Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Guinea 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Benin 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Qatar 5.1 6.1 7.2 2.8 6.6
Kuwait 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Burkina Faso 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8
Madagascar 4.9 4.5 3.4 3.2 2.8
Nepal 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4 2.1
Lao PDR 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Sierra Leone 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.8
Vietnam 3.7 2.8 4.2 3.7 5.4
Bhutan 8.5 7.5 5.7 4.3 4.3
Uganda 4.9 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Bangladesh 6.4 5.1 6.9 5.2 7.8
Cambodia 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.8
Niger 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Iceland 8.6 7.5 7.2 5.5 4.4
Liberia 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Papua New Guinea 6.8 6.3 7.0 6.4 6.5
Thailand 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6 7.4
Austria 5.6 6.4 7.1 6.6 5.6
Switzerland 5.3 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.8
Luxembourg 7.8 8.4 9.1 7.3 7.7
Japan 6.2 6.8 6.4 7.3 8.2
Denmark 12.4 12.3 9.9 7.6 10.4
Bolivia 9.9 11.2 9.3 7.7 9.4
China 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.8
Macao SAR, China 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9 8.2
Guatemala 8.0 8.1 9.2 8.2 5.0
Germany 8.0 9.1 9.6 8.2 7.9
Mexico 15.1 12.1 10.5 8.6 6.1
Malaysia 9.6 7.8 7.6 9.1 9.4
Honduras 7.4 10.0 7.5 9.1 8.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1 12.7
Norway 11.6 12.3 10.8 9.2 9.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.3 8.6 8.6 9.2 8.6
Netherlands 12.7 11.5 10.3 9.3 8.2
Nicaragua 5.2 5.4 5.6 9.6 6.6
Tanzania 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8 9.6
Peru 10.7 12.9 11.3 9.9 10.7
Equatorial Guinea 10.4 7.7 4.5 10.0 9.9
United States 11.9 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.7
Malta 15.8 13.0 13.2 10.2 13.7
United Kingdom 12.5 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3
Brunei Darussalam 11.9 12.4 10.6 10.7 13.2
Solomon Islands 10.4 10.9 11.0 10.9 11.0
Ireland 17.4 17.0 14.9 11.0 8.4
Cabo Verde 11.1 11.1 11.0 11.0 10.8
Myanmar 10.5 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.3
Gambia, The 11.8 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Chad 11.6 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.6
Burundi 12.1 12.1 11.5 11.2 11.6
Central African Republic 11.2 12.1 11.1 11.3 11.3
Somalia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
Congo, Rep. 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.3 11.7
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4 10.3
Eritrea 11.4 10.9 11.0 11.4 11.5
Comoros 11.3 11.7 11.3 11.5 11.4
India 8.9 8.8 9.6 11.5 10.2
Mongolia 13.7 11.2 11.6 11.5 11.4
Hungary 15.6 16.3 14.5 11.6 11.5
Angola 10.6 10.2 11.2 11.6 11.3
Togo 11.1 11.0 11.3 11.7 11.4
Estonia 13.7 14.3 15.3 11.8 21.8
Paraguay 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1 13.5
Korea, Rep. 5.1 4.4 6.1 12.3 11.2
Turkey 12.8 10.9 14.6 12.5 13.7
Moldova 13.9 14.4 16.3 12.6 24.1
Afghanistan 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.7 12.8
Singapore 7.3 7.6 7.1 12.8 13.7
Portugal 17.9 19.5 18.5 12.9 10.9
Cyprus 8.5 9.0 7.1 13.0 13.2
Belarus 12.5 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.0
El Salvador 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2 10.3
Nigeria 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.4
Guinea-Bissau 11.3 11.2 11.1 13.6 11.0
Canada 13.3 13.8 15.3 13.6 12.7
Tajikistan 13.0 13.4 13.6 13.6 13.6
Australia 14.8 14.7 14.8 13.8 12.5
New Zealand 12.3 11.5 13.3 13.9 12.9
Cuba 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2 14.6
Mozambique 15.0 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.5
Morocco 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3 16.7
Cameroon 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 13.7
Malawi 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.6 14.4
Mali 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9 14.5
Czech Republic 8.6 8.4 10.3 15.0 18.5
Botswana 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4 45.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.5 15.7 16.0 15.7 15.9
Ecuador 15.2 16.0 14.9 16.6 18.1
