Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3 31.4
Albania 33.1 29.3 32.8 28.6 29.1
Algeria 68.3 68.6 63.8 65.2 63.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 12.5 12.2 13.2 13.6 13.4
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8
Armenia 55.3 51.3 46.9 62.9 47.1
Aruba
Australia 14.8 14.8 14.7 13.8 12.6
Austria 5.6 6.5 7.1 6.6 5.7
Azerbaijan 10.8 13.2 13.6 12.7 9.1
Bahamas, The 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3
Bahrain 27.8 27.4 29.6 28.6 26.9
Bangladesh 6.3 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8
Barbados 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1
Belarus 21.4 22.7 23.2 23.0 22.8
Belgium 23.8 24.5 25.7 23.0 22.4
Belize 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2
Benin 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 9.0 4.8 5.0 4.3 4.3
Bolivia 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.7 8.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55.0 56.3 60.4 58.6 57.0
Botswana 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6
Brazil 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8
Brunei Darussalam 12.7 12.2 10.7 10.8 12.8
Bulgaria 30.2 26.2 26.7 23.9 27.9
Burkina Faso 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8
Burundi 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.2 13.7
Cabo Verde 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.7
Cambodia 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8
Cameroon 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 13.7
Canada 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 13.2 14.2 13.0 13.3 13.3
Chad 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1 13.6
Chile 19.8 18.5 18.4 18.1 25.0
China 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.9
Colombia 28.8 31.7 31.2 33.8 36.5
Comoros 13.3 13.7 13.3 13.5 13.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.7 13.9
Congo, Rep. 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.3 13.8
Costa Rica 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6
Cote d'Ivoire 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3
Croatia 28.2 27.2 26.9 29.2 33.2
Cuba 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2 14.6
Curacao
Cyprus 8.4 9.1 7.1 13.1 13.4
Czech Republic 8.7 8.3 10.3 14.8 18.6
Denmark 12.3 12.5 9.9 7.6 10.4
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 41.8 45.2 44.4 41.5 39.4
Ecuador 14.4 15.7 18.4 13.4 16.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2 37.4
El Salvador 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3
Equatorial Guinea 12.3 9.3 5.7 11.9 11.8
Eritrea 13.4 12.9 13.0 13.4 13.6
Estonia 13.6 14.2 15.2 11.8 21.7
Ethiopia 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 15.7 16.4 19.2 24.1 23.0
Finland 28.7 26.0 25.0 24.5 22.2
France 30.3 30.0 30.8 28.3 28.1
French Polynesia
Gabon 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0 41.9
Gambia, The 13.9 13.1 13.2 13.1 13.1
Georgia 32.0 30.5 30.6 30.4 24.4
Germany 8.0 9.0 9.6 8.2 7.9
Ghana 6.9 17.5 17.5 17.6 19.5
Greece 36.8 40.3 39.6 38.8 40.5
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 8.8 6.8 9.6 8.3 4.0
Guinea 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Guinea-Bissau 13.3 13.3 13.1 15.8 13.0
Guyana 56.3 52.0 47.6 45.8 47.3
Haiti 30.2 31.1 31.4 31.4 20.5
Honduras 7.3 9.9 7.4 9.0 8.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7
Hungary 15.5 16.4 14.5 11.6 11.4
Iceland 8.6 7.6 7.0 5.6 4.4
India 8.9 8.8 10.3 8.4 8.7
Indonesia 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7 30.8
Iraq 61.7 64.7 64.6 64.6 61.5
Ireland 17.3 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4
Isle of Man
Israel 17.1 15.1 16.0 17.5 17.4
Italy 38.0 39.5 40.5 38.4 38.3
Jamaica 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7
Japan 6.1 6.7 6.3 7.3 8.2
Jordan 53.8 50.7 48.5 33.9 48.3
Kazakhstan 15.1 17.9 17.8 18.0 18.5
Kenya 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4 17.5
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.8 8.0
Korea, Rep. 5.0 4.5 6.2 12.3 11.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Kyrgyz Republic 16.8 18.1 17.2 19.6 16.7
Lao PDR 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Latvia 20.8 20.3 26.6 26.0 19.5
