Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
West Bank and Gaza 39 39 38 38 38
Iraq 41 41 41 41 41
Jordan 42 42 42 42 42
Iran, Islamic Rep. 43 43 44 44 44
Lebanon 44 44 44 44 44
Algeria 45 45 44 44 44
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46 46 45 47 46
Bosnia and Herzegovina 47 46 46 46 45
Yemen, Rep. 46 46 47 47 47
Italy 47 47 47 48 48
Hungary 49 48 48 49 49
Puerto Rico 47 48 48 48 47
Afghanistan 48 48 48 48 48
Tunisia 49 49 48 48 48
Djibouti 48 48 49 49 49
Saudi Arabia 52 50 49 48 49
Mauritania 49 49 50 50 50
Pakistan 50 50 50 51 51
Belgium 50 50 51 52 52
Mali 51 51 51 51 51
Libya 50 50 51 51 52
Malta 51 51 51 51 51
Suriname 51 51 51 51 51
Luxembourg 51 51 51 52 53
Spain 51 51 52 52 53
Montenegro 53 52 52 52 52
Syrian Arab Republic 53 52 52 51 51
Turkey 53 52 52 52 49
Sudan 52 52 52 52 52
Bulgaria 54 53 52 51 50
Greece 52 52 52 53 53
Israel 54 53 53 54 54
Maldives 52 53 53 54 55
Macedonia, FYR 55 54 54 53 54
Morocco 54 54 54 55 54
Croatia 55 55 54 54 54
Cuba 55 55 54 54 54
Comoros 54 54 54 55 55
Serbia 55 55 55 55 55
France 56 55 55 55 55
Chile 55 55 55 55 55
Namibia 56 55 56 56 57
Sao Tome and Principe 56 56 56 55 55
Samoa 57 56 56 55 54
South Africa 55 56 56 57 57
Nigeria 57 57 56 56 56
Somalia 56 56 56 56 56
Cyprus 57 57 56 56 61
Swaziland 57 57 56 56 56
Ireland 55 55 57 58 59
Poland 58 57 57 56 56
Russian Federation 59 58 57 61 61
Oman 59 58 57 56 55
Argentina 58 58 58 58 58
Austria 58 58 58 58 58
Fiji 59 59 58 58 57
Germany 58 59 59 58 58
Latvia 59 59 59 58 56
Timor-Leste 60 59 59 58 56
Ukraine 60 60 59 59 58
Nicaragua 59 59 59 60 60
French Polynesia 60 59 59 59 59
Slovenia 58 58 59 58 57
Uzbekistan 59 59 59 60 60
Sri Lanka 56 56 59 58 57
Slovak Republic 60 60 60 60 60
India 60 60 60 59 59
Belarus 62 61 60 59 58
Mauritius 60 60 60 60 60
New Caledonia 60 60 60 60 60
Guyana 60 60 60 60 60
Turkmenistan 60 60 60 60 61
Liberia 60 60 60 60 60
Portugal 59 59 60 60 61
Finland 61 60 60 61 62
Estonia 61 61 60 59 58
Mongolia 60 60 61 61 61
Mexico 59 61 61 60 60
Korea, Rep. 62 63 61 61 61
Gabon 61 61 61 61 60
Lithuania 62 61 61 61 60
Tonga 61 61 61 61 61
Czech Republic 61 61 61 61 61
Hong Kong SAR, China 62 61 61 61 61
Netherlands 59 60 61 62 63
Trinidad and Tobago 61 61 61 61 61
Niger 60 61 61 62 63
United Kingdom 62 62 61 62 62
Belize 61 61 61 62 62
El Salvador 60 60 62 61 61
Colombia 59 60 62 63 65
Costa Rica 58 60 62 61 60
Sweden 63 62 62 62 63
Moldova 64 63 62 61 60
Malaysia 62 62 62 62 63
Uruguay 63 63 63 63 63
Australia 64 63 63 63 63
Albania 64 64 63 63 62
Guatemala 63 63 63 63 63
Japan 64 64 63 63 62
Dominican Republic 64 64 64 63 63
Cabo Verde 63 63 64 64 64
Haiti 65 64 64 63 63
Panama 63 63 64 63 63
Azerbaijan 64 64 64 64 64
Sierra Leone 64 64 64 64 64
Singapore 66 65 64 65 65
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 64 64 64 65 65
New Zealand 65 65 65 65 65
Canada 64 64 65 65 65
Bhutan 64 64 65 66 67
Honduras 64 64 65 67 66
Armenia 66 65 65 65 65
Guam 66 65 65 65 65
Kyrgyz Republic 66 66 65 65 65
Romania 65 66 65 65 65
Bahrain 65 65 65 66 66
Indonesia 68 66 65 68 67
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 66 66 65 65 64
Venezuela, RB 63 65 66 66 66
Ecuador 65 65 66 66 67
Denmark 65 66 66 66 66
Solomon Islands 65 66 66 66 66
Georgia 66 66 66 66 64
Norway 64 65 66 66 66
Macao SAR, China 68 67 66 66 65
United States 66 66 66 66 66
Cote d'Ivoire 67 67 66 67 67
Tajikistan 67 67 67 67 67
Philippines 67 66 67 67 65
Brunei Darussalam 67 67 67 68 68
Kuwait 68 68 68 68 68
Switzerland 68 67 68 68 67
Congo, Rep. 67 68 68 68 68
Paraguay 72 70 68 69 69
Brazil 67 68 68 69 68
St. Lucia 68 68 68 68 69
Cameroon 69 69 69 69 69
Barbados 69 69 69 69 70
Bahamas, The 73 72 70 70 71
Jamaica 72 71 70 69 68
Kenya 71 70 70 69 68
Kazakhstan 70 70 70 70 70
Bolivia 70 71 71 71 71
Guinea-Bissau 69 69 71 71 71
Guinea 71 71 71 71 71
Peru 68 70 71 72 70
Angola 72 72 71 71 71
Papua New Guinea 70 71 72 72 72
Bangladesh 73 72 72 71 71
Chad 72 72 72 72 72
Congo, Dem. Rep. 72 72 72 72 72
Benin 73 73 73 73 72
Zimbabwe 74 74 73 71 75
Thailand 74 75 73 72 73
Ghana 73 73 74 74 75
Botswana 74 74 75 75 75
Lesotho 75 75 75 75 74
Senegal 76 76 76 76 76
Iceland 75 75 76 77 77
United Arab Emirates 76 76 76 76 76
Myanmar 76 76 76 77 77
Qatar 79 78 77 76 76
Gambia, The 77 77 77 77 77
Malawi 77 77 78 78 79
China 78 78 78 78 77
Vietnam 78 78 78 78 78
Central African Republic 78 78 78 78 78
Togo 77 78 78 78 79
Vanuatu 80 79 78 78 77
Cambodia 80 80 80 79 79
Zambia 80 80 80 80 80
Lao PDR 81 81 80 80 80
Ethiopia 81 81 81 81 82
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 82 82 82 81 81
Eritrea 82 82 82 82 83
Uganda 82 82 82 82 82
Burkina Faso 83 83 83 83 83
Mozambique 84 84 85 85 85
Burundi 87 86 85 85 84
Nepal 86 86 86 86 86
Rwanda 87 87 86 86 86
Madagascar 86 87 87 87 87
Equatorial Guinea 87 87 87 87 87
Tanzania 89 89 89 89 89
Aruba
Faroe Islands
Dominica
Seychelles
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis
Greenland
Monaco
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
San Marino
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Grenada
Kiribati

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