 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.0
Madagascar 5.2 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.0
Morocco 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.1
Mongolia 5.5 5.8 6.2 6.0 5.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1
Togo 4.3 4.1 5.0 5.1 5.2
Russian Federation 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.2
Andorra 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.2
Armenia 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.3
Trinidad and Tobago 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Bhutan 5.9 7.8 4.9 4.4 5.3
Korea, Rep. 4.8 4.6 4.9 5.0 5.3
Senegal 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.4
Vietnam 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.4
Barbados 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.8 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.4
Turkey 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4
Romania 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4 5.5
Grenada 7.7 6.7 5.9 5.2 5.5
Tunisia 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6
Botswana 5.7 6.5 4.6 5.6 5.6
Bolivia 6.3 6.5 5.3 5.2 5.7
Guinea-Bissau 5.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.7
Nepal 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.7
Colombia 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Kyrgyz Republic 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.8
Guyana 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.8
Lithuania 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7 5.8
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.4 5.8
Ecuador 3.9 4.6 6.5 6.2 5.9
Tajikistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.9
Bahamas, The 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.0
Mexico 5.4 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.9 6.1
Paraguay 7.6 6.8 6.0 5.8 6.1
Nicaragua 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.1
Albania 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.1
Poland 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
St. Lucia 6.1 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.2
Lesotho 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0 6.3
Mali 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Cyprus 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4 6.4
Latvia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.4
Ukraine 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6 6.4
Papua New Guinea 6.7 7.7 6.8 8.4 6.4
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.1 6.4
Tonga 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 6.5
Chile 6.5 6.5 7.3 6.9 6.7
Suriname 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9 6.8
Guatemala 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.8
Swaziland 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.8
Rwanda 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2 6.8
Argentina 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8 6.8
Mozambique 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9 6.9
Burkina Faso 4.9 5.3 5.6 6.5 6.9
Belarus 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.9
Croatia 7.2 6.2 6.3 6.6 6.9
Czech Republic 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9 6.9
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2 7.0
Bulgaria 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.1
Niger 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.6 7.1
El Salvador 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.2
Djibouti 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8 7.2
Ireland 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Namibia 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.3
Israel 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.4
Panama 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1 7.5
Zambia 6.6 6.9 8.2 7.3 7.6
Costa Rica 7.2 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.7
South Africa 8.3 8.1 8.3 7.9 7.8
Honduras 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9 7.8
Solomon Islands 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6 7.8
Azerbaijan 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9 7.9
Luxembourg 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2 7.9
Macedonia, FYR 8.2 9.0 9.2 8.6 8.0
Liberia 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8 8.0
Spain 7.2 7.3 8.0 8.0 8.1
Japan 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.0 8.2
Malawi 5.1 4.8 6.3 7.8 8.2
Palau 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.8 8.2
United Kingdom 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2
New Zealand 7.6 7.9 7.7 7.9 8.2
Brazil 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.1 8.3
Hungary 7.1 7.5 8.4 8.1 8.3
Afghanistan 7.8 8.8 8.8 8.3
Lebanon 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.4
Finland 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2 8.4
Australia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6 8.5
Montenegro 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4 8.5
Slovenia 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.2 7.0 7.9 9.0 8.5
Georgia 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.6
Serbia 6.9 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.7
Italy 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5 8.7
Malta 7.1 7.9 8.1 8.5 8.8
Jordan 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1 8.9
Norway 8.6 9.6 9.9 9.4 8.9
Sweden 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1 9.1
Moldova 7.0 8.3 8.2 8.5 9.2
Iceland 9.1 9.9 10.1 9.6 9.2
Belgium 8.3 8.5 9.3 9.3 9.2
Greece 8.5 8.7 8.6 8.3 9.4
Uganda 7.3 7.8 7.5 8.9 9.4
Cuba 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 9.4
Maldives 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 9.5
Canada 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.6
Netherlands 7.8 8.3 8.5 8.5 9.6
Denmark 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.8
Burundi 5.0 5.2 5.2 7.1 9.8
Portugal 9.1 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0
Sao Tome and Principe 10.3 10.6 11.1 9.9 10.0
Kiribati 9.0 9.1 10.0 10.4 10.1
Germany 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.4 10.5
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.5 10.6 10.5
France 9.9 10.2 10.4 10.5 10.6
Switzerland 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0 10.9
Uruguay 7.5 7.2 6.5 11.6 11.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.6 8.0 9.7 10.6 12.1
Sierra Leone 11.8 12.0 11.7 11.7 12.2
United States 13.7 14.5 15.1 15.1 15.2
Marshall Islands 18.7 17.4 16.9 17.8 17.4
Tuvalu 17.4 14.6 21.9 16.9 18.4
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Faroe Islands
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Bermuda
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Aruba
West Bank and Gaza
Hong Kong SAR, China
Guam
American Samoa

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