Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
West Bank and Gaza 32 30 31 33 33
Algeria 32 32 33 33 33
Mauritania 33 33 33 34 34
Bosnia and Herzegovina 34 35 34 34 34
Iraq 33 33 34 33 34
Macedonia, FYR 37 36 35 35 36
Jordan 36 37 37 37 37
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39 38 38 39 39
Yemen, Rep. 40 41 40 40 40
Libya 40 40 40 41 41
Spain 39 40 40 42 44
Tunisia 41 41 41 40 40
Puerto Rico 40 40 41 41 42
Montenegro 43 42 41 41 41
Lebanon 40 40 41 40 40
Italy 42 42 42 42 42
Egypt, Arab Rep. 41 42 42 41 43
South Africa 46 44 43 42 42
Hungary 44 44 44 44 46
Swaziland 44 44 44 44 44
Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Namibia 45 45 44 45 45
Lesotho 50 53 45 50 54
Suriname 46 45 46 46 44
Bulgaria 46 47 46 46 44
Belgium 46 46 46 46 47
Afghanistan 46 46 46 46 46
Mali 46 46 47 47 47
Greece 46 47 47 47 47
Maldives 46 47 47 48 48
Saudi Arabia 50 49 47 46 46
Malta 47 47 47 48 47
Serbia 48 48 47 47 47
Syrian Arab Republic 49 48 47 48 48
Pakistan 47 47 47 48 48
Morocco 48 48 48 48 47
France 49 49 48 49 49
Turkey 49 50 48 48 48
Gabon 50 49 49 48 48
Israel 50 50 49 49 49
Croatia 50 50 49 48 47
Argentina 47 48 49 50 50
Ireland 47 48 49 52 55
Luxembourg 49 49 50 50 51
Sri Lanka 49 49 50 54 53
Latvia 53 52 50 50 50
Cuba 50 51 51 51 51
Comoros 51 51 51 51 51
Poland 51 51 51 51 49
Russian Federation 55 54 51 49 53
Chile 52 52 52 52 50
Trinidad and Tobago 50 51 52 53 53
Nigeria 53 52 52 52 52
Somalia 52 52 52 52 52
Slovak Republic 52 53 53 52 50
Finland 52 52 53 54 55
Uzbekistan 53 53 53 53 53
Lithuania 52 53 53 53 53
Germany 54 53 53 53 54
Guyana 52 53 53 53 53
Colombia 50 51 53 54 54
Turkmenistan 54 54 53 53 54
Belize 52 53 54 53 54
Dominican Republic 54 53 54 54 55
Armenia 50 53 54 53 53
Oman 56 55 54 53 52
Panama 54 53 54 55 56
Ukraine 57 56 54 53 52
Slovenia 55 54 55 55 54
Cyprus 54 54 55 54 53
Estonia 56 55 55 55 52
Fiji 56 56 55 53 53
Mauritius 54 55 55 55 55
Timor-Leste 56 56 55 55 54
Albania 54 54 55 54 53
El Salvador 57 55 55 57 57
Portugal 54 55 56 57 58
Austria 57 56 56 56 56
Sweden 57 57 56 57 58
Nicaragua 57 56 56 56 57
Mongolia 56 57 57 57 57
Belarus 59 58 57 56 55
Costa Rica 57 55 57 58 57
Haiti 58 57 57 57 59
Netherlands 54 55 57 58 60
United Kingdom 56 56 57 58 58
India 58 58 58 57 57
Niger 56 57 58 58 59
Venezuela, RB 55 55 58 58 57
Liberia 58 58 58 58 58
Moldova 60 59 58 58 54
Australia 58 58 58 58 59
Czech Republic 59 59 58 57 56
Georgia 57 58 58 58 57
Mexico 55 56 58 58 58
Uruguay 57 56 58 58 56
Canada 58 58 59 59 60
Barbados 56 59 59 61 62
Cabo Verde 59 59 59 59 59
Botswana 58 58 59 59 58
Tajikistan 59 59 59 59 59
Jamaica 61 61 59 59 58
Azerbaijan 60 61 60 57 61
Hong Kong SAR, China 60 60 60 58 57
Kyrgyz Republic 60 60 60 59 60
Malaysia 60 60 60 60 60
New Zealand 60 61 61 60 60
Kazakhstan 62 61 61 61 61
Guatemala 61 61 61 61 62
Korea, Rep. 60 61 61 56 57
Philippines 61 62 61 61 60
Ecuador 61 61 62 62 62
Bahrain 61 61 62 61 61
Japan 62 61 62 61 60
Honduras 59 61 62 63 65
Sierra Leone 62 62 62 62 62
Denmark 61 61 62 62 63
Solomon Islands 63 63 63 63 63
Romania 58 60 63 62 61
Brazil 65 63 63 62 62
Norway 60 61 63 64 64
Indonesia 64 65 63 62 63
United States 62 62 63 63 64
Congo, Rep. 63 63 63 63 63
Bhutan 62 62 63 64 65
Kenya 65 64 63 63 62
Singapore 63 64 63 62 62
Cameroon 66 63 64 64 64
Cote d'Ivoire 64 64 64 64 64
Guinea-Bissau 64 64 64 66 66
Bahamas, The 66 65 65 64 65
Switzerland 65 65 65 65 66
Macao SAR, China 58 65 65 63 62
Brunei Darussalam 64 64 65 65 65
Paraguay 71 69 66 64 64
Congo, Dem. Rep. 66 66 66 66 66
Peru 63 64 67 68 68
Angola 67 67 67 66 66
Chad 67 67 67 67 67
Kuwait 66 67 67 67 67
Bolivia 65 66 68 68 68
Senegal 68 68 68 68 68
Ghana 66 66 68 68 67
Zambia 65 68 68 70 70
Zimbabwe 70 69 69 68 67
Papua New Guinea 69 69 69 70 70
Guinea 69 69 69 69 69
Bangladesh 71 71 70 70 69
Iceland 72 72 72 74 75
Malawi 72 72 72 72 73
Gambia, The 72 72 72 72 72
Togo 72 72 72 72 73
Benin 72 72 72 72 72
Central African Republic 73 73 73 73 73
Myanmar 73 73 73 73 74
Thailand 73 74 74 71 70
United Arab Emirates 74 74 74 74 74
Ethiopia 74 74 74 74 74
China 75 75 75 74 74
Eritrea 76 76 76 76 76
Vietnam 77 77 76 76 76
Mozambique 77 77 77 77 78
Qatar 80 79 77 77 76
Korea, Dem. Rep. 80 78 78 77 78
Cambodia 79 78 78 78 77
Lao PDR 79 79 79 79 79
Uganda 80 80 80 80 79
Burundi 81 81 80 79 79
Burkina Faso 81 81 81 81 81
Equatorial Guinea 82 82 82 82 82
Nepal 83 82 83 83 85
Madagascar 84 84 84 84 85
Tanzania 85 85 85 85 85
Rwanda 87 86 86 86 85
Aruba
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
St. Lucia
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Cayman Islands
Grenada
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Palau
Greenland
Guam
Marshall Islands
Djibouti
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Vanuatu
Sao Tome and Principe
South Sudan
Samoa
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Kosovo
Bermuda
Seychelles
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Kiribati
Dominica
French Polynesia

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