Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.2
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2
Thailand 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6 7.4
Vietnam 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5 4.8
Madagascar 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.8
Uganda 3.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Guinea 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Liberia 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Cambodia 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.9 5.3
Ethiopia 4.3 5.2 6.2 7.3 6.5
Singapore 4.3 4.3 7.1 7.3 6.5
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 2.7 2.0
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4 5.8
Papua New Guinea 4.8 5.5 4.9 5.0 5.3
Kuwait 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.4
Switzerland 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7 5.8
Nicaragua 5.2 4.4 5.3 4.1 3.3
United Arab Emirates 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3 5.0
Lao PDR 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Honduras 5.8 4.4 5.3 7.1 6.7
Austria 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5 5.0
Czech Republic 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9 16.7
Bhutan 6.6 4.2 3.4 3.3 4.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Malaysia 6.8 6.6 8.9 10.2 8.5
Japan 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4 10.4
Bangladesh 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1 9.6
Paraguay 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5 11.7
Bolivia 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8 7.6
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Korea, Rep. 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8 13.0
Mexico 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9 4.5
Tanzania 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.6
Pakistan 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4 11.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7 11.9
Cyprus 7.8 7.5 6.8 12.5 6.4
Niger 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Bahrain 8.0 8.5 7.9 7.9 9.1
Myanmar 8.2 8.4 8.9 7.9 7.8
Ecuador 8.2 12.6 9.2 10.6 12.1
Macao SAR, China 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5 14.1
Nepal 8.4 7.1 5.9 3.8 4.0
Mali 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1 8.2
Solomon Islands 8.6 8.8 8.6 8.7 9.8
Denmark 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4 6.5
India 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0 9.9
Iceland 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4 5.7
Germany 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3 9.1
Senegal 9.7 11.5 10.0 9.8 11.4
Equatorial Guinea 9.9 9.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Azerbaijan 9.9 16.0 17.7 14.8 29.2
Angola 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Eritrea 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2
Comoros 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Somalia 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Burundi 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Guinea-Bissau 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.1
Togo 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Congo, Rep. 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Central African Republic 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Chad 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Gambia, The 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Luxembourg 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4 5.5
Brazil 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0 14.9
Costa Rica 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3 9.3
Brunei Darussalam 10.6 9.1 9.2 11.3 10.5
Cameroon 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.4 8.3
China 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2 10.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8
Mongolia 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4 10.4
Fiji 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5 14.0
Netherlands 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6 4.7
Norway 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5 9.2
Peru 11.7 11.0 10.7 11.9 11.6
Kazakhstan 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5 11.9
Israel 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1 17.1
Belarus 12.2 12.1 13.8 15.1 14.4
Syrian Arab Republic 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3 13.4
Philippines 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0 21.4
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 12.5 12.5 13.4 12.5 12.4
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
Timor-Leste 12.8 13.0 13.9 12.9 12.7
Ghana 12.9 11.2 12.2 12.8 16.2
United States 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6 10.0
New Zealand 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2 14.7
El Salvador 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5 14.6
Chile 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3 19.5
Indonesia 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8 18.0
Cabo Verde 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.9
Portugal 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3 6.1
Moldova 14.0 7.9 12.2 27.0 16.7
Nigeria 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.0
Kyrgyz Republic 14.5 13.5 15.5 13.7 12.3
Turkey 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2 13.3
Cuba 14.7 13.9 12.3 12.7 11.0
Malta 15.5 15.6 13.1 19.3 13.1
Afghanistan 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.7
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9 18.6
Oman 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2
Australia 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9 12.8
Zimbabwe 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1 16.4
Kenya 16.8 16.9 16.8 16.8 16.9
Slovenia 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2 14.8
Canada 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3 13.8
Ukraine 17.1 20.0 25.4 26.1 26.1
Estonia 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3 24.7
Belgium 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5 12.9
Maldives 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7 17.3
Uruguay 17.5 18.8 17.3 19.4 21.7
Romania 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7 19.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.9 16.9 16.3 14.1 17.2
Mauritius 18.3 16.4 18.2 20.2 17.1
Russian Federation 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4 19.5
United Kingdom 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3 13.7
Turkmenistan 18.7 18.4 19.5 20.1 20.3
Bahamas, The 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3 11.1
Tajikistan 18.8 18.8 20.9 22.5 21.4
Colombia 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6 25.0
Hungary 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0 13.8
Haiti 19.0 19.4 19.5 14.7 15.2
Ireland 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7 6.1
Sudan 19.2 19.6 19.3 19.3 19.3
Uzbekistan 19.2 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.3
Venezuela, RB 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2 22.3
Slovak Republic 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1 39.6
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7 21.9
Guyana 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Dominican Republic 21.2 19.8 18.8 18.1 16.3
Lebanon 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9 22.4
Saudi Arabia 21.6 23.8 23.1 21.8 21.9
Belize 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6 14.0
Latvia 22.0 25.4 27.6 26.2 21.0
Sweden 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5 12.3
Trinidad and Tobago 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7 20.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.3 21.0 21.6 20.6 21.2
Suriname 24.3 23.7 24.2 24.6 34.0
Finland 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7 18.9
Croatia 24.5 24.2 31.3 35.5 39.9
France 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7 18.9
Jamaica 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7 25.3
Georgia 24.9 24.3 25.4 24.0 21.4
Barbados 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2 17.9
Albania 25.4 23.6 27.6 29.4 25.8
Panama 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6 24.9
Jordan 25.9 22.8 25.4 22.2 25.6
Poland 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8 33.0
Serbia 26.4 27.5 27.3 27.3 25.2
Sri Lanka 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8 20.2
Lesotho 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1 28.4
Argentina 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7 22.6
Zambia 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3 23.5
Bulgaria 28.6 29.2 26.2 30.5 36.0
Morocco 29.2 31.8 34.5 22.0 21.4
Puerto Rico 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6 24.1
Italy 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6 28.3
Lithuania 31.0 28.6 29.2 28.7 29.5
Namibia 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2 42.1
Botswana 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0 35.9
Tunisia 31.8 33.4 36.9 34.3 34.0
Armenia 33.4 31.9 31.5 31.6 31.4
Iraq 33.6 30.9 33.9 32.2 32.5
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 29.2 20.7 17.1 20.4
Spain 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5 20.3
Gabon 35.4 33.5 33.3 33.1 32.9
Montenegro 35.9 41.0 41.9 40.4 35.7
Libya 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.7 36.7
South Africa 38.0 41.6 40.2 42.5 43.2
Mozambique 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.5 41.5
Swaziland 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4 46.1
Mauritania 49.6 49.7 49.8 50.0 50.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 57.4 52.4 50.9 49.4
Macedonia, FYR 60.0 61.4 70.2 63.6 58.2
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Samoa
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia
St. Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
Aruba
Grenada
Kiribati
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Tonga
Seychelles
Monaco
San Marino
Faroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Bermuda
Djibouti
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Isle of Man
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis

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