Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5
Rwanda 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3
Cambodia 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5
Nicaragua 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8
Guatemala 3.6 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9
Vietnam 4.1 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2
Madagascar 4.5 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0
Honduras 4.5 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4
Papua New Guinea 4.5 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6
Nepal 4.7 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Austria 4.7 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0
Kuwait 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8
United Arab Emirates 4.9 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7
Burkina Faso 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Ethiopia 5.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Switzerland 5.4 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4
Japan 5.6 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2
Bhutan 5.8 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4
Tanzania 6.1 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3
Macao SAR, China 6.2 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4
Cuba 6.3 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0
Mexico 6.4 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1
Singapore 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1
Costa Rica 7.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3
Pakistan 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8
Peru 7.1 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1
Lao PDR 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7
Bolivia 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7
Kazakhstan 7.7 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Cyprus 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7
Czech Republic 7.8 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8
Germany 8.2 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7
India 8.3 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6
Bangladesh 8.4 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2
Ghana 8.4 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4
Cote d'Ivoire 8.4 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Luxembourg 8.5 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8
Mali 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4
Korea, Rep. 8.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8
Paraguay 9.2 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1
Cameroon 9.3 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6
Brazil 9.7 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8
China 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7
Myanmar 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2
Denmark 10.2 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7
Fiji 10.4 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1
Malaysia 10.5 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9
Senegal 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8
Kyrgyz Republic 12.1 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5
Comoros 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4
Congo, Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Brunei Darussalam 12.3 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2
Gambia, The 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0
Malawi 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Angola 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4
Central African Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4
Azerbaijan 12.4 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9
Mozambique 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Chad 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Togo 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7
Ecuador 12.7 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6
Mongolia 12.7 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6
Eritrea 12.7 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Portugal 12.8 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2
Norway 12.9 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7
Iceland 12.9 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4
United States 13.5 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4
Netherlands 13.5 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2
Nigeria 13.8 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9
Moldova 14.1 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4
Zimbabwe 14.2 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4
Estonia 14.4 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1
Philippines 14.4 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1
Israel 14.5 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5
El Salvador 14.6 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8
Ukraine 14.8 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7
Indonesia 14.8 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6
Fragile and conflict affected situations 15.2 15.0 15.3 15.5 15.4
Russian Federation 15.3 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7
Venezuela, RB 15.5 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6
Belize 15.8 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Malta 15.9 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0
New Zealand 16.1 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1
Chile 16.3 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9
Uruguay 17.2 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8
Morocco 17.2 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7
Turkey 17.3 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6
Colombia 17.5 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2
Maldives 17.7 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3
Australia 17.7 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4
Canada 17.9 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Tajikistan 18.6 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8
Turkmenistan 18.7 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9
Belarus 18.9 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0
Argentina 18.9 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7
Mauritius 19.0 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8
Jamaica 19.3 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7
Greece 19.4 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1
United Kingdom 19.7 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3
Bahrain 20.2 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4
Belgium 20.7 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.9 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6
Romania 21.1 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9
Croatia 21.1 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3
Slovenia 21.2 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.3 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3
Bahamas, The 21.8 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9
Lebanon 22.3 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4
Dominican Republic 22.5 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6
Panama 22.9 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1
Georgia 23.9 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7
Saudi Arabia 24.2 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3
Haiti 24.3 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3
Hungary 24.4 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7
Ireland 25.1 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8
Central Europe and the Baltics 25.5 23.3 21.3 19.5 20.1
Latvia 25.6 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6
Yemen, Rep. 25.8 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2
Sweden 25.9 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1
Suriname 26.5 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1
France 26.8 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0
Slovak Republic 27.9 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5
Italy 28.5 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2
Trinidad and Tobago 28.6 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1
Sri Lanka 29.0 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2
Albania 29.2 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8
Tunisia 29.8 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1
Puerto Rico 29.9 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3
Namibia 30.0 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0
Poland 30.2 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3
Iraq 30.6 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8
Finland 31.5 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1
Serbia 31.7 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5
Jordan 33.8 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4
Zambia 34.7 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9
Barbados 35.5 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4
Lithuania 35.6 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2
Armenia 35.7 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1
South Africa 36.2 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2
Botswana 36.3 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6
Guyana 36.6 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6
Lesotho 36.9 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4
Spain 38.4 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2
Montenegro 39.6 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6
Gabon 40.3 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3
Swaziland 40.9 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3
Algeria 41.4 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7
Bulgaria 42.1 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3
Mauritania 48.4 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.8 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9
Macedonia, FYR 55.1 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2
Curacao
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Lucia
Grenada
Kosovo
Tonga
Seychelles
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Djibouti
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Palau
Antigua and Barbuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Vanuatu
Greenland
Kiribati
Sao Tome and Principe
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Andorra
Dominica
American Samoa
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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