Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Guatemala 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Dominica 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Djibouti 4.0 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Curacao
Taiwan, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Somalia
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Hong Kong SAR, China
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Zimbabwe

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