Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
West Bank and Gaza 10 10 10 11 11
Algeria 12 12 12 12 12
Iraq 12 12 12 12 12
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10 11 11 12 13
Jordan 12 12 12 12 13
Afghanistan 15 14 14 14 14
Pakistan 13 14 15 15 16
Saudi Arabia 16 16 16 16 17
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21 20 19 19 19
Lebanon 18 19 19 19 19
Yemen, Rep. 18 19 20 21 22
Oman 20 20 21 21 22
Syrian Arab Republic 23 23 22 22 21
Mauritania 20 20 21 22 22
Tunisia 23 23 24 24 24
Libya 22 23 24 25 26
Sudan 28 29 29 29 29
Turkey 31 30 29 29 30
Malta 28 28 29 29 30
Morocco 28 28 29 30 30
Comoros 29 29 30 30 30
Djibouti 29 30 30 31 31
United Arab Emirates 31 32 32 33 33
Maldives 28 30 32 34 36
Bahrain 32 32 33 34 34
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 35 35 34 34
Italy 33 34 34 34 35
Samoa 37 36 35 35 34
India 35 35 35 35 34
Puerto Rico 33 34 35 35 36
Niger 31 32 34 35 36
Suriname 33 34 35 35 36
Chile 35 34 35 36 36
Somalia 36 36 36 36 36
Nicaragua 33 34 35 36 37
Mali 37 37 37 37 37
Cuba 37 37 37 38 38
Luxembourg 35 36 38 38 40
Belize 36 36 37 38 39
Sao Tome and Principe 38 39 39 39 39
Qatar 42 42 39 39 38
Spain 37 38 38 39 39
Fiji 38 39 39 39 39
Guyana 38 38 39 39 39
Timor-Leste 40 39 39 39 39
Costa Rica 36 34 37 39 39
Mexico 38 38 40 40 39
Greece 37 38 38 40 40
Hungary 40 40 39 40 41
Mauritius 39 39 40 40 40
Macedonia, FYR 43 43 42 42 41
Belgium 40 40 41 42 43
Sri Lanka 36 36 36 42 38
Guatemala 41 41 41 42 42
Argentina 41 41 42 42 42
Malaysia 43 43 42 42 43
Honduras 35 40 41 42 46
Swaziland 42 42 43 43 43
Kuwait 41 42 43 43 44
Montenegro 44 44 43 43 44
Nigeria 42 42 43 44 44
Colombia 36 39 41 44 46
Cyprus 42 43 44 44 44
Ireland 40 41 42 44 46
Panama 43 43 44 45 44
Serbia 45 45 45 45 45
El Salvador 43 41 42 45 45
Cabo Verde 44 44 45 45 46
Croatia 46 46 46 45 45
Dominican Republic 45 45 45 46 46
Israel 46 46 46 46 47
Trinidad and Tobago 45 47 47 47 47
Bulgaria 51 49 48 47 46
Uzbekistan 47 47 47 47 47
Ecuador 45 46 46 47 49
Korea, Rep. 49 49 50 47 48
Turkmenistan 47 47 48 48 48
South Africa 45 46 47 48 49
Venezuela, RB 41 44 46 48 49
Tonga 46 47 47 48 49
France 48 48 48 48 48
Austria 48 48 48 48 48
Namibia 49 48 48 48 49
Paraguay 56 53 51 48 50
Hong Kong SAR, China 48 48 48 48 49
French Polynesia 49 49 49 48 48
Cote d'Ivoire 47 47 48 48 49
New Caledonia 48 49 49 49 49
Germany 48 48 49 49 49
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48 48 49 49 50
Poland 51 51 50 50 49
Bhutan 47 47 48 50 51
Indonesia 51 51 49 50 51
Philippines 50 49 49 50 50
Russian Federation 53 52 51 50 54
Japan 50 50 50 50 50
Singapore 50 51 50 50 51
Netherlands 47 48 50 51 52
Uruguay 49 50 51 51 52
Latvia 53 51 52 52 50
Slovak Republic 52 52 52 52 52
Portugal 49 50 51 52 52
Czech Republic 52 52 52 52 52
Albania 53 53 53 52 52
Estonia 54 54 54 53 52
Solomon Islands 53 53 53 53 53
Ukraine 54 54 53 53 53
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 53 53 53 53 53
Slovenia 52 51 53 53 52
United Kingdom 52 53 53 53 54
Lithuania 56 55 54 53 55
Brazil 54 52 53 54 55
Belarus 56 55 54 54 53
Brunei Darussalam 50 51 53 54 55
Australia 54 54 54 54 54
Gabon 55 55 55 55 55
Guam 54 54 55 55 55
Finland 55 55 55 55 56
Macao SAR, China 49 56 55 55 56
Mongolia 55 55 55 56 56
Bangladesh 58 57 57 56 55
New Zealand 55 57 56 56 57
Azerbaijan 56 56 56 57 57
Haiti 57 57 57 57 57
Sweden 59 59 58 57 57
Kyrgyz Republic 58 58 57 57 57
Moldova 59 58 58 57 57
Canada 57 57 57 58 58
Georgia 59 59 58 58 58
Switzerland 56 57 57 58 58
Liberia 58 58 58 58 58
Armenia 59 59 58 58 58
Peru 51 54 58 58 61
Tajikistan 58 58 58 58 58
United States 58 58 59 59 59
Romania 56 58 60 59 59
Denmark 58 58 59 59 60
Bolivia 55 57 60 60 60
Norway 56 58 59 60 60
St. Lucia 59 60 60 61 61
Jamaica 67 65 63 61 60
Cameroon 60 61 61 61 61
Benin 60 61 62 62 63
Barbados 63 64 63 63 63
Guinea-Bissau 60 59 59 63 63
Guinea 64 64 64 63 63
Senegal 63 64 64 64 64
Kazakhstan 63 63 64 64 64
Congo, Rep. 63 63 64 64 65
Chad 65 65 65 64 64
Kenya 67 66 65 65 64
Sierra Leone 65 64 65 66 66
Bahamas, The 68 67 67 66 66
Zimbabwe 68 68 68 66 64
Thailand 66 67 67 66 65
Angola 69 68 68 68 68
Lesotho 68 68 68 68 69
Botswana 68 69 69 69 69
Iceland 71 70 69 70 71
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70 70 70 70 71
Papua New Guinea 70 70 70 70 71
Central African Republic 70 71 71 71 71
Gambia, The 70 70 71 71 71
China 72 72 72 71 71
Ethiopia 72 71 71 72 71
Vanuatu 75 74 73 72 71
Ghana 71 71 72 72 72
Eritrea 73 72 72 73 74
Myanmar 73 73 73 73 73
Vietnam 74 74 73 73 73
Togo 72 73 74 74 75
Zambia 75 75 75 75 75
Korea, Dem. Rep. 76 75 75 75 75
Cambodia 77 76 76 76 76
Malawi 76 76 76 76 77
Burkina Faso 77 77 77 77 77
Lao PDR 80 80 80 79 79
Equatorial Guinea 81 80 80 80 80
Uganda 82 81 81 81 81
Nepal 80 80 81 81 82
Madagascar 84 84 84 84 84
Burundi 88 87 86 85 85
Rwanda 86 86 86 86 86
Tanzania 87 87 87 87 87
Mozambique 87 87 87 87 88
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Seychelles
Northern Mariana Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Palau
Aruba
Cayman Islands
Monaco
St. Kitts and Nevis
Bermuda
San Marino
South Sudan
Greenland
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
Tuvalu
Dominica
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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