Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5
Rwanda 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3
Vietnam 4.1 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2
Madagascar 4.5 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0
Bhutan 5.8 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4
Nicaragua 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9
Cambodia 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.5 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Burkina Faso 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6
Kuwait 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8
Guatemala 3.6 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1
Switzerland 5.4 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Lao PDR 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7
Honduras 4.5 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4
Austria 4.7 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0
Ethiopia 5.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Czech Republic 7.8 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8
Cote d'Ivoire 8.4 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Singapore 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4
Japan 5.6 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1
Malaysia 10.5 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9
Bangladesh 8.4 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2
Bolivia 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7
Paraguay 9.2 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1
Mexico 6.4 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2
Pakistan 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8
Tanzania 6.1 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3
Korea, Rep. 8.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8
Cyprus 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7
United Arab Emirates 4.9 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Peru 7.1 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2
Macao SAR, China 6.2 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4
Mali 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4
Denmark 10.2 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7
India 8.3 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6
Iceland 12.9 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4
Nepal 4.7 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3
Germany 8.2 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7
Myanmar 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2
Ecuador 12.7 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6
Luxembourg 8.5 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8
Costa Rica 7.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3
Brazil 9.7 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8
China 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7
Brunei Darussalam 12.3 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2
Fiji 10.4 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1
Senegal 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Netherlands 13.5 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1
Norway 12.9 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7
Israel 14.5 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6
Central African Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4
Philippines 14.4 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1
Congo, Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Chad 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4
Comoros 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Gambia, The 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Eritrea 12.7 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Togo 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Malawi 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5
Mozambique 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5
Mongolia 12.7 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6
Angola 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4
New Zealand 16.1 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1
Ghana 8.4 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4
United States 13.5 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4
El Salvador 14.6 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7
Kazakhstan 7.7 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4
Indonesia 14.8 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6
Chile 16.3 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7
Kyrgyz Republic 12.1 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5
Cameroon 9.3 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7
Portugal 12.8 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2
Nigeria 13.8 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9
Moldova 14.1 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4
Cuba 6.3 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0
Azerbaijan 12.4 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9
Turkey 17.3 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Ukraine 14.8 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7
Australia 17.7 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4
Malta 15.9 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0
Morocco 17.2 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7
Slovenia 21.2 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9
Zimbabwe 14.2 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4
Canada 17.9 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5
Belgium 20.7 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3
Estonia 14.4 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1
Maldives 17.7 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3
Bahrain 20.2 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.3 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3
Romania 21.1 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Uruguay 17.2 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8
Russian Federation 15.3 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7
Mauritius 19.0 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2
United Kingdom 19.7 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3
Bahamas, The 21.8 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0
Hungary 24.4 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7
Ireland 25.1 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8
Turkmenistan 18.7 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9
Colombia 17.5 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2
Tajikistan 18.6 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8
Belarus 18.9 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8
Haiti 24.3 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3
Venezuela, RB 15.5 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6
Slovak Republic 27.9 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.9 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6
Latvia 25.6 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6
Dominican Republic 22.5 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6
Greece 19.4 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1
Lebanon 22.3 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4
Belize 15.8 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9
Saudi Arabia 24.2 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3
Sweden 25.9 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1
Yemen, Rep. 25.8 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2
Trinidad and Tobago 28.6 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1
Croatia 21.1 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3
Suriname 26.5 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1
Albania 29.2 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8
Finland 31.5 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1
Georgia 23.9 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7
France 26.8 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0
Jamaica 19.3 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7
Barbados 35.5 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4
Jordan 33.8 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7
Panama 22.9 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1
Poland 30.2 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3
Sri Lanka 29.0 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2
Serbia 31.7 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5
Argentina 18.9 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7
Lesotho 36.9 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4
Zambia 34.7 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9
Bulgaria 42.1 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3
Puerto Rico 29.9 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3
Italy 28.5 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2
Namibia 30.0 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0
Botswana 36.3 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6
Lithuania 35.6 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2
Tunisia 29.8 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4
Iraq 30.6 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8
Armenia 35.7 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1
Spain 38.4 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2
Gabon 40.3 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3
South Africa 36.2 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2
Swaziland 40.9 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3
Guyana 36.6 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6
Algeria 41.4 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7
Mauritania 48.4 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.8 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9
Montenegro 39.6 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6
Macedonia, FYR 55.1 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
South Sudan
Sao Tome and Principe
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vanuatu
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Grenada
Tonga
Bermuda
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Liechtenstein
Djibouti
Aruba
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Greenland
Andorra
Seychelles
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Monaco

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