Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Rwanda 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2 1.0
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Thailand 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4 6.3
Vietnam 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4 4.4
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.2
Burkina Faso 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.6
Lao PDR 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Switzerland 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8 4.2
Uganda 4.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.5
Korea, Rep. 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2 8.7
Cambodia 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.7 6.1
Madagascar 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8 2.9
Bangladesh 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8 9.0
Nepal 5.1 4.4 3.6 2.1 2.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7 10.4
Liberia 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6
Niger 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.1 6.2
Macao SAR, China 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2 6.6
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.4 6.6
Austria 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6 5.2
Japan 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2 7.9
Singapore 7.0 7.0 11.7 11.9 10.4
Qatar 7.0 8.1 3.7 7.4 13.3
China 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.6
Iceland 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4 3.6
Bhutan 7.5 5.4 4.4 4.3 5.1
Equatorial Guinea 7.5 4.2 10.0 9.9 10.4
Guatemala 7.7 12.0 7.9 4.6 3.4
Malaysia 7.9 7.7 9.1 9.4 8.5
Nicaragua 8.0 6.7 7.9 6.1 4.7
Luxembourg 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7 7.1
Czech Republic 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5 17.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 8.7 8.7 9.3 8.7 8.6
India 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2 10.1
Cyprus 9.0 7.1 13.1 13.0 13.2
Germany 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9 7.4
Paraguay 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5 17.3
Angola 10.3 11.3 11.8 11.5 11.5
Tanzania 10.3 9.6 9.8 9.6 10.3
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.8 10.3 10.2
Zimbabwe 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3 10.5
Honduras 10.7 8.0 9.7 8.0 7.9
Solomon Islands 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.8 11.4
Turkey 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7 11.6
Eritrea 11.1 11.2 11.6 11.7 12.8
Mongolia 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4 10.9
Bolivia 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4 10.5
Togo 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6 11.8
United Arab Emirates 11.3 10.9 17.1 18.3 10.6
Somalia 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6
Gambia, The 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Rep. 11.4 11.8 11.5 12.0 11.2
United Kingdom 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3 10.4
Guinea-Bissau 11.4 11.3 14.0 11.2 11.2
New Zealand 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9 12.5
Netherlands 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2 5.9
United States 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7 9.1
Chad 11.6 11.3 11.2 11.8 11.8
Ethiopia 11.7 13.2 14.9 16.8 15.4
Comoros 11.9 11.4 11.7 11.6 11.7
Mexico 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 12.2 10.6 10.7 12.9 12.1
Norway 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4 10.6
Denmark 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4 7.0
Malta 12.3 12.4 10.1 14.9 10.2
Central African Republic 12.4 11.2 11.5 11.5 11.6
Azerbaijan 12.4 14.5 16.0 7.8 26.5
Burundi 12.4 11.7 11.4 11.8 11.8
Peru 12.8 10.9 11.7 13.0 12.7
Belarus 13.1 13.6 13.4 13.1 13.2
Tajikistan 13.1 13.5 13.7 13.6 13.9
Nigeria 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4 13.3
Ecuador 13.4 20.3 16.1 18.0 20.0
Canada 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7 11.4
Estonia 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8 22.0
Malawi 14.3 14.7 15.2 15.0 15.3
Moldova 14.4 7.5 12.6 24.1 15.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.8 14.4 14.7 14.9
Australia 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5 11.3
Cameroon 15.0 14.4 13.8 13.2 11.8
Mali 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5 14.6
El Salvador 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3 10.1
Israel 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4 16.8
Bahrain 15.7 16.7 15.5 15.6 17.9
Ukraine 15.7 18.3 23.3 23.9 23.9
Indonesia 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3 18.4
Brazil 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8 22.7
Hungary 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5 11.2
Fiji 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2 22.4
Slovenia 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9 18.4
