Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6
Vietnam 4.6 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.7
Kuwait 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9
Burkina Faso 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9
Lao PDR 4.4 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Switzerland 6.1 5.3 4.1 3.8 7.0
Guinea 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Sierra Leone 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6
Uganda 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4
Korea, Rep. 5.7 5.0 4.5 6.2 12.3
Cambodia 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3
Madagascar 5.4 5.1 4.6 3.3 3.2
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8
Bhutan 6.5 9.0 4.8 5.0 4.3
Nepal 2.6 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4
Bangladesh 6.9 6.3 5.1 6.9 5.2
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Nicaragua 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.5 9.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.6 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1
Niger 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5
Macao SAR, China 5.0 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.3
Austria 5.2 5.6 6.5 7.1 6.6
Japan 5.3 6.1 6.7 6.3 7.3
Guatemala 4.9 8.8 6.8 9.6 8.3
Singapore 6.9 7.0 7.3 6.8 12.2
China 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8
Iceland 10.0 8.6 7.6 7.0 5.6
Malaysia 11.4 9.4 7.7 7.4 9.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.0 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.8
Czech Republic 9.8 8.7 8.3 10.3 14.8
Luxembourg 7.3 7.8 8.3 9.2 7.1
India 8.0 8.9 8.8 10.3 8.4
Germany 8.3 8.0 9.0 9.6 8.2
Cyprus 7.9 8.4 9.1 7.1 13.1
Equatorial Guinea 12.4 12.3 9.3 5.7 11.9
Peru 8.1 7.4 9.4 8.3 8.1
Paraguay 15.4 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1
Honduras 7.3 7.3 9.9 7.4 9.0
Tanzania 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8
Bolivia 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.7
Zimbabwe 8.9 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4
Turkey 13.3 12.9 11.0 14.7 12.5
United Kingdom 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.4 10.7
New Zealand 14.7 12.2 11.5 13.4 13.9
United States 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0
Netherlands 9.0 12.7 11.6 10.3 9.2
Angola 13.5 12.5 12.2 13.2 13.6
Brunei Darussalam 13.2 12.7 12.2 10.7 10.8
Mexico 8.2 15.1 12.2 10.3 8.6
Norway 11.9 11.6 12.4 10.8 9.2
Mozambique 13.1 13.4 12.5 12.8 12.7
Denmark 10.2 12.3 12.5 9.9 7.6
Eritrea 12.1 13.4 12.9 13.0 13.4
Myanmar 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.6
Togo 12.6 13.1 13.0 13.3 13.8
Gambia, The 13.3 13.9 13.1 13.2 13.1
Cabo Verde 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.0
Malta 12.9 18.0 13.1 12.5 12.7
Mongolia 13.0 15.0 13.1 13.9 13.6
Azerbaijan 10.5 10.8 13.2 13.6 12.7
Somalia 13.8 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3
Congo, Rep. 14.0 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.3
Guinea-Bissau 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.1 15.8
Nigeria 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3
Solomon Islands 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.5 13.3
Chad 13.2 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1
Comoros 14.0 13.3 13.7 13.3 13.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.9 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.7
Canada 13.7 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.6
Malawi 15.5 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.5
Central African Republic 13.3 13.2 14.2 13.0 13.3
Burundi 13.9 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.2
Estonia 13.3 13.6 14.2 15.2 11.8
Moldova 14.3 14.8 14.6 16.5 12.8
Australia 16.4 14.8 14.8 14.7 13.8
Morocco 15.3 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3
Mali 15.2 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9
Israel 19.1 17.1 15.1 16.0 17.5
Ukraine 14.1 11.2 15.1 17.7 22.5
El Salvador 10.7 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2
Qatar 13.6 14.4 15.2 15.2 8.6
Ecuador 19.8 14.4 15.7 18.4 13.4
Indonesia 17.4 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3
Cameroon 11.1 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4
Brazil 14.1 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2
Hungary 16.4 15.5 16.4 14.5 11.6
Fiji 16.6 15.7 16.4 19.2 24.1
