Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 36 36 36 36 36
Albania 40 41 42 40 38
Algeria 21 21 22 21 21
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 49 49 48 48 48
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 35 35 36 37 35
Armenia 29 34 35 35 36
Aruba
Australia 61 61 59 60 61
Austria 57 56 55 54 54
Azerbaijan 43 44 42 37 43
Bahamas, The 47 44 44 46 46
Bahrain 32 32 32 32 32
Bangladesh 61 61 60 60 58
Barbados 39 45 43 46 48
Belarus 43 42 41 39 39
Belgium 26 26 26 26 26
Belize 41 42 42 41 42
Benin 64 63 62 61 60
Bermuda
Bhutan 40 41 42 44 45
Bolivia 49 49 50 51 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 15 13 15 15
Botswana 36 38 42 51 35
Brazil 58 55 55 53 52
Brunei Darussalam 42 42 43 44 43
Bulgaria 28 28 26 26 23
Burkina Faso 76 76 76 75 75
Burundi 67 65 64 63 63
Cabo Verde 56 55 55 55 55
Cambodia 70 68 67 66 65
Cameroon 45 41 41 41 42
Canada 54 53 52 53 55
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 57 57 57 57 57
Chad 51 51 51 51 51
Chile 33 32 32 31 27
China 69 68 66 65 63
Colombia 36 37 38 38 37
Comoros 36 36 36 36 35
Congo, Dem. Rep. 39 39 39 39 39
Congo, Rep. 40 40 40 40 40
Costa Rica 48 44 46 48 46
Cote d'Ivoire 50 50 49 49 49
Croatia 33 32 32 30 28
Cuba 35 35 35 34 33
Curacao
Cyprus 40 41 38 37 36
Czech Republic 46 45 43 42 40
Denmark 66 66 68 67 67
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 39 38 38 38 38
Ecuador 47 47 47 47 47
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22 24 24 23 27
El Salvador 44 42 41 45 43
Equatorial Guinea 70 71 72 70 70
Eritrea 71 71 71 71 70
Estonia 41 39 36 35 29
Ethiopia 70 70 70 70 70
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 40 39 38 36 36
Finland 33 34 37 38 42
France 27 27 25 26 27
French Polynesia
Gabon 20 20 20 19 19
Gambia, The 59 59 59 59 59
Georgia 25 27 27 27 28
Germany 49 48 47 47 48
Ghana 43 43 44 45 45
Greece 29 28 27 30 29
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 53 53 53 53 54
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 48 48 47 48 48
Guyana 37 37 37 37 37
Haiti 30 29 28 27 29
Honduras 51 54 55 55 55
Hong Kong SAR, China 47 47 46 43 40
Hungary 32 31 31 34 34
Iceland 55 55 56 63 66
India 44 44 43 42 42
Indonesia 45 45 45 39 46
Iran, Islamic Rep. 25 24 24 25 25
Iraq 20 20 20 19 20
Ireland 37 36 39 43 47
Isle of Man
Israel 30 30 29 28 28
Italy 26 26 25 26 26
Jamaica 37 36 35 34 32
Japan 45 45 45 44 43
Jordan 20 21 21 20 20
Kazakhstan 46 45 45 45 44
Kenya 42 41 40 39 38
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 72 68 67 67 66
Korea, Rep. 36 36 35 29 30
Kuwait 32 33 35 35 36
Kyrgyz Republic 42 42 42 41 41
Lao PDR 69 70 69 69 68
Latvia 40 39 34 33 32
Lebanon 24 24 26 25 25
Lesotho 40 43 35 39 43
Liberia 34 34 34 33 33
Libya 19 19 19 20 20
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 32 33 34 33 32
Luxembourg 38 36 34 32 31
Macao SAR, China 48 50 46 43 40
Macedonia, FYR 20 17 17 12 15
Madagascar 71 71 72 73 73
Malawi 47 46 46 46 49
Malaysia 45 46 45 44 44
Maldives 29 29 29 29 29
Mali 36 36 36 36 36
Malta 52 53 53 54 51
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 21 21 21 21 21
Mauritius 41 41 41 40 39
Mexico 49 49 50 51 51
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 39 37 35 35 28
Monaco
Mongolia 38 39 39 38 38
Montenegro 24 22 20 20 20
Morocco 41 40 41 41 38
Mozambique 64 64 64 63 62
Myanmar 51 51 51 51 52
Namibia 23 21 20 19 19
Nepal 78 76 77 78 80
Netherlands 55 55 57 61 63
New Caledonia
New Zealand 59 59 58 55 54
Nicaragua 47 47 46 45 46
Niger 49 49 49 50 50
Nigeria 30 30 30 30 31
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 48 51 54 57 57
Oman 27 27 28 28 29
Pakistan 36 37 37 37 37
Palau
Panama 38 36 37 37 39
Papua New Guinea 54 53 54 55 55
Paraguay 68 63 58 55 54
Peru 49 49 51 54 55
Philippines 43 44 42 42 41
Poland 27 27 28 28 23
Portugal 36 36 38 42 42
Puerto Rico 24 24 26 27 28
Qatar 59 56 52 49 46
Romania 40 39 39 38 37
Russian Federation 41 38 33 29 34
Rwanda 79 79 78 77 76
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 15 15 14 14 15
Senegal 58 58 58 58 58
Serbia 27 27 27 27 27
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 38 38 38 38 38
Singapore 48 45 42 37 38
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 35 37 36 35 31
Slovenia 33 36 38 36 33
Solomon Islands 45 45 45 45 45
Somalia 43 43 42 42 42
South Africa 22 19 18 18 17
South Sudan
Spain 26 26 27 29 32
Sri Lanka 28 30 31 37 35
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 28 27 27 27 27
Suriname 22 21 21 20 18
Swaziland 27 27 27 26 26
Sweden 40 38 37 39 41
Switzerland 62 64 63 64 65
Syrian Arab Republic 42 38 38 39 37
Tajikistan 41 41 40 39 39
Tanzania 75 75 75 75 75
Thailand 61 59 58 52 49
Timor-Leste 42 41 39 39 37
Togo 58 58 58 58 59
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 36 37 38 38 38
Tunisia 27 27 26 24 25
Turkey 42 43 41 40 41
Turkmenistan 35 35 35 35 35
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 62 63 62 62 62
Ukraine 38 36 34 32 31
United Arab Emirates 45 45 46 45 44
United Kingdom 56 57 58 58 58
United States 55 55 55 56 56
Uruguay 47 49 50 49 44
Uzbekistan 35 34 34 34 34
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 37 36 40 41 38
Vietnam 71 70 68 68 67
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 20 17 19 21 21
Yemen, Rep. 25 26 26 26 28
Zambia 47 51 52 55 54
Zimbabwe 48 47 46 46 47

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