Cuba 16.8 15.9 14.1 14.5 12.5
Costa Rica 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6 14.8
Ireland 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4 6.8
Philippines 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1 25.6
Ghana 17.5 15.7 17.9 19.5 16.5
Kenya 18.0 18.4 18.1 18.2 18.4
Kazakhstan 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7 17.7
Chile 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0 25.0
Kyrgyz Republic 18.6 16.1 19.6 16.7 15.4
Pakistan 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2 29.4
Senegal 19.4 19.5 17.5 17.2 19.4
Portugal 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9 11.5
Timor-Leste 19.8 19.9 20.6 19.9 19.7
Lebanon 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7 21.3
Russian Federation 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9 22.2
Turkmenistan 21.0 20.6 22.1 22.9 23.1
Slovak Republic 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9 33.7
Sweden 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4 11.8
Uzbekistan 21.7 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.8
Zambia 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8 19.8
Uruguay 24.3 28.5 26.8 29.9 33.3
Latvia 24.3 26.6 26.1 19.5 21.8
Belgium 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2 18.2
Romania 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4 15.9
Cabo Verde 24.5 24.3 24.2 23.8 24.4
Lithuania 25.9 21.8 18.9 21.0 27.2
Finland 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2 21.8
Puerto Rico 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1 16.5
Mauritius 26.5 26.3 26.5 26.7 24.6
Bulgaria 26.5 27.1 24.3 28.3 29.5
Croatia 27.3 27.0 29.2 33.2 37.4
Tunisia 28.4 29.1 34.0 31.5 31.2
Morocco 29.1 32.3 35.7 16.7 16.0
Oman 29.2 29.3 29.2 29.1 29.3
Sudan 29.6 31.2 30.0 30.0 30.1
Bahamas, The 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3 20.0
France 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2 22.5
Haiti 30.1 30.4 30.5 20.5 20.9
Georgia 30.3 30.4 30.2 24.4 20.3
Afghanistan 30.6 30.8 30.9 30.6 30.8
Albania 30.7 29.6 31.0 30.8 23.1
Poland 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4 36.9
Colombia 31.5 29.9 33.2 36.7 40.4
Barbados 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1 22.1
Belize 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2 29.0
Serbia 33.1 34.6 34.3 34.3 31.6
Maldives 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2 34.4
Argentina 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8 32.0
Venezuela, RB 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6 28.3
Montenegro 35.9 43.1 40.2 44.0 35.5
Trinidad and Tobago 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7 27.6
Syrian Arab Republic 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1 37.7
Guyana 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0 33.3
Panama 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0 36.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.6 33.3 32.6 31.4 32.3
Namibia 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5 46.1
Mozambique 38.6 39.2 39.1 39.7 41.0
Suriname 39.4 38.5 39.3 59.9 51.7
Italy 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3 35.2
Botswana 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6 44.4
Greece 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4 37.3
Mauritania 41.8 41.9 42.1 42.2 42.3
West Bank and Gaza 41.9 35.8 25.4 21.0 25.0
Gabon 41.9 42.2 42.2 42.2 42.3
Swaziland 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6 45.8
Armenia 43.1 42.5 41.3 41.7 40.6
Sri Lanka 43.4 41.4 32.3 35.0 31.3
Yemen, Rep. 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3 53.1
Dominican Republic 45.6 44.8 41.9 39.7 34.5
South Africa 45.8 50.2 48.2 50.7 47.9
Lesotho 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9 42.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 43.9 44.2 37.4 45.7
Jamaica 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7 45.5
Jordan 50.3 44.4 38.8 43.3 41.4
Spain 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2 34.2
Saudi Arabia 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0 31.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 57.3 59.8 59.2 57.6 56.0
Libya 59.7 59.6 59.6 59.7 59.8
Macedonia, FYR 62.4 60.6 74.5 61.8 62.5
Iraq 66.0 60.9 66.6 63.3 63.9
Algeria 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2 77.4
Marshall Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
French Polynesia
St. Lucia
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Palau
Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Antigua and Barbuda
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Djibouti
Tonga
American Samoa
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Grenada
South Sudan
Tuvalu
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Vanuatu
Liechtenstein
Dominica
Bermuda
Guam
Seychelles
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe

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