Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 29.9 21.1 21.3 23.0 21.9
Armenia
Aruba 16.7
Australia 16.6 17.7 16.0 14.4 13.0
Austria 7.1 7.8 7.4 5.5 6.9
Azerbaijan 17.0
Bahamas, The 18.6 16.5 10.3 10.6
Bahrain
Bangladesh 8.0 11.0
Barbados 24.6 25.9 20.3 18.0 17.6
Belarus
Belgium 17.3 17.6 18.3 22.7 12.9
Belize 21.9 17.2 18.9 15.4
Benin
Bermuda 14.3
Bhutan
Bolivia 7.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 33.5 13.5 13.2
Brazil 10.3 11.8 13.8 15.1 21.3
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 36.1
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 12.3
Cameroon
Canada 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3 13.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 13.5 12.8 13.7 20.2 19.4
China
Colombia 20.2 20.7 26.0 32.0
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Costa Rica 9.9 9.6 8.9 10.9 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia 30.8
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 6.7
Czech Republic 6.4 6.8 9.3 16.3 17.4
Denmark 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.5 6.5
Djibouti
Dominica 36.3 34.2
Dominican Republic 20.4 19.5 16.2
Ecuador 16.1 15.1 17.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.8 13.8
El Salvador 12.5 14.3 12.4 13.4
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 15.2 21.0 17.2 22.2 22.1
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands
Fiji 11.3
Finland 41.9 34.2 34.0 27.5 27.5
France 25.1 27.0 24.2 24.9 19.0
French Polynesia 32.4
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia 24.4 21.6
Germany 10.5 12.0 10.9 9.9 9.5
Ghana 12.7 16.4
Greece 21.5 22.2 21.4 23.0 22.2
Greenland
Grenada 19.3 25.4
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 15.1
Honduras 7.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 5.8 12.1 11.9
Hungary 21.0 18.8 17.1 13.5 13.7
Iceland 9.5 8.4 6.3 3.5 5.0
India 10.1
Indonesia 14.3 17.9 19.7
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 19.1 16.7 11.8 8.7 6.2
Isle of Man 9.6
Israel 6.2 7.2 8.7 8.5 8.9
Italy 30.8 29.7 30.2 28.6 28.4
Jamaica 23.5 24.2 24.0 23.9 23.8
Japan 6.8 6.5 7.7 9.8 9.7
Jordan 24.5
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 8.1 9.2 20.5 17.5 13.5
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia 34.2 25.5 27.6 26.2 21.0
Lebanon
Lesotho 37.9 25.8
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 28.5 29.3 28.8 29.5
Luxembourg 10.1 5.6 5.8 6.2 5.7
Macao SAR, China 10.0 13.7 14.2
Macedonia, FYR 69.2 63.6 58.1
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 8.6 10.0 8.3
Maldives 4.0
Mali
Malta 13.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico 7.6 5.6 5.2 2.9 4.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 16.5
Monaco 6.6
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 34.7 22.1 20.9
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia 32.8 41.9
Nepal 4.0
Netherlands 11.3 9.2 8.3 6.6 4.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 12.9 13.8 16.0 15.2 14.7
Nicaragua 18.9 13.7 7.0
Niger
Nigeria
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 15.0 15.2 12.7 13.1 10.8
Oman
Pakistan 7.9 8.8 11.1
Palau
Panama 26.2 23.0 23.2 19.6 25.8
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 9.2 9.2 10.8 11.7
Peru 12.4 12.6 12.2 13.1 13.7
Philippines 12.7 14.1 17.5 18.2 19.8
Poland 26.2 20.1 19.5 27.9 34.3
Portugal 14.6 11.0 8.4 7.7 5.4
Puerto Rico 29.0 28.7 25.2 24.8 23.3
Qatar
Romania 17.5 15.9 16.7 18.8 19.3
Russian Federation 18.3 23.1 26.7 22.5 19.5
Rwanda 1.0
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 21.4 23.0
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 20.6 22.7 25.3 33.1 40.0
Slovenia 16.7 14.1 17.0 17.2 14.8
Solomon Islands 45.8
Somalia
South Africa 41.3 42.2 42.1
South Sudan
Spain 36.5 33.6 29.3 22.9 19.6
Sri Lanka 22.1 19.9
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 31.0 31.2 38.1 33.1 32.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname 23.9
Swaziland 41.7
Sweden 22.4 22.7 18.1 17.1 10.8
Switzerland 5.5 8.5 4.7 6.5 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 2.6 2.5 8.2 8.3 7.0
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga 32.0
Trinidad and Tobago 23.5 23.3 21.9 20.3
Tunisia 33.3
Turkey 14.9 14.0 14.9 15.6 13.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 17.9 15.6 14.0 14.2 13.5
United States 12.6 11.8 11.1 10.3 9.7
Uruguay 17.8 20.4 26.6
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 20.2 16.4 18.6 22.2 22.3
Vietnam 3.4 5.2 4.3 4.9 5.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 20.5
Zambia 23.1
Zimbabwe 20.7 17.0

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