Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Madagascar 3.8 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7
Thailand 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6
Guinea 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Nicaragua 3.8 3.8 3.7 6.4 4.5
Liberia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9
Honduras 4.4 5.9 4.4 5.3 7.1
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4
Uganda 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 3.8 2.2
Bhutan 6.5 6.6 4.7 3.4 3.4
Kuwait 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Vietnam 3.9 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5
United Arab Emirates 6.3 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3
Papua New Guinea 5.3 4.6 5.5 4.8 4.9
Mexico 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9
Austria 4.8 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5
Luxembourg 6.7 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7
Lao PDR 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6
Cote d'Ivoire 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Bolivia 8.5 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8
Singapore 6.5 6.7 6.3 11.3 12.2
Ethiopia 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Denmark 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4
Malaysia 8.5 6.9 6.7 8.9 10.2
Afghanistan 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Japan 6.2 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4
Tanzania 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3 7.2
Niger 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3
Czech Republic 7.1 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9
Cyprus 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.8 12.6
Nepal 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3 3.8
Pakistan 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4
Switzerland 5.6 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1
Iceland 13.1 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4
Bangladesh 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1
Korea, Rep. 7.5 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8
Myanmar 8.6 8.6 8.8 9.4 8.3
Equatorial Guinea 10.1 9.6 8.8 10.1 10.0
Paraguay 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.8 9.0 9.1 11.7
Netherlands 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6
Solomon Islands 8.4 9.1 9.3 9.1 9.3
Ecuador 9.6 9.8 9.5 10.5 11.7
India 9.0 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0
Macao SAR, China 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5
Costa Rica 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3
Norway 11.7 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5
Guinea-Bissau 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.6 10.2
Eritrea 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Central African Republic 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.3
Burundi 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.3
Somalia 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Gambia, The 10.3 10.2 10.3 10.2 10.2
Togo 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.3
Angola 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.3 10.3
Chad 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.3
Congo, Rep. 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Comoros 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Germany 8.3 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3
China 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2
Peru 10.9 12.0 11.0 9.5 10.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 11.0 11.0 11.8 11.0
Senegal 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Portugal 14.5 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3
Brazil 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0
Mongolia 14.7 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4
Ghana 12.6 12.9 12.0 11.8 12.8
Kazakhstan 10.3 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5
Fiji 9.9 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5
United States 12.8 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
Malawi 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Chile 15.3 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3
Timor-Leste 12.7 12.8 13.1 14.1 13.0
Cameroon 5.9 14.0 13.3 12.7 12.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3
Cuba 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0 12.4
Turkey 16.5 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2
Belarus 13.1 12.2 13.7 14.6 15.0
New Zealand 12.4 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2
Indonesia 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8
Philippines 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0
Nigeria 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8
Mozambique 14.1 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9
Kyrgyz Republic 14.1 14.4 14.0 15.4 13.6
Israel 12.9 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1
Slovenia 18.7 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2
Malta 18.7 15.7 14.4 13.1 18.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 14.4 14.5 14.4 14.4
El Salvador 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5
Uruguay 20.9 18.2 15.5 16.9 22.5
Azerbaijan 15.6 9.9 16.0 25.4 14.8
Romania 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7
United Kingdom 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3
Morocco 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.8 22.0
Mauritius 20.3 18.2 16.3 18.2 20.2
Venezuela, RB 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2
Lebanon 20.5 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3 14.1
Bahamas, The 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3
Hungary 20.7 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0
Ireland 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9
Canada 16.4 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3
Maldives 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7
Australia 15.9 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9
Oman 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.6
Belize 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6
Belgium 19.7 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5
Colombia 18.9 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6
Moldova 14.2 14.0 18.5 12.2 27.0
Turkmenistan 19.1 19.3 19.2 19.7 19.9
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.5 19.6 19.6 19.6
Dominican Republic 21.1 21.0 19.7 18.6 17.9
Ukraine 12.5 16.9 19.8 25.2 25.9
Haiti 18.4 19.5 19.8 19.9 14.7
Bahrain 22.8 21.6 20.2 19.9 20.7
Zimbabwe 15.3 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6 20.5
Estonia 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3
Tajikistan 19.7 18.7 20.9 22.0 22.3
Guyana 21.2 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 19.0 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7
Poland 28.5 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8
Argentina 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7
Finland 25.8 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7
Sudan 21.9 21.9 22.3 22.0 22.0
Slovak Republic 26.0 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1
Sweden 21.4 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5
Panama 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6
Trinidad and Tobago 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7
Russian Federation 17.7 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4
Suriname 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.6
Saudi Arabia 24.5 21.3 23.6 22.9 21.8
Albania 26.3 25.2 23.7 27.2 29.2
Croatia 22.8 24.1 23.9 31.3 35.5
Jordan 27.5 25.9 24.1 27.0 24.5
Georgia 27.5 24.8 24.2 24.9 24.0
Latvia 21.0 20.6 25.4 27.6 26.2
Jamaica 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7
Barbados 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2
Sri Lanka 27.8 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8
Zambia 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3
France 23.3 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7
Botswana 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0
Serbia 27.3 26.9 28.1 27.9 27.9
Lithuania 34.5 31.5 28.6 29.2 28.7
West Bank and Gaza 23.4 33.9 28.9 20.6 17.0
Puerto Rico 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6
Bulgaria 33.6 29.0 29.6 26.6 30.9
Italy 29.7 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6
Spain 34.6 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5
Armenia 39.2 33.4 31.9 31.5 29.8
Iraq 33.6 33.7 32.2 34.0 32.2
Namibia 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2
Gabon 37.1 35.2 33.4 33.2 33.0
Tunisia 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.9 34.3
Libya 36.5 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7
Lesotho 31.6 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.8 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4
Montenegro 35.2 35.8 41.0 40.0 40.4
South Africa 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2 42.5
Mauritania 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.5 49.7 55.9 51.0 49.9
Macedonia, FYR 52.4 60.1 61.5 70.2 63.6
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Seychelles
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Aruba
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Palau
New Caledonia
Grenada
French Polynesia
Monaco
Tonga
Guam
Djibouti
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Dominica
Andorra
Tuvalu
Kiribati
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Antigua and Barbuda
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Greenland
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa

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