Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
West Bank and Gaza 30 31 33 33 33
Algeria 32 33 33 33 31
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 33 34 34 34
Mauritania 33 33 34 34 34
Iraq 33 34 33 34 34
Macedonia, FYR 36 35 35 36 36
Jordan 37 37 37 37 36
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37 38 38 39 39
Yemen, Rep. 41 40 40 40 39
Spain 40 40 42 44 46
Libya 40 41 41 41 41
Tunisia 41 41 40 40 40
Puerto Rico 40 41 41 42 42
Montenegro 42 41 41 41 41
Lebanon 40 41 40 40 40
Italy 42 42 42 42 43
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42 42 41 43 42
South Africa 44 43 42 42 42
Hungary 44 44 44 46 46
Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Swaziland 44 44 44 44 44
Afghanistan 44 44 44 44 44
Namibia 45 44 45 45 45
Lesotho 53 45 50 54 54
Morocco 46 46 45 47 46
Bulgaria 47 46 46 44 42
Suriname 45 46 46 44 44
Belgium 46 46 46 47 49
Mali 46 47 47 47 47
Greece 47 47 47 47 47
Maldives 47 47 48 48 49
Malta 47 47 48 47 48
Syrian Arab Republic 48 47 48 48 46
Saudi Arabia 49 47 46 46 46
Serbia 48 47 47 47 48
Pakistan 47 47 48 48 47
Turkey 50 48 48 48 46
France 49 48 49 49 50
Gabon 49 49 48 48 48
Israel 50 49 49 49 49
Argentina 48 49 50 50 49
Croatia 50 49 48 47 45
Ireland 48 49 52 55 57
Luxembourg 49 50 50 51 52
Sri Lanka 49 50 54 53 53
Latvia 52 50 50 50 48
Cuba 51 51 51 51 51
Comoros 51 51 51 51 51
Poland 51 51 51 49 47
Russian Federation 54 51 49 53 54
Chile 52 52 52 50 50
Trinidad and Tobago 51 52 53 53 54
Nigeria 52 52 52 52 52
Finland 52 53 54 55 56
Somalia 53 53 53 52 52
Slovak Republic 53 53 52 50 49
Uzbekistan 53 53 53 53 53
Lithuania 53 53 53 53 51
Germany 53 53 53 54 54
Guyana 53 53 53 53 53
Colombia 51 53 54 54 54
Belize 53 54 53 54 55
Turkmenistan 54 54 53 54 54
Dominican Republic 53 54 54 55 54
Armenia 53 54 53 53 52
Panama 53 54 55 56 55
Oman 56 54 53 52 51
Ukraine 56 54 53 52 51
Slovenia 54 55 55 54 54
Albania 54 55 53 53 54
Estonia 55 55 55 52 51
Cyprus 54 55 54 53 58
Fiji 56 55 53 53 53
Mauritius 55 55 55 55 55
Timor-Leste 56 55 55 54 53
El Salvador 55 55 57 57 56
Portugal 55 56 57 58 59
Austria 56 56 56 56 56
Sweden 57 56 57 58 59
Mongolia 57 57 57 57 57
Belarus 58 57 56 55 55
Nicaragua 56 57 57 57 56
Costa Rica 55 57 58 57 57
Netherlands 55 57 58 60 61
Haiti 58 57 57 59 58
Cabo Verde 57 57 57 58 58
United Kingdom 56 57 58 58 58
Uruguay 56 57 58 57 57
India 58 58 57 57 57
Niger 57 58 58 59 60
Venezuela, RB 55 58 58 57 57
Liberia 58 58 58 58 58
Australia 58 58 58 59 59
Czech Republic 59 58 57 56 55
Georgia 58 58 58 57 57
Mexico 56 58 58 58 58
Canada 58 59 59 60 61
Barbados 59 59 61 62 63
Botswana 58 59 59 58 58
Jamaica 61 59 59 58 58
Tajikistan 59 59 59 59 59
Azerbaijan 61 60 59 61 57
Hong Kong SAR, China 60 60 58 57 58
Kyrgyz Republic 60 60 59 60 60
Ecuador 62 60 62 62 62
Malaysia 60 60 60 60 61
New Zealand 61 61 60 60 61
Moldova 59 61 58 54 55
Kazakhstan 61 61 61 61 61
Guatemala 61 61 61 62 62
Korea, Rep. 61 61 56 57 58
Philippines 62 61 61 60 58
Japan 61 62 61 60 59
Sierra Leone 62 62 62 62 62
Honduras 61 62 63 65 63
Denmark 61 62 62 63 63
Bahrain 63 63 63 63 63
Norway 61 63 64 64 64
Romania 60 63 62 61 60
Brazil 63 63 62 62 62
Solomon Islands 63 63 63 63 63
United States 62 63 63 64 64
Indonesia 65 63 62 63 63
Congo, Rep. 63 63 63 63 64
Bhutan 62 63 64 65 66
Kenya 64 63 63 62 62
Singapore 64 63 62 62 63
Cameroon 63 64 64 64 65
Cote d'Ivoire 64 64 64 64 64
Guinea-Bissau 64 64 66 66 66
Mozambique 64 64 65 65 66
Bahamas, The 65 65 64 65 65
Brunei Darussalam 64 65 65 65 65
Switzerland 65 65 65 66 66
Macao SAR, China 65 65 63 62 61
Paraguay 69 66 64 64 64
Congo, Dem. Rep. 66 66 66 66 66
Peru 64 66 67 68 66
Angola 67 67 66 66 66
Chad 67 67 67 67 67
Kuwait 67 67 67 67 67
Bolivia 66 68 68 68 67
Senegal 68 68 69 69 68
Ghana 66 68 68 67 67
Zambia 68 68 70 70 70
Zimbabwe 69 69 68 67 70
Papua New Guinea 69 69 70 70 70
Guinea 69 69 69 69 69
Bangladesh 71 70 70 69 68
Iceland 72 72 74 75 75
Malawi 72 72 72 73 73
Gambia, The 72 72 72 72 72
Benin 72 72 72 72 72
Togo 72 72 72 73 73
Central African Republic 73 73 73 73 73
Myanmar 73 73 73 74 74
Thailand 74 74 71 70 71
United Arab Emirates 74 74 74 74 75
China 75 75 74 74 74
Eritrea 76 76 76 76 76
Ethiopia 76 76 75 74 75
Vietnam 77 76 76 76 76
Qatar 79 77 77 76 75
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 78 78 78 78 78
Cambodia 78 78 78 77 77
Lao PDR 79 79 79 79 78
Uganda 80 80 80 79 79
Burundi 81 80 79 79 78
Burkina Faso 81 81 81 81 81
Equatorial Guinea 82 82 82 82 81
Nepal 82 83 83 85 84
Madagascar 84 84 84 85 85
Tanzania 85 85 85 85 84
Rwanda 86 86 86 85 85
Guam
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Cayman Islands
St. Lucia
Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Andorra
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tuvalu
Faroe Islands
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Tonga
Vanuatu
Greenland
Grenada
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Seychelles
Monaco
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bermuda
Dominica
Djibouti
American Samoa
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Aruba

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