Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Rwanda 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Benin 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2 1.0
Burkina Faso 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.6
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.2
Madagascar 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8 2.9
Lao PDR 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Nepal 5.1 4.4 3.6 2.1 2.8
Sierra Leone 4.3 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.5
Vietnam 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4 4.4
Qatar 7.0 8.1 3.7 7.4 13.3
Bhutan 7.5 5.4 4.4 4.3 5.1
Bangladesh 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8 9.0
Uganda 4.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3
Cambodia 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.7 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.8
Iceland 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4 3.6
Liberia 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6
Niger 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.1 6.2
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.4 6.6
Thailand 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4 6.3
Austria 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6 5.2
Switzerland 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8 4.2
Japan 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2 7.9
Luxembourg 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7 7.1
Denmark 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4 7.0
Bolivia 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4 10.5
China 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.6
Nicaragua 8.0 6.7 7.9 6.1 4.7
Macao SAR, China 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2 6.6
Guatemala 7.7 12.0 7.9 4.6 3.4
Germany 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9 7.4
Mexico 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1 6.3
Malaysia 7.9 7.7 9.1 9.4 8.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7 10.4
Norway 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4 10.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 8.7 8.7 9.3 8.7 8.6
Netherlands 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2 5.9
Honduras 10.7 8.0 9.7 8.0 7.9
Tanzania 10.3 9.6 9.8 9.6 10.3
United States 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7 9.1
Equatorial Guinea 7.5 4.2 10.0 9.9 10.4
Malta 12.3 12.4 10.1 14.9 10.2
United Kingdom 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3 10.4
Solomon Islands 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.8 11.4
Brunei Darussalam 12.2 10.6 10.7 12.9 12.1
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.8 10.3 10.2
Ireland 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4 6.8
Chad 11.6 11.3 11.2 11.8 11.8
Gambia, The 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
Zimbabwe 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3 10.5
Burundi 12.4 11.7 11.4 11.8 11.8
Somalia 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.6
Central African Republic 12.4 11.2 11.5 11.5 11.6
India 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2 10.1
Mongolia 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4 10.9
Congo, Rep. 11.4 11.8 11.5 12.0 11.2
Eritrea 11.1 11.2 11.6 11.7 12.8
Hungary 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5 11.2
Singapore 7.0 7.0 11.7 11.9 10.4
Comoros 11.9 11.4 11.7 11.6 11.7
Peru 12.8 10.9 11.7 13.0 12.7
Angola 10.3 11.3 11.8 11.5 11.5
Estonia 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8 22.0
Togo 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6 11.8
Paraguay 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5 17.3
Korea, Rep. 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2 8.7
Turkey 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7 11.6
Moldova 14.4 7.5 12.6 24.1 15.0
Portugal 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9 11.5
Cyprus 9.0 7.1 13.1 13.0 13.2
El Salvador 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3 10.1
Nigeria 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4 13.3
Belarus 13.1 13.6 13.4 13.1 13.2
Canada 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7 11.4
Tajikistan 13.1 13.5 13.7 13.6 13.9
Cameroon 15.0 14.4 13.8 13.2 11.8
Australia 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5 11.3
New Zealand 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9 12.5
Guinea-Bissau 11.4 11.3 14.0 11.2 11.2
Cuba 16.8 15.9 14.1 14.5 12.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.8 14.4 14.7 14.9
Mali 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5 14.6
Ethiopia 11.7 13.2 14.9 16.8 15.4
Czech Republic 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5 17.4
Malawi 14.3 14.7 15.2 15.0 15.3
Botswana 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6 44.4
Bahrain 15.7 16.7 15.5 15.6 17.9
Azerbaijan 12.4 14.5 16.0 7.8 26.5
Ecuador 13.4 20.3 16.1 18.0 20.0
Sweden 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4 11.8
