Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5
Rwanda 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Madagascar 4.5 4.0 3.4 2.2 2.0
Bhutan 5.8 6.8 3.7 3.9 3.4
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9
Vietnam 4.1 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.2
Switzerland 5.4 5.7 5.1 7.9 4.4
Cambodia 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5
Burkina Faso 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6
Papua New Guinea 4.5 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.6
Liberia 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Kuwait 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8
Austria 4.7 4.8 6.2 5.6 5.0
Mexico 6.4 9.1 7.5 5.6 5.1
Guinea 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Honduras 4.5 4.4 6.0 4.5 5.4
United Arab Emirates 4.9 6.3 7.8 6.3 5.7
Lao PDR 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.8 5.7
Luxembourg 8.5 6.8 10.2 5.6 5.8
Guatemala 3.6 6.5 5.0 7.0 6.1
Nepal 4.7 5.1 9.3 7.8 6.3
Ethiopia 5.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Iceland 12.9 13.1 9.2 8.3 6.4
Cote d'Ivoire 8.4 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Bolivia 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.7
Denmark 10.2 7.8 9.0 6.6 6.7
Cyprus 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 6.7
Nicaragua 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 6.8
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1
Peru 7.1 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2
Bangladesh 8.4 8.1 7.1 8.5 7.2
Tanzania 6.1 7.2 7.6 7.2 7.3
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Portugal 12.8 14.5 14.0 11.6 8.2
Japan 5.6 6.1 6.8 6.9 8.2
Netherlands 13.5 11.5 11.2 9.2 8.2
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 8.3
Mali 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4
India 8.3 9.0 9.0 10.1 8.6
Ecuador 12.7 9.3 10.1 11.8 8.6
Norway 12.9 11.7 11.8 10.0 8.7
Pakistan 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.8
Malaysia 10.5 8.7 7.0 6.8 8.9
Paraguay 9.2 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.1
Brunei Darussalam 12.3 11.6 10.9 9.1 9.2
Costa Rica 7.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.3
Syrian Arab Republic 9.6 9.3 12.3 13.3 9.6
Germany 8.2 8.3 9.6 10.7 9.7
Bahamas, The 21.8 18.4 18.8 16.7 10.0
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.5 10.7 11.1 10.7
Czech Republic 7.8 7.2 6.4 7.5 10.8
Senegal 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
China 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.2
Myanmar 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.2
United States 13.5 12.7 13.0 12.1 11.4
Singapore 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.3 11.4
Ireland 25.1 20.3 19.1 16.8 11.8
Cuba 6.3 15.5 14.4 13.6 12.0
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 6.5 6.6 11.2 11.2 12.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 7.7 7.6 5.7 12.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.4
Ghana 8.4 5.6 12.9 12.5 12.4
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Congo, Rep. 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Togo 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.4
Comoros 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Central African Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.5 12.4
Moldova 14.1 13.8 14.1 18.8 12.4
Eritrea 12.7 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4
Angola 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.5 12.4
Malawi 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.5
Mozambique 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.5
Cabo Verde 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Gambia, The 12.4 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5
Burundi 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.5
Chad 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5
Equatorial Guinea 12.6 12.6 13.3 14.5 12.7
Cameroon 9.3 5.9 14.0 13.4 12.7
El Salvador 14.6 14.3 13.2 14.9 12.8
Macao SAR, China 6.2 7.0 8.3 9.8 13.4
Kazakhstan 7.7 11.3 13.4 13.3 13.4
Mongolia 12.7 16.1 12.7 14.0 13.6
