Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Thailand 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9
Lao PDR 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Vietnam 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4
Cambodia 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
Burkina Faso 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bangladesh 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0
Guinea 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7
Qatar 1.9 2.3 2.8 1.1 2.6
Singapore 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8 4.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2
Uganda 3.1 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.2
Sierra Leone 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.4
Malaysia 3.5 2.8 2.7 3.4 3.3
Bhutan 3.5 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.3
Nicaragua 3.1 3.4 3.8 5.2 4.2
Japan 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5
Cote d'Ivoire 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8
China 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9
Nepal 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6 1.6
Madagascar 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4
Macao SAR, China 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4
Liberia 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Switzerland 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.6
Iceland 5.0 4.1 4.5 3.2 2.6
India 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Myanmar 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.4 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.1
Guatemala 4.4 4.4 4.9 4.3 2.6
Austria 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.5 3.8
Niger 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.6 3.9 3.9 4.9
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5
Luxembourg 4.3 4.7 3.6 4.3 3.4
Norway 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0
Solomon Islands 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8
Belarus 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Indonesia 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8
Paraguay 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5
Moldova 5.6 5.4 6.4 4.4 9.0
Azerbaijan 7.0 5.5 7.1 11.3 4.2
United States 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4
Cyprus 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 5.6 4.3 6.4 6.3
Honduras 4.3 5.8 4.3 5.2 4.0
Turkey 7.1 5.8 7.5 6.7 7.4
United Arab Emirates 2.3 6.2 6.0 9.5 10.1
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6
United Kingdom 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1
Mongolia 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
El Salvador 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7
Bolivia 6.0 6.6 5.4 4.4 5.3
Slovenia 6.8 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.4
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0
Ukraine 4.9 6.7 7.8 10.0 10.2
Mexico 8.6 6.7 6.1 4.9 3.6
Angola 7.0 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.3
Peru 5.7 6.9 5.4 5.1 5.9
Congo, Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.2
Nigeria 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Togo 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.5
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.2 8.1 7.1
Romania 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.4
Somalia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Comoros 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.3
Central African Republic 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.6
Gambia, The 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Burundi 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6
Eritrea 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.0
Fiji 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.6 11.2
Israel 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.1 9.4
Chile 9.0 7.8 7.6 7.6 10.7
Portugal 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.1
Ecuador 7.9 8.1 7.6 8.3 9.0
Netherlands 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9
Philippines 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5
Australia 8.0 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7
Denmark 8.7 8.4 6.4 6.4 5.8
Malawi 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.8 8.7
Costa Rica 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3
Malta 8.9 8.7 8.6 6.9 8.2
Brazil 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1
Hungary 8.8 8.8 7.7 6.9 6.3
Timor-Leste 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.7 9.0
Cuba 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4 7.5
Estonia 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1
Cameroon 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.8
Canada 9.1 9.2 8.9 8.0 7.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2
Russian Federation 9.1 9.3 11.4 13.0 12.9
Mozambique 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.5 9.5
Kyrgyz Republic 9.5 9.7 9.3 11.0 9.2
Germany 9.4 9.7 10.6 9.9 8.9
Sweden 8.4 9.7 9.8 8.1 6.9
Tajikistan 9.9 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Ghana 10.4 10.3 8.2 9.0 11.0
Lebanon 10.6 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.4
Afghanistan 10.8 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.9
Bahrain 16.8 11.0 10.7 13.6 14.4
Kenya 11.2 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Croatia 11.6 11.1 11.0 11.5 14.1
Turkmenistan 10.8 11.1 11.0 11.2 11.2
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Latvia 11.6 11.5 14.6 13.5 13.3
Ireland 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6
Puerto Rico 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7
Georgia 13.2 11.8 11.8 11.8 12.2
Morocco 12.2 11.9 11.7 11.5 13.3
Mali 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4
Belgium 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.1
Slovak Republic 13.8 12.6 12.8 13.1 16.4
Zambia 15.5 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3
Ethiopia 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.1
Bulgaria 15.3 13.1 13.3 11.8 13.6
Senegal 13.1 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.0
Mauritius 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.2 12.9
Poland 14.6 13.9 13.1 12.2 13.3
Lithuania 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8 12.1
Uruguay 14.3 13.9 10.1 10.2 15.2
France 13.9 14.4 14.4 14.1 13.8
Bahamas, The 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4
Haiti 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.5 8.3
Finland 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6
Pakistan 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2
Suriname 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4 20.4
Greece 13.7 15.4 14.7 16.5 17.8
Serbia 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.0
Kazakhstan 13.5 15.9 15.9 16.0 16.5
Italy 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
Venezuela, RB 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0
Oman 16.8 17.0 17.4 17.7 17.9
Albania 18.5 17.2 16.0 17.3 17.0
Guyana 18.1 17.5 16.8 16.1 15.5
Barbados 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4
Tunisia 19.0 18.1 17.3 21.2 19.4
Sri Lanka 19.7 18.3 16.7 13.8 13.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3 18.0
Belize 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5
West Bank and Gaza 13.0 18.7 15.9 11.3 9.2
Colombia 17.8 18.9 15.9 17.9 20.0
Maldives 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5
Argentina 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7
Panama 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1
Sudan 20.3 20.4 21.4 20.6 20.6
Armenia 28.3 20.4 19.9 19.9 19.4
Montenegro 20.7 21.1 21.7 21.1 21.9
Trinidad and Tobago 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7
Namibia 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6 19.9
Saudi Arabia 15.1 22.2 19.4 20.6 8.3
Jamaica 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8
Gabon 20.6 22.9 25.5 25.7 25.9
Swaziland 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9
Botswana 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5
South Africa 19.8 24.5 26.6 29.6 30.4
Jordan 27.0 25.2 24.9 22.1 25.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.8 27.3 30.3 28.0 27.4
Dominican Republic 25.6 27.5 25.8 23.7 22.5
Mauritania 28.8 28.9 29.0 29.0 29.1
Libya 29.5 29.7 29.6 29.5 29.4
Spain 31.3 30.3 29.0 27.2 23.4
Iraq 31.5 31.3 29.5 30.9 29.0
Yemen, Rep. 34.9 32.7 34.8 37.4 33.0
Lesotho 40.0 35.2 48.1 40.9 33.4
Macedonia, FYR 33.4 36.1 36.7 37.9 33.2
Algeria 52.7 55.8 46.9 47.0 47.5
Guam
Djibouti
Seychelles
St. Kitts and Nevis
Greenland
St. Lucia
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Cayman Islands
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
New Caledonia
Grenada
Taiwan, China
Tuvalu
Monaco
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Vanuatu
Andorra
Aruba
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Tonga
American Samoa
Kiribati

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