Romania 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4 15.9
United Arab Emirates 11.3 10.9 17.1 18.3 10.6
Israel 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4 16.8
Senegal 19.4 19.5 17.5 17.2 19.4
Costa Rica 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6 14.8
Ghana 17.5 15.7 17.9 19.5 16.5
Chile 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0 25.0
Kazakhstan 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7 17.7
Kenya 18.0 18.4 18.1 18.2 18.4
Slovenia 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9 18.4
Zambia 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8 19.8
Pakistan 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2 29.4
Lithuania 25.9 21.8 18.9 21.0 27.2
Indonesia 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3 18.4
Kyrgyz Republic 18.6 16.1 19.6 16.7 15.4
Lebanon 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7 21.3
Timor-Leste 19.8 19.9 20.6 19.9 19.7
Philippines 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1 25.6
Bahamas, The 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3 20.0
Uzbekistan 21.7 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.8
Turkmenistan 21.0 20.6 22.1 22.9 23.1
Brazil 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8 22.7
Belgium 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2 18.2
Slovak Republic 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9 33.7
Ukraine 15.7 18.3 23.3 23.9 23.9
Fiji 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2 22.4
Cabo Verde 24.5 24.3 24.2 23.8 24.4
Bulgaria 26.5 27.1 24.3 28.3 29.5
Finland 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2 21.8
Poland 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4 36.9
Puerto Rico 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1 16.5
Argentina 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8 32.0
West Bank and Gaza 41.9 35.8 25.4 21.0 25.0
Latvia 24.3 26.6 26.1 19.5 21.8
Mauritius 26.5 26.3 26.5 26.7 24.6
Venezuela, RB 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6 28.3
Uruguay 24.3 28.5 26.8 29.9 33.3
Syrian Arab Republic 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1 37.7
Russian Federation 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9 22.2
France 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2 22.5
Oman 29.2 29.3 29.2 29.1 29.3
Croatia 27.3 27.0 29.2 33.2 37.4
Barbados 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1 22.1
Sudan 29.6 31.2 30.0 30.0 30.1
Georgia 30.3 30.4 30.2 24.4 20.3
Haiti 30.1 30.4 30.5 20.5 20.9
Afghanistan 30.6 30.8 30.9 30.6 30.8
Albania 30.7 29.6 31.0 30.8 23.1
Trinidad and Tobago 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7 27.6
Sri Lanka 43.4 41.4 32.3 35.0 31.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.6 33.3 32.6 31.4 32.3
Colombia 31.5 29.9 33.2 36.7 40.4
Tunisia 28.4 29.1 34.0 31.5 31.2
Maldives 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2 34.4
Serbia 33.1 34.6 34.3 34.3 31.6
Guyana 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0 33.3
Morocco 29.1 32.3 35.7 16.7 16.0
Belize 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2 29.0
Italy 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3 35.2
Panama 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0 36.5
Jordan 50.3 44.4 38.8 43.3 41.4
Greece 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4 37.3
Mozambique 38.6 39.2 39.1 39.7 41.0
Suriname 39.4 38.5 39.3 59.9 51.7
Montenegro 35.9 43.1 40.2 44.0 35.5
Armenia 43.1 42.5 41.3 41.7 40.6
Dominican Republic 45.6 44.8 41.9 39.7 34.5
Mauritania 41.8 41.9 42.1 42.2 42.3
Gabon 41.9 42.2 42.2 42.2 42.3
Namibia 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5 46.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 43.9 44.2 37.4 45.7
Spain 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2 34.2
Swaziland 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6 45.8
Jamaica 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7 45.5
South Africa 45.8 50.2 48.2 50.7 47.9
Yemen, Rep. 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3 53.1
Lesotho 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9 42.9
Saudi Arabia 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0 31.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 57.3 59.8 59.2 57.6 56.0
Libya 59.7 59.6 59.6 59.7 59.8
Algeria 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2 77.4
Iraq 66.0 60.9 66.6 63.3 63.9
Macedonia, FYR 62.4 60.6 74.5 61.8 62.5
Faroe Islands
Seychelles
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
St. Lucia
Vanuatu
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tuvalu
Monaco
Antigua and Barbuda
Samoa
Curacao
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Aruba
Djibouti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Greenland
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Guam
Liechtenstein
Tonga
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
St. Kitts and Nevis
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe

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