Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
West Bank and Gaza 10 10 10 11 11
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10 11 11 12 13
Algeria 12 12 12 12 12
Iraq 12 12 12 12 12
Jordan 12 12 12 12 13
Pakistan 13 14 15 15 16
Afghanistan 15 14 14 14 14
Saudi Arabia 16 16 16 16 17
Lebanon 18 19 19 19 19
Yemen, Rep. 18 19 20 21 22
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21 20 19 19 19
Oman 20 20 21 21 22
Mauritania 20 20 21 22 22
Syrian Arab Republic 23 23 22 22 21
Libya 22 23 24 25 26
Tunisia 23 23 24 24 24
Malta 28 28 29 29 30
Morocco 28 28 29 30 30
Sudan 28 29 29 29 29
Comoros 29 29 30 30 30
Djibouti 29 30 30 31 31
Maldives 28 30 32 34 36
Turkey 31 30 29 29 30
United Arab Emirates 31 32 32 33 33
Niger 31 32 34 35 36
Bahrain 32 32 33 34 34
Puerto Rico 33 34 35 35 36
Suriname 33 34 35 35 36
Italy 33 34 34 34 35
Costa Rica 36 34 37 39 39
Nicaragua 33 34 35 36 37
Chile 35 34 35 36 36
India 35 35 35 35 34
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 35 35 34 34
Somalia 36 36 36 36 36
Sri Lanka 36 36 36 42 38
Belize 36 36 37 38 39
Samoa 37 36 35 35 34
Luxembourg 35 36 38 38 40
Mali 37 37 37 37 37
Cuba 37 37 37 38 38
Spain 37 38 38 39 39
Greece 37 38 38 40 40
Mexico 38 38 40 40 39
Guyana 38 38 39 39 39
Colombia 36 39 41 44 46
Sao Tome and Principe 38 39 39 39 39
Timor-Leste 40 39 39 39 39
Fiji 38 39 39 39 39
Mauritius 39 39 40 40 40
Hungary 40 40 39 40 41
Honduras 35 40 41 42 46
Belgium 40 40 41 42 43
Ireland 40 41 42 44 46
Guatemala 41 41 41 42 42
Argentina 41 41 42 42 42
El Salvador 43 41 42 45 45
Qatar 42 42 39 39 38
Kuwait 41 42 43 43 44
Nigeria 42 42 43 44 44
Swaziland 42 42 43 43 43
Malaysia 43 43 42 42 43
Macedonia, FYR 43 43 42 42 41
Cyprus 42 43 44 44 44
Panama 43 43 44 45 44
Montenegro 44 44 43 43 44
Venezuela, RB 41 44 46 48 49
Cabo Verde 44 44 45 45 46
Serbia 45 45 45 45 45
Dominican Republic 45 45 45 46 46
Israel 46 46 46 46 47
South Africa 45 46 47 48 49
Ecuador 45 46 46 47 49
Croatia 46 46 46 45 45
Tonga 46 47 47 48 49
Uzbekistan 47 47 47 47 47
Trinidad and Tobago 45 47 47 47 47
Cote d'Ivoire 47 47 48 48 49
Bhutan 47 47 48 50 51
Turkmenistan 47 47 48 48 48
Hong Kong SAR, China 48 48 48 48 49
Austria 48 48 48 48 48
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48 48 49 49 50
Germany 48 48 49 49 49
France 48 48 48 48 48
Netherlands 47 48 50 51 52
Namibia 49 48 48 48 49
French Polynesia 49 49 49 48 48
New Caledonia 48 49 49 49 49
Korea, Rep. 49 49 50 47 48
Philippines 50 49 49 50 50
Bulgaria 51 49 48 47 46
Portugal 49 50 51 52 52
Uruguay 49 50 51 51 52
Japan 50 50 50 50 50
Poland 51 51 50 50 49
Singapore 50 51 50 50 51
Latvia 53 51 52 52 50
Indonesia 51 51 49 50 51
Slovenia 52 51 53 53 52
Brunei Darussalam 50 51 53 54 55
Czech Republic 52 52 52 52 52
Russian Federation 53 52 51 50 54
Brazil 54 52 53 54 55
Slovak Republic 52 52 52 52 52
United Kingdom 52 53 53 53 54
Albania 53 53 53 52 52
Solomon Islands 53 53 53 53 53
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 53 53 53 53 53
Paraguay 56 53 51 48 50
Ukraine 54 54 53 53 53
Australia 54 54 54 54 54
Estonia 54 54 54 53 52
Guam 54 54 55 55 55
Peru 51 54 58 58 61
Lithuania 56 55 54 53 55
Belarus 56 55 54 54 53
Finland 55 55 55 55 56
Gabon 55 55 55 55 55
Mongolia 55 55 55 56 56
Macao SAR, China 49 56 55 55 56
Azerbaijan 56 56 56 57 57
New Zealand 55 57 56 56 57
Canada 57 57 57 58 58
Switzerland 56 57 57 58 58
Haiti 57 57 57 57 57
Bolivia 55 57 60 60 60
Bangladesh 58 57 57 56 55
Kyrgyz Republic 58 58 57 57 57
Norway 56 58 59 60 60
Liberia 58 58 58 58 58
Romania 56 58 60 59 59
United States 58 58 59 59 59
Denmark 58 58 59 59 60
Tajikistan 58 58 58 58 58
Moldova 59 58 58 57 57
Georgia 59 59 58 58 58
Armenia 59 59 58 58 58
Sweden 59 59 58 57 57
Guinea-Bissau 60 59 59 63 63
St. Lucia 59 60 60 61 61
Benin 60 61 62 62 63
Cameroon 60 61 61 61 61
Congo, Rep. 63 63 64 64 65
Kazakhstan 63 63 64 64 64
Senegal 63 64 64 64 64
Guinea 64 64 64 63 63
Barbados 63 64 63 63 63
Sierra Leone 65 64 65 66 66
Chad 65 65 65 64 64
Jamaica 67 65 63 61 60
Kenya 67 66 65 65 64
Thailand 66 67 67 66 65
Bahamas, The 68 67 67 66 66
Zimbabwe 68 68 68 66 64
Lesotho 68 68 68 68 69
Angola 69 68 68 68 68
Botswana 68 69 69 69 69
Iceland 71 70 69 70 71
Papua New Guinea 70 70 70 70 71
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70 70 70 70 71
Gambia, The 70 70 71 71 71
Central African Republic 70 71 71 71 71
Ghana 71 71 72 72 72
Ethiopia 72 71 71 72 71
China 72 72 72 71 71
Eritrea 73 72 72 73 74
Togo 72 73 74 74 75
Myanmar 73 73 73 73 73
Vietnam 74 74 73 73 73
Vanuatu 75 74 73 72 71
Zambia 75 75 75 75 75
Korea, Dem. Rep. 76 75 75 75 75
Malawi 76 76 76 76 77
Cambodia 77 76 76 76 76
Burkina Faso 77 77 77 77 77
Lao PDR 80 80 80 79 79
Nepal 80 80 81 81 82
Equatorial Guinea 81 80 80 80 80
Uganda 82 81 81 81 81
Madagascar 84 84 84 84 84
Rwanda 86 86 86 86 86
Mozambique 87 87 87 87 88
Tanzania 87 87 87 87 87
Burundi 88 87 86 85 85
South Sudan
Kiribati
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Greenland
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
Grenada
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles
Dominica
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Palau
Curacao
Bermuda
Monaco
Aruba
Liechtenstein

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