Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Qatar 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5
Benin 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Madagascar 4.5 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9
Nicaragua 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8
Bhutan 5.8 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4
Cambodia 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5
Burkina Faso 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6
Honduras 4.5 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Kuwait 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8
Vietnam 4.1 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Austria 4.7 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0
Mexico 6.4 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1
Papua New Guinea 4.5 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6
Luxembourg 8.5 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2
Lao PDR 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7
Singapore 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4
United Arab Emirates 4.9 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7
Ethiopia 5.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Cote d'Ivoire 8.4 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Denmark 10.2 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7
Malaysia 10.5 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9
Bolivia 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7
Japan 5.6 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1
Guatemala 3.6 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1
Tanzania 6.1 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3
Peru 7.1 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2
Cyprus 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7
Czech Republic 7.8 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Nepal 4.7 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3
Switzerland 5.4 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4
Pakistan 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8
Mali 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4
Iceland 12.9 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4
Bangladesh 8.4 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2
Korea, Rep. 8.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8
Paraguay 9.2 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1
Brunei Darussalam 12.3 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2
Netherlands 13.5 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2
Macao SAR, China 6.2 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4
Costa Rica 7.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3
Norway 12.9 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7
India 8.3 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6
Myanmar 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2
Germany 8.2 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7
China 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2
Senegal 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1
Portugal 12.8 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2
Brazil 9.7 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8
Ecuador 12.7 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6
Fiji 10.4 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1
United States 13.5 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4
Azerbaijan 12.4 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4
Comoros 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Congo, Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5
Togo 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Angola 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4
Mozambique 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0
Chad 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8
Central African Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4
Malawi 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Ghana 8.4 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Gambia, The 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5
Eritrea 12.7 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Chile 16.3 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7
Kazakhstan 7.7 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6
Cameroon 9.3 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7
Cuba 6.3 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0
New Zealand 16.1 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1
Turkey 17.3 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6
Philippines 14.4 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1
Indonesia 14.8 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6
Israel 14.5 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5
Nigeria 13.8 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9
Mongolia 12.7 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6
Kyrgyz Republic 12.1 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5
Slovenia 21.2 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7
El Salvador 14.6 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8
Malta 15.9 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Romania 21.1 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9
United Kingdom 19.7 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3
Morocco 17.2 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7
Venezuela, RB 15.5 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6
Mauritius 19.0 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2
Bahamas, The 21.8 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.3 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9
Ireland 25.1 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8
Hungary 24.4 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7
Canada 17.9 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5
Maldives 17.7 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3
Uruguay 17.2 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8
Australia 17.7 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4
Belgium 20.7 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3
Belize 15.8 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Ukraine 14.8 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7
Moldova 14.1 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4
Colombia 17.5 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2
Turkmenistan 18.7 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9
Bahrain 20.2 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4
Dominican Republic 22.5 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6
Tajikistan 18.6 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8
Belarus 18.9 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0
Haiti 24.3 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3
Zimbabwe 14.2 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.9 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6
Estonia 14.4 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1
Lebanon 22.3 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4
Poland 30.2 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3
Greece 19.4 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1
Finland 31.5 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9
Argentina 18.9 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7
Slovak Republic 27.9 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5
Panama 22.9 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1
Sweden 25.9 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1
Trinidad and Tobago 28.6 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1
Russian Federation 15.3 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7
Saudi Arabia 24.2 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3
Croatia 21.1 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3
Suriname 26.5 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1
Yemen, Rep. 25.8 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2
Georgia 23.9 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7
Albania 29.2 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8
Jordan 33.8 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7
Latvia 25.6 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6
Jamaica 19.3 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7
Barbados 35.5 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4
Sri Lanka 29.0 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2
Zambia 34.7 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9
France 26.8 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0
Botswana 36.3 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6
Lithuania 35.6 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2
Serbia 31.7 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4
Bulgaria 42.1 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3
Puerto Rico 29.9 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3
Italy 28.5 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2
Spain 38.4 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2
Namibia 30.0 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0
Tunisia 29.8 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1
Iraq 30.6 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8
Gabon 40.3 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3
Armenia 35.7 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1
Guyana 36.6 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6
Lesotho 36.9 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4
Swaziland 40.9 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3
Montenegro 39.6 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6
South Africa 36.2 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2
Algeria 41.4 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7
Mauritania 48.4 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.8 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9
Macedonia, FYR 55.1 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kiribati
Tuvalu
Kosovo
Greenland
San Marino
Vanuatu
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tonga
Palau
Liechtenstein
Samoa
Seychelles
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Dominica
Grenada
Djibouti
Andorra
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
American Samoa
Curacao
New Caledonia
Guam
Cayman Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco

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