Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Thailand 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4
Burkina Faso 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8
Kuwait 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Madagascar 4.9 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8
Lao PDR 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Switzerland 5.3 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8
Sierra Leone 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.8
Vietnam 3.7 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4
Nepal 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4 2.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7
Equatorial Guinea 10.4 7.7 4.5 10.0 9.9
Cambodia 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8
Uganda 4.9 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Nicaragua 5.2 5.4 5.6 9.6 6.6
Bhutan 8.5 7.5 5.7 4.3 4.3
Liberia 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Niger 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Korea, Rep. 5.1 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2
Japan 6.2 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2
Macao SAR, China 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2
Bangladesh 6.4 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8
Papua New Guinea 6.8 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.5
Singapore 7.3 7.6 7.1 12.8 13.7
Austria 5.6 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6
Cyprus 8.5 9.0 7.1 13.0 13.2
Qatar 5.1 6.1 7.2 2.8 6.6
Iceland 8.6 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4
China 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8
Honduras 7.4 10.0 7.5 9.1 8.0
Malaysia 9.6 7.8 7.6 9.1 9.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.3 8.6 8.6 9.2 8.6
Luxembourg 7.8 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7
Guatemala 8.0 8.1 9.2 8.2 5.0
Bolivia 9.9 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4
Tanzania 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8 9.6
India 8.9 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2
Germany 8.0 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9
Denmark 12.4 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4
Netherlands 12.7 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2
Czech Republic 8.6 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5
Mexico 15.1 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1
Brunei Darussalam 11.9 12.4 10.6 10.7 13.2
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.3
Norway 11.6 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4
United Arab Emirates 5.6 11.3 10.9 17.2 18.3
United States 11.9 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7
Eritrea 11.4 10.9 11.0 11.4 11.5
Solomon Islands 10.4 10.9 11.0 10.9 11.0
Cabo Verde 11.1 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.8
Central African Republic 11.2 12.1 11.1 11.3 11.3
Guinea-Bissau 11.3 11.2 11.1 13.6 11.0
Somalia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
Gambia, The 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Angola 10.6 10.2 11.2 11.6 11.3
Chad 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.6
Peru 10.7 12.9 11.3 9.9 10.7
Togo 11.1 11.0 11.3 11.7 11.4
Comoros 11.3 11.7 11.3 11.5 11.4
United Kingdom 12.5 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3
Burundi 12.1 12.1 11.5 11.2 11.6
Mongolia 13.7 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4
Congo, Rep. 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.3 11.7
El Salvador 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3
Paraguay 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3
Afghanistan 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.7 12.8
Belarus 12.5 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.0
Malta 15.8 13.0 13.2 10.2 13.7
New Zealand 12.3 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9
Nigeria 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4
Tajikistan 13.0 13.4 13.6 13.6 13.6
Malawi 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.6 14.4
Mozambique 15.0 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.5
Hungary 15.6 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5
Azerbaijan 14.2 12.4 14.5 23.1 7.8
Mali 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5
Turkey 12.8 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7
Morocco 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3 16.7
Australia 14.8 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5
Ireland 17.4 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4
Ecuador 15.2 16.0 14.9 16.6 18.1
Cameroon 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 13.7
Canada 13.3 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7
Estonia 13.7 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8
Cuba 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2 14.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.5 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.9
Israel 17.2 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4
Indonesia 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3
Moldova 13.9 14.4 16.3 12.6 24.1
Costa Rica 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6
Kyrgyz Republic 17.2 18.5 17.1 19.5 16.6
Ghana 17.7 17.5 17.3 17.4 19.5
Ethiopia 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Kenya 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4 17.5
Kazakhstan 15.3 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7
Ukraine 11.4 15.5 18.1 23.0 23.6
Philippines 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1
Chile 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0
Brazil 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8
Portugal 17.9 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9
Senegal 18.7 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.6
Fiji 15.7 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2
Slovenia 20.2 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9
Romania 23.3 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4
Timor-Leste 19.9 19.9 20.1 21.0 20.0
Pakistan 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2
Sweden 19.2 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.7 21.6 22.2 22.5
Lithuania 28.3 25.8 21.8 18.9 21.0
Uzbekistan 21.4 22.0 22.1 22.1 22.1
Zambia 28.4 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8
Slovak Republic 23.1 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9
Lebanon 20.8 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7
Russian Federation 19.9 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9
Uruguay 31.5 25.3 24.5 24.1 34.5
Finland 28.8 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2
Puerto Rico 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1
Belgium 23.7 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2
Venezuela, RB 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6
Latvia 22.5 22.7 26.6 26.1 19.5
Bulgaria 30.4 26.3 26.8 24.0 28.0
Croatia 28.3 27.4 27.2 29.2 33.2
Mauritius 26.7 27.1 27.6 27.1 26.7
Poland 33.3 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4
Sudan 26.5 26.6 27.7 26.9 26.9
Bahamas, The 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3
Tunisia 29.8 29.4 29.1 34.0 31.5
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1
Albania 33.6 31.0 29.7 31.2 31.0
Colombia 31.2 31.4 29.9 33.2 36.7
Argentina 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8
Georgia 31.3 30.5 30.6 30.5 24.4
France 30.1 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2
Bahrain 30.4 32.8 30.9 28.4 29.0
Haiti 30.3 30.9 31.0 31.1 20.5
Oman 31.4 31.4 31.5 31.4 31.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7 30.8
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7
Botswana 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6
Maldives 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2
Serbia 33.5 33.0 34.4 34.2 34.2
Panama 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0
Barbados 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1
Guyana 36.9 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0
West Bank and Gaza 29.0 41.9 35.8 25.5 21.0
Belize 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2
Suriname 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9 59.9
Greece 36.9 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4
Mauritania 39.5 39.6 39.7 39.8 39.9
Italy 38.1 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3
Namibia 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5
Sri Lanka 45.2 43.5 41.4 32.3 35.0
Gabon 41.7 42.0 42.2 42.2 42.3
Armenia 59.0 43.1 42.8 41.3 40.1
Montenegro 34.4 35.8 43.1 41.7 44.0
Dominican Republic 41.8 45.2 44.5 41.5 39.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2 37.4
Swaziland 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6
Jamaica 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7
Spain 50.8 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2
Jordan 53.4 50.3 48.1 43.7 47.8
Yemen, Rep. 48.9 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3
South Africa 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2 50.7
Saudi Arabia 50.2 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0
Lesotho 50.9 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9
Macedonia, FYR 55.3 62.5 60.5 74.5 61.8
Libya 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 54.9 56.3 61.6 57.7 56.4
Algeria 70.1 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2
Iraq 68.5 68.6 65.5 69.2 65.6
Samoa
South Sudan
San Marino
Dominica
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Grenada
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Curacao
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Tonga
Monaco
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
Seychelles
Djibouti
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Vanuatu
Andorra
Aruba
Kiribati
Antigua and Barbuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Isle of Man

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