Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Qatar 1.3 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.4
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 2.3 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.6
Uganda 4.0 3.2 3.3 3.3 4.7
Cambodia 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.6
Cuba 4.0 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.2
Lao PDR 7.2 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.1
Madagascar 4.1 1.7 4.2 4.6 5.1
Honduras 7.8 5.3 4.2 4.0 4.2
Ethiopia 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Guatemala 4.9 4.6 4.3 3.9 4.3
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.2 4.4 6.4 6.4
Vietnam 4.2 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.7
Thailand 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.8 5.1
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Guinea 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Liberia 4.7 3.6 5.3 5.7 5.1
Mexico 5.9 6.1 5.4 6.2 6.2
Ghana 13.6 7.2 5.8 5.8 5.8
Nepal 4.6 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.9
Netherlands 7.9 8.0 6.1 5.6 5.4
Tanzania 4.9 4.0 6.5 2.8 3.8
Cameroon 7.7 7.5 6.5 6.9 7.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
United Arab Emirates 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.7 8.1
Zimbabwe 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.8
Sierra Leone 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Peru 8.0 8.0 7.1 6.9 6.9
Bolivia 6.0 7.5 7.4 7.3 4.0
Switzerland 8.0 8.4 7.9 6.8 6.7
Denmark 8.9 8.6 7.9 7.6 7.4
Niger 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.9
Kazakhstan 12.9 8.3 8.0 7.5 6.8
Bhutan 5.9 5.6 8.0 9.7 10.1
Bangladesh 7.0 6.7 8.1 8.3 8.5
Nicaragua 9.3 7.9 8.1 6.1 7.6
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.3
Cyprus 7.8 12.4 8.5 10.2 8.1
Macao SAR, China 14.3 10.9 8.5 8.7 7.7
Pakistan 11.1 10.5 8.5 7.2 7.1
Norway 12.3 12.3 8.6 7.9 8.2
Austria 9.3 10.7 8.8 8.2 7.8
Japan 10.6 9.9 8.8 8.3 7.9
Iceland 9.2 8.3 8.9 7.7 8.8
Ireland 8.9 9.1 9.0 9.9 15.5
Myanmar 9.1 9.1 9.2 9.3 10.4
Brunei Darussalam 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.1
New Zealand 9.0 9.4 9.6 10.0 11.7
China 10.4 10.1 9.7 9.2 10.6
India 9.0 9.8 9.8 9.2 10.0
Malaysia 10.4 10.4 9.9 10.3 10.0
Lithuania 23.6 16.0 9.9 6.9 12.6
Trinidad and Tobago 13.4 12.8 10.0 9.2 8.7
Estonia 23.5 16.6 10.0 12.2 12.6
Paraguay 11.3 8.9 10.4 8.5 8.6
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.2 10.4 10.0 9.9
Australia 11.8 10.9 10.5 9.5 9.0
Latvia 14.9 11.8 10.6 11.3 13.3
Mongolia 11.6 15.2 10.7 10.6 10.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 10.8 11.0 10.9 10.8 11.4
Costa Rica 12.3 11.4 11.0 8.6 9.8
Ecuador 11.6 11.6 11.0 9.0 10.8
Kuwait 12.0 12.7 11.0 11.1 10.9
Senegal 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Korea, Rep. 11.9 11.9 11.3 11.0 11.1
United States 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.8 14.6
Slovenia 13.9 14.6 11.6 9.4 9.9
Singapore 14.5 13.5 11.8 10.0 10.7
Togo 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Eritrea 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.3
Equatorial Guinea 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.6
Syrian Arab Republic 14.7 14.0 12.4 12.8 16.9
Fiji 8.8 8.7 12.4 15.7 17.3
Comoros 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Chad 12.8 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.4
Gambia, The 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5
Central African Republic 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.4 12.4
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.6 12.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Congo, Rep. 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.5
Mozambique 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Burundi 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5
Cabo Verde 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Belize 14.1 13.7 12.6 11.4 11.1
Angola 12.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.6