Sweden 19.2 21.6 21.3 16.7 14.4
Romania 23.3 24.4 19.4 17.0 15.4
United Arab Emirates 5.6 11.3 10.9 17.2 18.3
Kenya 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4 17.5
Ghana 17.7 17.5 17.3 17.4 19.5
Ethiopia 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Israel 17.2 15.1 16.2 17.5 17.4
Costa Rica 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9 16.6
Chile 20.8 18.3 18.2 18.0 25.0
Kazakhstan 15.3 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.7
Slovenia 20.2 16.8 19.3 18.4 19.9
Pakistan 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5 21.2
Zambia 28.4 23.6 22.3 18.5 18.8
Senegal 18.7 19.0 18.9 18.6 18.6
Lithuania 28.3 25.8 21.8 18.9 21.0
Indonesia 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3 19.3
Kyrgyz Republic 17.2 18.5 17.1 19.5 16.6
Lebanon 20.8 20.1 23.5 20.1 20.7
Philippines 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0 22.1
Timor-Leste 19.9 19.9 20.1 21.0 20.0
Bahamas, The 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0 21.3
Uzbekistan 21.4 22.0 22.1 22.1 22.1
Brazil 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2 22.8
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.7 21.6 22.2 22.5
Ukraine 11.4 15.5 18.1 23.0 23.6
Belgium 23.7 24.4 25.9 23.0 22.2
Azerbaijan 14.2 12.4 14.5 23.1 7.8
Slovak Republic 23.1 21.5 22.5 23.2 31.9
Bulgaria 30.4 26.3 26.8 24.0 28.0
Fiji 15.7 16.4 19.3 24.1 23.2
Uruguay 31.5 25.3 24.5 24.1 34.5
Finland 28.8 26.1 25.1 24.5 22.2
Poland 33.3 30.9 27.7 25.0 31.4
Puerto Rico 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3 20.1
Argentina 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4 24.8
West Bank and Gaza 29.0 41.9 35.8 25.5 21.0
Latvia 22.5 22.7 26.6 26.1 19.5
Venezuela, RB 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5 32.6
Sudan 26.5 26.6 27.7 26.9 26.9
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 36.1 29.5 27.0 29.1
Mauritius 26.7 27.1 27.6 27.1 26.7
Russian Federation 19.9 20.6 23.9 27.7 25.9
France 30.1 30.0 30.8 28.2 28.2
Bahrain 30.4 32.8 30.9 28.4 29.0
Croatia 28.3 27.4 27.2 29.2 33.2
Barbados 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6 27.1
Georgia 31.3 30.5 30.6 30.5 24.4
Haiti 30.3 30.9 31.0 31.1 20.5
Albania 33.6 31.0 29.7 31.2 31.0
Oman 31.4 31.4 31.5 31.4 31.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7 30.8
Sri Lanka 45.2 43.5 41.4 32.3 35.0
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3 30.7
Colombia 31.2 31.4 29.9 33.2 36.7
Tunisia 29.8 29.4 29.1 34.0 31.5
Maldives 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2 35.2
Serbia 33.5 33.0 34.4 34.2 34.2
Guyana 36.9 36.2 35.5 34.7 34.0
Belize 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9 35.2
Italy 38.1 39.5 40.6 38.3 38.3
Panama 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5 34.0
Greece 36.9 40.4 39.7 38.9 40.4
Mauritania 39.5 39.6 39.7 39.8 39.9
Suriname 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9 59.9
Armenia 59.0 43.1 42.8 41.3 40.1
Dominican Republic 41.8 45.2 44.5 41.5 39.4
Montenegro 34.4 35.8 43.1 41.7 44.0
Gabon 41.7 42.0 42.2 42.2 42.3
Namibia 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4 43.5
Jordan 53.4 50.3 48.1 43.7 47.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2 37.4
Spain 50.8 50.8 47.9 44.7 38.2
Swaziland 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6 45.6
Jamaica 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6 49.7
South Africa 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2 50.7
Yemen, Rep. 48.9 45.6 48.3 51.7 45.3
Lesotho 50.9 45.8 59.3 51.8 43.9
Saudi Arabia 50.2 55.1 54.7 54.8 27.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 54.9 56.3 61.6 57.7 56.4
Libya 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.6
Algeria 70.1 72.8 63.2 64.0 65.2
Iraq 68.5 68.6 65.5 69.2 65.6
Macedonia, FYR 55.3 62.5 60.5 74.5 61.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Seychelles
St. Kitts and Nevis
Guam
St. Lucia
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kiribati
Bermuda
Kosovo
San Marino
Samoa
Grenada
Curacao
Aruba
Djibouti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Faeroe Islands
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Vanuatu
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Tonga
Sao Tome and Principe

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