Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7
Thailand 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0
Lao PDR 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cambodia 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
Guinea 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2
Singapore 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8 4.2
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9
Bhutan 3.5 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.8
Sierra Leone 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.4
Vietnam 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4
Macao SAR, China 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4
Malaysia 3.5 2.8 2.7 3.4 3.3
Bangladesh 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0
Qatar 1.9 2.3 2.8 1.1 2.6
Uganda 3.1 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.2
Nepal 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6 1.6
Japan 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5
Madagascar 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.3
Luxembourg 4.3 4.7 3.6 4.3 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8
Nicaragua 3.1 3.4 3.8 5.2 4.2
China 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.6 3.9 3.9 4.9
Switzerland 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.6
Norway 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0
Liberia 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Cyprus 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7
Myanmar 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.4 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.1
India 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 5.6 4.3 6.4 6.3
Honduras 4.3 5.8 4.3 5.2 4.0
Niger 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5
Iceland 5.0 4.1 4.5 3.2 2.6
Austria 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.5 3.8
Guatemala 4.4 4.4 4.9 4.3 2.6
Belarus 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.5
Solomon Islands 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8
United States 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4
El Salvador 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7
Peru 5.7 6.9 5.4 5.1 5.9
Bolivia 6.0 6.6 5.4 4.4 5.3
Indonesia 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8
Romania 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.4
United Kingdom 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5
United Arab Emirates 2.3 6.2 6.0 9.5 10.1
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0
Mexico 8.6 6.7 6.1 4.9 3.6
Denmark 8.7 8.4 6.4 6.4 5.8
Moldova 5.6 5.4 6.4 4.4 9.0
Mongolia 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Paraguay 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6
Slovenia 6.8 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.4
Netherlands 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9
Central African Republic 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.2 7.2
Azerbaijan 7.0 5.5 7.1 11.3 4.2
Portugal 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.1
Congo, Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.2
Angola 7.0 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.2 8.1 7.1
Comoros 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.3
Togo 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.5
Somalia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Chad 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.6
Nigeria 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Turkey 7.1 5.8 7.5 6.7 7.4
Burundi 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Ecuador 7.9 8.1 7.6 8.3 9.0
Gambia, The 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Chile 9.0 7.8 7.6 7.6 10.7
Hungary 8.8 8.8 7.7 6.9 6.3
Eritrea 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.0
Costa Rica 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3
Ukraine 4.9 6.7 7.8 10.0 10.2
Ghana 10.4 10.3 8.2 9.0 11.0
Australia 8.0 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7
Cuba 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4 7.5
Malawi 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.8 8.7
Cameroon 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.8
Malta 8.9 8.7 8.6 6.9 8.2
Philippines 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5
Israel 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.1 9.4
Canada 9.1 9.2 8.9 8.0 7.3
Timor-Leste 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.7 9.0
Fiji 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.6 11.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2
Kyrgyz Republic 9.5 9.7 9.3 11.0 9.2
Estonia 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1
Mozambique 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.5 9.5
Sweden 8.4 9.7 9.8 8.1 6.9
Brazil 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1
Uruguay 14.3 13.9 10.1 10.2 15.2
Tajikistan 9.9 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Ireland 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6
Germany 9.4 9.7 10.6 9.9 8.9
Bahrain 16.8 11.0 10.7 13.6 14.4
Afghanistan 10.8 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.9
Lebanon 10.6 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.4
Turkmenistan 10.8 11.1 11.0 11.2 11.2
Croatia 11.6 11.1 11.0 11.5 14.1
Kenya 11.2 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Bahamas, The 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4
Russian Federation 9.1 9.3 11.4 13.0 12.9
Mali 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4
Belgium 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.1
Morocco 12.2 11.9 11.7 11.5 13.3
Georgia 13.2 11.8 11.8 11.8 12.2
Zambia 15.5 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3
Puerto Rico 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7
Slovak Republic 13.8 12.6 12.8 13.1 16.4
Finland 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6
Ethiopia 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.1
Poland 14.6 13.9 13.1 12.2 13.3
Senegal 13.1 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.0
Bulgaria 15.3 13.1 13.3 11.8 13.6
Mauritius 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.2 12.9
Venezuela, RB 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0
Lithuania 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8 12.1
France 13.9 14.4 14.4 14.1 13.8
Suriname 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4 20.4
Latvia 11.6 11.5 14.6 13.5 13.3
Haiti 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.5 8.3
Greece 13.7 15.4 14.7 16.5 17.8
West Bank and Gaza 13.0 18.7 15.9 11.3 9.2
Colombia 17.8 18.9 15.9 17.9 20.0
Kazakhstan 13.5 15.9 15.9 16.0 16.5
Albania 18.5 17.2 16.0 17.3 17.0
Serbia 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.0
Italy 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
Sri Lanka 19.7 18.3 16.7 13.8 13.5
Guyana 18.1 17.5 16.8 16.1 15.5
Pakistan 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2
Tunisia 19.0 18.1 17.3 21.2 19.4
Oman 16.8 17.0 17.4 17.7 17.9
Argentina 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7
Panama 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1
Barbados 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3 18.0
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8
Maldives 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5
Saudi Arabia 15.1 22.2 19.4 20.6 8.3
Trinidad and Tobago 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7
Armenia 28.3 20.4 19.9 19.9 19.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6 19.9
Namibia 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1
Belize 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5
Sudan 20.3 20.4 21.4 20.6 20.6
Montenegro 20.7 21.1 21.7 21.1 21.9
Botswana 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5
Jamaica 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8
Jordan 27.0 25.2 24.9 22.1 25.1
Gabon 20.6 22.9 25.5 25.7 25.9
Swaziland 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9
Dominican Republic 25.6 27.5 25.8 23.7 22.5
South Africa 19.8 24.5 26.6 29.6 30.4
Spain 31.3 30.3 29.0 27.2 23.4
Mauritania 28.8 28.9 29.0 29.0 29.1
Iraq 31.5 31.3 29.5 30.9 29.0
Libya 29.5 29.7 29.6 29.5 29.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.8 27.3 30.3 28.0 27.4
Yemen, Rep. 34.9 32.7 34.8 37.4 33.0
Macedonia, FYR 33.4 36.1 36.7 37.9 33.2
Algeria 52.7 55.8 46.9 47.0 47.5
Lesotho 40.0 35.2 48.1 40.9 33.4
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Monaco
St. Lucia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Djibouti
Kosovo
Seychelles
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Samoa
Tuvalu
Dominica
Guam
Bermuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
French Polynesia
Vanuatu
Palau
Marshall Islands
Tonga
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
San Marino

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