Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Thailand 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6
Vietnam 3.9 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5
Madagascar 3.8 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7
Uganda 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Guinea 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Nicaragua 3.8 3.8 3.7 6.4 4.5
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9
Liberia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 3.8 2.2
Papua New Guinea 5.3 4.6 5.5 4.8 4.9
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4
Kuwait 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Switzerland 5.6 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7
United Arab Emirates 6.3 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3
Lao PDR 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6
Honduras 4.4 5.9 4.4 5.3 7.1
Austria 4.8 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5
Cote d'Ivoire 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Ethiopia 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Czech Republic 7.1 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9
Bhutan 6.5 6.6 4.7 3.4 3.4
Singapore 6.5 6.7 6.3 11.3 12.2
Malaysia 8.5 6.9 6.7 8.9 10.2
Japan 6.2 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4
Afghanistan 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Bangladesh 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1
Niger 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3
Paraguay 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5
Bolivia 8.5 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3
Mexico 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9
Korea, Rep. 7.5 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8
Pakistan 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4
Tanzania 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7
Cyprus 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.8 12.6
Macao SAR, China 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1
Myanmar 8.6 8.6 8.8 9.4 8.3
India 9.0 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0
Denmark 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4
Iceland 13.1 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4
Solomon Islands 8.4 9.1 9.3 9.1 9.3
Nepal 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3 3.8
Equatorial Guinea 10.1 9.6 8.8 10.1 10.0
Germany 8.3 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3
Ecuador 9.6 9.8 9.5 10.5 11.7
Azerbaijan 15.6 9.9 16.0 25.4 14.8
Angola 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Togo 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.3
Luxembourg 6.7 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4
Gambia, The 10.3 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2
Eritrea 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Guinea-Bissau 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.6 10.2
Somalia 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Costa Rica 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3
Chad 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.3
Congo, Rep. 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Comoros 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Brazil 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0
Central African Republic 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.3
Burundi 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.3
China 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.8 9.0 9.1 11.7
Mongolia 14.7 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 11.0 11.0 11.8 11.0
Fiji 9.9 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5
Netherlands 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6
Senegal 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Norway 11.7 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5
Peru 10.9 12.0 11.0 9.5 10.9
Israel 12.9 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1
Kazakhstan 10.3 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5
Belarus 13.1 12.2 13.7 14.6 15.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3
Malawi 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Philippines 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0
Timor-Leste 12.7 12.8 13.1 14.1 13.0
New Zealand 12.4 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2
United States 12.8 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
Ghana 12.6 12.9 12.0 11.8 12.8
El Salvador 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5
Chile 15.3 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3
Indonesia 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8
Mozambique 14.1 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9
Portugal 14.5 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3
Cameroon 5.9 14.0 13.3 12.7 12.0
Moldova 14.2 14.0 18.5 12.2 27.0
Nigeria 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8
Kyrgyz Republic 14.1 14.4 14.0 15.4 13.6
Cuba 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0 12.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.4 14.5 14.4 14.4
Turkey 16.5 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2
Malta 18.7 15.7 14.4 13.1 18.1
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9
Australia 15.9 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9
Morocco 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.8 22.0
Zimbabwe 15.3 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1
Slovenia 18.7 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9
Canada 16.4 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3
Ukraine 12.5 16.9 19.8 25.2 25.9
Belgium 19.7 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5
Estonia 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3
Maldives 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7
Oman 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3 14.1
Romania 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7
Mauritius 20.3 18.2 16.3 18.2 20.2
Uruguay 20.9 18.2 15.5 16.9 22.5
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3
Russian Federation 17.7 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4
Tajikistan 19.7 18.7 20.9 22.0 22.3
Bahamas, The 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3
Colombia 18.9 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6
Hungary 20.7 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0
Ireland 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7
Turkmenistan 19.1 19.3 19.2 19.7 19.9
Haiti 18.4 19.5 19.8 19.9 14.7
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.5 19.6 19.6 19.6
Venezuela, RB 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2
Slovak Republic 26.0 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1
Latvia 21.0 20.6 25.4 27.6 26.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6 20.5
Greece 19.0 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7
Dominican Republic 21.1 21.0 19.7 18.6 17.9
Guyana 21.2 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1
Saudi Arabia 24.5 21.3 23.6 22.9 21.8
Lebanon 20.5 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9
Bahrain 22.8 21.6 20.2 19.9 20.7
Belize 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6
Sudan 21.9 21.9 22.3 22.0 22.0
Sweden 21.4 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5
Trinidad and Tobago 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7
Suriname 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.6
Croatia 22.8 24.1 23.9 31.3 35.5
Finland 25.8 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7
France 23.3 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7
Georgia 27.5 24.8 24.2 24.9 24.0
Jamaica 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7
Barbados 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2
Albania 26.3 25.2 23.7 27.2 29.2
Panama 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6
Jordan 27.5 25.9 24.1 27.0 24.5
Poland 28.5 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8
Sri Lanka 27.8 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8
Serbia 27.3 26.9 28.1 27.9 27.9
Lesotho 31.6 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1
Argentina 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7
Zambia 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3
Bulgaria 33.6 29.0 29.6 26.6 30.9
Puerto Rico 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6
Italy 29.7 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6
Lithuania 34.5 31.5 28.6 29.2 28.7
Namibia 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2
Botswana 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0
Tunisia 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.9 34.3
Armenia 39.2 33.4 31.9 31.5 29.8
Iraq 33.6 33.7 32.2 34.0 32.2
West Bank and Gaza 23.4 33.9 28.9 20.6 17.0
Spain 34.6 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5
Gabon 37.1 35.2 33.4 33.2 33.0
Montenegro 35.2 35.8 41.0 40.0 40.4
Libya 36.5 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7
South Africa 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2 42.5
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.8 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4
Mauritania 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.5 49.7 55.9 51.0 49.9
Macedonia, FYR 52.4 60.1 61.5 70.2 63.6
Faeroe Islands
Seychelles
South Sudan
Greenland
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
Grenada
St. Kitts and Nevis
Liechtenstein
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Antigua and Barbuda
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Tonga
San Marino
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Samoa
Tuvalu
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica
Djibouti
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Guam
Vanuatu
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Monaco

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