Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Lao PDR 4
Maldives 17
Philippines 17 19 19 19 18
Northern Mariana Islands 19
Pakistan 20 20 20 18 18
Mongolia 20 20 20 19 18
Indonesia 20 20 21 18 19
Sri Lanka 21 22 23
Panama 21 21 22 22 22
Belize 22 20 20 21 19
Thailand 22 24 22 19 20
Bahamas, The 22 22 22 24 27
Honduras 22 19 19 21 21
Paraguay 23 23 22 22
Mexico 25 25 24 27 28
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25 26 25 25
Costa Rica 25 25 26 25 26
Barbados 26 25 27 29 30
Dominican Republic 26 28 27 28 28
Jamaica 26 27 25 25 25
St. Lucia 26 25 24 22 24
Brazil 26 27 27 27 26
Puerto Rico 27 26 26 27 28
Ecuador 27 26 27 26 29
Cuba 27 27 27 24 22
El Salvador 27 25 25 24 25
Turkey 27 28 29 28 28
Venezuela, RB 28 27 29 31 28
Greece 28 28 28 30 29
Suriname 30 33 31 32 22
Macao SAR, China 30 26 25 31 28
Cyprus 30 31
Canada 31 31 31 32 32
Chile 32 32 34 31 29
Australia 32 31 31 30 30
Morocco 32 33 32 31 32
Netherlands 32 31 31 31 30
Peru 32 28 27 27 28
Hong Kong SAR, China 32 32 31 29 28
Trinidad and Tobago 33 33 34 37 36
Malaysia 33 34 36 34 33
Uruguay 34 33 34
Iceland 34 33 35 34 33
New Zealand 34 34 33 33 32
United States 34 33 34 33 33
Luxembourg 35 32 33 30 31
Argentina 35 33 34 34 32
Norway 35 34 35 34 34
Singapore 35 33 33 32 32
Syrian Arab Republic 35 36 32
Mauritius 36 35 35 35 35
United Arab Emirates 36
France 36 36 36 36 36
Denmark 37 36 36 37 37
Romania 37 37 36 34 33
Colombia 37 34 32 31 27
Ireland 38 37 38 39 38
United Kingdom 38 38 38 38 37
Switzerland 38 36 35 35 35
Belgium 38 37 37 37 36
Finland 38 38 39 39 39
Bolivia 39 39 40 26
Spain 39 38 39 40 40
Hungary 39 39 40 41 41
Israel 39 39 38 36 34
Sweden 39 39 39 38 38
Japan 39 39 39 39 38
Italy 40 39 39 39 39
Portugal 40 39 40 44 43
Korea, Rep. 40 39 38 34 33
Poland 41 41 41 41 41
Estonia 41 42 42 42 41
Austria 43 43 42 42 43
Slovak Republic 47 48 49 50 49
Germany 48 47 47 46 46
San Marino 50 50 50 50 50
Czech Republic 51 50 50 50 49
Slovenia 51 50 49 47 46
Tunisia
Guinea
Bhutan
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 24
Palau
Bahrain
Senegal
Haiti 15
Gabon
Armenia
French Polynesia 19
Cambodia 5
Fiji
Brunei Darussalam
Faeroe Islands
Rwanda
India
Benin
Ethiopia
South Sudan
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30
Azerbaijan 14
Iraq
Timor-Leste
Guam
Guatemala 23
Isle of Man
Oman 8
Eritrea
Papua New Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Grenada 33 32
Dominica 24 22
Bermuda
Djibouti
Greenland
Jordan
Seychelles
Kazakhstan 24
Gambia, The
Kenya
Somalia
Kiribati
Bangladesh 11
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tuvalu
Ghana 14
Algeria
Tanzania
Cameroon
Tonga
Niger
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Ukraine
Curacao
Georgia 14 14
Afghanistan
Nicaragua
Zambia 10
Nigeria
Middle East (developing only)
Cabo Verde
Lesotho 17 9
Burundi 4
Liberia
Burkina Faso
Libya
Bulgaria
Liechtenstein
Botswana 30 27
Lithuania 35 35 33
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia 36 37 36 38
Qatar 38
Cote d'Ivoire
Russian Federation 36 35 34
Sao Tome and Principe
Samoa
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Saudi Arabia 24
Malawi
Serbia
Congo, Rep.
Sierra Leone
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mali
Malta
Solomon Islands
Marshall Islands 16
South Africa
Mauritania
Belarus
Comoros
St. Kitts and Nevis
China
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sudan
Moldova
Swaziland
Monaco
Aruba 26
Chad
Tajikistan
Montenegro
Antigua and Barbuda
Central African Republic
Togo
Mozambique
Angola
Myanmar
Andorra
Namibia 19
Turks and Caicos Islands
Nepal 15
Uganda
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
New Caledonia 33
Albania
Kuwait
Vietnam 13 15 14 14
Vanuatu
Kyrgyz Republic 18 17 15 14
West Bank and Gaza 31 38 41 42
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia 33 32 33 33
Yemen, Rep. 13 14
Lebanon
Zimbabwe 19

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