Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3
Albania 33.3 33.1 29.3 32.8 28.6
Algeria 61.7 68.3 68.6 63.8 65.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 13.5 12.5 12.2 13.2 13.6
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 24.8 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4
Armenia 53.8 55.3 51.3 46.9 62.9
Aruba
Australia 16.4 14.8 14.8 14.7 13.8
Austria 5.2 5.6 6.5 7.1 6.6
Azerbaijan 10.5 10.8 13.2 13.6 12.7
Bahamas, The 27.7 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0
Bahrain 28.6 27.8 27.4 29.6 28.6
Bangladesh 6.9 6.3 5.1 6.9 5.2
Barbados 50.5 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6
Belarus 21.4 21.4 22.7 23.2 23.0
Belgium 23.5 23.8 24.5 25.7 23.0
Belize 30.4 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9
Benin 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6
Bermuda
Bhutan 6.5 9.0 4.8 5.0 4.3
Bolivia 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.7 55.0 56.3 60.4 58.6
Botswana 44.6 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4
Brazil 14.1 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2
Brunei Darussalam 13.2 12.7 12.2 10.7 10.8
Bulgaria 38.3 30.2 26.2 26.7 23.9
Burkina Faso 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9
Burundi 13.9 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.2
Cabo Verde 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.0
Cambodia 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3
Cameroon 11.1 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4
Canada 13.7 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 13.3 13.2 14.2 13.0 13.3
Central Europe and the Baltics 26.7 25.2 24.1 22.2 20.7
Chad 13.2 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1
Chile 21.2 19.8 18.5 18.4 18.1
China 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8
Colombia 28.7 28.8 31.7 31.2 33.8
Comoros 14.0 13.3 13.7 13.3 13.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.9 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.7
Congo, Rep. 14.0 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.3
Costa Rica 11.9 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Croatia 28.5 28.2 27.2 26.9 29.2
Cuba 7.4 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2
Curacao
Cyprus 7.9 8.4 9.1 7.1 13.1
Czech Republic 9.8 8.7 8.3 10.3 14.8
Denmark 10.2 12.3 12.5 9.9 7.6
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 42.7 41.8 45.2 44.4 41.5
Ecuador 19.8 14.4 15.7 18.4 13.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57.6 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2
El Salvador 10.7 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2
Equatorial Guinea 12.4 12.3 9.3 5.7 11.9
Eritrea 12.1 13.4 12.9 13.0 13.4
Estonia 13.3 13.6 14.2 15.2 11.8
Ethiopia 15.1 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 16.6 15.7 16.4 19.2 24.1
Finland 30.7 28.7 26.0 25.0 24.5
Fragile and conflict affected situations 21.8 21.7 22.4 22.4 22.3
France 30.0 30.3 30.0 30.8 28.3
French Polynesia
Gabon 41.3 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0
Gambia, The 13.3 13.9 13.1 13.2 13.1
Georgia 30.2 32.0 30.5 30.6 30.4
Germany 8.3 8.0 9.0 9.6 8.2
Ghana 11.5 6.9 17.5 17.5 17.6
Greece 36.2 36.8 40.3 39.6 38.8
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 4.9 8.8 6.8 9.6 8.3
Guinea 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Guinea-Bissau 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.1 15.8
Guyana 50.5 56.3 52.0 47.6 45.8
Haiti 33.7 30.2 31.1 31.4 31.4
Honduras 7.3 7.3 9.9 7.4 9.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.6 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1
Hungary 16.4 15.5 16.4 14.5 11.6
Iceland 10.0 8.6 7.6 7.0 5.6
India 8.0 8.9 8.8 10.3 8.4
Indonesia 17.4 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.9 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7
Iraq 58.6 61.7 64.7 64.6 64.6
Ireland 20.6 17.3 17.0 14.9 11.0
Isle of Man
Israel 19.1 17.1 15.1 16.0 17.5
Italy 35.4 38.0 39.5 40.5 38.4
Jamaica 39.4 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6
Japan 5.3 6.1 6.7 6.3 7.3
Jordan 67.2 53.8 50.7 48.5 33.9
Kazakhstan 10.3 15.1 17.9 17.8 18.0
Kenya 17.5 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.0 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.8
Korea, Rep. 5.7 5.0 4.5 6.2 12.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 16.0 16.8 18.1 17.2 19.6
