Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Thailand 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6
Vietnam 3.9 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5
Madagascar 3.8 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7
Guinea 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Uganda 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Nicaragua 3.8 3.8 3.7 6.4 4.5
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9
Liberia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 3.8 2.2
Papua New Guinea 5.3 4.6 5.5 4.8 4.9
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4
Kuwait 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Switzerland 5.6 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7
United Arab Emirates 6.3 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3
Lao PDR 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6
Honduras 4.4 5.9 4.4 5.3 7.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Austria 4.8 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5
Ethiopia 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Czech Republic 7.1 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9
Bhutan 6.5 6.6 4.7 3.4 3.4
Singapore 6.5 6.7 6.3 11.3 12.2
Malaysia 8.5 6.9 6.7 8.9 10.2
Japan 6.2 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4
Afghanistan 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Bangladesh 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1
Paraguay 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5
Niger 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3
Bolivia 8.5 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3
Korea, Rep. 7.5 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8
Mexico 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7
Tanzania 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.2
Pakistan 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4
Cyprus 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.8 12.6
Macao SAR, China 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1
Myanmar 8.6 8.6 8.8 9.4 8.3
India 9.0 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0
Denmark 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4
Solomon Islands 8.4 9.1 9.3 9.1 9.3
Iceland 13.1 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4
Nepal 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3 3.8
Equatorial Guinea 10.1 9.6 8.8 10.1 10.0
Germany 8.3 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3
Ecuador 9.6 9.8 9.5 10.5 11.7
Azerbaijan 15.6 9.9 16.0 25.4 14.8
Angola 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Gambia, The 10.3 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2
Eritrea 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Togo 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.3
Luxembourg 6.7 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4
Chad 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.3
Guinea-Bissau 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.6 10.2
Somalia 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Comoros 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Brazil 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0
Costa Rica 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3
Congo, Rep. 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Burundi 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.3
Central African Republic 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.3
China 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.8 9.0 9.1 11.7
Mongolia 14.7 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 11.0 11.0 11.8 11.0
Fiji 9.9 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5
Senegal 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Netherlands 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6
Norway 11.7 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5
Peru 10.9 12.0 11.0 9.5 10.9
Israel 12.9 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1
Kazakhstan 10.3 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5
Belarus 13.1 12.2 13.7 14.6 15.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3
Malawi 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Philippines 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0
Timor-Leste 12.7 12.8 13.1 14.1 13.0
Ghana 12.6 12.9 12.0 11.8 12.8
New Zealand 12.4 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2
United States 12.8 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
El Salvador 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5
Indonesia 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8
Chile 15.3 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3
Mozambique 14.1 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9
Cameroon 5.9 14.0 13.3 12.7 12.0
Nigeria 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8
Moldova 14.2 14.0 18.5 12.2 27.0
Portugal 14.5 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3
Cuba 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0 12.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.4 14.5 14.4 14.4
Kyrgyz Republic 14.1 14.4 14.0 15.4 13.6
Turkey 16.5 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2
Malta 18.7 15.7 14.4 13.1 18.1
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9
Australia 15.9 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9
Morocco 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.8 22.0
Zimbabwe 15.3 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1
Slovenia 18.7 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2
Canada 16.4 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3
Ukraine 12.5 16.9 19.8 25.2 25.9
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9
Estonia 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3
Belgium 19.7 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5
Maldives 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7
Oman 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3 14.1
Romania 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7
Mauritius 20.3 18.2 16.3 18.2 20.2
Uruguay 20.9 18.2 15.5 16.9 22.5
Russian Federation 17.7 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3
Tajikistan 19.7 18.7 20.9 22.0 22.3
Bahamas, The 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3
Hungary 20.7 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0
Colombia 18.9 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6
Ireland 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7
Turkmenistan 19.1 19.3 19.2 19.7 19.9
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.5 19.6 19.6 19.6
Haiti 18.4 19.5 19.8 19.9 14.7
Venezuela, RB 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2
Slovak Republic 26.0 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6 20.5
Latvia 21.0 20.6 25.4 27.6 26.2
Dominican Republic 21.1 21.0 19.7 18.6 17.9
Greece 19.0 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7
Guyana 21.2 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1
Saudi Arabia 24.5 21.3 23.6 22.9 21.8
Lebanon 20.5 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9
Bahrain 22.8 21.6 20.2 19.9 20.7
Belize 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6
Sudan 21.9 21.9 22.3 22.0 22.0
Sweden 21.4 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5
Trinidad and Tobago 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7
Croatia 22.8 24.1 23.9 31.3 35.5
Suriname 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.6
Finland 25.8 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7
Georgia 27.5 24.8 24.2 24.9 24.0
France 23.3 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7
Jamaica 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7
Barbados 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2
Albania 26.3 25.2 23.7 27.2 29.2
Panama 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6
Jordan 27.5 25.9 24.1 27.0 24.5
Poland 28.5 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8
Sri Lanka 27.8 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8
Serbia 27.3 26.9 28.1 27.9 27.9
Lesotho 31.6 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1
Argentina 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7
Zambia 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3
Bulgaria 33.6 29.0 29.6 26.6 30.9
Puerto Rico 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6
Italy 29.7 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6
Lithuania 34.5 31.5 28.6 29.2 28.7
Namibia 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2
Botswana 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0
Tunisia 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.9 34.3
Armenia 39.2 33.4 31.9 31.5 29.8
Iraq 33.6 33.7 32.2 34.0 32.2
West Bank and Gaza 23.4 33.9 28.9 20.6 17.0
Spain 34.6 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5
Gabon 37.1 35.2 33.4 33.2 33.0
Montenegro 35.2 35.8 41.0 40.0 40.4
Libya 36.5 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7
South Africa 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2 42.5
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.8 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4
Mauritania 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.5 49.7 55.9 51.0 49.9
Macedonia, FYR 52.4 60.1 61.5 70.2 63.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Djibouti
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Dominica
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kiribati
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Tonga
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Vanuatu
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Samoa
Guam
Grenada
Aruba
Taiwan, China
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Antigua and Barbuda
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Seychelles
French Polynesia
Palau
Faeroe Islands

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