Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.7
Albania 25.4 23.6 27.6 29.4 25.8
Algeria 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4 46.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7 22.6
Armenia 33.4 31.9 31.5 31.6 31.4
Aruba
Australia 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9 12.8
Austria 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5 5.0
Azerbaijan 9.9 16.0 17.7 14.8 29.2
Bahamas, The 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3 11.1
Bahrain 8.0 8.5 7.9 7.9 9.1
Bangladesh 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1 9.6
Barbados 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2 17.9
Belarus 12.2 12.1 13.8 15.1 14.4
Belgium 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5 12.9
Belize 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6 14.0
Benin 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 6.6 4.2 3.4 3.3 4.0
Bolivia 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8 7.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 57.4 52.4 50.9 49.4
Botswana 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0 35.9
Brazil 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0 14.9
Brunei Darussalam 10.6 9.1 9.2 11.3 10.5
Bulgaria 28.6 29.2 26.2 30.5 36.0
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4 5.8
Burundi 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Cabo Verde 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.9
Cambodia 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.9 5.3
Cameroon 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.4 8.3
Canada 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3 13.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Chad 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Chile 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3 19.5
China 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2 10.9
Colombia 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6 25.0
Comoros 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8
Congo, Rep. 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Costa Rica 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3 9.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Croatia 24.5 24.2 31.3 35.5 39.9
Cuba 14.7 13.9 12.3 12.7 11.0
Curacao
Cyprus 7.8 7.5 6.8 12.5 6.4
Czech Republic 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9 16.7
Denmark 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4 6.5
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 21.2 19.8 18.8 18.1 16.3
Ecuador 8.2 12.6 9.2 10.6 12.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.9 16.9 16.3 14.1 17.2
El Salvador 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5 14.6
Equatorial Guinea 9.9 9.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Eritrea 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2
Estonia 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3 24.7
Ethiopia 4.3 5.2 6.2 7.3 6.5
Faroe Islands
Fiji 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5 14.0
Finland 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7 18.9
France 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7 18.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 35.4 33.5 33.3 33.1 32.9
Gambia, The 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Georgia 24.9 24.3 25.4 24.0 21.4
Germany 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3 9.1
Ghana 12.9 11.2 12.2 12.8 16.2
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7 21.9
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 2.7 2.0
Guinea 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Guinea-Bissau 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.1
Guyana 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Haiti 19.0 19.4 19.5 14.7 15.2
Honduras 5.8 4.4 5.3 7.1 6.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7 11.9
Hungary 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0 13.8
Iceland 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4 5.7
India 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0 9.9
Indonesia 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8 18.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.3 21.0 21.6 20.6 21.2
Iraq 33.6 30.9 33.9 32.2 32.5
Ireland 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7 6.1
Isle of Man
Israel 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1 17.1
Italy 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6 28.3
Jamaica 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7 25.3
Japan 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4 10.4
Jordan 25.9 22.8 25.4 22.2 25.6
Kazakhstan 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5 11.9
Kenya 16.8 16.9 16.8 16.8 16.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 12.5 12.5 13.4 12.5 12.4
Korea, Rep. 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8 13.0
Kuwait 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.4
Kyrgyz Republic 14.5 13.5 15.5 13.7 12.3
Lao PDR 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Latvia 22.0 25.4 27.6 26.2 21.0
Lebanon 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9 22.4
Lesotho 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1 28.4
Liberia 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Libya 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.7 36.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 31.0 28.6 29.2 28.7 29.5
Luxembourg 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4 5.5
Macao SAR, China 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5 14.1
Macedonia, FYR 60.0 61.4 70.2 63.6 58.2
Madagascar 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.8
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
Malaysia 6.8 6.6 8.9 10.2 8.5
Maldives 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7 17.3
Mali 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1 8.2
Malta 15.5 15.6 13.1 19.3 13.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 49.6 49.7 49.8 50.0 50.1
Mauritius 18.3 16.4 18.2 20.2 17.1
Mexico 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9 4.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 14.0 7.9 12.2 27.0 16.7
Monaco
Mongolia 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4 10.4
Montenegro 35.9 41.0 41.9 40.4 35.7
Morocco 29.2 31.8 34.5 22.0 21.4
Mozambique 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.5 41.5
Myanmar 8.2 8.4 8.9 7.9 7.8
Namibia 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2 42.1
Nepal 8.4 7.1 5.9 3.8 4.0
Netherlands 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6 4.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2 14.7
Nicaragua 5.2 4.4 5.3 4.1 3.3
Niger 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Nigeria 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5 9.2
Oman 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2
Pakistan 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4 11.2
Palau
Panama 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6 24.9
Papua New Guinea 4.8 5.5 4.9 5.0 5.3
Paraguay 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5 11.7
Peru 11.7 11.0 10.7 11.9 11.6
Philippines 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0 21.4
Poland 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8 33.0
Portugal 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3 6.1
Puerto Rico 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6 24.1
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.2
Romania 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7 19.3
Russian Federation 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4 19.5
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 21.6 23.8 23.1 21.8 21.9
Senegal 9.7 11.5 10.0 9.8 11.4
Serbia 26.4 27.5 27.3 27.3 25.2
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Singapore 4.3 4.3 7.1 7.3 6.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1 39.6
Slovenia 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2 14.8
Solomon Islands 8.6 8.8 8.6 8.7 9.8
Somalia 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
South Africa 38.0 41.6 40.2 42.5 43.2
South Sudan
Spain 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5 20.3
Sri Lanka 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8 20.2
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 19.2 19.6 19.3 19.3 19.3
Suriname 24.3 23.7 24.2 24.6 34.0
Swaziland 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3
Sweden 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5 12.3
Switzerland 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3 13.4
Tajikistan 18.8 18.8 20.9 22.5 21.4
Tanzania 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.6
Thailand 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6 7.4
Timor-Leste 12.8 13.0 13.9 12.9 12.7
Togo 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7 20.3
Tunisia 31.8 33.4 36.9 34.3 34.0
Turkey 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2 13.3
Turkmenistan 18.7 18.4 19.5 20.1 20.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 3.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Ukraine 17.1 20.0 25.4 26.1 26.1
United Arab Emirates 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3 5.0
United Kingdom 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3 13.7
United States 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6 10.0
Uruguay 17.5 18.8 17.3 19.4 21.7
Uzbekistan 19.2 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.3
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2 22.3
Vietnam 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5 4.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 29.2 20.7 17.1 20.4
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9 18.6
Zambia 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3 23.5
Zimbabwe 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1 16.4

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