Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 32 32 32 32 31
Albania 41 42 40 38 40
Algeria 21 22 21 21 18
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 49 48 48 48 48
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 35 36 37 35 33
Armenia 34 35 35 35 36
Aruba
Australia 61 59 60 61 62
Austria 56 55 54 54 53
Azerbaijan 44 42 41 43 34
Bahamas, The 44 44 46 46 46
Bahrain 38 38 38 38 37
Bangladesh 61 60 60 58 57
Barbados 45 43 46 48 49
Belarus 42 41 40 38 38
Belgium 26 26 26 26 30
Belize 42 42 41 42 43
Benin 63 62 61 60 60
Bermuda
Bhutan 41 42 44 45 45
Bolivia 49 50 51 50 49
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 13 14 15 15
Botswana 38 42 51 35 36
Brazil 55 55 53 52 52
Brunei Darussalam 42 43 44 43 44
Bulgaria 28 26 26 23 20
Burkina Faso 76 76 75 75 74
Burundi 65 64 63 63 63
Cabo Verde 51 51 50 50 50
Cambodia 68 67 66 65 64
Cameroon 42 42 42 42 43
Canada 53 52 53 55 56
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 57 57 57 57 57
Chad 51 51 51 51 51
Chile 32 32 31 27 26
China 68 66 65 63 62
Colombia 37 38 38 37 36
Comoros 36 36 36 36 35
Congo, Dem. Rep. 41 40 40 40 40
Congo, Rep. 40 40 40 40 40
Costa Rica 44 46 48 46 46
Cote d'Ivoire 49 49 48 48 48
Croatia 32 32 30 28 26
Cuba 35 35 34 33 32
Curacao
Cyprus 41 38 37 36 39
Czech Republic 45 43 42 40 39
Denmark 66 68 67 67 67
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 37 37 38 38 39
Ecuador 48 45 47 47 46
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24 24 23 27 23
El Salvador 42 41 45 43 42
Equatorial Guinea 71 72 70 70 69
Eritrea 71 71 71 70 70
Estonia 39 36 35 29 28
Ethiopia 73 72 71 70 70
Faroe Islands
Fiji 39 38 36 36 36
Finland 34 37 38 42 43
France 27 25 26 27 28
French Polynesia
Gabon 20 20 19 19 18
Gambia, The 59 59 59 59 59
Georgia 27 27 27 28 28
Germany 48 47 47 48 48
Ghana 43 45 45 45 45
Greece 28 27 30 29 29
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 53 53 53 54 55
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 48 47 48 48 47
Guyana 37 37 37 37 37
Haiti 29 28 27 29 28
Honduras 53 55 55 55 54
Hong Kong SAR, China 47 46 43 40 41
Hungary 31 31 34 34 33
Iceland 55 56 63 66 68
India 44 43 42 42 42
Indonesia 45 45 39 46 45
Iran, Islamic Rep. 23 24 24 25 25
Iraq 20 21 20 20 20
Ireland 36 39 43 47 48
Isle of Man
Israel 30 29 28 28 28
Italy 26 25 26 26 26
Jamaica 36 35 34 32 32
Japan 45 45 44 43 42
Jordan 21 21 21 21 20
Kazakhstan 45 45 45 44 44
Kenya 41 40 39 38 37
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 68 67 66 66 65
Korea, Rep. 36 35 29 30 31
Kuwait 33 35 35 36 36
Kyrgyz Republic 42 42 41 41 42
Lao PDR 70 69 69 68 67
Latvia 38 34 33 32 30
Lebanon 24 26 25 25 24
Lesotho 43 35 39 43 41
Liberia 34 34 33 33 33
Libya 19 19 20 20 20
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 33 34 33 32 27
Luxembourg 36 34 32 31 32
Macao SAR, China 50 46 43 40 39
Macedonia, FYR 17 17 12 15 15
Madagascar 71 72 73 73 73
Malawi 46 46 46 48 51
Malaysia 46 45 44 44 45
Maldives 29 29 29 29 30
Mali 36 36 36 36 36
Malta 54 53 54 50 52
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 19 19 20 20 20
Mauritius 41 41 40 39 40
Mexico 49 50 51 51 50
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 37 39 35 28 31
Monaco
Mongolia 39 39 38 38 38
Montenegro 22 20 20 20 22
Morocco 34 33 31 38 37
Mozambique 45 45 44 43 42
Myanmar 52 51 51 52 52
Namibia 21 20 19 19 17
Nepal 76 77 78 80 78
Netherlands 55 57 61 63 68
New Caledonia
New Zealand 59 58 55 54 54
Nicaragua 46 46 45 46 46
Niger 49 49 49 50 50
Nigeria 30 30 30 31 31
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 51 54 57 57 57
Oman 28 28 29 30 29
Pakistan 37 37 37 37 36
Palau
Panama 36 37 37 39 36
Papua New Guinea 53 54 55 55 56
Paraguay 63 58 55 54 53
Peru 49 51 53 54 50
Philippines 44 42 42 41 37
Poland 27 28 28 23 24
Portugal 36 38 42 42 42
Puerto Rico 24 26 27 28 28
Qatar 56 52 49 46 43
Romania 39 39 38 37 36
Russian Federation 38 33 29 34 34
Rwanda 79 78 77 76 75
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 15 14 14 15 15
Senegal 59 58 59 59 58
Serbia 27 27 27 27 28
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 38 38 38 38 38
Singapore 46 43 38 40 44
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 37 36 35 31 29
Slovenia 36 38 36 33 31
Solomon Islands 45 45 45 45 45
Somalia 43 43 42 42 42
South Africa 19 18 18 17 17
South Sudan
Spain 26 27 29 32 34
Sri Lanka 30 31 37 35 34
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 28 27 28 27 27
Suriname 21 21 20 18 17
Swaziland 27 27 26 26 26
Sweden 38 37 39 41 44
Switzerland 64 63 64 65 65
Syrian Arab Republic 38 38 39 37 34
Tajikistan 41 41 40 39 39
Tanzania 75 75 75 75 75
Thailand 59 58 52 49 49
Timor-Leste 41 39 39 37 34
Togo 58 58 58 59 59
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 37 38 38 38 39
Tunisia 27 26 24 25 24
Turkey 43 41 40 41 38
Turkmenistan 35 35 35 34 34
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 63 62 62 62 62
Ukraine 36 34 32 31 30
United Arab Emirates 45 46 45 44 46
United Kingdom 57 58 58 58 58
United States 55 55 56 56 56
Uruguay 50 48 48 46 44
Uzbekistan 35 34 35 35 35
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 36 40 41 38 37
Vietnam 70 68 68 67 66
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 17 19 21 21 20
Yemen, Rep. 26 26 26 28 27
Zambia 51 52 55 54 54
Zimbabwe 47 46 46 47 51

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