Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Kuwait 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Thailand 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4
Nepal 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4 2.1
Burkina Faso 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8
Vietnam 3.7 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4
Sierra Leone 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.8
Cambodia 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8
Lao PDR 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Uganda 4.9 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Madagascar 4.9 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8
Qatar 5.1 6.1 7.2 2.8 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Korea, Rep. 5.1 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2
Nicaragua 5.2 5.4 5.6 9.6 6.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.3 8.6 8.6 9.2 8.6
Switzerland 5.3 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8
Macao SAR, China 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2
United Arab Emirates 5.6 11.3 10.9 17.2 18.3
Austria 5.6 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7
Niger 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Liberia 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Japan 6.2 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2
Bangladesh 6.4 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8
Cameroon 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 13.7
Papua New Guinea 6.8 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.5
Paraguay 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5
China 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8
Singapore 7.3 7.6 7.1 12.8 13.7
Honduras 7.4 10.0 7.5 9.1 8.0
Luxembourg 7.8 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7
Germany 8.0 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9
Guatemala 8.0 8.1 9.2 8.2 5.0
Bhutan 8.5 7.5 5.7 4.3 4.3
Cyprus 8.5 9.0 7.1 13.0 13.2
Iceland 8.6 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4
Czech Republic 8.6 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5
India 8.9 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2
Tanzania 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8 9.6
Malaysia 9.6 7.8 7.6 9.1 9.4
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3
Bolivia 9.9 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4
Solomon Islands 10.4 10.9 11.0 10.9 11.0
Equatorial Guinea 10.4 7.7 4.5 10.0 9.9
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.3
Angola 10.6 10.2 11.2 11.6 11.3
Peru 10.7 12.9 11.3 9.9 10.7
Cabo Verde 11.1 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.8
Togo 11.1 11.0 11.3 11.7 11.4
Somalia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
Central African Republic 11.2 12.1 11.1 11.3 11.3
Comoros 11.3 11.7 11.3 11.5 11.4
Guinea-Bissau 11.3 11.2 11.1 13.6 11.0
Congo, Rep. 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.3 11.7
Ukraine 11.4 15.5 18.1 23.0 23.6
Eritrea 11.4 10.9 11.0 11.4 11.5
Chad 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.6
Norway 11.6 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4
Gambia, The 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Brunei Darussalam 11.9 12.4 10.6 10.7 13.2
United States 11.9 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7
Burundi 12.1 12.1 11.5 11.2 11.6
New Zealand 12.3 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9
Denmark 12.4 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4
Belarus 12.5 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.0
United Kingdom 12.5 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3
Netherlands 12.7 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2
Afghanistan 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.7 12.8
Turkey 12.8 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7
Tajikistan 13.0 13.4 13.6 13.6 13.6
Canada 13.3 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7
Nigeria 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4
Malawi 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.6 14.4
Mongolia 13.7 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4
Costa Rica 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6
Estonia 13.7 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8
Indonesia 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3
Moldova 13.9 14.4 16.3 12.6 24.1
El Salvador 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3
Brazil 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8
Azerbaijan 14.2 12.4 14.5 23.1 7.8
Australia 14.8 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5
Mozambique 15.0 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.5
Mexico 15.1 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1
Morocco 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3 16.7
Ecuador 15.2 16.0 14.9 16.6 18.1
Kazakhstan 15.3 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.5 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.9
Hungary 15.6 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5
Mali 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5
Fiji 15.7 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2
Malta 15.8 13.0 13.2 10.2 13.7
Israel 17.2 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4
Kyrgyz Republic 17.2 18.5 17.1 19.5 16.6
Kenya 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4 17.5
Ireland 17.4 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4
Ethiopia 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Ghana 17.7 17.5 17.3 17.4 19.5
Portugal 17.9 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9
Pakistan 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2
Cuba 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2 14.6
Senegal 18.7 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.6
Philippines 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1
Sweden 19.2 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4
Russian Federation 19.9 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9
Timor-Leste 19.9 19.9 20.1 21.0 20.0
Slovenia 20.2 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9
Lebanon 20.8 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7
Chile 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.7 21.6 22.2 22.5
Uzbekistan 21.4 22.0 22.1 22.1 22.1
Latvia 22.5 22.7 26.6 26.1 19.5
Slovak Republic 23.1 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9
Romania 23.3 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4
Belgium 23.7 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2
Bahamas, The 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3
Puerto Rico 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1
Venezuela, RB 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1
Sudan 26.5 26.6 27.7 26.9 26.9
Mauritius 26.7 27.1 27.6 27.1 26.7
Croatia 28.3 27.4 27.2 29.2 33.2
Lithuania 28.3 25.8 21.8 18.9 21.0
Zambia 28.4 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8
Finland 28.8 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2
West Bank and Gaza 29.0 41.9 35.8 25.5 21.0
Tunisia 29.8 29.4 29.1 34.0 31.5
France 30.1 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2
Suriname 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9 59.9
Haiti 30.3 30.9 31.0 31.1 20.5
Bulgaria 30.4 26.3 26.8 24.0 28.0
Bahrain 30.4 32.8 30.9 28.4 29.0
Colombia 31.2 31.4 29.9 33.2 36.7
Georgia 31.3 30.5 30.6 30.5 24.4
Oman 31.4 31.4 31.5 31.4 31.3
Uruguay 31.5 25.3 24.5 24.1 34.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7 30.8
Belize 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2
Poland 33.3 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4
Serbia 33.5 33.0 34.4 34.2 34.2
Albania 33.6 31.0 29.7 31.2 31.0
Montenegro 34.4 35.8 43.1 41.7 44.0
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7
Maldives 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2
Panama 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0
Namibia 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5
Guyana 36.9 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0
Greece 36.9 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4
South Africa 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2 50.7
Italy 38.1 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3
Argentina 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8
Mauritania 39.5 39.6 39.7 39.8 39.9
Swaziland 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6
Gabon 41.7 42.0 42.2 42.2 42.3
Dominican Republic 41.8 45.2 44.5 41.5 39.4
Barbados 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1
Botswana 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6
Sri Lanka 45.2 43.5 41.4 32.3 35.0
Jamaica 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7
Yemen, Rep. 48.9 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3
Saudi Arabia 50.2 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0
Spain 50.8 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2
Lesotho 50.9 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9
Jordan 53.4 50.3 48.1 43.7 47.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 54.9 56.3 61.6 57.7 56.4
Macedonia, FYR 55.3 62.5 60.5 74.5 61.8
Armenia 59.0 43.1 42.8 41.3 40.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2 37.4
Libya 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.6
Iraq 68.5 68.6 65.5 69.2 65.6
Algeria 70.1 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2
Dominica
Djibouti
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Monaco
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Palau
Samoa
French Polynesia
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe
Antigua and Barbuda
Vanuatu
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Kiribati
Guam
Kosovo
Seychelles
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Grenada
New Caledonia
Liechtenstein

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