Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Thailand 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9
Liberia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Madagascar 3.8 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7
Nicaragua 3.8 3.8 3.7 6.4 4.5
Guinea 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Vietnam 3.9 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5
Uganda 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Honduras 4.4 5.9 4.4 5.3 7.1
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 3.8 2.2
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4
Austria 4.8 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5
Nepal 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3 3.8
Kuwait 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Paraguay 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5
Papua New Guinea 5.3 4.6 5.5 4.8 4.9
Switzerland 5.6 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7
Cameroon 5.9 14.0 13.3 12.7 12.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Japan 6.2 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4
United Arab Emirates 6.3 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3
Ethiopia 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Bhutan 6.5 6.6 4.7 3.4 3.4
Singapore 6.5 6.7 6.3 11.3 12.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 11.0 11.0 11.8 11.0
Luxembourg 6.7 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4
Macao SAR, China 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5
Afghanistan 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Czech Republic 7.1 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9
Tanzania 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.2
Niger 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3
Lao PDR 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6
Korea, Rep. 7.5 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8
Pakistan 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7
Cyprus 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.8 12.6
Denmark 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4
Bangladesh 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1
Germany 8.3 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3
Solomon Islands 8.4 9.1 9.3 9.1 9.3
Malaysia 8.5 6.9 6.7 8.9 10.2
Bolivia 8.5 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8
Myanmar 8.6 8.6 8.8 9.4 8.3
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1
India 9.0 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0
Mexico 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3
Ecuador 9.6 9.8 9.5 10.5 11.7
Brazil 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0
Fiji 9.9 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5
Equatorial Guinea 10.1 9.6 8.8 10.1 10.0
Angola 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.3 10.3
Togo 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Guinea-Bissau 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.6 10.2
Congo, Rep. 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Gambia, The 10.3 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2
Eritrea 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Central African Republic 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.3
Chad 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.3
Somalia 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Kazakhstan 10.3 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5
Comoros 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.8 9.0 9.1 11.7
China 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2
Burundi 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.3
Costa Rica 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3
Peru 10.9 12.0 11.0 9.5 10.9
Senegal 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Netherlands 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6
Norway 11.7 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5
Indonesia 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8
Malawi 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
New Zealand 12.4 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2
Ukraine 12.5 16.9 19.8 25.2 25.9
Ghana 12.6 12.9 12.0 11.8 12.8
Timor-Leste 12.7 12.8 13.1 14.1 13.0
United States 12.8 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
Israel 12.9 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1
Iceland 13.1 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4
Belarus 13.1 12.2 13.7 14.6 15.0
Nigeria 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8
Philippines 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0
Estonia 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3
Mozambique 14.1 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9
Kyrgyz Republic 14.1 14.4 14.0 15.4 13.6
Moldova 14.2 14.0 18.5 12.2 27.0
El Salvador 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.4 14.5 14.4 14.4
Portugal 14.5 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3
Mongolia 14.7 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4
Chile 15.3 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3
Zimbabwe 15.3 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1
Cuba 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0 12.4
Azerbaijan 15.6 9.9 16.0 25.4 14.8
Australia 15.9 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9
Canada 16.4 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3
Turkey 16.5 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2
Morocco 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.8 22.0
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9
Venezuela, RB 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2
Oman 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6
Maldives 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7
Russian Federation 17.7 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3
Haiti 18.4 19.5 19.8 19.9 14.7
Bahamas, The 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3
Slovenia 18.7 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2
Malta 18.7 15.7 14.4 13.1 18.1
Colombia 18.9 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6
Romania 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7
Greece 19.0 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7
Turkmenistan 19.1 19.3 19.2 19.7 19.9
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.5 19.6 19.6 19.6
Belize 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6
Belgium 19.7 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5
Tajikistan 19.7 18.7 20.9 22.0 22.3
Mauritius 20.3 18.2 16.3 18.2 20.2
Ireland 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7
Lebanon 20.5 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6 20.5
Hungary 20.7 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0
Uruguay 20.9 18.2 15.5 16.9 22.5
Latvia 21.0 20.6 25.4 27.6 26.2
Dominican Republic 21.1 21.0 19.7 18.6 17.9
Guyana 21.2 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1
Sweden 21.4 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3 14.1
Sudan 21.9 21.9 22.3 22.0 22.0
Panama 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6
Croatia 22.8 24.1 23.9 31.3 35.5
Bahrain 22.8 21.6 20.2 19.9 20.7
France 23.3 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7
West Bank and Gaza 23.4 33.9 28.9 20.6 17.0
Saudi Arabia 24.5 21.3 23.6 22.9 21.8
Finland 25.8 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7
Slovak Republic 26.0 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1
Albania 26.3 25.2 23.7 27.2 29.2
Jamaica 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7
Suriname 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.6
Serbia 27.3 26.9 28.1 27.9 27.9
Georgia 27.5 24.8 24.2 24.9 24.0
Jordan 27.5 25.9 24.1 27.0 24.5
Sri Lanka 27.8 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8
Trinidad and Tobago 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7
Poland 28.5 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8
Puerto Rico 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6
Italy 29.7 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6
Argentina 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7
South Africa 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2 42.5
Namibia 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2
Lesotho 31.6 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1
Tunisia 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.9 34.3
Bulgaria 33.6 29.0 29.6 26.6 30.9
Iraq 33.6 33.7 32.2 34.0 32.2
Zambia 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3
Barbados 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2
Lithuania 34.5 31.5 28.6 29.2 28.7
Spain 34.6 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5
Montenegro 35.2 35.8 41.0 40.0 40.4
Botswana 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0
Libya 36.5 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7
Gabon 37.1 35.2 33.4 33.2 33.0
Armenia 39.2 33.4 31.9 31.5 29.8
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.8 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4
Mauritania 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.5 49.7 55.9 51.0 49.9
Macedonia, FYR 52.4 60.1 61.5 70.2 63.6
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands
St. Lucia
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Curacao
Vanuatu
San Marino
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Tonga
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Dominica
Isle of Man
Djibouti
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Palau
Seychelles
Grenada
Bermuda
Greenland
Aruba
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Taiwan, China
American Samoa
Samoa
Guam

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