Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.3 18.3
Albania 31.0 29.2 26.4 28.1 26.5
Algeria 45.0 49.2 48.8 46.6 47.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 13.0 12.5 12.4 12.8 13.0
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 21.2 33.1 30.6 25.3 22.5
Armenia 43.4 46.2 41.6 40.7 51.4
Aruba
Australia 17.1 15.4 15.7 16.1 14.6
Austria 5.0 5.2 6.3 6.3 5.7
Azerbaijan 11.5 12.3 13.9 12.9 13.8
Bahamas, The 24.3 20.8 23.8 22.2 15.3
Bahrain 22.4 20.5 20.3 22.2 21.4
Bangladesh 7.8 7.3 6.2 7.8 6.4
Barbados 42.2 38.1 28.3 30.2 24.6
Belarus 20.1 20.1 21.1 21.6 21.4
Belgium 22.0 21.6 20.5 21.3 20.4
Belize 20.8 23.6 25.2 23.7 25.0
Benin 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.4
Bermuda
Bhutan 6.1 7.7 4.2 4.4 3.8
Bolivia 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 56.7 51.3 52.4 58.1 54.5
Botswana 40.2 39.4 35.6 30.1 14.4
Brazil 11.4 11.4 12.6 14.4 17.2
Brunei Darussalam 12.6 12.0 11.4 9.8 9.9
Bulgaria 40.2 31.7 27.5 28.1 25.2
Burkina Faso 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8
Burundi 13.1 13.3 13.3 13.0 12.9
Cabo Verde 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
Cambodia 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.6 5.0
Cameroon 10.1 6.3 14.9 14.2 13.5
Canada 15.9 14.8 15.4 16.2 15.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 12.8 12.8 13.2 12.7 12.8
Chad 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.8
Chile 18.0 16.5 15.2 14.8 15.3
China 8.4 8.9 9.1 9.2 9.6
Colombia 21.1 21.5 23.6 23.3 25.2
Comoros 12.8 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13.2 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.1
Congo, Rep. 13.1 12.9 12.9 13.0 12.9
Costa Rica 8.6 11.7 12.3 12.0 12.2
Cote d'Ivoire 7.8 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Croatia 24.4 25.2 25.4 25.1 30.4
Cuba 6.7 16.4 15.3 14.5 12.8
Curacao
Cyprus 7.8 8.1 8.3 7.3 9.5
Czech Republic 8.7 7.8 7.2 8.6 12.5
Denmark 10.2 9.9 10.6 8.2 7.2
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 29.9 28.6 29.9 28.8 27.2
Ecuador 15.3 11.2 12.2 14.2 10.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.4 32.6 26.2 24.7 24.1
El Salvador 13.3 14.2 13.8 13.9 12.9
Equatorial Guinea 12.5 12.5 11.7 10.9 12.4
Eritrea 12.4 12.9 12.7 12.7 12.9
Estonia 13.9 13.9 16.0 18.5 14.9
Ethiopia 9.9 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.6
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 12.4 11.8 12.9 14.5 18.2
Finland 31.1 27.0 25.0 23.3 22.1
France 28.3 26.6 27.1 28.5 25.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 40.7 39.7 38.9 38.2 38.3
Gambia, The 12.9 13.1 12.8 12.8 12.8
Georgia 26.5 29.8 27.0 26.8 27.1
Germany 8.2 8.2 9.4 10.2 9.0
Ghana 10.1 6.3 15.3 15.1 15.1
Greece 26.4 26.4 29.3 29.3 28.7
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 4.0 7.2 5.6 7.8 6.8
Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Guinea-Bissau 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8 13.8
Guyana 41.5 49.5 45.4 41.2 44.3
Haiti 28.5 23.7 24.9 25.2 25.3
Honduras 5.3 5.2 7.1 5.4 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.4 6.8 6.6 5.1 10.7
Hungary 20.9 18.6 17.9 16.0 14.0
Iceland 11.5 10.9 8.4 7.7 6.0
India 8.2 8.9 8.9 10.1 8.5
Indonesia 15.9 12.7 14.4 14.7 17.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.8 22.4 22.4 22.6 22.6
Iraq 34.1 35.9 37.7 37.7 37.7
Ireland 23.1 18.9 18.1 15.9 11.4
Isle of Man
Israel 16.7 14.9 13.5 14.9 17.0
Italy 31.4 33.1 34.5 34.3 33.6
Jamaica 28.4 35.6 36.1 35.2 35.5
Japan 5.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 7.7
Jordan 38.4 30.8 29.1 27.9 26.8
Kazakhstan 8.9 13.1 15.4 15.4 15.5
Kenya 17.2 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.1
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.8 5.8 9.6 9.6 10.5
Korea, Rep. 7.1 6.1 6.0 7.4 15.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Kyrgyz Republic 13.9 15.1 15.8 15.5 17.3
Lao PDR 5.7 5.8 4.4 4.6 4.5
