Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7 1.2
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benin 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2
Madagascar 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.8
Guinea 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8
Bhutan 6.6 4.2 3.4 3.3 4.0
Liberia 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Vietnam 3.3 5.1 4.2 4.5 4.8
Switzerland 5.2 7.9 4.4 5.7 5.8
Uganda 3.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Cambodia 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.9 5.3
Burkina Faso 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.4 5.8
Guatemala 4.5 4.3 4.6 2.7 2.0
Bolivia 7.3 6.3 4.8 6.8 7.6
Kuwait 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.4
Papua New Guinea 4.8 5.5 4.9 5.0 5.3
Austria 6.1 5.6 5.0 4.5 5.0
Mexico 7.5 5.6 5.1 2.9 4.5
Nicaragua 5.2 4.4 5.3 4.1 3.3
Honduras 5.8 4.4 5.3 7.1 6.7
Lao PDR 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Luxembourg 10.2 5.6 5.9 6.4 5.5
Nepal 8.4 7.1 5.9 3.8 4.0
Ethiopia 4.3 5.2 6.2 7.3 6.5
Iceland 9.1 8.4 6.3 4.4 5.7
Cote d'Ivoire 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Denmark 9.0 6.6 6.7 9.4 6.5
Cyprus 7.8 7.5 6.8 12.5 6.4
United Arab Emirates 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.3 5.0
Singapore 4.3 4.3 7.1 7.3 6.5
Sierra Leone 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Bangladesh 7.1 8.5 7.2 9.1 9.6
Tanzania 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.6
Niger 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Bahrain 8.0 8.5 7.9 7.9 9.1
Portugal 14.0 11.4 8.2 7.3 6.1
Japan 6.9 7.0 8.2 10.4 10.4
Netherlands 11.2 9.2 8.3 6.6 4.7
Thailand 2.7 2.6 8.3 8.6 7.4
Mali 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1 8.2
Solomon Islands 8.6 8.8 8.6 8.7 9.8
Norway 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.5 9.2
Pakistan 7.6 7.9 8.8 9.4 11.2
Myanmar 8.2 8.4 8.9 7.9 7.8
Malaysia 6.8 6.6 8.9 10.2 8.5
Paraguay 7.2 9.0 9.1 10.5 11.7
Brunei Darussalam 10.6 9.1 9.2 11.3 10.5
Ecuador 8.2 12.6 9.2 10.6 12.1
Costa Rica 10.3 9.9 9.3 11.3 9.3
Syrian Arab Republic 12.3 13.3 9.6 10.3 13.4
Germany 9.7 10.7 9.7 9.3 9.1
Cameroon 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.4 8.3
Bahamas, The 18.8 16.7 10.0 10.3 11.1
Senegal 9.7 11.5 10.0 9.8 11.4
Equatorial Guinea 9.9 9.5 10.0 10.0 10.0
Gambia, The 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Somalia 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Comoros 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Chad 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
India 9.0 9.5 10.1 10.0 9.9
Congo, Rep. 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Central African Republic 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Togo 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Burundi 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Eritrea 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2
Angola 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
Guinea-Bissau 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.1
Peru 11.7 11.0 10.7 11.9 11.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8
Czech Republic 6.5 7.5 10.8 15.9 16.7
China 10.6 10.8 11.2 11.2 10.9
United States 12.9 12.1 11.4 10.6 10.0
Mongolia 11.0 11.8 11.5 11.4 10.4
Ireland 19.1 16.8 11.8 8.7 6.1
Kazakhstan 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.5 11.9
Ghana 12.9 11.2 12.2 12.8 16.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 5.7 12.2 15.7 11.9
Moldova 14.0 7.9 12.2 27.0 16.7
Cuba 14.7 13.9 12.3 12.7 11.0
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
El Salvador 13.2 14.9 12.8 14.5 14.6
Malta 15.5 15.6 13.1 19.3 13.1
Macao SAR, China 8.3 9.8 13.4 15.5 14.1
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 12.5 12.5 13.4 12.5 12.4
Chile 13.4 12.8 13.6 20.3 19.5
Botswana 31.7 26.9 13.6 37.0 35.9
Brazil 10.3 11.7 13.8 15.0 14.9
Belarus 12.2 12.1 13.8 15.1 14.4
Timor-Leste 12.8 13.0 13.9 12.9 12.7
