Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.9
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Suriname 3.8 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.1
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.2
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Argentina 6.9 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.7
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Somalia
American Samoa
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Curacao
Guam
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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