Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
West Bank and Gaza 39 39 38 38 38
Iraq 41 41 41 41 41
Jordan 42 42 42 42 42
Iran, Islamic Rep. 43 43 44 44 44
Lebanon 44 44 44 44 44
Algeria 45 45 44 44 44
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46 46 45 47 46
Yemen, Rep. 46 46 47 47 47
Bosnia and Herzegovina 47 46 46 46 45
Puerto Rico 47 48 48 48 47
Italy 47 47 47 48 48
Djibouti 48 48 49 49 49
Afghanistan 48 48 48 48 48
Mauritania 49 49 50 50 50
Tunisia 49 49 48 48 48
Hungary 49 48 48 49 49
Pakistan 50 50 50 51 51
Libya 50 50 51 51 52
Belgium 50 50 51 52 52
Suriname 51 51 51 51 51
Mali 51 51 51 51 51
Luxembourg 51 51 51 52 53
Spain 51 51 52 52 53
Malta 51 51 51 51 51
Sudan 52 52 52 52 52
Saudi Arabia 52 50 49 48 49
Greece 52 52 52 53 53
Maldives 52 53 53 54 55
Montenegro 53 52 52 52 52
Syrian Arab Republic 53 52 52 51 51
Turkey 53 52 52 52 49
Israel 54 53 53 54 54
Bulgaria 54 53 52 51 50
Morocco 54 54 54 55 54
Comoros 54 54 54 55 55
Ireland 55 55 57 58 59
Macedonia, FYR 55 54 54 53 54
Cuba 55 55 54 54 54
Serbia 55 55 55 55 55
Chile 55 55 55 55 55
Croatia 55 55 54 54 54
South Africa 55 56 56 57 57
Namibia 56 55 56 56 57
France 56 55 55 55 55
Sri Lanka 56 56 59 58 57
Somalia 56 56 56 56 56
Sao Tome and Principe 56 56 56 55 55
Nigeria 57 57 56 56 56
Swaziland 57 57 56 56 56
Samoa 57 56 56 55 54
Cyprus 57 57 56 56 61
Slovenia 58 58 59 58 57
Poland 58 57 57 56 56
Argentina 58 58 58 58 58
Costa Rica 58 60 62 61 60
Austria 58 58 58 58 58
Germany 58 59 59 58 58
Portugal 59 59 60 60 61
Colombia 59 60 62 63 65
Nicaragua 59 59 59 60 60
Uzbekistan 59 59 59 60 60
Netherlands 59 60 61 62 63
Latvia 59 59 59 58 56
Fiji 59 59 58 58 57
Mexico 59 61 61 60 60
Russian Federation 59 58 57 61 61
Oman 59 58 57 56 55
French Polynesia 60 59 59 59 59
Timor-Leste 60 59 59 58 56
Guyana 60 60 60 60 60
Mauritius 60 60 60 60 60
Turkmenistan 60 60 60 60 61
Niger 60 61 61 62 63
El Salvador 60 60 62 61 61
Slovak Republic 60 60 60 60 60
Mongolia 60 60 61 61 61
Liberia 60 60 60 60 60
New Caledonia 60 60 60 60 60
India 60 60 60 59 59
Ukraine 60 60 59 59 58
Finland 61 60 60 61 62
Tonga 61 61 61 61 61
Trinidad and Tobago 61 61 61 61 61
Czech Republic 61 61 61 61 61
Gabon 61 61 61 61 60
Belize 61 61 61 62 62
Estonia 61 61 60 59 58
United Kingdom 62 62 61 62 62
Belarus 62 61 60 59 58
Hong Kong SAR, China 62 61 61 61 61
Malaysia 62 62 62 62 63
Korea, Rep. 62 63 61 61 61
Lithuania 62 61 61 61 60
Panama 63 63 64 63 63
Uruguay 63 63 63 63 63
Sweden 63 62 62 62 63
Venezuela, RB 63 65 66 66 66
Cabo Verde 63 63 64 64 64
Guatemala 63 63 63 63 63
Moldova 64 63 62 61 60
Australia 64 63 63 63 63
Japan 64 64 63 63 62
Albania 64 64 63 63 62
Azerbaijan 64 64 64 64 64
Honduras 64 64 65 67 66
Dominican Republic 64 64 64 63 63
Bhutan 64 64 65 66 67
Sierra Leone 64 64 64 64 64
Norway 64 65 66 66 66
Canada 64 64 65 65 65
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 64 64 64 65 65
Romania 65 66 65 65 65
Ecuador 65 65 66 66 67
Haiti 65 64 64 63 63
New Zealand 65 65 65 65 65
Solomon Islands 65 66 66 66 66
Denmark 65 66 66 66 66
Bahrain 65 65 65 66 66
Guam 66 65 65 65 65
Singapore 66 65 64 65 65
Kyrgyz Republic 66 66 65 65 65
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 66 66 65 65 64
Armenia 66 65 65 65 65
United States 66 66 66 66 66
Georgia 66 66 66 66 64
Philippines 67 66 67 67 65
Cote d'Ivoire 67 67 66 67 67
Brunei Darussalam 67 67 67 68 68
Tajikistan 67 67 67 67 67
Brazil 67 68 68 69 68
Congo, Rep. 67 68 68 68 68
Kuwait 68 68 68 68 68
Macao SAR, China 68 67 66 66 65
Switzerland 68 67 68 68 67
St. Lucia 68 68 68 68 69
Indonesia 68 66 65 68 67
Peru 68 70 71 72 70
Guinea-Bissau 69 69 71 71 71
Barbados 69 69 69 69 70
Cameroon 69 69 69 69 69
Kazakhstan 70 70 70 70 70
Bolivia 70 71 71 71 71
Papua New Guinea 70 71 72 72 72
Kenya 71 70 70 69 68
Guinea 71 71 71 71 71
Angola 72 72 71 71 71
Paraguay 72 70 68 69 69
Congo, Dem. Rep. 72 72 72 72 72
Jamaica 72 71 70 69 68
Chad 72 72 72 72 72
Benin 73 73 73 73 72
Bangladesh 73 72 72 71 71
Ghana 73 73 74 74 75
Bahamas, The 73 72 70 70 71
Zimbabwe 74 74 73 71 75
Botswana 74 74 75 75 75
Thailand 74 75 73 72 73
Lesotho 75 75 75 75 74
Iceland 75 75 76 77 77
United Arab Emirates 76 76 76 76 76
Senegal 76 76 76 76 76
Myanmar 76 76 76 77 77
Malawi 77 77 78 78 79
Gambia, The 77 77 77 77 77
Togo 77 78 78 78 79
Central African Republic 78 78 78 78 78
Vietnam 78 78 78 78 78
China 78 78 78 78 77
Qatar 79 78 77 76 76
Cambodia 80 80 80 79 79
Vanuatu 80 79 78 78 77
Zambia 80 80 80 80 80
Lao PDR 81 81 80 80 80
Ethiopia 81 81 81 81 82
Eritrea 82 82 82 82 83
Korea, Dem. Rep. 82 82 82 81 81
Uganda 82 82 82 82 82
Burkina Faso 83 83 83 83 83
Mozambique 84 84 85 85 85
Nepal 86 86 86 86 86
Madagascar 86 87 87 87 87
Burundi 87 86 85 85 84
Rwanda 87 87 86 86 86
Equatorial Guinea 87 87 87 87 87
Tanzania 89 89 89 89 89
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
Seychelles
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Dominica
Greenland
San Marino
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Kiribati
Aruba
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Grenada
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Tuvalu
Bermuda

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