Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
Albania 29.6 27.8 26.5 29.1 30.0
Algeria 47.7 48.4 43.7 43.7 43.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 10.4 10.2 10.7 10.9 10.8
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 33.1 30.6 25.3 22.5 23.5
Armenia 47.8 37.7 36.7 35.9 34.4
Aruba
Australia 15.4 15.6 16.1 14.6 13.3
Austria 5.2 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.0
Azerbaijan 14.9 11.1 15.3 24.3 11.4
Bahamas, The 20.8 23.8 22.2 15.3 15.5
Bahrain 24.9 24.7 23.2 22.4 23.1
Bangladesh 7.4 6.2 7.8 6.4 8.6
Barbados 38.1 28.3 30.2 24.6 22.2
Belarus 12.8 12.6 13.4 13.9 14.1
Belgium 21.5 20.5 21.4 20.3 22.4
Belize 23.6 25.2 23.7 25.0 22.0
Benin 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 7.3 7.0 5.2 3.8 3.8
Bolivia 9.1 9.0 7.6 6.1 7.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.1 52.3 58.1 53.6 52.4
Botswana 39.4 35.6 30.1 14.4 41.1
Brazil 11.4 12.6 14.4 17.2 18.2
Brunei Darussalam 10.9 11.5 9.7 9.9 12.4
Bulgaria 32.0 27.7 28.3 25.4 29.7
Burkina Faso 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7
Burundi 11.3 11.3 10.9 10.8 11.0
Cabo Verde 10.5 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4
Cambodia 3.9 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.4
Cameroon 6.3 14.9 14.2 13.5 12.8
Canada 14.9 15.4 16.3 15.2 14.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 10.7 11.2 10.6 10.7 10.7
Chad 11.0 10.9 10.7 10.7 11.0
Chile 17.1 15.1 14.7 15.2 21.9
China 8.9 9.1 9.2 9.6 9.6
Colombia 22.9 23.2 22.4 25.1 27.9
Comoros 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.7 10.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.0 15.1 15.3 15.1 15.3
Congo, Rep. 10.8 10.8 11.0 10.8 11.0
Costa Rica 11.7 12.3 12.0 12.2 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Croatia 25.3 25.6 25.4 30.4 34.4
Cuba 16.4 15.3 14.5 12.8 13.2
Curacao
Cyprus 8.1 8.3 7.3 9.5 12.9
Czech Republic 7.7 7.2 8.6 12.6 17.0
Denmark 9.9 10.6 8.1 7.1 9.8
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 28.7 29.9 28.8 27.2 26.0
Ecuador 11.6 12.0 11.5 12.8 14.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.6 26.2 24.7 24.1 20.9
El Salvador 14.2 13.8 13.9 12.9 13.0
Equatorial Guinea 10.2 8.8 7.1 10.0 10.0
Eritrea 10.8 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.9
Estonia 13.9 16.0 18.6 14.8 22.1
Ethiopia 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 11.8 12.9 14.6 18.2 17.6
Finland 27.1 25.1 23.4 22.0 20.3
France 26.5 27.2 28.6 25.9 26.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 39.2 38.3 37.4 37.3 37.2
Gambia, The 11.1 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7
Georgia 29.1 27.2 26.9 27.3 24.2
Germany 8.2 9.4 10.2 9.0 8.7
Ghana 15.3 15.3 14.8 14.7 16.2
Greece 26.4 29.4 29.4 28.7 30.6
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 5.6 5.5 6.1 5.2 3.1
Guinea 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0
Guinea-Bissau 10.7 10.7 10.6 12.0 10.6
Guyana 26.8 26.4 26.0 25.6 25.2
Haiti 23.7 24.6 24.9 24.9 17.3
Honduras 5.2 7.1 5.3 6.5 7.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.8 6.6 5.1 10.7 14.3
Hungary 18.7 17.9 15.9 13.9 13.0
Iceland 11.0 8.3 7.8 5.9 4.4
India 8.9 8.9 9.6 10.5 10.1
Indonesia 12.7 14.4 14.7 17.7 17.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.4 22.4 22.6 22.6 22.4
Iraq 38.0 38.0 36.3 38.4 36.5
Ireland 19.0 18.2 15.9 11.5 8.6
Isle of Man
Israel 15.0 13.6 15.1 16.9 16.7
Italy 33.3 34.5 34.4 33.5 32.8
Jamaica 35.6 36.1 35.2 35.5 36.4
Japan 6.2 6.8 6.7 7.8 9.3
Jordan 31.1 29.3 27.5 29.4 27.8
Kazakhstan 12.6 14.9 14.8 14.9 15.4
Kenya 17.1 17.1 17.3 17.1 17.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 5.9 9.8 9.8 10.5 9.8
Korea, Rep. 6.2 5.9 7.4 16.0 14.0
Kuwait 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Kyrgyz Republic 15.5 16.3 15.4 17.2 14.9