Lao PDR 4.4 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Latvia 26.8 20.8 20.3 26.6 26.0
Lebanon 21.2 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.2
Lesotho 57.4 50.9 46.2 59.3 51.8
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8
Libya 30.5 29.8 30.5 30.4 30.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 28.4 28.0 25.6 21.8 18.8
Luxembourg 7.3 7.8 8.3 9.2 7.1
Macao SAR, China 5.0 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9
Macedonia, FYR 55.6 54.1 62.8 60.6 74.5
Madagascar 5.4 5.1 4.6 3.3 3.2
Malawi 15.5 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.5
Malaysia 11.4 9.4 7.7 7.4 9.1
Maldives 35.1 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2
Mali 15.2 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9
Malta 12.9 18.0 13.1 12.5 12.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 40.1 38.1 38.7 40.2 39.2
Mauritius 28.9 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7
Mexico 8.2 15.1 12.2 10.3 8.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 14.3 14.8 14.6 16.5 12.8
Monaco
Mongolia 13.0 15.0 13.1 13.9 13.6
Montenegro 42.9 57.0 58.3 41.3 43.0
Morocco 15.3 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3
Mozambique 13.1 13.4 12.5 12.8 12.7
Myanmar 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.6
Namibia 34.2 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4
Nepal 2.6 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4
Netherlands 9.0 12.7 11.6 10.3 9.2
New Caledonia
New Zealand 14.7 12.2 11.5 13.4 13.9
Nicaragua 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.5 9.7
Niger 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5
Nigeria 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 11.9 11.6 12.4 10.8 9.2
Oman 30.6 30.6 30.5 30.7 30.5
Pakistan 10.2 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5
Palau
Panama 35.9 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.3
Paraguay 15.4 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1
Peru 8.1 7.4 9.4 8.3 8.1
Philippines 20.3 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0
Poland 34.0 33.3 30.8 27.7 24.9
Portugal 16.7 17.9 19.6 18.6 12.9
Puerto Rico 23.4 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3
Qatar 13.6 14.4 15.2 15.2 8.6
Romania 24.3 23.3 24.4 19.3 17.1
Russian Federation 17.5 20.0 20.5 23.9 27.5
Rwanda 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 35.8 36.9 55.3 55.4 55.4
Senegal 18.9 18.4 18.7 18.6 18.3
Serbia 39.0 34.4 33.9 35.4 35.1
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6
Singapore 6.9 7.0 7.3 6.8 12.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 26.4 23.0 21.6 22.5 23.2
Slovenia 23.1 20.2 16.9 19.4 18.3
Solomon Islands 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.5 13.3
Somalia 13.8 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3
South Africa 43.6 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2
South Sudan
Spain 51.6 50.8 50.7 47.7 44.6
Sri Lanka 47.8 45.0 43.2 41.4 32.3
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 26.5 26.5 26.7 29.3 27.4
Suriname 37.9 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9
Swaziland 43.5 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6
Sweden 20.5 19.0 21.7 21.3 16.7
Switzerland 6.1 5.3 4.1 3.8 7.0
Syrian Arab Republic 27.2 26.1 36.2 29.5 27.0
Tajikistan 20.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 22.9
Tanzania 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6
Timor-Leste 19.6 19.5 19.6 19.9 21.0
Togo 12.6 13.1 13.0 13.3 13.8
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 37.2 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3
Tunisia 26.9 29.2 29.1 29.1 32.6
Turkey 13.3 12.9 11.0 14.7 12.5
Turkmenistan 21.0 21.7 22.3 22.0 22.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4
Ukraine 14.1 11.2 15.1 17.7 22.5
United Arab Emirates 9.2 5.6 21.4 12.6 11.7
United Kingdom 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.4 10.7
United States 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0
Uruguay 27.0 26.1 25.3 27.1 33.3
Uzbekistan 21.9 22.2 22.7 22.9 22.8
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 17.4 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5
Vietnam 4.6 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 42.6 43.9 40.8 34.8 24.8
Yemen, Rep. 49.4 46.4 43.3 45.5 48.2
Zambia 29.3 28.5 23.6 22.3 18.5
Zimbabwe 8.9 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4

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