Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Benin 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6
Rwanda 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6
Nepal 2.6 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4
Kuwait 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9
Burkina Faso 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9
Sierra Leone 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.6 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1
Cambodia 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3
Guinea 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Uganda 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4
Lao PDR 4.4 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Nicaragua 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.5 9.7
Vietnam 4.6 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.7
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8
Guatemala 4.9 8.8 6.8 9.6 8.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.0 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.8
Macao SAR, China 5.0 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9
Austria 5.2 5.6 6.5 7.1 6.6
Japan 5.3 6.1 6.7 6.3 7.3
Madagascar 5.4 5.1 4.6 3.3 3.2
Korea, Rep. 5.7 5.0 4.5 6.2 12.3
Niger 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5
Switzerland 6.1 5.3 4.1 3.8 7.0
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.3
Bhutan 6.5 9.0 4.8 5.0 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Singapore 6.9 7.0 7.3 6.8 12.2
China 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8
Bangladesh 6.9 6.3 5.1 6.9 5.2
Honduras 7.3 7.3 9.9 7.4 9.0
Luxembourg 7.3 7.8 8.3 9.2 7.1
Cuba 7.4 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2
Cyprus 7.9 8.4 9.1 7.1 13.1
India 8.0 8.9 8.8 10.3 8.4
Tanzania 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8
Peru 8.1 7.4 9.4 8.3 8.1
Mexico 8.2 15.1 12.2 10.3 8.6
Germany 8.3 8.0 9.0 9.6 8.2
Zimbabwe 8.9 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4
Netherlands 9.0 12.7 11.6 10.3 9.2
United Arab Emirates 9.2 5.6 21.4 12.6 11.7
Czech Republic 9.8 8.7 8.3 10.3 14.8
Iceland 10.0 8.6 7.6 7.0 5.6
Pakistan 10.2 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5
Denmark 10.2 12.3 12.5 9.9 7.6
Kazakhstan 10.3 15.1 17.9 17.8 18.0
Azerbaijan 10.5 10.8 13.2 13.6 12.7
El Salvador 10.7 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2
Bolivia 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.7
Cameroon 11.1 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4
Malaysia 11.4 9.4 7.7 7.4 9.1
Ghana 11.5 6.9 17.5 17.5 17.6
Costa Rica 11.9 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9
Norway 11.9 11.6 12.4 10.8 9.2
United States 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0
Eritrea 12.1 13.4 12.9 13.0 13.4
Equatorial Guinea 12.4 12.3 9.3 5.7 11.9
Togo 12.6 13.1 13.0 13.3 13.8
Myanmar 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.6
Solomon Islands 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.5 13.3
Malta 12.9 18.0 13.1 12.5 12.7
United Kingdom 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.4 10.7
Mongolia 13.0 15.0 13.1 13.9 13.6
Cabo Verde 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.0
Mozambique 13.1 13.4 12.5 12.8 12.7
Chad 13.2 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1
Brunei Darussalam 13.2 12.7 12.2 10.7 10.8
Central African Republic 13.3 13.2 14.2 13.0 13.3
Turkey 13.3 12.9 11.0 14.7 12.5
Estonia 13.3 13.6 14.2 15.2 11.8
Gambia, The 13.3 13.9 13.1 13.2 13.1
Nigeria 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3
Guinea-Bissau 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.1 15.8
Angola 13.5 12.5 12.2 13.2 13.6
Qatar 13.6 14.4 15.2 15.2 8.6
Canada 13.7 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.6
Somalia 13.8 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.9 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.7
Burundi 13.9 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.2
Congo, Rep. 14.0 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.3
Comoros 14.0 13.3 13.7 13.3 13.5
Brazil 14.1 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2
Ukraine 14.1 11.2 15.1 17.7 22.5
Moldova 14.3 14.8 14.6 16.5 12.8
New Zealand 14.7 12.2 11.5 13.4 13.9
Ethiopia 15.1 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Mali 15.2 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9
Morocco 15.3 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3
