Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.7 12.8
Albania 33.6 31.0 29.7 31.2 31.0
Algeria 70.1 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 10.6 10.2 11.2 11.6 11.3
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8
Armenia 59.0 43.1 42.8 41.3 40.1
Aruba
Australia 14.8 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5
Austria 5.6 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6
Azerbaijan 14.2 12.4 14.5 23.1 7.8
Bahamas, The 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3
Bahrain 30.4 32.8 30.9 28.4 29.0
Bangladesh 6.4 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8
Barbados 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1
Belarus 12.5 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.0
Belgium 23.7 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2
Belize 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2
Benin 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 8.5 7.5 5.7 4.3 4.3
Bolivia 9.9 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 54.9 56.3 61.6 57.7 56.4
Botswana 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6
Brazil 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8
Brunei Darussalam 11.9 12.4 10.6 10.7 13.2
Bulgaria 30.4 26.3 26.8 24.0 28.0
Burkina Faso 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8
Burundi 12.1 12.1 11.5 11.2 11.6
Cabo Verde 11.1 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.8
Cambodia 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8
Cameroon 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 13.7
Canada 13.3 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 11.2 12.1 11.1 11.3 11.3
Chad 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.6
Chile 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0
China 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8
Colombia 31.2 31.4 29.9 33.2 36.7
Comoros 11.3 11.7 11.3 11.5 11.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.5 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.9
Congo, Rep. 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.3 11.7
Costa Rica 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Croatia 28.3 27.4 27.2 29.2 33.2
Cuba 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2 14.6
Curacao
Cyprus 8.5 9.0 7.1 13.0 13.2
Czech Republic 8.6 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5
Denmark 12.4 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 41.8 45.2 44.5 41.5 39.4
Ecuador 15.2 16.0 14.9 16.6 18.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2 37.4
El Salvador 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3
Equatorial Guinea 10.4 7.7 4.5 10.0 9.9
Eritrea 11.4 10.9 11.0 11.4 11.5
Estonia 13.7 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8
Ethiopia 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 15.7 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2
Finland 28.8 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2
France 30.1 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 41.7 42.0 42.2 42.2 42.3
Gambia, The 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Georgia 31.3 30.5 30.6 30.5 24.4
Germany 8.0 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9
Ghana 17.7 17.5 17.3 17.4 19.5
Greece 36.9 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 8.0 8.1 9.2 8.2 5.0
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Guinea-Bissau 11.3 11.2 11.1 13.6 11.0
Guyana 36.9 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0
Haiti 30.3 30.9 31.0 31.1 20.5
Honduras 7.4 10.0 7.5 9.1 8.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7
Hungary 15.6 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5
Iceland 8.6 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4
India 8.9 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2
Indonesia 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7 30.8
Iraq 68.5 68.6 65.5 69.2 65.6
Ireland 17.4 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4
Isle of Man
Israel 17.2 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4
Italy 38.1 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3
Jamaica 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7
Japan 6.2 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2
Jordan 53.4 50.3 48.1 43.7 47.8
Kazakhstan 15.3 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7
Kenya 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4 17.5
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.3 8.6 8.6 9.2 8.6
Korea, Rep. 5.1 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2
Kosovo
Kuwait 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Kyrgyz Republic 17.2 18.5 17.1 19.5 16.6
Lao PDR 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Latvia 22.5 22.7 26.6 26.1 19.5
Lebanon 20.8 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7
Lesotho 50.9 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9
Liberia 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Libya 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 28.3 25.8 21.8 18.9 21.0
Luxembourg 7.8 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7
Macao SAR, China 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2
Macedonia, FYR 55.3 62.5 60.5 74.5 61.8
Madagascar 4.9 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8
Malawi 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.6 14.4
Malaysia 9.6 7.8 7.6 9.1 9.4
Maldives 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2
Mali 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5
Malta 15.8 13.0 13.2 10.2 13.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 39.5 39.6 39.7 39.8 39.9
Mauritius 26.7 27.1 27.6 27.1 26.7
Mexico 15.1 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 13.9 14.4 16.3 12.6 24.1
Monaco
Mongolia 13.7 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4
Montenegro 34.4 35.8 43.1 41.7 44.0
Morocco 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3 16.7
Mozambique 15.0 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.5
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.3
Namibia 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5
Nepal 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4 2.1
Netherlands 12.7 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2
New Caledonia
New Zealand 12.3 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9
Nicaragua 5.2 5.4 5.6 9.6 6.6
Niger 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Nigeria 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 11.6 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4
Oman 31.4 31.4 31.5 31.4 31.3
Pakistan 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2
Palau
Panama 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0
Papua New Guinea 6.8 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.5
Paraguay 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5
Peru 10.7 12.9 11.3 9.9 10.7
Philippines 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1
Poland 33.3 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4
Portugal 17.9 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9
Puerto Rico 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1
Qatar 5.1 6.1 7.2 2.8 6.6
Romania 23.3 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4
Russian Federation 19.9 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9
Rwanda 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 50.2 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0
Senegal 18.7 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.6
Serbia 33.5 33.0 34.4 34.2 34.2
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.8
Singapore 7.3 7.6 7.1 12.8 13.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 23.1 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9
Slovenia 20.2 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9
Solomon Islands 10.4 10.9 11.0 10.9 11.0
Somalia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
South Africa 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2 50.7
South Sudan
Spain 50.8 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2
Sri Lanka 45.2 43.5 41.4 32.3 35.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 26.5 26.6 27.7 26.9 26.9
Suriname 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9 59.9
Swaziland 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6
Sweden 19.2 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4
Switzerland 5.3 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1
Tajikistan 13.0 13.4 13.6 13.6 13.6
Tanzania 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8 9.6
Thailand 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4
Timor-Leste 19.9 19.9 20.1 21.0 20.0
Togo 11.1 11.0 11.3 11.7 11.4
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7
Tunisia 29.8 29.4 29.1 34.0 31.5
Turkey 12.8 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.7 21.6 22.2 22.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.9 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Ukraine 11.4 15.5 18.1 23.0 23.6
United Arab Emirates 5.6 11.3 10.9 17.2 18.3
United Kingdom 12.5 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3
United States 11.9 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7
Uruguay 31.5 25.3 24.5 24.1 34.5
Uzbekistan 21.4 22.0 22.1 22.1 22.1
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6
Vietnam 3.7 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 29.0 41.9 35.8 25.5 21.0
Yemen, Rep. 48.9 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3
Zambia 28.4 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3

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