Costa Rica 11.9 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9
Slovenia 23.1 20.2 16.9 19.4 18.3
Cuba 7.4 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2
Ireland 20.6 17.3 17.0 14.9 11.0
Philippines 20.3 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0
Kenya 17.5 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4
Ghana 11.5 6.9 17.5 17.5 17.6
Ethiopia 15.1 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Kazakhstan 10.3 15.1 17.9 17.8 18.0
Kyrgyz Republic 16.0 16.8 18.1 17.2 19.6
Chile 21.2 19.8 18.5 18.4 18.1
Pakistan 10.2 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5
Senegal 18.9 18.4 18.7 18.6 18.3
Portugal 16.7 17.9 19.6 18.6 12.9
Timor-Leste 19.6 19.5 19.6 19.9 21.0
Lebanon 21.2 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.2
Latvia 26.8 20.8 20.3 26.6 26.0
Russian Federation 17.5 20.0 20.5 23.9 27.5
United Arab Emirates 9.2 5.6 21.4 12.6 11.7
Slovak Republic 26.4 23.0 21.6 22.5 23.2
Sweden 20.5 19.0 21.7 21.3 16.7
Turkmenistan 21.0 21.7 22.3 22.0 22.9
Tajikistan 20.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 22.9
Belarus 21.4 21.4 22.7 23.2 23.0
Uzbekistan 21.9 22.2 22.7 22.9 22.8
Zambia 29.3 28.5 23.6 22.3 18.5
Romania 24.3 23.3 24.4 19.3 17.1
Belgium 23.5 23.8 24.5 25.7 23.0
Uruguay 27.0 26.1 25.3 27.1 33.3
Lithuania 28.4 28.0 25.6 21.8 18.8
Finland 30.7 28.7 26.0 25.0 24.5
Bulgaria 38.3 30.2 26.2 26.7 23.9
Puerto Rico 23.4 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3
Mauritius 28.9 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7
Sudan 26.5 26.5 26.7 29.3 27.4
Croatia 28.5 28.2 27.2 26.9 29.2
Bahrain 28.6 27.8 27.4 29.6 28.6
Tunisia 26.9 29.2 29.1 29.1 32.6
Albania 33.3 33.1 29.3 32.8 28.6
Bahamas, The 27.7 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0
France 30.0 30.3 30.0 30.8 28.3
Libya 30.5 29.8 30.5 30.4 30.4
Oman 30.6 30.6 30.5 30.7 30.5
Georgia 30.2 32.0 30.5 30.6 30.4
Poland 34.0 33.3 30.8 27.7 24.9
Haiti 33.7 30.2 31.1 31.4 31.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.9 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7
Afghanistan 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3
Colombia 28.7 28.8 31.7 31.2 33.8
Barbados 50.5 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6
Belize 30.4 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9
Serbia 39.0 34.4 33.9 35.4 35.1
Maldives 35.1 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2
Argentina 24.8 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4
Venezuela, RB 17.4 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5
Trinidad and Tobago 37.2 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3
Syrian Arab Republic 27.2 26.1 36.2 29.5 27.0
Panama 35.9 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5
Namibia 34.2 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4
Mauritania 40.1 38.1 38.7 40.2 39.2
Italy 35.4 38.0 39.5 40.5 38.4
Suriname 37.9 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9
Botswana 44.6 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4
Greece 36.2 36.8 40.3 39.6 38.8
West Bank and Gaza 42.6 43.9 40.8 34.8 24.8
Gabon 41.3 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0
Swaziland 43.5 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6
Sri Lanka 47.8 45.0 43.2 41.4 32.3
Yemen, Rep. 49.4 46.4 43.3 45.5 48.2
Dominican Republic 42.7 41.8 45.2 44.4 41.5
South Africa 43.6 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2
Lesotho 57.4 50.9 46.2 59.3 51.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57.6 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2
Jamaica 39.4 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6
Spain 51.6 50.8 50.7 47.7 44.6
Jordan 67.2 53.8 50.7 48.5 33.9
Armenia 53.8 55.3 51.3 46.9 62.9
Guyana 50.5 56.3 52.0 47.6 45.8
Saudi Arabia 35.8 36.9 55.3 55.4 55.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.7 55.0 56.3 60.4 58.6
Montenegro 42.9 57.0 58.3 41.3 43.0
Macedonia, FYR 55.6 54.1 62.8 60.6 74.5
Iraq 58.6 61.7 64.7 64.6 64.6
Algeria 61.7 68.3 68.6 63.8 65.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Kiribati
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kosovo
Marshall Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Djibouti
French Polynesia
Dominica
Liechtenstein
Vanuatu
American Samoa
South Sudan
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Grenada
Palau
Aruba
Guam
Bermuda
Samoa
San Marino

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