Canada 14.9 14.2 12.9 12.3 13.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 15.0 13.7 13.0 11.0 10.5
Bahamas, The 20.0 16.8 13.2 16.6 16.2
El Salvador 12.5 13.9 13.4 12.4 11.8
Timor-Leste 15.4 14.4 13.5 14.3 13.1
Kyrgyz Republic 13.5 13.3 13.6 13.8 14.1
Brazil 14.2 15.3 13.8 12.9 11.8
Nigeria 14.3 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
Ukraine 15.9 15.3 14.2 13.4 13.4
Germany 14.1 16.1 14.3 12.2 10.6
Venezuela, RB 21.7 16.8 14.3 12.8 12.3
Portugal 13.5 13.7 14.5 13.5 13.4
Haiti 16.4 14.9 14.8 14.5 15.2
Fragile and conflict affected situations 16.2 15.0 15.1 15.0 15.1
Panama 21.0 17.5 15.1 12.1 11.3
Spain 19.3 17.2 15.4 15.7 24.5
Maldives 16.8 16.1 15.5 17.1 16.8
Russian Federation 16.1 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.2
United Kingdom 12.0 13.8 15.9 16.0 16.3
Chile 18.8 17.4 16.4 16.1 17.8
Czech Republic 21.1 19.4 16.6 10.6 9.9
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8
Malta 18.9 17.7 16.9 15.6 13.5
Luxembourg 12.0 11.7 17.0 13.5 12.5
Finland 19.5 18.4 17.0 14.8 15.3
Philippines 20.5 15.3 17.1 16.3 16.0
Sri Lanka 21.3 20.7 17.1 16.6 14.0
Colombia 18.4 18.6 17.2 19.5 21.5
Israel 19.7 16.9 17.3 15.1 11.9
Greece 18.9 18.6 17.5 15.6 16.8
Morocco 15.8 16.2 17.5 18.2 19.2
Jamaica 22.3 19.9 17.6 17.3 19.5
Barbados 19.9 18.5 17.7 15.1 16.6
Turkey 19.9 19.0 17.8 19.0 19.5
Azerbaijan 14.9 17.0 17.8 17.6 18.8
Moldova 21.5 19.2 17.9 14.9 10.3
Mauritius 21.6 20.6 17.9 19.5 14.8
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Afghanistan 15.9 18.2 18.3 18.2 18.3
Hungary 16.2 19.6 18.6 17.7 19.1
Bulgaria 24.8 23.2 18.7 14.4 13.6
Belgium 20.2 21.0 18.8 17.1 17.3
Italy 21.2 21.5 19.1 18.3 18.9
Tajikistan 20.1 19.9 19.9 20.0 20.0
Uzbekistan 19.9 19.9 20.0 20.1 20.0
Belarus 20.2 20.1 20.1 20.0 20.1
Turkmenistan 20.3 20.2 20.1 20.1 20.3
France 19.7 19.3 20.2 18.1 18.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.3 20.9 20.6 19.8 20.1
Argentina 25.3 21.9 20.8 17.0 16.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 22.7 20.9 17.3 15.8
Sweden 17.8 22.8 21.0 19.2 20.1
Dominican Republic 24.1 23.5 21.4 21.2 19.9
Lebanon 21.2 21.4 21.7 23.1 23.1
Algeria 40.3 28.1 21.9 25.2 21.9
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9
Suriname 21.3 22.3 21.9 22.2 22.6
Romania 25.2 21.6 22.3 21.1 18.9
Uruguay 19.8 19.2 22.9 20.4 15.8
Albania 23.2 23.3 22.9 25.5 27.3
Central Europe and the Baltics 29.5 27.3 23.0 18.0 15.7
Puerto Rico 22.4 25.2 23.0 24.5 28.2
Yemen, Rep. 22.2 24.9 24.3 23.7 23.3
Bahrain 24.9 24.9 24.9 24.8 24.8
Botswana 34.3 33.0 26.4 19.0 32.8
Slovak Republic 34.3 30.8 26.4 20.3 18.2
Jordan 26.1 28.8 26.5 24.4 23.6
Croatia 29.4 30.3 27.3 21.0 18.7
Zambia 25.7 26.3 27.6 27.5 26.8
Tunisia 30.4 28.3 27.9 27.9 28.2
Poland 38.6 36.3 28.1 19.8 15.1
Georgia 24.7 26.5 28.2 27.8 32.7
Indonesia 26.1 29.1 28.2 24.2 22.0
Saudi Arabia 20.4 24.1 30.4 25.7 24.5
Lesotho 35.5 36.1 32.3 26.2 29.0
Iraq 49.4 33.3 32.5 31.5 28.7
West Bank and Gaza 38.9 37.8 34.4 33.8 38.7
Gabon 36.7 36.9 37.1 37.4 35.2
Armenia 40.7 46.2 37.7 48.8 46.4
Namibia 37.3 35.4 38.5 32.7 55.4
Swaziland 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3
Guyana 44.1 46.3 40.2 32.7 33.8
South Africa 46.0 43.0 41.7 41.3 41.5
Serbia 39.0 44.0 42.0 39.6 30.1
Montenegro 54.5 56.6 46.4 32.8 32.4
Mauritania 49.6 49.1 48.6 48.0 47.9
Macedonia, FYR 65.0 63.1 59.0 57.5 55.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 56.6 50.3 60.5 55.9 44.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
San Marino
St. Lucia
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Grenada
Greenland
Kosovo
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Faeroe Islands
Guam
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Samoa
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Seychelles
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Monaco
French Polynesia
Djibouti
New Caledonia
Aruba
Dominica
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Kiribati

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