Lao PDR 5.8 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4
Latvia 21.7 21.5 25.9 27.0 23.5
Lebanon 20.6 21.0 18.2 21.0 21.6
Lesotho 39.8 35.4 47.5 40.9 34.0
Liberia 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
Libya 42.8 43.2 43.4 43.6 43.8
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 32.0 29.3 26.0 25.2 25.4
Luxembourg 7.2 9.3 7.2 6.6 7.0
Macao SAR, China 6.2 7.1 8.1 10.4 11.4
Macedonia, FYR 53.6 61.1 61.1 71.9 62.9
Madagascar 4.4 3.9 2.8 2.6 2.2
Malawi 13.0 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.5
Malaysia 8.9 7.3 7.0 9.0 9.9
Maldives 22.9 22.8 22.8 23.2 24.2
Mali 11.4 11.0 10.6 10.8 10.5
Malta 17.3 14.4 13.8 11.7 16.0
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 43.8 43.9 44.0 44.1 44.2
Mauritius 22.5 21.4 20.3 21.4 22.5
Mexico 11.2 9.0 7.3 6.3 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 14.0 14.2 17.5 12.4 25.7
Monaco
Mongolia 14.2 11.1 11.7 11.5 11.4
Montenegro 34.8 35.8 41.8 40.7 41.8
Morocco 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.3 20.4
Mozambique 14.6 13.9 14.1 14.1 14.2
Myanmar 9.6 9.6 9.7 10.3 9.3
Namibia 33.3 34.7 36.8 38.4 40.1
Nepal 4.0 7.4 6.1 4.9 2.9
Netherlands 12.1 11.4 9.7 8.8 7.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 12.3 12.2 13.5 15.0 14.1
Nicaragua 4.2 4.2 4.2 7.3 5.1
Niger 7.0 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.8
Nigeria 13.6 13.7 13.7 13.7 13.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 11.6 12.0 10.4 9.0 9.4
Oman 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.4
Pakistan 8.9 9.3 10.0 10.4 11.0
Palau
Panama 26.9 29.6 27.0 28.5 24.7
Papua New Guinea 6.0 5.5 6.2 5.6 5.7
Paraguay 6.0 8.1 10.1 10.1 11.6
Peru 10.8 12.4 11.1 9.6 10.8
Philippines 15.9 14.2 15.4 18.5 19.5
Poland 30.6 28.1 24.3 22.9 29.4
Portugal 16.1 16.5 14.6 10.3 8.9
Puerto Rico 27.0 28.6 27.9 25.9 23.5
Qatar 1.1 1.4 1.7 0.8 1.9
Romania 20.8 20.7 17.5 16.9 17.3
Russian Federation 18.7 19.4 23.4 27.2 24.0
Rwanda 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 28.7 27.4 29.8 29.6 23.0
Senegal 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.1 14.1
Serbia 29.9 29.4 30.7 30.4 30.4
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.3
Singapore 6.9 7.1 6.7 12.0 12.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 24.7 20.9 22.6 25.0 33.7
Slovenia 19.3 16.8 16.5 17.7 18.5
Solomon Islands 9.2 9.8 10.0 9.8 10.0
Somalia 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
South Africa 33.5 41.8 45.7 43.7 46.2
South Sudan
Spain 41.7 41.5 38.7 35.3 29.3
Sri Lanka 34.6 32.9 31.8 25.7 26.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 23.5 23.6 24.3 23.8 23.8
Suriname 27.8 28.8 28.0 28.3 33.6
Swaziland 41.5 41.8 42.0 42.0 42.0
Sweden 20.3 22.1 22.0 17.4 14.9
Switzerland 5.5 4.7 5.9 5.6 5.7
Syrian Arab Republic 13.6 18.3 17.4 13.9 14.9
Taiwan, China
Tajikistan 16.9 16.5 17.8 18.5 18.7
Tanzania 8.4 8.9 8.4 8.5 8.4
Thailand 2.5 2.5 2.3 7.5 8.0
Timor-Leste 15.4 15.4 15.7 16.7 15.7
Togo 10.7 10.6 10.8 11.0 10.8
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 30.7 28.5 27.2 26.7 25.3
Tunisia 31.5 31.7 31.9 35.9 33.4
Turkey 15.2 13.2 13.9 13.9 14.7
Turkmenistan 19.9 20.2 20.1 20.6 20.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 4.6 3.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Ukraine 12.0 16.2 19.0 24.2 24.8
United Arab Emirates 6.1 6.5 6.3 9.0 9.3
United Kingdom 15.7 15.2 13.9 12.6 12.4
United States 12.4 12.3 11.5 10.7 10.2
Uruguay 25.2 21.1 19.2 19.9 27.5
Uzbekistan 20.0 20.5 20.6 20.5 20.5
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 19.9 24.9 19.7 21.3 25.8
Vietnam 3.8 3.1 4.7 3.9 5.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 24.0 34.7 29.7 21.1 17.4
Yemen, Rep. 24.5 23.1 24.7 26.7 23.6
Zambia 31.1 25.8 24.4 20.2 20.6
Zimbabwe 12.7 13.8 16.4 15.1 13.5

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