Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Algeria 32 32 33 33 33
West Bank and Gaza 32 30 31 33 33
Mauritania 33 33 33 34 34
Iraq 33 33 34 33 34
Bosnia and Herzegovina 34 35 34 34 34
Jordan 36 37 37 37 37
Macedonia, FYR 37 36 35 35 36
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39 38 38 39 39
Spain 39 40 40 42 44
Puerto Rico 40 40 41 41 42
Libya 40 40 40 41 41
Lebanon 40 40 41 40 40
Yemen, Rep. 40 41 40 40 40
Tunisia 41 41 41 40 40
Egypt, Arab Rep. 41 42 42 41 43
Italy 42 42 42 42 42
Montenegro 43 42 41 41 41
Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Hungary 44 44 44 44 46
Swaziland 44 44 44 44 44
Namibia 45 45 44 45 45
Belgium 46 46 46 46 47
South Africa 46 44 43 42 42
Suriname 46 45 46 46 44
Bulgaria 46 47 46 46 44
Mali 46 46 47 47 47
Afghanistan 46 46 46 46 46
Maldives 46 47 47 48 48
Greece 46 47 47 47 47
Pakistan 47 47 47 48 48
Argentina 47 48 49 50 50
Ireland 47 48 49 52 55
Malta 47 47 47 48 47
Morocco 48 48 48 48 47
Serbia 48 48 47 47 47
France 49 49 48 49 49
Sri Lanka 49 49 50 54 53
Luxembourg 49 49 50 50 51
Syrian Arab Republic 49 48 47 48 48
Turkey 49 50 48 48 48
Colombia 50 51 53 54 54
Saudi Arabia 50 49 47 46 46
Gabon 50 49 49 48 48
Trinidad and Tobago 50 51 52 53 53
Croatia 50 50 49 48 47
Cuba 50 51 51 51 51
Armenia 50 53 54 53 53
Israel 50 50 49 49 49
Lesotho 50 53 45 50 54
Comoros 51 51 51 51 51
Poland 51 51 51 51 49
Chile 52 52 52 52 50
Finland 52 52 53 54 55
Slovak Republic 52 53 53 52 50
Lithuania 52 53 53 53 53
Guyana 52 53 53 53 53
Belize 52 53 54 53 54
Somalia 52 52 52 52 52
Nigeria 53 52 52 52 52
Uzbekistan 53 53 53 53 53
Latvia 53 52 50 50 50
Germany 54 53 53 53 54
Cyprus 54 54 55 54 53
Panama 54 53 54 55 56
Turkmenistan 54 54 53 53 54
Dominican Republic 54 53 54 54 55
Albania 54 54 55 54 53
Portugal 54 55 56 57 58
Netherlands 54 55 57 58 60
Mauritius 54 55 55 55 55
Slovenia 55 54 55 55 54
Russian Federation 55 54 51 49 53
Mexico 55 56 58 58 58
Venezuela, RB 55 55 58 58 57
Estonia 56 55 55 55 52
Mongolia 56 57 57 57 57
Oman 56 55 54 53 52
Fiji 56 56 55 53 53
Barbados 56 59 59 61 62
United Kingdom 56 56 57 58 58
Timor-Leste 56 56 55 55 54
Niger 56 57 58 58 59
Uruguay 57 56 58 58 56
Nicaragua 57 56 56 56 57
Costa Rica 57 55 57 58 57
El Salvador 57 55 55 57 57
Austria 57 56 56 56 56
Georgia 57 58 58 58 57
Sweden 57 57 56 57 58
Ukraine 57 56 54 53 52
Macao SAR, China 58 65 65 63 62
Romania 58 60 63 62 61
Liberia 58 58 58 58 58
India 58 58 58 57 57
Haiti 58 57 57 57 59
Botswana 58 58 59 59 58
Canada 58 58 59 59 60
Australia 58 58 58 58 59
Cabo Verde 59 59 59 59 59
Belarus 59 58 57 56 55
Czech Republic 59 59 58 57 56
Honduras 59 61 62 63 65
Tajikistan 59 59 59 59 59
Norway 60 61 63 64 64
Azerbaijan 60 61 60 57 61
Malaysia 60 60 60 60 60
Moldova 60 59 58 58 54
Hong Kong SAR, China 60 60 60 58 57
New Zealand 60 61 61 60 60
Kyrgyz Republic 60 60 60 59 60
Korea, Rep. 60 61 61 56 57
Bahrain 61 61 62 61 61
Ecuador 61 61 62 62 62
Denmark 61 61 62 62 63
Philippines 61 62 61 61 60
Guatemala 61 61 61 61 62
Jamaica 61 61 59 59 58
Japan 62 61 62 61 60
Kazakhstan 62 61 61 61 61
Bhutan 62 62 63 64 65
United States 62 62 63 63 64
Sierra Leone 62 62 62 62 62
Peru 63 64 67 68 68
Congo, Rep. 63 63 63 63 63
Solomon Islands 63 63 63 63 63
Singapore 63 64 63 62 62
Brunei Darussalam 64 64 65 65 65
Cote d'Ivoire 64 64 64 64 64
Guinea-Bissau 64 64 64 66 66
Indonesia 64 65 63 62 63
Kenya 65 64 63 63 62
Brazil 65 63 63 62 62
Bolivia 65 66 68 68 68
Switzerland 65 65 65 65 66
Zambia 65 68 68 70 70
Ghana 66 66 68 68 67
Kuwait 66 67 67 67 67
Congo, Dem. Rep. 66 66 66 66 66
Bahamas, The 66 65 65 64 65
Cameroon 66 63 64 64 64
Angola 67 67 67 66 66
Chad 67 67 67 67 67
Senegal 68 68 68 68 68
Papua New Guinea 69 69 69 70 70
Guinea 69 69 69 69 69
Zimbabwe 70 69 69 68 67
Paraguay 71 69 66 64 64
Bangladesh 71 71 70 70 69
Togo 72 72 72 72 73
Malawi 72 72 72 72 73
Gambia, The 72 72 72 72 72
Benin 72 72 72 72 72
Iceland 72 72 72 74 75
Central African Republic 73 73 73 73 73
Thailand 73 74 74 71 70
Myanmar 73 73 73 73 74
United Arab Emirates 74 74 74 74 74
Ethiopia 74 74 74 74 74
China 75 75 75 74 74
Eritrea 76 76 76 76 76
Mozambique 77 77 77 77 78
Vietnam 77 77 76 76 76
Lao PDR 79 79 79 79 79
Cambodia 79 78 78 78 77
Korea, Dem. Rep. 80 78 78 77 78
Qatar 80 79 77 77 76
Uganda 80 80 80 80 79
Burundi 81 81 80 79 79
Burkina Faso 81 81 81 81 81
Equatorial Guinea 82 82 82 82 82
Nepal 83 82 83 83 85
Madagascar 84 84 84 84 85
Tanzania 85 85 85 85 85
Rwanda 87 86 86 86 85
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
South Sudan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
St. Lucia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Monaco
Djibouti
Marshall Islands
Dominica
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Middle East (developing only)
Seychelles
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Kiribati
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Samoa
Guam
Aruba
Grenada
American Samoa
Vanuatu
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Tonga
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

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