Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Benin 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.6
Kuwait 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.9
Burkina Faso 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9
Madagascar 5.4 5.1 4.6 3.3 3.2
Nepal 2.6 2.8 5.1 4.3 3.4
Lao PDR 4.4 4.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Sierra Leone 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6
Vietnam 4.6 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.7
Guinea 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Bhutan 6.5 9.0 4.8 5.0 4.3
Uganda 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8
Bangladesh 6.9 6.3 5.1 6.9 5.2
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Cambodia 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3
Niger 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5
Iceland 10.0 8.6 7.6 7.0 5.6
Papua New Guinea 6.3 6.9 6.2 7.1 6.3
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.9 6.6
Austria 5.2 5.6 6.5 7.1 6.6
Switzerland 6.1 5.3 4.1 3.8 7.0
Luxembourg 7.3 7.8 8.3 9.2 7.1
Japan 5.3 6.1 6.7 6.3 7.3
Denmark 10.2 12.3 12.5 9.9 7.6
China 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8
Macao SAR, China 5.0 5.4 6.1 6.7 7.9
Peru 8.1 7.4 9.4 8.3 8.1
Germany 8.3 8.0 9.0 9.6 8.2
Guatemala 4.9 8.8 6.8 9.6 8.3
India 8.0 8.9 8.8 10.3 8.4
Qatar 13.6 14.4 15.2 15.2 8.6
Mexico 8.2 15.1 12.2 10.3 8.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.0 5.0 8.0 8.0 8.8
Honduras 7.3 7.3 9.9 7.4 9.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.6 5.9 5.6 4.5 9.1
Malaysia 11.4 9.4 7.7 7.4 9.1
Netherlands 9.0 12.7 11.6 10.3 9.2
Norway 11.9 11.6 12.4 10.8 9.2
Nicaragua 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.5 9.7
Bolivia 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.7
Tanzania 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.8
United States 12.0 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.0
United Kingdom 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.4 10.7
Brunei Darussalam 13.2 12.7 12.2 10.7 10.8
Ireland 20.6 17.3 17.0 14.9 11.0
Zimbabwe 8.9 9.8 10.6 12.1 11.4
Hungary 16.4 15.5 16.4 14.5 11.6
United Arab Emirates 9.2 5.6 21.4 12.6 11.7
Estonia 13.3 13.6 14.2 15.2 11.8
Equatorial Guinea 12.4 12.3 9.3 5.7 11.9
Paraguay 15.4 7.1 9.5 12.0 12.1
Singapore 6.9 7.0 7.3 6.8 12.2
Korea, Rep. 5.7 5.0 4.5 6.2 12.3
Turkey 13.3 12.9 11.0 14.7 12.5
Malta 12.9 18.0 13.1 12.5 12.7
Mozambique 13.1 13.4 12.5 12.8 12.7
Azerbaijan 10.5 10.8 13.2 13.6 12.7
Moldova 14.3 14.8 14.6 16.5 12.8
Portugal 16.7 17.9 19.6 18.6 12.9
Cabo Verde 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.0 13.0
Cyprus 7.9 8.4 9.1 7.1 13.1
Gambia, The 13.3 13.9 13.1 13.2 13.1
Chad 13.2 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1
Burundi 13.9 14.2 14.2 13.6 13.2
El Salvador 10.7 13.9 15.1 11.7 13.2
Central African Republic 13.3 13.2 14.2 13.0 13.3
Somalia 13.8 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.3
Solomon Islands 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.5 13.3
Nigeria 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.3
Congo, Rep. 14.0 13.3 13.3 13.6 13.3
Ecuador 19.8 14.4 15.7 18.4 13.4
Eritrea 12.1 13.4 12.9 13.0 13.4
Comoros 14.0 13.3 13.7 13.3 13.5
Angola 13.5 12.5 12.2 13.2 13.6
Mongolia 13.0 15.0 13.1 13.9 13.6
Canada 13.7 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.6
Myanmar 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.9 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.7
Australia 16.4 14.8 14.8 14.7 13.8
Togo 12.6 13.1 13.0 13.3 13.8
New Zealand 14.7 12.2 11.5 13.4 13.9
Cuba 7.4 18.2 16.9 16.0 14.2
Morocco 15.3 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.3
Cameroon 11.1 6.7 16.0 15.2 14.4
Malawi 15.5 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.5
Czech Republic 9.8 8.7 8.3 10.3 14.8
