Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.9
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.2
Suriname 3.8 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.1
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Argentina 6.9 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Timor-Leste
Curacao
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
French Polynesia
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Zimbabwe

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