Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Rwanda 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.9 1.0 2.6 2.4 2.2
Lao PDR 4.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Madagascar 5.0 2.8 5.3 5.4 5.9
Nepal 2.6 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.3
Burkina Faso 3.4 3.3 2.8 4.0 4.0
Sierra Leone 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5
Uganda 4.6 3.6 3.7 3.8 5.3
Cambodia 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.2
Guinea 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1
Cuba 5.1 4.4 3.8 3.5 3.9
Vietnam 4.7 4.5 5.1 5.1 5.4
Thailand 4.5 4.5 5.4 4.5 5.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Tanzania 6.2 5.4 8.8 3.8 5.1
Niger 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.6
Iceland 6.7 5.8 7.3 6.1 7.3
Macao SAR, China 8.1 6.1 5.7 3.9 4.3
Liberia 4.7 6.1 4.1 3.7 4.4
Guatemala 6.7 6.3 5.9 5.3 5.9
Papua New Guinea 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.1
Zimbabwe 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.8 7.6
China 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.5 7.4
Bhutan 7.5 7.3 8.9 11.5 12.6
Japan 8.3 7.4 7.2 7.1 6.5
Mexico 10.6 7.4 7.4 7.5 8.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 9.1 7.9 8.1 7.2 7.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.7 8.2
Ireland 7.5 8.0 8.2 8.1 9.9
Netherlands 8.1 8.4 7.1 6.2 5.2
Denmark 7.4 8.6 7.5 7.4 8.6
Cameroon 8.7 8.6 7.4 7.9 8.9
Korea, Rep. 9.1 8.7 8.7 6.9 7.7
Ghana 18.7 8.9 7.1 7.0 6.9
Peru 9.1 9.1 8.0 7.8 7.8
Switzerland 7.4 9.1 7.4 7.4 7.4
Austria 10.0 9.8 9.3 9.1 8.2
New Zealand 10.5 10.2 10.3 10.1 10.8
United States 11.2 10.3 9.9 9.6 11.5
Azerbaijan 10.7 10.3 15.2 10.0 9.9
El Salvador 9.3 10.4 10.0 7.9 8.3
Australia 10.9 10.4 9.5 9.2 8.6
India 9.0 10.4 10.4 9.2 10.3
Canada 11.8 10.6 10.4 10.0 10.0
United Kingdom 10.1 10.8 12.1 12.8 12.3
Kuwait 7.2 10.8 6.4 6.6 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.7
Bolivia 8.8 11.0 10.8 10.6 5.9
Kazakhstan 15.5 11.1 10.7 10.0 8.2
Nicaragua 13.4 11.1 9.7 8.3 10.3
Norway 10.5 11.3 8.7 6.6 6.8
Bangladesh 7.5 11.3 10.3 10.5 10.8
Ethiopia 12.4 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5
Honduras 15.8 11.5 7.4 6.9 7.4
Malaysia 11.5 11.6 11.0 11.2 11.5
Angola 12.8 12.1 12.1 12.0 12.6
Myanmar 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.4 13.1
Solomon Islands 12.8 12.4 13.1 12.9 12.8
United Arab Emirates 12.4 12.7 13.8 14.9 22.5
Equatorial Guinea 11.0 12.9 13.5 12.3 12.6
Mozambique 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.1
Chad 11.3 13.0 13.6 13.6 13.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.1 13.0 13.2 13.1 13.1
Congo, Rep. 13.3 13.0 13.1 13.7 13.2
Cabo Verde 13.3 13.1 12.9 13.0 13.1
Somalia 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3
Guinea-Bissau 13.4 13.3 13.4 13.4 13.4
Comoros 13.6 13.3 13.5 13.6 13.5
Burundi 13.3 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.2
Nigeria 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.3
Central African Republic 13.4 13.4 13.2 13.3 13.4
Eritrea 13.5 13.4 13.7 13.5 14.3
Togo 13.4 13.5 13.3 13.4 13.4
Gambia, The 13.1 13.7 13.5 13.3 13.2
Cyprus 9.1 13.7 10.7 8.9 8.9
Pakistan 15.1 13.7 9.8 9.0 10.7
Fiji 14.1 13.9 19.8 26.9 27.6
Germany 10.8 14.0 12.6 11.1 10.0
Mongolia 13.0 14.2 10.8 13.1 8.6
Morocco 14.4 14.4 14.1 15.0 16.2
Ukraine 15.4 14.5 13.5 12.7 12.7
Malawi 14.2 14.5 14.5 13.9 14.0
Estonia 23.7 14.7 14.7 7.0 11.4
Paraguay 19.0 14.9 17.3 18.1 16.5
Mali 15.7 15.2 14.6 15.0 14.7
Lithuania 16.9 15.3 9.7 10.1 14.6
Singapore 17.0 15.8 13.9 11.8 12.6
Qatar 19.7 15.9 12.0 7.2 5.7
Luxembourg 22.4 16.2 15.2 17.5 23.9
Kyrgyz Republic 17.7 16.2 16.2 16.7 17.4
