Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5
Rwanda 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3
Cambodia 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5
Nicaragua 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8
Vietnam 4.1 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9
Madagascar 4.5 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0
Honduras 4.5 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4
Burkina Faso 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Austria 4.7 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0
Nepal 4.7 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Kuwait 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8
Papua New Guinea 4.5 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6
Paraguay 9.2 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1
Ghana 8.4 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4
Switzerland 5.4 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4
Cameroon 9.3 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7
Japan 5.6 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2
United Arab Emirates 4.9 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7
Ethiopia 5.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Singapore 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4
Cote d'Ivoire 8.4 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guatemala 3.6 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1
Peru 7.1 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2
Bhutan 5.8 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4
Luxembourg 8.5 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1
Macao SAR, China 6.2 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4
Tanzania 6.1 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3
Czech Republic 7.8 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8
Bolivia 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7
Korea, Rep. 8.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8
Lao PDR 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7
Pakistan 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2
Cyprus 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7
Denmark 10.2 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Bangladesh 8.4 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2
Germany 8.2 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7
Malaysia 10.5 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9
Mali 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4
India 8.3 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6
Mexico 6.4 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1
Ecuador 12.7 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7
Brazil 9.7 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8
Fiji 10.4 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1
Myanmar 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2
China 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2
Costa Rica 7.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3
Senegal 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Kazakhstan 7.7 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4
Netherlands 13.5 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2
Brunei Darussalam 12.3 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2
Norway 12.9 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7
Ukraine 14.8 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7
Indonesia 14.8 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8
New Zealand 16.1 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5
Gambia, The 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5
Chad 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Mozambique 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5
Congo, Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Comoros 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0
Eritrea 12.7 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Togo 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Central African Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Angola 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7
Malawi 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5
United States 13.5 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4
Israel 14.5 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5
Iceland 12.9 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4
Azerbaijan 12.4 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9
Kyrgyz Republic 12.1 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5
Nigeria 13.8 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9
Moldova 14.1 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4
Philippines 14.4 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1
Estonia 14.4 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1
El Salvador 14.6 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8
Portugal 12.8 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2
Chile 16.3 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7
Cuba 6.3 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0
Zimbabwe 14.2 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Australia 17.7 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4
Mongolia 12.7 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6
Canada 17.9 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5
Turkey 17.3 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6
Morocco 17.2 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9
Venezuela, RB 15.5 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6
Uruguay 17.2 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8
Russian Federation 15.3 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7
Maldives 17.7 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3
Bahrain 20.2 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4
Colombia 17.5 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Haiti 24.3 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3
Bahamas, The 21.8 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0
United Kingdom 19.7 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3
Slovenia 21.2 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2
Tajikistan 18.6 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8
Belarus 18.9 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0
Greece 19.4 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1
Romania 21.1 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9
Turkmenistan 18.7 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8
Malta 15.9 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0
Belize 15.8 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4
Belgium 20.7 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3
Mauritius 19.0 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2
Ireland 25.1 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.9 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6
Hungary 24.4 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7
Dominican Republic 22.5 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6
Lebanon 22.3 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4
Sweden 25.9 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.3 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3
Latvia 25.6 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6
Croatia 21.1 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3
Panama 22.9 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1
France 26.8 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0
Saudi Arabia 24.2 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3
Yemen, Rep. 25.8 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2
Finland 31.5 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1
Slovak Republic 27.9 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5
Albania 29.2 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8
Jamaica 19.3 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7
Suriname 26.5 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1
Jordan 33.8 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7
Trinidad and Tobago 28.6 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1
Serbia 31.7 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5
Sri Lanka 29.0 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2
Georgia 23.9 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7
Poland 30.2 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3
Puerto Rico 29.9 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3
Italy 28.5 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2
Argentina 18.9 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7
South Africa 36.2 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2
Namibia 30.0 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0
Lesotho 36.9 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4
Iraq 30.6 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8
Tunisia 29.8 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1
Bulgaria 42.1 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3
Zambia 34.7 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9
Barbados 35.5 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4
Spain 38.4 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2
Lithuania 35.6 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2
Botswana 36.3 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6
Gabon 40.3 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3
Armenia 35.7 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1
Swaziland 40.9 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3
Algeria 41.4 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7
Guyana 36.6 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.8 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9
Mauritania 48.4 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6
Macedonia, FYR 55.1 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2
Montenegro 39.6 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6
Cayman Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
St. Kitts and Nevis
South Sudan
St. Lucia
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
San Marino
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Grenada
Greenland
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
New Caledonia
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kosovo
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Aruba
Seychelles
French Polynesia
Samoa
Andorra
Dominica
American Samoa
Djibouti
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Curacao
Monaco
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Faeroe Islands

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