Lebanon 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.2 20.2
Lesotho 50.9 46.2 59.3 51.8 43.9
Liberia 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.7
Libya 29.8 30.5 30.4 30.4 30.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 28.0 25.6 21.8 18.8 20.9
Luxembourg 7.8 8.3 9.2 7.1 7.4
Macao SAR, China 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2
Macedonia, FYR 54.1 62.8 60.6 74.5 61.8
Madagascar 5.1 4.6 3.3 3.2 3.2
Malawi 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.5 14.3
Malaysia 9.4 7.7 7.4 9.1 9.4
Maldives 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2
Mali 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5
Malta 18.0 13.1 12.5 12.7 13.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 38.1 38.7 40.2 39.2 38.6
Mauritius 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 26.7
Mexico 15.1 12.2 10.3 8.6 6.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 14.8 14.6 16.5 12.8 23.5
Monaco
Mongolia 15.0 13.1 13.9 13.6 13.5
Montenegro 57.0 58.3 41.3 43.0 43.0
Morocco 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3 16.7
Mozambique 13.4 12.5 12.8 12.7 13.0
Myanmar 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.6 12.5
Namibia 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5
Nepal 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4 2.1
Netherlands 12.7 11.6 10.3 9.2 8.1
New Caledonia
New Zealand 12.2 11.5 13.4 13.9 13.0
Nicaragua 4.8 5.2 5.5 9.7 6.7
Niger 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.9
Nigeria 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 11.6 12.4 10.8 9.2 9.3
Oman 30.6 30.5 30.7 30.5 30.4
Pakistan 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2
Palau
Panama 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0
Papua New Guinea 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.3 6.5
Paraguay 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5
Peru 7.4 9.4 8.3 8.1 7.9
Philippines 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1
Poland 33.3 30.8 27.7 24.9 31.5
Portugal 17.9 19.6 18.6 12.9 10.8
Puerto Rico 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1
Qatar 14.4 15.2 15.2 8.6 5.7
Romania 23.3 24.4 19.3 17.1 15.4
Russian Federation 20.0 20.5 23.9 27.5 26.0
Rwanda 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 36.9 55.3 55.4 55.4 27.0
Senegal 18.4 18.7 18.6 18.3 18.3
Serbia 34.4 33.9 35.4 35.1 35.1
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.8
Singapore 7.0 7.3 6.8 12.2 13.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 23.0 21.6 22.5 23.2 31.9
Slovenia 20.2 16.9 19.4 18.3 19.9
Solomon Islands 12.6 13.3 13.5 13.3 13.5
Somalia 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3
South Africa 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2 50.7
South Sudan
Spain 50.8 50.7 47.7 44.6 38.3
Sri Lanka 45.0 43.2 41.4 32.3 35.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 26.5 26.7 29.3 27.4 27.4
Suriname 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9 59.9
Swaziland 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6
Sweden 19.0 21.7 21.3 16.7 14.3
Switzerland 5.3 4.1 3.8 7.0 5.7
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 36.2 29.5 27.0 29.1
Tajikistan 21.3 22.4 22.7 22.9 22.8
Tanzania 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8 9.6
Thailand 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4
Timor-Leste 19.5 19.6 19.9 21.0 19.8
Togo 13.1 13.0 13.3 13.8 13.4
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7
Tunisia 29.2 29.1 29.1 32.6 30.6
Turkey 12.9 11.0 14.7 12.5 13.7
Turkmenistan 21.7 22.3 22.0 22.9 23.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4
Ukraine 11.2 15.1 17.7 22.5 23.1
United Arab Emirates 5.6 21.4 12.6 11.7 10.8
United Kingdom 12.6 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3
United States 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0 9.7
Uruguay 26.1 25.3 27.1 33.3 31.8
Uzbekistan 22.2 22.7 22.9 22.8 22.8
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6
Vietnam 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 43.9 40.8 34.8 24.8 20.4
Yemen, Rep. 46.4 43.3 45.5 48.2 42.4
Zambia 28.5 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3

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