Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6
Burkina Faso 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9
Kuwait 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9
Madagascar 5.4 5.1 4.6 3.3 3.2
Lao PDR 4.4 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Switzerland 6.1 5.3 4.1 3.8 7.0
Sierra Leone 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6
Guinea 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Vietnam 4.6 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.7
Uganda 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4
Nepal 2.6 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.6 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8
Cambodia 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3
Bhutan 6.5 9.0 4.8 5.0 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Nicaragua 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.5 9.7
Equatorial Guinea 12.4 12.3 9.3 5.7 11.9
Niger 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5
Korea, Rep. 5.7 5.0 4.5 6.2 12.3
Japan 5.3 6.1 6.7 6.3 7.3
Macao SAR, China 5.0 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9
Singapore 6.9 7.0 7.3 6.8 12.2
Bangladesh 6.9 6.3 5.1 6.9 5.2
Iceland 10.0 8.6 7.6 7.0 5.6
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.3
Cyprus 7.9 8.4 9.1 7.1 13.1
Austria 5.2 5.6 6.5 7.1 6.6
Honduras 7.3 7.3 9.9 7.4 9.0
Malaysia 11.4 9.4 7.7 7.4 9.1
China 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.0 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.8
Peru 8.1 7.4 9.4 8.3 8.1
Luxembourg 7.3 7.8 8.3 9.2 7.1
Tanzania 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8
Germany 8.3 8.0 9.0 9.6 8.2
Guatemala 4.9 8.8 6.8 9.6 8.3
Denmark 10.2 12.3 12.5 9.9 7.6
Bolivia 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.7
Mexico 8.2 15.1 12.2 10.3 8.6
Czech Republic 9.8 8.7 8.3 10.3 14.8
India 8.0 8.9 8.8 10.3 8.4
Netherlands 9.0 12.7 11.6 10.3 9.2
Brunei Darussalam 13.2 12.7 12.2 10.7 10.8
Norway 11.9 11.6 12.4 10.8 9.2
United States 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0
United Kingdom 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.4 10.7
El Salvador 10.7 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2
Paraguay 15.4 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1
Zimbabwe 8.9 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4
Malta 12.9 18.0 13.1 12.5 12.7
United Arab Emirates 9.2 5.6 21.4 12.6 11.7
Mozambique 13.1 13.4 12.5 12.8 12.7
Central African Republic 13.3 13.2 14.2 13.0 13.3
Cabo Verde 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.0
Eritrea 12.1 13.4 12.9 13.0 13.4
Myanmar 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.6
Guinea-Bissau 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.1 15.8
Angola 13.5 12.5 12.2 13.2 13.6
Gambia, The 13.3 13.9 13.1 13.2 13.1
Chad 13.2 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1
Somalia 13.8 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3
Comoros 14.0 13.3 13.7 13.3 13.5
Togo 12.6 13.1 13.0 13.3 13.8
Nigeria 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3
New Zealand 14.7 12.2 11.5 13.4 13.9
Solomon Islands 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.5 13.3
Burundi 13.9 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.2
Congo, Rep. 14.0 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.3
Azerbaijan 10.5 10.8 13.2 13.6 12.7
Mongolia 13.0 15.0 13.1 13.9 13.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.9 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.7
Malawi 15.5 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.5
Hungary 16.4 15.5 16.4 14.5 11.6
Morocco 15.3 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3
Mali 15.2 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9
Australia 16.4 14.8 14.8 14.7 13.8
Turkey 13.3 12.9 11.0 14.7 12.5
Ireland 20.6 17.3 17.0 14.9 11.0
Qatar 13.6 14.4 15.2 15.2 8.6
Estonia 13.3 13.6 14.2 15.2 11.8
Cameroon 11.1 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4
Canada 13.7 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.6
Israel 19.1 17.1 15.1 16.0 17.5
Cuba 7.4 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2
Indonesia 17.4 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3
Costa Rica 11.9 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9
Moldova 14.3 14.8 14.6 16.5 12.8
Kyrgyz Republic 16.0 16.8 18.1 17.2 19.6
