Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Benin 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.6
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Thailand 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0 2.3
Korea, Rep. 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9 3.5
Lao PDR 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vietnam 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4 2.2
Burkina Faso 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.2
Cambodia 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.7
Bangladesh 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0 3.3
Guinea 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2 4.0
Qatar 2.6 3.1 1.3 2.8 5.0
Singapore 2.6 2.3 4.0 4.3 4.2
Sierra Leone 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3
Uganda 2.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Malaysia 2.9 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.1
Bhutan 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.1
Papua New Guinea 3.1 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.4
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5 4.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.3
China 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0
Madagascar 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5
Macao SAR, China 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4 4.5
Nepal 4.0 3.4 2.8 1.6 2.3
Switzerland 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.1
Iceland 4.1 4.5 3.2 2.6 2.9
Myanmar 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.0 3.9
Liberia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
India 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2
Guatemala 4.2 6.0 4.1 2.4 1.8
Austria 4.4 4.6 4.5 3.8 3.8
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.7
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.9 4.5
Nicaragua 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.0 3.7
Luxembourg 4.7 3.6 4.3 3.4 3.1
Niger 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Czech Republic 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5 10.6
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.2
Norway 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.2
Belarus 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Indonesia 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8 6.5
Paraguay 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5 9.2
Moldova 5.4 2.7 4.4 9.0 7.2
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 4.1 6.4 6.4 6.6
Azerbaijan 5.5 7.1 7.9 4.2 12.9
United States 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4 4.2
Cyprus 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7 7.4
Turkey 5.8 7.5 6.7 7.4 6.1
Honduras 5.9 4.4 5.3 4.0 4.1
United Arab Emirates 6.2 6.0 9.4 10.1 5.8
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6 6.1
United Kingdom 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1 4.9
Mongolia 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
El Salvador 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7 4.5
Slovenia 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.4 7.1
Bolivia 6.6 5.4 4.4 5.3 5.9
Tanzania 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6
Mexico 6.7 6.1 4.9 3.6 3.3
Ukraine 6.7 7.9 10.0 10.2 10.2
Ecuador 6.8 10.6 8.1 9.1 10.1
Angola 6.9 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.4
Bahrain 6.9 7.2 6.6 6.6 7.6
Peru 7.0 5.9 5.6 6.9 6.8
Congo, Rep. 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.0
Nigeria 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.4
Romania 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.4
Togo 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.7
Guinea-Bissau 7.4 7.3 8.4 7.2 7.2
Somalia 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Gambia, The 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Chad 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.8 7.8
Comoros 7.6 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Central African Republic 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.4
Israel 7.8 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.2
Fiji 7.8 9.2 11.6 11.2 10.7
Chile 7.8 7.6 7.6 10.7 10.1
Eritrea 7.8 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.6
Burundi 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.1 4.8
Netherlands 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9 3.4
Philippines 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5 11.2
Malta 8.2 8.2 7.0 8.3 6.6
Australia 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7 6.1
Denmark 8.4 6.4 6.4 5.8 5.0
Costa Rica 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3 6.8
