Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 30.6 30.8 30.9 30.6 30.8
Albania 30.7 29.6 31.0 30.8 23.1
Algeria 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2 77.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 10.3 11.3 11.8 11.5 11.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8 32.0
Armenia 43.1 42.5 41.3 41.7 40.6
Aruba
Australia 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5 11.3
Austria 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6 5.2
Azerbaijan 12.4 14.5 16.0 7.8 26.5
Bahamas, The 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3 20.0
Bahrain 15.7 16.7 15.5 15.6 17.9
Bangladesh 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8 9.0
Barbados 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1 22.1
Belarus 13.1 13.6 13.4 13.1 13.2
Belgium 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2 18.2
Belize 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2 29.0
Benin 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2 1.0
Bermuda
Bhutan 7.5 5.4 4.4 4.3 5.1
Bolivia 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4 10.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 57.3 59.8 59.2 57.6 56.0
Botswana 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6 44.4
Brazil 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8 22.7
Brunei Darussalam 12.2 10.6 10.7 12.9 12.1
Bulgaria 26.5 27.1 24.3 28.3 29.5
Burkina Faso 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.6
Burundi 12.4 11.7 11.4 11.8 11.8
Cabo Verde 24.5 24.3 24.2 23.8 24.4
Cambodia 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.7 6.1
Cameroon 15.0 14.4 13.8 13.2 11.8
Canada 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7 11.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 12.4 11.2 11.5 11.5 11.6
Chad 11.6 11.3 11.2 11.8 11.8
Chile 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0 25.0
China 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.6
Colombia 31.5 29.9 33.2 36.7 40.4
Comoros 11.9 11.4 11.7 11.6 11.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.8 14.4 14.7 14.9
Congo, Rep. 11.4 11.8 11.5 12.0 11.2
Costa Rica 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6 14.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.8
Croatia 27.3 27.0 29.2 33.2 37.4
Cuba 16.8 15.9 14.1 14.5 12.5
Curacao
Cyprus 9.0 7.1 13.1 13.0 13.2
Czech Republic 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5 17.4
Denmark 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4 7.0
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 45.6 44.8 41.9 39.7 34.5
Ecuador 13.4 20.3 16.1 18.0 20.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 43.9 44.2 37.4 45.7
El Salvador 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3 10.1
Equatorial Guinea 7.5 4.2 10.0 9.9 10.4
Eritrea 11.1 11.2 11.6 11.7 12.8
Estonia 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8 22.0
Ethiopia 11.7 13.2 14.9 16.8 15.4
Faroe Islands
Fiji 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2 22.4
Finland 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2 21.8
France 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2 22.5
French Polynesia
Gabon 41.9 42.2 42.2 42.2 42.3
Gambia, The 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
Georgia 30.3 30.4 30.2 24.4 20.3
Germany 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9 7.4
Ghana 17.5 15.7 17.9 19.5 16.5
Greece 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4 37.3
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 7.7 12.0 7.9 4.6 3.4
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Guinea-Bissau 11.4 11.3 14.0 11.2 11.2
Guyana 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0 33.3
Haiti 30.1 30.4 30.5 20.5 20.9
Honduras 10.7 8.0 9.7 8.0 7.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7 10.4
Hungary 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5 11.2
Iceland 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4 3.6
India 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2 10.1
Indonesia 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3 18.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.6 33.3 32.6 31.4 32.3
Iraq 66.0 60.9 66.6 63.3 63.9
Ireland 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4 6.8
Isle of Man
Israel 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4 16.8
Italy 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3 35.2
Jamaica 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7 45.5
Japan 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2 7.9
Jordan 50.3 44.4 38.8 43.3 41.4
Kazakhstan 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7 17.7
Kenya 18.0 18.4 18.1 18.2 18.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 8.7 8.7 9.3 8.7 8.6
Korea, Rep. 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2 8.7
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.2
Kyrgyz Republic 18.6 16.1 19.6 16.7 15.4
Lao PDR 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Latvia 24.3 26.6 26.1 19.5 21.8
Lebanon 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7 21.3
Lesotho 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9 42.9
Liberia 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6
Libya 59.7 59.6 59.6 59.7 59.8
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 25.9 21.8 18.9 21.0 27.2
Luxembourg 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7 7.1
Macao SAR, China 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2 6.6
Macedonia, FYR 62.4 60.6 74.5 61.8 62.5
Madagascar 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8 2.9
Malawi 14.3 14.7 15.2 15.0 15.3
Malaysia 7.9 7.7 9.1 9.4 8.5
Maldives 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2 34.4
Mali 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5 14.6
Malta 12.3 12.4 10.1 14.9 10.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 41.8 41.9 42.1 42.2 42.3
Mauritius 26.5 26.3 26.5 26.7 24.6
Mexico 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1 6.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 14.4 7.5 12.6 24.1 15.0
Monaco
Mongolia 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4 10.9
Montenegro 35.9 43.1 40.2 44.0 35.5
Morocco 29.1 32.3 35.7 16.7 16.0
Mozambique 38.6 39.2 39.1 39.7 41.0
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.8 10.3 10.2
Namibia 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5 46.1
Nepal 5.1 4.4 3.6 2.1 2.8
Netherlands 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2 5.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9 12.5
Nicaragua 8.0 6.7 7.9 6.1 4.7
Niger 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.1 6.2
Nigeria 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4 13.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4 10.6
Oman 29.2 29.3 29.2 29.1 29.3
Pakistan 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2 29.4
Palau
Panama 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0 36.5
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.4 6.6
Paraguay 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5 17.3
Peru 12.8 10.9 11.7 13.0 12.7
Philippines 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1 25.6
Poland 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4 36.9
Portugal 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9 11.5
Puerto Rico 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1 16.5
Qatar 7.0 8.1 3.7 7.4 13.3
Romania 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4 15.9
Russian Federation 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9 22.2
Rwanda 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0 31.0
Senegal 19.4 19.5 17.5 17.2 19.4
Serbia 33.1 34.6 34.3 34.3 31.6
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.5
Singapore 7.0 7.0 11.7 11.9 10.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9 33.7
Slovenia 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9 18.4
Solomon Islands 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.8 11.4
Somalia 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6
South Africa 45.8 50.2 48.2 50.7 47.9
South Sudan
Spain 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2 34.2
Sri Lanka 43.4 41.4 32.3 35.0 31.3
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 29.6 31.2 30.0 30.0 30.1
Suriname 39.4 38.5 39.3 59.9 51.7
Swaziland 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6 45.8
Sweden 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4 11.8
Switzerland 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8 4.2
Syrian Arab Republic 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1 37.7
Tajikistan 13.1 13.5 13.7 13.6 13.9
Tanzania 10.3 9.6 9.8 9.6 10.3
Thailand 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4 6.3
Timor-Leste 19.8 19.9 20.6 19.9 19.7
Togo 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6 11.8
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7 27.6
Tunisia 28.4 29.1 34.0 31.5 31.2
Turkey 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7 11.6
Turkmenistan 21.0 20.6 22.1 22.9 23.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3
Ukraine 15.7 18.3 23.3 23.9 23.9
United Arab Emirates 11.3 10.9 17.1 18.3 10.6
United Kingdom 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3 10.4
United States 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7 9.1
Uruguay 24.3 28.5 26.8 29.9 33.3
Uzbekistan 21.7 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.8
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6 28.3
Vietnam 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4 4.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 41.9 35.8 25.4 21.0 25.0
Yemen, Rep. 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3 53.1
Zambia 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8 19.8
Zimbabwe 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3 10.5

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