Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.2
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2
Madagascar 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.8
Thailand 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6 7.4
Guinea 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Liberia 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Bhutan 6.6 4.2 3.4 3.3 4.0
Cambodia 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.9 5.3
Singapore 4.3 4.3 7.1 7.3 6.5
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 2.7 2.0
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4 5.8
Nicaragua 5.2 4.4 5.3 4.1 3.3
Honduras 5.8 4.4 5.3 7.1 6.7
Uganda 3.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Kuwait 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.4
Vietnam 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5 4.8
Ethiopia 4.3 5.2 6.2 7.3 6.5
United Arab Emirates 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3 5.0
Papua New Guinea 4.8 5.5 4.9 5.0 5.3
Mexico 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9 4.5
Luxembourg 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4 5.5
Austria 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5 5.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7 11.9
Lao PDR 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Bolivia 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8 7.6
Cote d'Ivoire 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Malaysia 6.8 6.6 8.9 10.2 8.5
Denmark 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4 6.5
Japan 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4 10.4
Nepal 8.4 7.1 5.9 3.8 4.0
Tanzania 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.6
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Cyprus 7.8 7.5 6.8 12.5 6.4
Czech Republic 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9 16.7
Switzerland 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7 5.8
Niger 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Pakistan 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4 11.2
Moldova 14.0 7.9 12.2 27.0 16.7
Mali 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1 8.2
Myanmar 8.2 8.4 8.9 7.9 7.8
Iceland 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4 5.7
Bangladesh 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1 9.6
Bahrain 8.0 8.5 7.9 7.9 9.1
Korea, Rep. 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8 13.0
Solomon Islands 8.6 8.8 8.6 8.7 9.8
Paraguay 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5 11.7
Brunei Darussalam 10.6 9.1 9.2 11.3 10.5
Netherlands 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6 4.7
India 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0 9.9
Equatorial Guinea 9.9 9.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Macao SAR, China 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5 14.1
Costa Rica 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3 9.3
Norway 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5 9.2
Chad 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Comoros 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Congo, Rep. 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Togo 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Central African Republic 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Burundi 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Angola 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Gambia, The 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Guinea-Bissau 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.1
Eritrea 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2
Somalia 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Cameroon 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.4 8.3
Germany 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3 9.1
China 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2 10.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8
Peru 11.7 11.0 10.7 11.9 11.6
Ghana 12.9 11.2 12.2 12.8 16.2
Portugal 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3 6.1
Senegal 9.7 11.5 10.0 9.8 11.4
Brazil 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0 14.9
Mongolia 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4 10.4
Fiji 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5 14.0
United States 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6 10.0
Belarus 12.2 12.1 13.8 15.1 14.4
Kazakhstan 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5 11.9
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 12.5 12.5 13.4 12.5 12.4
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
Ecuador 8.2 12.6 9.2 10.6 12.1
Chile 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3 19.5
Timor-Leste 12.8 13.0 13.9 12.9 12.7
Syrian Arab Republic 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3 13.4
Kyrgyz Republic 14.5 13.5 15.5 13.7 12.3
Turkey 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2 13.3
New Zealand 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2 14.7
Philippines 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0 21.4
Indonesia 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8 18.0
Cuba 14.7 13.9 12.3 12.7 11.0
Cabo Verde 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.9
Nigeria 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.0
Israel 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1 17.1
Slovenia 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2 14.8
El Salvador 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5 14.6
Malta 15.5 15.6 13.1 19.3 13.1
Afghanistan 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.7
Azerbaijan 9.9 16.0 17.7 14.8 29.2
Romania 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7 19.3
United Kingdom 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3 13.7
Oman 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2
Venezuela, RB 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2 22.3
Lebanon 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9 22.4
Mauritius 18.3 16.4 18.2 20.2 17.1
Bahamas, The 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3 11.1
Ireland 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7 6.1
Hungary 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0 13.8
Kenya 16.8 16.9 16.8 16.8 16.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.9 16.9 16.3 14.1 17.2
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9 18.6
Canada 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3 13.8
Maldives 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7 17.3
Australia 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9 12.8
Belgium 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5 12.9
Belize 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6 14.0
Colombia 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6 25.0
Turkmenistan 18.7 18.4 19.5 20.1 20.3
Uruguay 17.5 18.8 17.3 19.4 21.7
Tajikistan 18.8 18.8 20.9 22.5 21.4
Uzbekistan 19.2 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.3
Haiti 19.0 19.4 19.5 14.7 15.2
Sudan 19.2 19.6 19.3 19.3 19.3
Dominican Republic 21.2 19.8 18.8 18.1 16.3
Ukraine 17.1 20.0 25.4 26.1 26.1
Zimbabwe 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1 16.4
Estonia 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3 24.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.3 21.0 21.6 20.6 21.2
Guyana 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7 21.9
Poland 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8 33.0
Finland 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7 18.9
Argentina 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7 22.6
Slovak Republic 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1 39.6
Sweden 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5 12.3
Jordan 25.9 22.8 25.4 22.2 25.6
Panama 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6 24.9
Trinidad and Tobago 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7 20.3
Russian Federation 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4 19.5
Albania 25.4 23.6 27.6 29.4 25.8
Suriname 24.3 23.7 24.2 24.6 34.0
Saudi Arabia 21.6 23.8 23.1 21.8 21.9
Croatia 24.5 24.2 31.3 35.5 39.9
Georgia 24.9 24.3 25.4 24.0 21.4
Latvia 22.0 25.4 27.6 26.2 21.0
Jamaica 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7 25.3
Barbados 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2 17.9
Sri Lanka 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8 20.2
Zambia 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3 23.5
France 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7 18.9
Botswana 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0 35.9
Serbia 26.4 27.5 27.3 27.3 25.2
Lithuania 31.0 28.6 29.2 28.7 29.5
Bulgaria 28.6 29.2 26.2 30.5 36.0
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 29.2 20.7 17.1 20.4
Puerto Rico 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6 24.1
Italy 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6 28.3
Iraq 33.6 30.9 33.9 32.2 32.5
Spain 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5 20.3
Morocco 29.2 31.8 34.5 22.0 21.4
Armenia 33.4 31.9 31.5 31.6 31.4
Namibia 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2 42.1
Tunisia 31.8 33.4 36.9 34.3 34.0
Gabon 35.4 33.5 33.3 33.1 32.9
Libya 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.7 36.7
Lesotho 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1 28.4
Swaziland 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4 46.1
Montenegro 35.9 41.0 41.9 40.4 35.7
Mozambique 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.5 41.5
South Africa 38.0 41.6 40.2 42.5 43.2
Mauritania 49.6 49.7 49.8 50.0 50.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 57.4 52.4 50.9 49.4
Macedonia, FYR 60.0 61.4 70.2 63.6 58.2
Faroe Islands
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Djibouti
San Marino
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Turks and Caicos Islands
New Caledonia
Antigua and Barbuda
Tonga
South Sudan
Seychelles
Aruba
Curacao
Greenland
Guam
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Dominica
French Polynesia
Andorra
Grenada
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Samoa

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