Malta 17.9 16.2 14.5 11.4 10.2
Latvia 25.8 16.2 14.7 10.1 13.1
Russian Federation 18.7 16.9 17.1 14.4 15.1
Kenya 17.2 17.1 17.1 17.0 17.5
Albania 17.3 17.1 19.0 17.7 25.4
Slovenia 19.3 17.8 16.9 11.2 11.3
Ecuador 18.1 18.1 17.2 13.9 16.8
Senegal 18.4 18.4 18.7 18.4 18.6
Moldova 17.7 18.4 16.0 13.9 12.6
Romania 18.7 18.5 20.2 18.8 18.3
Israel 21.2 18.6 19.1 17.1 13.4
Hungary 14.4 19.1 19.8 18.6 20.8
Portugal 17.6 19.1 18.4 20.3 20.2
Czech Republic 19.5 19.1 18.7 11.0 9.9
Finland 19.3 19.4 18.4 16.8 16.2
Philippines 27.9 19.4 19.8 19.4 19.3
Turkey 20.2 20.0 20.1 20.1 20.6
Lebanon 19.8 20.1 20.5 22.3 22.3
Timor-Leste 21.6 20.6 19.6 21.1 21.0
Haiti 21.6 20.7 20.6 20.4 20.8
Bulgaria 23.6 20.9 20.1 15.9 11.3
Puerto Rico 19.4 21.2 21.9 19.3 21.0
Trinidad and Tobago 21.2 21.4 17.0 14.0 12.7
Costa Rica 18.8 21.7 20.2 15.5 13.7
France 20.3 21.8 23.0 19.9 18.5
Sweden 16.5 22.1 22.0 20.4 21.5
Belgium 22.5 22.1 22.5 20.8 18.7
Zambia 21.8 22.3 23.3 23.3 22.7
Tajikistan 23.1 22.9 23.0 23.0 23.0
Uzbekistan 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.1 23.1
Belarus 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.0 23.1
Turkmenistan 23.3 23.3 23.2 23.2 23.4
Barbados 25.1 23.3 22.4 19.1 20.9
Chile 24.7 23.9 21.6 20.8 22.9
Bahamas, The 26.8 23.9 18.4 21.6 22.4
Spain 27.3 24.2 22.4 22.7 26.7
Brazil 23.3 24.9 22.9 21.8 20.3
Venezuela, RB 32.1 25.1 22.0 17.5 15.9
Afghanistan 31.3 25.4 25.4 25.5 25.4
Sudan 26.7 26.4 26.8 26.8 26.5
Tunisia 27.5 26.4 25.2 25.2 25.5
Italy 29.1 27.5 25.3 23.4 24.7
Panama 33.0 28.0 27.8 22.4 20.4
Argentina 31.9 28.4 32.1 25.6 22.3
Belize 27.2 28.5 24.4 22.0 21.3
Slovak Republic 30.9 28.9 27.0 20.0 19.9
Colombia 28.2 29.3 26.1 30.9 35.2
Uruguay 30.0 29.4 35.2 30.6 24.8
Georgia 32.6 30.3 31.2 36.5 41.1
Oman 30.5 30.6 30.7 30.7 31.0
Libya 30.6 31.0 30.7 30.7 30.5
Bahrain 31.6 31.7 31.6 31.6 31.5
Maldives 33.2 31.8 30.5 33.9 33.3
Jamaica 36.8 33.1 29.2 28.6 33.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.5 33.6 32.6 29.8 33.7
Mauritius 31.6 34.4 30.4 30.5 24.6
Greece 36.0 34.5 34.4 31.8 28.6
Croatia 37.2 35.2 31.3 28.5 27.4
Sri Lanka 35.9 37.6 27.6 27.3 25.0
Indonesia 32.5 38.0 34.9 27.7 25.7
Saudi Arabia 52.7 38.5 50.4 47.4 50.8
Poland 42.8 38.9 31.4 23.6 19.7
Syrian Arab Republic 35.9 39.1 45.2 48.0 46.8
Mauritania 39.7 39.3 38.9 38.5 38.4
Gabon 41.8 41.7 41.7 41.7 42.0
Botswana 43.5 41.9 33.6 25.3 41.6
Namibia 47.8 43.1 47.5 41.3 64.7
West Bank and Gaza 44.9 44.5 43.2 42.4 47.2
Algeria 43.6 44.5 34.9 40.3 35.2
Guyana 47.5 44.9 52.4 43.2 41.3
Swaziland 45.7 45.7 45.6 45.7 45.6
Yemen, Rep. 42.5 47.6 46.4 45.3 44.5
Dominican Republic 50.3 49.1 44.7 44.5 40.1
Jordan 34.2 52.1 47.3 49.2 50.6
Serbia 48.0 54.2 54.0 47.0 40.1
South Africa 57.7 55.0 52.6 53.1 50.5
Lesotho 55.7 56.4 51.7 44.0 41.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.6 56.9 65.7 62.8 52.2
Suriname 56.3 57.3 56.9 57.2 57.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 50.0 60.6 56.1 48.2 50.8
Montenegro 58.9 61.1 50.0 45.8 28.5
Macedonia, FYR 65.0 62.2 60.9 58.3 57.4
Iraq 67.3 63.6 62.1 60.1 54.7
Armenia 55.8 68.1 54.7 71.7 67.9
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands
St. Lucia
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Grenada
Isle of Man
Seychelles
Tuvalu
Monaco
Dominica
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Antigua and Barbuda
South Sudan
Kiribati
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Djibouti
Curacao
Greenland
Andorra
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Vanuatu
French Polynesia
American Samoa
Samoa
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe

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