Malawi 8.7 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.2
Ethiopia 8.7 9.9 11.2 12.7 11.7
Brazil 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1 12.0
Hungary 8.8 7.7 6.9 6.3 5.6
Timor-Leste 8.9 8.9 9.5 9.0 8.7
Cuba 9.0 8.4 7.3 7.5 6.4
Estonia 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1 11.5
Canada 9.2 8.9 8.0 7.3 6.7
Russian Federation 9.3 11.4 13.0 12.9 10.4
Germany 9.7 10.6 9.9 8.9 8.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.8
Kyrgyz Republic 9.7 9.1 11.0 9.2 8.4
Cameroon 9.7 9.3 8.9 8.5 7.6
Sweden 9.7 9.8 8.1 6.9 5.5
Tajikistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4
Lebanon 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.4 10.6
Ghana 10.3 8.1 9.2 11.0 10.7
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.4 11.0 11.4 11.5
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.0
Croatia 11.1 11.0 11.5 14.1 16.8
Kenya 11.3 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.2
Georgia 11.7 11.7 11.8 12.2 10.4
Latvia 11.7 14.6 13.5 13.3 13.4
Puerto Rico 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7 7.5
Ireland 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6 4.2
Mali 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4 11.5
Cabo Verde 12.1 12.0 12.0 11.8 12.1
Belgium 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.1 8.3
Slovak Republic 12.6 12.8 13.1 16.4 18.5
Zambia 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3 10.9
Mauritius 13.2 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.0
Bulgaria 13.2 13.3 11.8 13.6 15.7
Uruguay 13.3 12.9 12.2 13.3 14.5
Poland 13.9 13.1 12.2 13.3 18.0
Senegal 13.9 13.5 11.7 11.5 13.4
Lithuania 14.0 13.9 11.8 12.1 13.6
Haiti 14.1 14.1 14.1 8.3 8.5
France 14.4 14.4 14.1 13.8 12.2
Bahamas, The 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4 8.8
Finland 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6 10.5
Pakistan 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2 16.1
Greece 15.4 14.7 16.5 17.8 16.6
Serbia 15.6 16.3 16.1 16.1 14.8
Oman 15.6 16.0 16.3 16.6 16.7
Kazakhstan 15.9 15.9 16.0 16.5 15.6
Suriname 15.9 15.1 15.0 20.4 20.6
Italy 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2 14.7
Venezuela, RB 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0 14.3
Morocco 16.6 17.4 18.2 13.3 13.2
Guyana 17.5 16.8 16.1 15.5 15.1
Tunisia 17.6 17.3 21.2 19.4 19.1
Barbados 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4 11.6
Sri Lanka 18.3 16.7 13.8 13.5 11.6
Afghanistan 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.3 17.8
Belize 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5 16.9
West Bank and Gaza 18.7 15.9 11.2 9.1 11.0
Colombia 18.9 15.9 17.9 20.0 22.2
Maldives 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5 19.3
Albania 19.5 18.1 19.7 19.4 14.3
Argentina 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7 17.1
Panama 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1 17.8
Armenia 20.4 19.7 19.9 20.1 20.1
Trinidad and Tobago 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7 15.1
Namibia 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.6
Montenegro 21.2 21.7 21.1 21.9 20.9
Sudan 21.4 22.4 21.6 21.6 21.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.7 20.6 20.6 19.9 22.3
Saudi Arabia 21.7 19.3 20.3 8.3 8.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.2 19.0 19.0 18.2 18.6
Gabon 22.7 25.2 25.5 25.7 26.0
Syrian Arab Republic 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8 22.2
Jamaica 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8 22.4
Botswana 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5 23.8
Swaziland 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9 25.9
South Africa 24.4 26.4 29.6 30.4 29.0
Jordan 25.2 21.4 18.5 20.7 21.9
Mozambique 25.3 25.5 25.3 25.4 25.8
Dominican Republic 27.3 25.7 23.5 22.4 23.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.8 30.4 28.7 28.0 27.2
Libya 29.7 29.5 29.5 29.4 29.3
Spain 30.3 29.0 27.2 23.4 21.0
Mauritania 30.4 30.5 30.5 30.6 30.6
Iraq 30.5 27.9 30.2 28.4 28.4
Yemen, Rep. 32.7 34.8 37.4 33.0 38.8
Lesotho 35.2 48.1 40.9 33.4 30.3
Macedonia, FYR 36.0 36.6 37.9 33.2 34.8
Algeria 55.8 46.9 46.9 47.5 55.8
South Sudan
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Greenland
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Antigua and Barbuda
Seychelles
Liechtenstein
Grenada
Tonga
New Caledonia
Djibouti
Sao Tome and Principe
Dominica
Bermuda
Tuvalu
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Kiribati
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Palau
Isle of Man
Vanuatu
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Samoa

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