Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Thailand 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4
Vietnam 3.7 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4
Kuwait 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Burkina Faso 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8
Lao PDR 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Uganda 4.9 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Sierra Leone 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.8
Switzerland 5.3 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8
Korea, Rep. 5.1 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2
Madagascar 4.9 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8
Cambodia 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Bangladesh 6.4 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8
Nepal 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4 2.1
Nicaragua 5.2 5.4 5.6 9.6 6.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7
Niger 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Liberia 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Macao SAR, China 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2
Qatar 5.1 6.1 7.2 2.8 6.6
Papua New Guinea 6.8 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.5
Austria 5.6 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6
Japan 6.2 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2
China 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8
Bhutan 8.5 7.5 5.7 4.3 4.3
Iceland 8.6 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4
Singapore 7.3 7.6 7.1 12.8 13.7
Equatorial Guinea 10.4 7.7 4.5 10.0 9.9
Malaysia 9.6 7.8 7.6 9.1 9.4
Guatemala 8.0 8.1 9.2 8.2 5.0
Luxembourg 7.8 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7
Czech Republic 8.6 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.3 8.6 8.6 9.2 8.6
India 8.9 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2
Cyprus 8.5 9.0 7.1 13.0 13.2
Germany 8.0 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9
Paraguay 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5
Honduras 7.4 10.0 7.5 9.1 8.0
Tanzania 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8 9.6
Angola 10.6 10.2 11.2 11.6 11.3
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.3
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3
Solomon Islands 10.4 10.9 11.0 10.9 11.0
Eritrea 11.4 10.9 11.0 11.4 11.5
Turkey 12.8 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7
Togo 11.1 11.0 11.3 11.7 11.4
Cabo Verde 11.1 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.8
Gambia, The 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Somalia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
Guinea-Bissau 11.3 11.2 11.1 13.6 11.0
Mongolia 13.7 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4
Bolivia 9.9 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4
United Arab Emirates 5.6 11.3 10.9 17.2 18.3
Congo, Rep. 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.3 11.7
Chad 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.6
United Kingdom 12.5 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3
United States 11.9 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7
New Zealand 12.3 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9
Netherlands 12.7 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2
Comoros 11.3 11.7 11.3 11.5 11.4
Burundi 12.1 12.1 11.5 11.2 11.6
Mexico 15.1 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1
Central African Republic 11.2 12.1 11.1 11.3 11.3
Denmark 12.4 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4
Norway 11.6 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4
Azerbaijan 14.2 12.4 14.5 23.1 7.8
Brunei Darussalam 11.9 12.4 10.6 10.7 13.2
Afghanistan 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.7 12.8
Peru 10.7 12.9 11.3 9.9 10.7
Malta 15.8 13.0 13.2 10.2 13.7
Belarus 12.5 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.0
Nigeria 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4
Tajikistan 13.0 13.4 13.6 13.6 13.6
Canada 13.3 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7
Malawi 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.6 14.4
Mozambique 15.0 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.5
Estonia 13.7 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8
Moldova 13.9 14.4 16.3 12.6 24.1
Australia 14.8 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5
Morocco 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3 16.7
Israel 17.2 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4
El Salvador 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3
Mali 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5
Ukraine 11.4 15.5 18.1 23.0 23.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.5 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.9
Indonesia 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3
Ecuador 15.2 16.0 14.9 16.6 18.1
Cameroon 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 13.7
Brazil 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8
Hungary 15.6 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5
Fiji 15.7 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2
Slovenia 20.2 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9
Costa Rica 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6
Cuba 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2 14.6
Ireland 17.4 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4
Philippines 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1
Kenya 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4 17.5
Ethiopia 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Ghana 17.7 17.5 17.3 17.4 19.5
Kazakhstan 15.3 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7
Chile 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0
Kyrgyz Republic 17.2 18.5 17.1 19.5 16.6
Pakistan 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2
Senegal 18.7 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.6
Portugal 17.9 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9
Timor-Leste 19.9 19.9 20.1 21.0 20.0
Lebanon 20.8 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7
Russian Federation 19.9 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9
Slovak Republic 23.1 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9
Sweden 19.2 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.7 21.6 22.2 22.5
Uzbekistan 21.4 22.0 22.1 22.1 22.1
Latvia 22.5 22.7 26.6 26.1 19.5
Zambia 28.4 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8
Belgium 23.7 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2
Romania 23.3 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4
Uruguay 31.5 25.3 24.5 24.1 34.5
Lithuania 28.3 25.8 21.8 18.9 21.0
Finland 28.8 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2
Bulgaria 30.4 26.3 26.8 24.0 28.0
Puerto Rico 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1
Sudan 26.5 26.6 27.7 26.9 26.9
Mauritius 26.7 27.1 27.6 27.1 26.7
Croatia 28.3 27.4 27.2 29.2 33.2
Tunisia 29.8 29.4 29.1 34.0 31.5
Bahamas, The 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3
France 30.1 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2
Georgia 31.3 30.5 30.6 30.5 24.4
Poland 33.3 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4
Haiti 30.3 30.9 31.0 31.1 20.5
Albania 33.6 31.0 29.7 31.2 31.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7 30.8
Colombia 31.2 31.4 29.9 33.2 36.7
Oman 31.4 31.4 31.5 31.4 31.3
Barbados 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1
Bahrain 30.4 32.8 30.9 28.4 29.0
Belize 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2
Serbia 33.5 33.0 34.4 34.2 34.2
Maldives 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2
Argentina 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8
Venezuela, RB 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6
Montenegro 34.4 35.8 43.1 41.7 44.0
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1
Guyana 36.9 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0
Panama 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0
Namibia 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5
Italy 38.1 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3
Mauritania 39.5 39.6 39.7 39.8 39.9
Suriname 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9 59.9
Botswana 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6
Greece 36.9 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4
West Bank and Gaza 29.0 41.9 35.8 25.5 21.0
Gabon 41.7 42.0 42.2 42.2 42.3
Swaziland 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6
Armenia 59.0 43.1 42.8 41.3 40.1
Sri Lanka 45.2 43.5 41.4 32.3 35.0
Dominican Republic 41.8 45.2 44.5 41.5 39.4
Yemen, Rep. 48.9 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3
Lesotho 50.9 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9
South Africa 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2 50.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2 37.4
Jamaica 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7
Jordan 53.4 50.3 48.1 43.7 47.8
Spain 50.8 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2
Saudi Arabia 50.2 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 54.9 56.3 61.6 57.7 56.4
Libya 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.6
Macedonia, FYR 55.3 62.5 60.5 74.5 61.8
Iraq 68.5 68.6 65.5 69.2 65.6
Algeria 70.1 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2
Seychelles
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Aruba
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
St. Lucia
Vanuatu
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
San Marino
Tonga
Samoa
Grenada
Curacao
Guam
Monaco
Tuvalu
Djibouti
Bermuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Dominica
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland

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