Mali 15.2 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.9
Botswana 44.6 43.8 40.1 33.6 15.4
Guinea-Bissau 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.1 15.8
Sweden 20.5 19.0 21.7 21.3 16.7
Romania 24.3 23.3 24.4 19.3 17.1
Kenya 17.5 17.3 17.3 17.7 17.4
Israel 19.1 17.1 15.1 16.0 17.5
Ethiopia 15.1 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5
Ghana 11.5 6.9 17.5 17.5 17.6
Costa Rica 11.9 13.7 16.9 16.5 17.9
Kazakhstan 10.3 15.1 17.9 17.8 18.0
Chile 21.2 19.8 18.5 18.4 18.1
Senegal 18.9 18.4 18.7 18.6 18.3
Slovenia 23.1 20.2 16.9 19.4 18.3
Zambia 29.3 28.5 23.6 22.3 18.5
Pakistan 10.2 18.0 18.7 20.9 18.5
Lithuania 28.4 28.0 25.6 21.8 18.8
Indonesia 17.4 13.8 15.9 16.2 19.3
Kyrgyz Republic 16.0 16.8 18.1 17.2 19.6
Lebanon 21.2 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.2
Timor-Leste 19.6 19.5 19.6 19.9 21.0
Bahamas, The 27.7 23.8 29.9 28.7 21.0
Philippines 20.3 18.8 17.2 18.1 21.0
Brazil 14.1 14.1 16.1 18.3 22.2
Ukraine 14.1 11.2 15.1 17.7 22.5
Uzbekistan 21.9 22.2 22.7 22.9 22.8
Turkmenistan 21.0 21.7 22.3 22.0 22.9
Tajikistan 20.7 21.3 22.4 22.7 22.9
Belarus 21.4 21.4 22.7 23.2 23.0
Belgium 23.5 23.8 24.5 25.7 23.0
Slovak Republic 26.4 23.0 21.6 22.5 23.2
Bulgaria 38.3 30.2 26.2 26.7 23.9
Fiji 16.6 15.7 16.4 19.2 24.1
Finland 30.7 28.7 26.0 25.0 24.5
West Bank and Gaza 42.6 43.9 40.8 34.8 24.8
Poland 34.0 33.3 30.8 27.7 24.9
Puerto Rico 23.4 23.8 26.3 25.3 25.3
Argentina 24.8 38.2 35.0 30.3 25.4
Latvia 26.8 20.8 20.3 26.6 26.0
Venezuela, RB 17.4 25.6 35.1 26.4 26.5
Mauritius 28.9 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7
Syrian Arab Republic 27.2 26.1 36.2 29.5 27.0
Sudan 26.5 26.5 26.7 29.3 27.4
Russian Federation 17.5 20.0 20.5 23.9 27.5
France 30.0 30.3 30.0 30.8 28.3
Albania 33.3 33.1 29.3 32.8 28.6
Bahrain 28.6 27.8 27.4 29.6 28.6
Croatia 28.5 28.2 27.2 26.9 29.2
Barbados 50.5 43.1 31.9 35.1 29.6
Libya 30.5 29.8 30.5 30.4 30.4
Georgia 30.2 32.0 30.5 30.6 30.4
Oman 30.6 30.6 30.5 30.7 30.5
Afghanistan 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3
Haiti 33.7 30.2 31.1 31.4 31.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31.9 31.6 31.3 32.4 31.7
Trinidad and Tobago 37.2 34.9 36.0 33.6 32.3
Sri Lanka 47.8 45.0 43.2 41.4 32.3
Tunisia 26.9 29.2 29.1 29.1 32.6
Uruguay 27.0 26.1 25.3 27.1 33.3
Colombia 28.7 28.8 31.7 31.2 33.8
Jordan 67.2 53.8 50.7 48.5 33.9
Maldives 35.1 35.1 34.5 34.0 34.2
Serbia 39.0 34.4 33.9 35.4 35.1
Belize 30.4 32.2 33.0 37.0 36.9
Italy 35.4 38.0 39.5 40.5 38.4
Panama 35.9 35.2 37.5 35.0 38.5
Greece 36.2 36.8 40.3 39.6 38.8
Mauritania 40.1 38.1 38.7 40.2 39.2
Suriname 37.9 30.2 40.0 39.0 39.9
Dominican Republic 42.7 41.8 45.2 44.4 41.5
Gabon 41.3 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0
Namibia 34.2 36.2 38.1 41.3 42.4
Montenegro 42.9 57.0 58.3 41.3 43.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57.6 59.0 47.7 45.0 44.2
Spain 51.6 50.8 50.7 47.7 44.6
Swaziland 43.5 40.9 42.2 45.5 45.6
Guyana 50.5 56.3 52.0 47.6 45.8
Jamaica 39.4 46.8 49.8 47.0 47.6
Yemen, Rep. 49.4 46.4 43.3 45.5 48.2
South Africa 43.6 37.0 46.1 50.5 48.2
Lesotho 57.4 50.9 46.2 59.3 51.8
Saudi Arabia 35.8 36.9 55.3 55.4 55.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.7 55.0 56.3 60.4 58.6
Armenia 53.8 55.3 51.3 46.9 62.9
Iraq 58.6 61.7 64.7 64.6 64.6
Algeria 61.7 68.3 68.6 63.8 65.2
Macedonia, FYR 55.6 54.1 62.8 60.6 74.5
Aruba
South Sudan
Bermuda
Seychelles
Cayman Islands
Guam
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
St. Lucia
Vanuatu
Grenada
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tonga
Samoa
Monaco
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Djibouti
Tuvalu
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Kiribati
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Greenland
San Marino

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