Latvia 26.1 21.5 20.6 25.9 26.9
Lebanon 22.0 20.8 21.1 21.1 21.1
Lesotho 45.6 39.8 35.7 47.5 40.9
Liberia 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8
Libya 21.3 21.2 21.5 21.5 21.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 32.6 32.1 29.4 26.0 25.2
Luxembourg 7.9 7.3 9.3 7.3 6.4
Macao SAR, China 5.6 6.2 7.1 8.1 10.4
Macedonia, FYR 55.3 52.4 61.4 61.2 71.9
Madagascar 4.9 4.5 4.0 2.7 2.6
Malawi 14.1 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.6
Malaysia 10.8 9.0 7.3 7.1 9.0
Maldives 22.6 22.9 22.8 22.8 23.2
Mali 11.1 11.4 11.0 10.6 10.8
Malta 14.5 18.6 14.8 14.0 13.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 46.6 46.5 46.5 46.5 46.4
Mauritius 22.5 22.3 21.2 20.1 21.2
Mexico 7.0 11.2 9.1 7.2 6.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 14.2 14.3 14.3 17.8 12.6
Monaco
Mongolia 12.8 15.6 12.9 14.0 13.6
Montenegro 41.0 54.5 55.7 40.9 41.0
Morocco 16.6 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.3
Mozambique 12.9 13.0 12.6 12.7 12.7
Myanmar 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.6 12.4
Namibia 32.0 33.3 34.7 36.8 38.4
Nepal 3.7 4.0 7.4 6.1 4.9
Netherlands 11.3 12.1 11.4 9.7 8.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 15.5 12.3 12.2 13.6 15.0
Nicaragua 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.3 7.6
Niger 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Nigeria 13.6 13.6 13.7 13.7 13.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 12.4 11.7 12.1 10.4 8.9
Oman 21.2 21.3 21.3 21.4 21.5
Pakistan 7.5 8.9 9.3 10.0 10.4
Palau
Panama 27.3 26.9 29.6 27.0 28.5
Papua New Guinea 5.4 6.1 5.3 6.3 5.5
Paraguay 11.6 6.0 8.1 10.1 10.1
Peru 7.5 6.9 8.8 7.7 7.6
Philippines 16.6 15.9 14.2 15.4 18.5
Poland 31.9 30.6 28.0 24.3 22.9
Portugal 14.6 16.1 16.5 14.8 10.4
Puerto Rico 27.6 27.0 28.6 27.9 25.9
Qatar 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.8 2.2
Romania 22.5 20.8 20.7 17.5 17.0
Russian Federation 16.3 18.7 19.3 23.4 27.1
Rwanda 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 25.8 26.3 28.4 29.4 30.1
Senegal 14.2 14.0 14.1 14.1 14.0
Serbia 34.7 30.6 30.1 31.4 31.2
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1
Singapore 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.5 11.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 27.3 24.7 21.0 22.5 25.0
Slovenia 22.0 19.3 16.9 16.6 17.7
Solomon Islands 11.0 10.8 11.8 12.1 11.8
Somalia 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
South Africa 39.4 33.5 41.7 45.7 43.7
South Sudan
Spain 44.1 41.7 41.5 38.7 35.3
Sri Lanka 35.9 34.6 32.9 31.8 25.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 23.3 23.5 23.6 24.7 23.9
Suriname 29.8 27.8 28.8 28.0 28.3
Swaziland 42.0 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0
Sweden 23.2 20.2 22.1 22.1 17.4
Switzerland 5.7 5.5 4.6 5.9 5.6
Syrian Arab Republic 14.0 13.6 18.3 17.4 13.9
Tajikistan 19.5 19.9 20.6 20.9 21.1
Tanzania 7.1 8.4 8.9 8.4 8.6
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 7.5
Timor-Leste 14.8 14.8 14.9 15.2 16.6
Togo 12.6 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.1
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 31.9 30.7 28.5 27.2 26.7
Tunisia 28.8 31.3 31.6 31.9 34.9
Turkey 15.9 15.4 13.3 14.1 13.9
Turkmenistan 19.6 20.0 20.4 20.2 21.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1
Ukraine 14.5 11.5 15.6 18.2 23.1
United Arab Emirates 5.6 6.1 10.3 7.5 6.8
United Kingdom 16.6 15.7 15.2 13.9 12.6
United States 12.8 12.4 12.3 11.6 10.7
Uruguay 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.4 26.7
Uzbekistan 20.1 20.3 20.8 21.0 20.9
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 16.1 19.9 24.9 19.7 21.3
Vietnam 4.3 3.6 3.1 4.7 3.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 35.1 35.6 34.4 29.4 20.9
Yemen, Rep. 31.1 29.4 27.6 29.2 31.1
Zambia 32.1 31.2 25.8 24.4 20.2
Zimbabwe 11.7 12.8 14.0 16.4 15.1

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