Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Rwanda 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Qatar 1.3 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.4
Madagascar 4.1 1.7 4.2 4.6 5.1
Benin 2.3 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.6
Uganda 4.0 3.2 3.3 3.3 4.7
Cambodia 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.6
Liberia 4.7 3.6 5.3 5.7 5.1
Cuba 4.0 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.2
Tanzania 4.9 4.0 6.5 2.8 3.8
Vietnam 4.2 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.7
Lao PDR 7.2 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.1
Ethiopia 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Guatemala 4.9 4.6 4.3 3.9 4.3
Thailand 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.8 5.1
Guinea 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.2 4.4 6.4 6.4
Honduras 7.8 5.3 4.2 4.0 4.2
Nepal 4.6 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.9
Bhutan 5.9 5.6 8.0 9.7 10.1
Mexico 5.9 6.1 5.4 6.2 6.2
United Arab Emirates 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.7 8.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Bangladesh 7.0 6.7 8.1 8.3 8.5
Zimbabwe 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.8
Sierra Leone 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Ghana 13.6 7.2 5.8 5.8 5.8
Bolivia 6.0 7.5 7.4 7.3 4.0
Cameroon 7.7 7.5 6.5 6.9 7.8
Nicaragua 9.3 7.9 8.1 6.1 7.6
Niger 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.9
Netherlands 7.9 8.0 6.1 5.6 5.4
Peru 8.0 8.0 7.1 6.9 6.9
Iceland 9.2 8.3 8.9 7.7 8.8
Kazakhstan 12.9 8.3 8.0 7.5 6.8
Switzerland 8.0 8.4 7.9 6.8 6.7
Mali 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.3
Denmark 8.9 8.6 7.9 7.6 7.4
Fiji 8.8 8.7 12.4 15.7 17.3
Paraguay 11.3 8.9 10.4 8.5 8.6
Myanmar 9.1 9.1 9.2 9.3 10.4
Ireland 8.9 9.1 9.0 9.9 15.5
Solomon Islands 9.8 9.2 10.4 10.0 9.9
Brunei Darussalam 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.1
New Zealand 9.0 9.4 9.6 10.0 11.7
India 9.0 9.8 9.8 9.2 10.0
Japan 10.6 9.9 8.8 8.3 7.9
China 10.4 10.1 9.7 9.2 10.6
Malaysia 10.4 10.4 9.9 10.3 10.0
Pakistan 11.1 10.5 8.5 7.2 7.1
Austria 9.3 10.7 8.8 8.2 7.8
Australia 11.8 10.9 10.5 9.5 9.0
Macao SAR, China 14.3 10.9 8.5 8.7 7.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 10.8 11.0 10.9 10.8 11.4
Senegal 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Costa Rica 12.3 11.4 11.0 8.6 9.8
Ecuador 11.6 11.6 11.0 9.0 10.8
Luxembourg 12.0 11.7 17.0 13.5 12.5
Latvia 14.9 11.8 10.6 11.3 13.3
Korea, Rep. 11.9 11.9 11.3 11.0 11.1
Norway 12.3 12.3 8.6 7.9 8.2
Togo 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Gambia, The 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5
Comoros 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Eritrea 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.3
Cyprus 7.8 12.4 8.5 10.2 8.1
Central African Republic 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.4 12.4
Burundi 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5
Guinea-Bissau 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
Mozambique 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Somalia 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4
Cabo Verde 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Equatorial Guinea 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.6 12.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Congo, Rep. 12.4 12.5 12.5 12.4 12.5
Chad 12.8 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.4
Malawi 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.6 12.6
United States 12.9 12.6 11.4 11.8 14.6
Angola 12.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.6
Kuwait 12.0 12.7 11.0 11.1 10.9
Trinidad and Tobago 13.4 12.8 10.0 9.2 8.7
Kyrgyz Republic 13.5 13.3 13.6 13.8 14.1
Singapore 14.5 13.5 11.8 10.0 10.7
Belize 14.1 13.7 12.6 11.4 11.1