Botswana 36.3 35.4 31.7 26.9 13.6
Chile 16.3 14.8 13.5 12.8 13.7
Timor-Leste 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.8
Brazil 9.7 9.7 10.3 11.7 13.8
Nigeria 13.8 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.9
Malta 15.9 19.2 16.4 15.4 14.0
United Kingdom 19.7 18.4 18.4 16.1 14.3
Turkey 17.3 16.7 14.6 13.7 14.6
Azerbaijan 12.4 13.6 14.5 12.2 14.9
Fiji 10.4 9.9 11.1 12.0 15.1
Australia 17.7 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.4
Kyrgyz Republic 12.1 13.7 13.9 14.1 15.5
Morocco 17.2 16.8 16.5 16.1 15.7
Hungary 24.4 20.7 19.0 17.0 15.7
Afghanistan 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
New Zealand 16.1 12.3 12.9 13.7 16.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.3 21.9 17.7 16.7 16.3
Israel 14.5 12.8 12.1 13.9 16.5
Canada 17.9 16.3 16.9 17.1 16.5
Indonesia 14.8 11.9 13.4 13.8 16.6
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.9
Romania 21.1 18.9 17.8 16.0 16.9
Estonia 14.4 14.1 17.3 20.8 17.1
Philippines 14.4 14.1 12.4 13.8 17.1
Slovenia 21.2 18.7 16.9 14.4 17.2
Maldives 17.7 17.7 17.4 17.2 17.3
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Sweden 25.9 21.3 22.6 22.8 18.1
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Mauritius 19.0 20.1 18.3 16.5 18.2
Belgium 20.7 19.8 17.3 17.6 18.3
Bahrain 20.2 17.8 17.6 19.2 18.4
Zimbabwe 14.2 15.6 16.9 20.2 18.4
Dominican Republic 22.5 21.0 21.0 19.6 18.6
Venezuela, RB 15.5 17.3 20.2 16.3 18.6
Belize 15.8 19.4 21.8 17.7 19.4
Korea, Rep. 8.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 19.8
Tajikistan 18.6 18.8 19.4 19.7 19.8
Uzbekistan 19.1 19.2 19.7 19.8 19.8
Turkmenistan 18.7 19.0 19.2 19.0 19.9
Belarus 18.9 18.9 19.7 20.2 20.0
Finland 31.5 25.8 24.3 22.0 20.1
Colombia 17.5 17.9 19.3 19.0 20.2
Haiti 24.3 18.3 19.8 20.2 20.3
Barbados 35.5 33.9 25.0 26.1 20.4
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 34.5 33.6 28.7 20.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.9 20.6 20.6 20.5 20.6
Argentina 18.9 29.8 27.8 22.1 20.7
Greece 19.4 18.9 21.0 21.7 21.1
Sri Lanka 29.0 28.0 26.7 26.3 21.2
Poland 30.2 28.5 25.9 21.7 21.3
Lebanon 22.3 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4
Uruguay 17.2 17.7 18.2 17.3 21.8
Zambia 34.7 33.7 27.9 26.4 21.9
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9
Panama 22.9 22.7 25.5 22.8 23.1
Trinidad and Tobago 28.6 28.0 23.5 22.9 23.1
Saudi Arabia 24.2 24.2 22.3 23.1 23.3
Ukraine 14.8 11.8 15.9 18.7 23.7
France 26.8 23.4 24.8 26.7 24.0
Suriname 26.5 26.7 24.1 23.6 24.1
Georgia 23.9 28.2 24.5 23.9 24.7
Albania 29.2 26.0 24.1 24.1 24.8
Yemen, Rep. 25.8 24.3 22.7 23.8 25.2
Jamaica 19.3 26.3 24.9 25.6 25.7
Jordan 33.8 27.1 25.5 24.4 25.7
Puerto Rico 29.9 28.8 29.8 29.5 26.3
Bulgaria 42.1 33.2 28.7 29.3 26.3
Slovak Republic 27.9 26.0 20.6 22.6 26.5
Russian Federation 15.3 17.7 18.3 23.1 26.7
Latvia 25.6 22.1 20.9 25.4 27.6
Spain 38.4 34.6 34.4 31.7 28.2
Serbia 31.7 28.0 27.5 28.7 28.5
Lithuania 35.6 35.0 32.0 28.6 29.2
Italy 28.5 29.6 30.7 29.7 30.2
Croatia 21.1 22.7 23.9 23.6 31.3
Lesotho 36.9 31.6 27.8 38.4 32.4
Iraq 30.6 32.2 33.9 33.8 33.8
Namibia 30.0 30.8 31.6 32.7 35.0
Gabon 40.3 38.2 36.6 35.0 35.3
Tunisia 29.8 32.4 32.9 33.4 36.1
Swaziland 40.9 42.0 41.5 39.3 39.3
Montenegro 39.6 52.8 54.0 40.7 39.6
South Africa 36.2 30.7 38.3 41.9 40.2
Armenia 35.7 39.2 34.0 35.9 42.1
Guyana 36.6 45.8 41.8 37.9 43.6
Algeria 41.4 45.0 44.3 42.8 43.7
Mauritania 48.4 48.8 48.7 48.4 48.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.8 48.6 49.8 56.7 51.9
Macedonia, FYR 55.1 51.1 60.4 61.5 70.2
Vanuatu
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Guam
St. Lucia
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kosovo
Sao Tome and Principe
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
New Caledonia
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Kiribati
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Grenada
Bermuda
Djibouti
Isle of Man
Curacao
Antigua and Barbuda
Samoa
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Seychelles
Monaco
Dominica
French Polynesia

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