Paraguay 15.4 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1
Malawi 15.5 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.5
Kyrgyz Republic 16.0 16.8 18.1 17.2 19.6
Australia 16.4 14.8 14.8 14.7 13.8
Hungary 16.4 15.5 16.4 14.5 11.6
Fiji 16.6 15.7 16.4 19.2 24.1
Portugal 16.7 17.9 19.6 18.6 12.9
Venezuela, RB 17.4 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5
Indonesia 17.4 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3
Russian Federation 17.5 20.0 20.5 23.9 27.5
Kenya 17.5 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4
Senegal 18.9 18.4 18.7 18.6 18.3
Israel 19.1 17.1 15.1 16.0 17.5
Timor-Leste 19.6 19.5 19.6 19.9 21.0
Ecuador 19.8 14.4 15.7 18.4 13.4
Philippines 20.3 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0
Sweden 20.5 19.0 21.7 21.3 16.7
Ireland 20.6 17.3 17.0 14.9 11.0
Tajikistan 20.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 22.9
Turkmenistan 21.0 21.7 22.3 22.0 22.9
Lebanon 21.2 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.2
Chile 21.2 19.8 18.5 18.4 18.1
Belarus 21.4 21.4 22.7 23.2 23.0
Uzbekistan 21.9 22.2 22.7 22.9 22.8
Slovenia 23.1 20.2 16.9 19.4 18.3
Puerto Rico 23.4 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3
Belgium 23.5 23.8 24.5 25.7 23.0
Romania 24.3 23.3 24.4 19.3 17.1
Argentina 24.8 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4
Slovak Republic 26.4 23.0 21.6 22.5 23.2
Sudan 26.5 26.5 26.7 29.3 27.4
Latvia 26.8 20.8 20.3 26.6 26.0
Tunisia 26.9 29.2 29.1 29.1 32.6
Uruguay 27.0 26.1 25.3 27.1 33.3
Syrian Arab Republic 27.2 26.1 36.2 29.5 27.0
Bahamas, The 27.7 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0
Lithuania 28.4 28.0 25.6 21.8 18.8
Croatia 28.5 28.2 27.2 26.9 29.2
Bahrain 28.6 27.8 27.4 29.6 28.6
Colombia 28.7 28.8 31.7 31.2 33.8
Mauritius 28.9 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7
Zambia 29.3 28.5 23.6 22.3 18.5
France 30.0 30.3 30.0 30.8 28.3
Georgia 30.2 32.0 30.5 30.6 30.4
Belize 30.4 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9
Libya 30.5 29.8 30.5 30.4 30.4
Oman 30.6 30.6 30.5 30.7 30.5
Finland 30.7 28.7 26.0 25.0 24.5
Afghanistan 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.9 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7
Albania 33.3 33.1 29.3 32.8 28.6
Haiti 33.7 30.2 31.1 31.4 31.4
Poland 34.0 33.3 30.8 27.7 24.9
Namibia 34.2 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4
Maldives 35.1 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2
Italy 35.4 38.0 39.5 40.5 38.4
Saudi Arabia 35.8 36.9 55.3 55.4 55.4
Panama 35.9 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5
Greece 36.2 36.8 40.3 39.6 38.8
Trinidad and Tobago 37.2 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3
Suriname 37.9 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9
Bulgaria 38.3 30.2 26.2 26.7 23.9
Serbia 39.0 34.4 33.9 35.4 35.1
Jamaica 39.4 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6
Mauritania 40.1 38.1 38.7 40.2 39.2
Gabon 41.3 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0
West Bank and Gaza 42.6 43.9 40.8 34.8 24.8
Dominican Republic 42.7 41.8 45.2 44.4 41.5
Montenegro 42.9 57.0 58.3 41.3 43.0
Swaziland 43.5 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6
South Africa 43.6 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2
Botswana 44.6 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4
Sri Lanka 47.8 45.0 43.2 41.4 32.3
Yemen, Rep. 49.4 46.4 43.3 45.5 48.2
Barbados 50.5 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6
Guyana 50.5 56.3 52.0 47.6 45.8
Spain 51.6 50.8 50.7 47.7 44.6
Armenia 53.8 55.3 51.3 46.9 62.9
Macedonia, FYR 55.6 54.1 62.8 60.6 74.5
Lesotho 57.4 50.9 46.2 59.3 51.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57.6 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2
Iraq 58.6 61.7 64.7 64.6 64.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.7 55.0 56.3 60.4 58.6
Algeria 61.7 68.3 68.6 63.8 65.2
Jordan 67.2 53.8 50.7 48.5 33.9
Dominica
South Sudan
Grenada
Turks and Caicos Islands
Seychelles
St. Kitts and Nevis
Djibouti
St. Lucia
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Aruba
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
Tonga
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Samoa
Marshall Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Tuvalu
Kiribati
Faeroe Islands
Vanuatu
Curacao
Andorra
Bermuda
Kosovo
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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