Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Albania 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8 26.7
Algeria 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7 42.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4 12.4
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7
Armenia 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1 35.2
Aruba
Australia 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4 14.0
Austria 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0 4.6
Azerbaijan 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9 17.3
Bahamas, The 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3
Bahrain 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4 17.2
Bangladesh 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1
Barbados 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2
Belarus 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0 19.7
Belgium 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3 22.7
Belize 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6
Benin 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.4
Bolivia 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9 50.4
Botswana 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0
Brazil 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0
Brunei Darussalam 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2 11.7
Bulgaria 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3 30.6
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.4
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9
Cameroon 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7 12.1
Canada 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5 15.3
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4 12.4
Chad 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Chile 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7 20.2
China 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.3
Colombia 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2 21.5
Comoros 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.3
Congo, Rep. 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Costa Rica 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Croatia 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3 35.5
Cuba 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0 12.4
Curacao
Cyprus 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7 12.4
Czech Republic 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8 15.9
Denmark 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6 17.9
Ecuador 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6 10.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3 14.1
El Salvador 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7 12.7
Eritrea 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Estonia 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1 22.3
Ethiopia 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1 14.4
Finland 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1 18.7
France 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0 24.7
French Polynesia
Gabon 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3 35.5
Gambia, The 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Georgia 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7 24.0
Germany 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7 9.3
Ghana 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.8
Greece 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1 22.7
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1 3.0
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0 12.5
Guyana 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6 39.5
Haiti 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3 14.7
Honduras 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4 7.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7
Hungary 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7 13.9
Iceland 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4 4.4
India 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indonesia 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6 20.5
Iraq 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8 32.2
Ireland 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7
Isle of Man
Israel 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5 16.1
Italy 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2 28.6
Jamaica 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7
Japan 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2 10.3
Jordan 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7 24.7
Kazakhstan 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4 13.8
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9 16.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1 11.2
Korea, Rep. 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8 16.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kyrgyz Republic 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5 13.7
Lao PDR 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6
Latvia 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6 26.2
Lebanon 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Lesotho 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4 26.1
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2 28.8
Luxembourg 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8 6.2
Macao SAR, China 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5
Macedonia, FYR 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2 63.6
Madagascar 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0 2.1
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Malaysia 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9 10.2
Maldives 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1
Malta 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0 16.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6 48.7
Mauritius 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2 20.0
Mexico 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4 26.9
Monaco
Mongolia 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6 13.4
Montenegro 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6 39.6
Morocco 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7 22.0
Mozambique 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Myanmar 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2 9.4
Namibia 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2
Nepal 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3 3.8
Netherlands 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2 6.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2
Nicaragua 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8 4.7
Niger 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.8
Nigeria 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7 9.4
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Pakistan 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4
Palau
Panama 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6
Papua New Guinea 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6 4.8
Paraguay 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5
Peru 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2 7.0
Philippines 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0
Poland 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3 27.9
Portugal 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2 7.2
Puerto Rico 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6
Qatar 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.3
Romania 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9 18.7
Russian Federation 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7 22.5
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3 21.8
Senegal 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Serbia 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5 28.5
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.0
Singapore 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4 12.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5 35.1
Slovenia 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2 17.2
Solomon Islands 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7 11.0
Somalia 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
South Africa 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2 42.5
South Sudan
Spain 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2 22.6
Sri Lanka 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2 21.8
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9 21.9
Suriname 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.6
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3
Sweden 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1 15.4
Switzerland 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4 5.6
Syrian Arab Republic 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3
Tajikistan 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.8
Tanzania 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.2
Thailand 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8 12.3
Togo 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.4
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7
Tunisia 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1 33.9
Turkey 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6 15.3
Turkmenistan 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9 20.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9
Ukraine 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7 24.3
United Arab Emirates 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7 5.2
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.5
United States 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4 10.6
Uruguay 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8 20.7
Uzbekistan 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8 19.8
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2
Vietnam 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4 16.8
Yemen, Rep. 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2 22.2
Zambia 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3
Zimbabwe 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4 16.1

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