Ethiopia 15.1 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Ghana 11.5 6.9 17.5 17.5 17.6
Kenya 17.5 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4
Ukraine 14.1 11.2 15.1 17.7 22.5
Kazakhstan 10.3 15.1 17.9 17.8 18.0
Philippines 20.3 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0
Brazil 14.1 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2
Chile 21.2 19.8 18.5 18.4 18.1
Ecuador 19.8 14.4 15.7 18.4 13.4
Portugal 16.7 17.9 19.6 18.6 12.9
Senegal 18.9 18.4 18.7 18.6 18.3
Fiji 16.6 15.7 16.4 19.2 24.1
Romania 24.3 23.3 24.4 19.3 17.1
Slovenia 23.1 20.2 16.9 19.4 18.3
Timor-Leste 19.6 19.5 19.6 19.9 21.0
Lebanon 21.2 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.2
Pakistan 10.2 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5
Sweden 20.5 19.0 21.7 21.3 16.7
Lithuania 28.4 28.0 25.6 21.8 18.8
Turkmenistan 21.0 21.7 22.3 22.0 22.9
Zambia 29.3 28.5 23.6 22.3 18.5
Slovak Republic 26.4 23.0 21.6 22.5 23.2
Tajikistan 20.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 22.9
Uzbekistan 21.9 22.2 22.7 22.9 22.8
Belarus 21.4 21.4 22.7 23.2 23.0
Russian Federation 17.5 20.0 20.5 23.9 27.5
Finland 30.7 28.7 26.0 25.0 24.5
Puerto Rico 23.4 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3
Belgium 23.5 23.8 24.5 25.7 23.0
Venezuela, RB 17.4 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5
Latvia 26.8 20.8 20.3 26.6 26.0
Mauritius 28.9 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7
Bulgaria 38.3 30.2 26.2 26.7 23.9
Croatia 28.5 28.2 27.2 26.9 29.2
Uruguay 27.0 26.1 25.3 27.1 33.3
Poland 34.0 33.3 30.8 27.7 24.9
Bahamas, The 27.7 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0
Tunisia 26.9 29.2 29.1 29.1 32.6
Sudan 26.5 26.5 26.7 29.3 27.4
Syrian Arab Republic 27.2 26.1 36.2 29.5 27.0
Bahrain 28.6 27.8 27.4 29.6 28.6
Argentina 24.8 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4
Libya 30.5 29.8 30.5 30.4 30.4
Georgia 30.2 32.0 30.5 30.6 30.4
Oman 30.6 30.6 30.5 30.7 30.5
France 30.0 30.3 30.0 30.8 28.3
Colombia 28.7 28.8 31.7 31.2 33.8
Haiti 33.7 30.2 31.1 31.4 31.4
Afghanistan 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.9 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7
Albania 33.3 33.1 29.3 32.8 28.6
Botswana 44.6 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4
Trinidad and Tobago 37.2 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3
Maldives 35.1 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2
West Bank and Gaza 42.6 43.9 40.8 34.8 24.8
Panama 35.9 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5
Barbados 50.5 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6
Serbia 39.0 34.4 33.9 35.4 35.1
Belize 30.4 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9
Suriname 37.9 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9
Greece 36.2 36.8 40.3 39.6 38.8
Mauritania 40.1 38.1 38.7 40.2 39.2
Italy 35.4 38.0 39.5 40.5 38.4
Namibia 34.2 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4
Montenegro 42.9 57.0 58.3 41.3 43.0
Sri Lanka 47.8 45.0 43.2 41.4 32.3
Gabon 41.3 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0
Dominican Republic 42.7 41.8 45.2 44.4 41.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57.6 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2
Yemen, Rep. 49.4 46.4 43.3 45.5 48.2
Swaziland 43.5 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6
Armenia 53.8 55.3 51.3 46.9 62.9
Jamaica 39.4 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6
Guyana 50.5 56.3 52.0 47.6 45.8
Spain 51.6 50.8 50.7 47.7 44.6
Jordan 67.2 53.8 50.7 48.5 33.9
South Africa 43.6 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2
Saudi Arabia 35.8 36.9 55.3 55.4 55.4
Lesotho 57.4 50.9 46.2 59.3 51.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.7 55.0 56.3 60.4 58.6
Macedonia, FYR 55.6 54.1 62.8 60.6 74.5
Algeria 61.7 68.3 68.6 63.8 65.2
Iraq 58.6 61.7 64.7 64.6 64.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Tonga
Seychelles
Cayman Islands
Guam
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Vanuatu
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Bermuda
Samoa
Grenada
Curacao
Aruba
Djibouti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Faeroe Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Palau
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Kiribati
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Greenland
Liechtenstein
San Marino

Featured indicators

Help/Feedback

User Voice