Portugal 13.5 13.7 14.5 13.5 13.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 15.0 13.7 13.0 11.0 10.5
United Kingdom 12.0 13.8 15.9 16.0 16.3
El Salvador 12.5 13.9 13.4 12.4 11.8
Syrian Arab Republic 14.7 14.0 12.4 12.8 16.9
Nigeria 14.3 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
Canada 14.9 14.2 12.9 12.3 13.0
Russian Federation 16.1 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.2
Timor-Leste 15.4 14.4 13.5 14.3 13.1
Slovenia 13.9 14.6 11.6 9.4 9.9
Haiti 16.4 14.9 14.8 14.5 15.2
Mongolia 11.6 15.2 10.7 10.6 10.4
Ukraine 15.9 15.3 14.2 13.4 13.4
Brazil 14.2 15.3 13.8 12.9 11.8
Philippines 20.5 15.3 17.1 16.3 16.0
Lithuania 23.6 16.0 9.9 6.9 12.6
Maldives 16.8 16.1 15.5 17.1 16.8
Germany 14.1 16.1 14.3 12.2 10.6
Morocco 15.8 16.2 17.5 18.2 19.2
Estonia 23.5 16.6 10.0 12.2 12.6
Venezuela, RB 21.7 16.8 14.3 12.8 12.3
Bahamas, The 20.0 16.8 13.2 16.6 16.2
Israel 19.7 16.9 17.3 15.1 11.9
Kenya 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8
Azerbaijan 14.9 17.0 17.8 17.6 18.8
Spain 19.3 17.2 15.4 15.7 24.5
Chile 18.8 17.4 16.4 16.1 17.8
Panama 21.0 17.5 15.1 12.1 11.3
Malta 18.9 17.7 16.9 15.6 13.5
Libya 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Oman 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1 18.1
Afghanistan 15.9 18.2 18.3 18.2 18.3
Finland 19.5 18.4 17.0 14.8 15.3
Barbados 19.9 18.5 17.7 15.1 16.6
Colombia 18.4 18.6 17.2 19.5 21.5
Greece 18.9 18.6 17.5 15.6 16.8
Turkey 19.9 19.0 17.8 19.0 19.5
Moldova 21.5 19.2 17.9 14.9 10.3
Uruguay 19.8 19.2 22.9 20.4 15.8
France 19.7 19.3 20.2 18.1 18.3
Czech Republic 21.1 19.4 16.6 10.6 9.9
Hungary 16.2 19.6 18.6 17.7 19.1
Tajikistan 20.1 19.9 19.9 20.0 20.0
Jamaica 22.3 19.9 17.6 17.3 19.5
Uzbekistan 19.9 19.9 20.0 20.1 20.0
Belarus 20.2 20.1 20.1 20.0 20.1
Turkmenistan 20.3 20.2 20.1 20.1 20.3
Mauritius 21.6 20.6 17.9 19.5 14.8
Sri Lanka 21.3 20.7 17.1 16.6 14.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.3 20.9 20.6 19.8 20.1
Belgium 20.2 21.0 18.8 17.1 17.3
Lebanon 21.2 21.4 21.7 23.1 23.1
Italy 21.2 21.5 19.1 18.3 18.9
Romania 25.2 21.6 22.3 21.1 18.9
Sudan 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9
Argentina 25.3 21.9 20.8 17.0 16.6
Suriname 21.3 22.3 21.9 22.2 22.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.9 22.7 20.9 17.3 15.8
Sweden 17.8 22.8 21.0 19.2 20.1
Bulgaria 24.8 23.2 18.7 14.4 13.6
Albania 23.2 23.3 22.9 25.5 27.3
Dominican Republic 24.1 23.5 21.4 21.2 19.9
Saudi Arabia 20.4 24.1 30.4 25.7 24.5
Yemen, Rep. 22.2 24.9 24.3 23.7 23.3
Bahrain 24.9 24.9 24.9 24.8 24.8
Puerto Rico 22.4 25.2 23.0 24.5 28.2
Zambia 25.7 26.3 27.6 27.5 26.8
Georgia 24.7 26.5 28.2 27.8 32.7
Algeria 40.3 28.1 21.9 25.2 21.9
Tunisia 30.4 28.3 27.9 27.9 28.2
Jordan 26.1 28.8 26.5 24.4 23.6
Indonesia 26.1 29.1 28.2 24.2 22.0
Croatia 29.4 30.3 27.3 21.0 18.7
Slovak Republic 34.3 30.8 26.4 20.3 18.2
Botswana 34.3 33.0 26.4 19.0 32.8
Iraq 49.4 33.3 32.5 31.5 28.7
Namibia 37.3 35.4 38.5 32.7 55.4
Lesotho 35.5 36.1 32.3 26.2 29.0
Poland 38.6 36.3 28.1 19.8 15.1
Gabon 36.7 36.9 37.1 37.4 35.2
West Bank and Gaza 38.9 37.8 34.4 33.8 38.7
Swaziland 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3
South Africa 46.0 43.0 41.7 41.3 41.5
Serbia 39.0 44.0 42.0 39.6 30.1
Armenia 40.7 46.2 37.7 48.8 46.4
Guyana 44.1 46.3 40.2 32.7 33.8
Mauritania 49.6 49.1 48.6 48.0 47.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 56.6 50.3 60.5 55.9 44.9
Montenegro 54.5 56.6 46.4 32.8 32.4
Macedonia, FYR 65.0 63.1 59.0 57.5 55.8
Samoa
Kiribati
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
Kosovo
Vanuatu
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Grenada
Seychelles
Monaco
Isle of Man
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Bermuda
Djibouti
Aruba
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau
St. Lucia
South Sudan
French Polynesia

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