Nigeria 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.0
Cabo Verde 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.9
United Kingdom 18.4 16.1 14.3 14.3 13.7
Turkey 14.5 13.6 14.6 15.2 13.3
Fiji 11.1 12.1 15.1 14.5 14.0
Australia 16.4 17.4 15.4 13.9 12.8
Kyrgyz Republic 14.5 13.5 15.5 13.7 12.3
Hungary 18.9 16.8 15.7 14.0 13.8
Afghanistan 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.7
New Zealand 12.9 13.7 16.1 15.2 14.7
Oman 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.9 16.9 16.3 14.1 17.2
Israel 12.1 14.0 16.4 16.1 17.1
Canada 16.9 17.1 16.6 15.3 13.8
Indonesia 13.4 13.8 16.6 16.8 18.0
Kenya 16.8 16.9 16.8 16.8 16.9
Romania 17.8 16.0 16.8 18.7 19.3
Estonia 17.3 20.8 17.0 22.3 24.7
Philippines 12.4 13.8 17.1 18.0 21.4
Slovenia 16.8 14.3 17.2 17.2 14.8
Uruguay 17.5 18.8 17.3 19.4 21.7
Maldives 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.7 17.3
Azerbaijan 9.9 16.0 17.7 14.8 29.2
Sweden 22.6 22.7 18.0 15.5 12.3
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 17.0 18.1 15.9 18.6
Mauritius 18.3 16.4 18.2 20.2 17.1
Belgium 17.3 17.7 18.3 22.5 12.9
Zimbabwe 16.6 20.2 18.4 16.1 16.4
Venezuela, RB 20.2 16.3 18.6 22.2 22.3
Dominican Republic 21.2 19.8 18.8 18.1 16.3
Sudan 19.2 19.6 19.3 19.3 19.3
Uzbekistan 19.2 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.3
Belize 21.8 17.7 19.4 15.6 14.0
Haiti 19.0 19.4 19.5 14.7 15.2
Turkmenistan 18.7 18.4 19.5 20.1 20.3
Korea, Rep. 7.5 8.7 19.9 16.8 13.0
Finland 24.4 22.1 20.1 18.7 18.9
Barbados 25.0 26.1 20.4 18.2 17.9
Colombia 18.9 18.3 20.4 22.6 25.0
West Bank and Gaza 34.1 29.2 20.7 17.1 20.4
Argentina 27.8 22.1 20.7 22.7 22.6
Tajikistan 18.8 18.8 20.9 22.5 21.4
Guyana 21.2 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 21.0 21.7 21.2 22.7 21.9
Sri Lanka 26.5 26.2 21.2 21.8 20.2
Poland 26.0 21.8 21.3 27.8 33.0
Lebanon 21.3 16.3 21.4 21.9 22.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.3 21.0 21.6 20.6 21.2
Zambia 27.9 26.4 21.9 22.3 23.5
Trinidad and Tobago 23.5 22.9 23.1 21.7 20.3
Panama 25.5 22.8 23.1 19.6 24.9
Saudi Arabia 21.6 23.8 23.1 21.8 21.9
France 24.8 26.7 23.9 24.7 18.9
Suriname 24.3 23.7 24.2 24.6 34.0
Ukraine 17.1 20.0 25.4 26.1 26.1
Jordan 25.9 22.8 25.4 22.2 25.6
Georgia 24.9 24.3 25.4 24.0 21.4
Jamaica 24.9 25.6 25.7 25.7 25.3
Bulgaria 28.6 29.2 26.2 30.5 36.0
Puerto Rico 29.8 29.5 26.3 25.6 24.1
Slovak Republic 20.5 22.6 26.4 35.1 39.6
Russian Federation 18.4 23.1 26.8 22.4 19.5
Serbia 26.4 27.5 27.3 27.3 25.2
Latvia 22.0 25.4 27.6 26.2 21.0
Albania 25.4 23.6 27.6 29.4 25.8
Spain 34.4 31.8 28.2 22.5 20.3
Lithuania 31.0 28.6 29.2 28.7 29.5
Italy 30.6 29.7 30.1 28.6 28.3
Croatia 24.5 24.2 31.3 35.5 39.9
Armenia 33.4 31.9 31.5 31.6 31.4
Lesotho 27.5 38.4 32.4 26.1 28.4
Gabon 35.4 33.5 33.3 33.1 32.9
Iraq 33.6 30.9 33.9 32.2 32.5
Morocco 29.2 31.8 34.5 22.0 21.4
Namibia 31.6 32.7 35.0 37.2 42.1
Libya 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.7 36.7
Tunisia 31.8 33.4 36.9 34.3 34.0
Swaziland 41.5 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3
Algeria 42.9 39.4 39.4 39.4 46.1
South Africa 38.0 41.6 40.2 42.5 43.2
Mozambique 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.5 41.5
Montenegro 35.9 41.0 41.9 40.4 35.7
Mauritania 49.6 49.7 49.8 50.0 50.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 57.4 52.4 50.9 49.4
Macedonia, FYR 60.0 61.4 70.2 63.6 58.2
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Cayman Islands
St. Lucia
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Guam
Grenada
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Samoa
New Caledonia
Kiribati
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Sao Tome and Principe
San Marino
French Polynesia
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Faroe Islands
Seychelles
Dominica
Aruba
Djibouti
Vanuatu
Tonga
Andorra
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Monaco
Greenland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

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