Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.3
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Thailand 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6
Vietnam 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5
Madagascar 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0 2.1
Bhutan 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.4
Nicaragua 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8 4.7
Uganda 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9
Papua New Guinea 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6 4.8
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4
Kuwait 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Guatemala 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1 3.0
Switzerland 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4 5.6
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Lao PDR 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6
Honduras 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4 7.1
Austria 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0 4.6
Ethiopia 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Czech Republic 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8 15.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Singapore 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4 12.2
Japan 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2 10.3
Sierra Leone 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.0
Malaysia 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9 10.2
Bangladesh 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1
Bolivia 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.0
Paraguay 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5
Mexico 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7
Pakistan 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4
Tanzania 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.2
Korea, Rep. 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8 16.9
Cyprus 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7 12.4
United Arab Emirates 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7 5.2
Niger 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.8
Peru 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2 7.0
Macao SAR, China 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1
Denmark 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4
India 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6 8.8
Iceland 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4 4.4
Nepal 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3 3.8
Germany 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7 9.3
Myanmar 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2 9.4
Ecuador 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6 10.4
Luxembourg 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8 6.2
Costa Rica 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3
Brazil 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0
China 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.3
Solomon Islands 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7 11.0
Brunei Darussalam 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2 11.7
Fiji 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1 14.4
Senegal 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Netherlands 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2 6.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1 11.2
Norway 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7 9.4
Israel 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5 16.1
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8 12.3
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3
Central African Republic 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4 12.4
Philippines 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0
Congo, Rep. 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Chad 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0 12.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.3
Comoros 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Gambia, The 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Somalia 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Eritrea 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Togo 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.4
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Mozambique 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Mongolia 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6 13.4
Angola 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4 12.4
New Zealand 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2
Ghana 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.8
United States 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4 10.6
El Salvador 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7 12.7
Kazakhstan 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4 13.8
Indonesia 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8
Chile 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7 20.2
Kyrgyz Republic 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5 13.7
Cameroon 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7 12.1
Portugal 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2 7.2
Nigeria 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8
Moldova 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4 26.9
Cuba 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0 12.4
Azerbaijan 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9 17.3
Turkey 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6 15.3
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Ukraine 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7 24.3
Australia 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4 14.0
Malta 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0 16.6
Morocco 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7 22.0
Slovenia 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2 17.2
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9 16.9
Zimbabwe 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4 16.1
Canada 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5 15.3
Belgium 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3 22.7
Estonia 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1 22.3
Maldives 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7
Bahrain 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4 17.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3 14.1
Romania 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9 18.7
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Uruguay 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8 20.7
Russian Federation 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7 22.5
Mauritius 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2 20.0
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.5
Bahamas, The 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3
Hungary 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7 13.9
Ireland 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7
Turkmenistan 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9 20.4
Colombia 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2 21.5
Tajikistan 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8 19.8
Belarus 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0 19.7
Uzbekistan 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8 19.8
Haiti 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3 14.7
Venezuela, RB 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2
Slovak Republic 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5 35.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6 20.5
Latvia 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6 26.2
Dominican Republic 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6 17.9
Greece 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1 22.7
Lebanon 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Belize 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6
Sudan 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9 21.9
Saudi Arabia 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3 21.8
Sweden 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1 15.4
Yemen, Rep. 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2 22.2
Trinidad and Tobago 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7
Croatia 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3 35.5
Suriname 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.6
Albania 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8 26.7
Finland 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1 18.7
Georgia 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7 24.0
France 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0 24.7
Jamaica 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7
Barbados 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2
Jordan 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7 24.7
Panama 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6
Poland 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3 27.9
Sri Lanka 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2 21.8
Serbia 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5 28.5
Argentina 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7
Lesotho 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4 26.1
Zambia 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3
Bulgaria 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3 30.6
Puerto Rico 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6
Italy 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2 28.6
Namibia 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2
Botswana 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0
Lithuania 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2 28.8
Tunisia 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1 33.9
West Bank and Gaza 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4 16.8
Iraq 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8 32.2
Armenia 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1 35.2
Spain 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2 22.6
Gabon 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3 35.5
South Africa 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2 42.5
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3
Guyana 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6 39.5
Algeria 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7 42.1
Mauritania 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6 48.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9 50.4
Montenegro 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6 39.6
Macedonia, FYR 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2 63.6
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
South Sudan
Sao Tome and Principe
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vanuatu
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Grenada
Tonga
Bermuda
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Liechtenstein
Djibouti
Aruba
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Greenland
Andorra
Seychelles
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Monaco

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