Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa 12.0
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 11.5
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 15.3 15.0 13.4 10.7 13.2
Austria 3.5 4.6 4.2 3.6 3.8
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 14.3
Bahrain
Bangladesh 1.7 2.8
Barbados 26.6 27.6 25.0 18.6 21.8
Belarus
Belgium 15.5 14.7 13.0 11.4 10.1
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 4.2 6.2 6.6 5.4 6.7
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi 1.0
Cabo Verde 40.7
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada 16.2 14.3 12.4 12.2 13.5
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 16.5 12.5 12.2 13.4
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep.
Costa Rica 8.9 8.4 7.4 6.3 7.6
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark 7.0 8.0 8.1 10.7 11.5
Djibouti
Dominica 13.6
Dominican Republic
Ecuador 11.1
Egypt, Arab Rep.
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 1.6
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 9.5 8.9 9.5 3.6 9.4
France 21.5 20.0 19.1 16.2 16.8
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 6.8 7.4 6.3 5.2 4.4
Ghana
Greece 16.0 17.5 17.1 17.0 15.1
Greenland
Grenada
Guam 16.4
Guatemala 3.0
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 17.2
Haiti 49.2 23.0
Honduras
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.0 3.8 3.7 3.1 3.6
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia 8.8 9.1 9.0
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 29.1 28.6 27.1 23.7 20.9
Isle of Man
Israel 19.1 14.6 14.7 19.8 21.0
Italy 27.3 28.7 27.9 25.9 23.4
Jamaica 19.1
Japan 4.5 5.7 5.3 4.9 5.0
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 12.3 10.0 9.8 9.0 9.4
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 5.5 3.8 4.7 2.1 2.7
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico 3.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 30.9
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 15.7 14.0 12.4 10.2
New Caledonia
New Zealand 7.4 8.0 11.2 13.7 11.8
Nicaragua 8.4 11.0
Niger
Nigeria 11.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 3.4 3.7 6.9 10.4 10.4
Oman
Pakistan 5.8 5.7
Palau
Panama 20.0 26.0 25.9 18.5
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 13.9 15.0
Peru 12.6
Philippines 13.2 13.1 14.1 13.1
Poland
Portugal 16.3 14.0 10.2 8.2 7.9
Puerto Rico 44.3 40.7 37.0 33.3
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 1.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 10.0 7.8 6.4 4.2 2.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 44.2 38.4 35.2 27.5 25.7
Sri Lanka
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname 26.7 29.2 29.0
Swaziland
Sweden 5.7 5.3 4.0 3.9 4.5
Switzerland 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 9.1 5.0 2.2 4.3
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 31.2 37.6 37.4 36.9 33.1
Tunisia 31.0
Turkey 17.2 16.9 16.6
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 19.8 17.2 14.3 11.2 11.4
United States 13.7 12.6 11.4 11.4 11.6
Uruguay 20.7
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 20.9
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 20.7
Zimbabwe 15.6 15.6

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