Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7
Thailand 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0
Burkina Faso 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Lao PDR 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2
Bhutan 3.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8
Cambodia 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9
Singapore 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8 4.1
Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Macao SAR, China 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5
Vietnam 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4
Malaysia 3.4 2.7 2.6 3.4 3.3
Bangladesh 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0
Uganda 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 5.1 3.2 6.5 6.5
Nepal 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6 1.6
Japan 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5
Cote d'Ivoire 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Madagascar 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.5
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.1 3.2
Luxembourg 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.2 3.4
China 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9
Switzerland 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.9 4.8
Nicaragua 3.0 3.4 3.9 5.2 4.3
Norway 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.9
Niger 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1
Cyprus 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Honduras 4.2 5.7 4.3 5.2 4.0
India 4.1 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.0
Iceland 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.3 2.6
Austria 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6 3.9
Peru 4.4 5.5 4.8 4.8 4.7
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.5
United States 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4
Myanmar 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.6 4.8
Guatemala 5.0 3.9 5.4 4.7 2.3
El Salvador 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7
Indonesia 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8
Qatar 5.3 5.6 5.7 3.4 2.3
Romania 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.5
United Kingdom 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0
Bolivia 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.3
Mexico 8.6 6.8 6.1 4.9 3.5
Solomon Islands 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0
Moldova 5.6 5.4 6.5 4.5 8.9
Denmark 8.6 8.4 6.5 6.4 5.9
Azerbaijan 5.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 4.9
Paraguay 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.7
United Arab Emirates 2.3 12.0 6.9 6.4 5.9
Slovenia 6.8 6.6 6.9 7.4 7.4
Netherlands 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9
Mongolia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Portugal 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.2 5.0
Ghana 3.5 10.3 7.3 7.8 11.0
Nigeria 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Turkey 7.1 5.8 7.6 6.6 7.4
Costa Rica 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3
Central African Republic 7.8 8.4 7.7 7.9 7.9
Chile 8.8 7.9 7.7 7.6 10.7
Hungary 8.7 8.8 7.8 7.0 6.3
Congo, Rep. 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.9
Mozambique 8.4 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Angola 7.4 7.2 7.9 8.1 8.0
Guinea-Bissau 8.0 8.0 7.9 9.4 7.7
Comoros 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.0
Somalia 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9 8.0
Chad 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.4
Togo 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.2
Cabo Verde 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.0
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7
Gambia, The 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Burundi 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.1 8.5
Cuba 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4 7.5
Eritrea 8.7 8.4 8.5 8.8 8.9
Ukraine 5.4 7.3 8.6 10.9 11.2
Malawi 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.9 8.8
Cameroon 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.8
Philippines 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5
Malta 9.4 8.7 8.6 8.1 8.6
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.6 8.8
Israel 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.2 9.4
Canada 9.1 9.3 8.9 8.0 7.3
Fiji 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.5 11.1
Ecuador 7.4 8.0 9.2 6.7 8.1
Kyrgyz Republic 9.4 9.5 9.3 11.1 9.2
Estonia 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1
Sweden 8.4 9.6 9.8 8.1 6.9
Brazil 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1
Ireland 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6
Lebanon 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Germany 9.4 9.6 10.6 9.9 8.9
Bahrain 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3
Belarus 9.9 10.5 10.7 10.6 10.4
Croatia 11.7 11.2 11.1 11.5 14.1
Turkmenistan 11.1 11.3 11.1 11.6 11.9
Bahamas, The 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4
Kenya 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0 11.1
Russian Federation 9.2 9.3 11.4 12.9 12.9
Mali 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4
Belgium 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.2
Uzbekistan 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.7
Georgia 13.1 11.8 11.8 11.9 12.2
Tajikistan 11.1 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.9
Morocco 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5 13.3
Zambia 15.6 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3
Puerto Rico 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7
Uruguay 13.2 13.9 12.5 14.8 14.0
Slovak Republic 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.1 16.3
Senegal 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.7 12.7
Mauritius 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.8
Finland 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6
Ethiopia 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Poland 14.6 13.8 13.1 12.2 13.4
Bulgaria 15.4 13.2 13.3 11.8 13.6
Venezuela, RB 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0
Lithuania 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8 12.0
France 14.0 14.4 14.3 14.0 13.9
Suriname 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4 20.4
Latvia 11.2 10.7 14.6 13.5 13.3
Haiti 14.3 14.7 14.7 14.7 8.3
Greece 13.7 15.3 14.7 16.5 17.8
Libya 14.8 15.3 15.1 15.1 15.0
Kazakhstan 13.4 15.8 15.7 15.8 16.3
West Bank and Gaza 19.2 18.5 15.8 11.1 9.1
Serbia 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.0
Italy 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
Sri Lanka 19.6 18.1 16.7 13.7 13.5
Oman 16.3 16.4 16.9 17.1 17.3
Pakistan 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2
Colombia 16.0 18.9 17.3 18.6 20.1
Tunisia 18.3 17.8 17.3 20.0 18.6
Argentina 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7
Barbados 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4
Panama 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3 18.0
Afghanistan 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.6 18.6
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8
Maldives 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5
Saudi Arabia 10.5 20.3 19.4 19.4 8.3
Trinidad and Tobago 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6 19.9
Namibia 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1
Belize 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5
Montenegro 30.4 30.9 21.1 21.3 21.5
Armenia 31.4 24.1 21.2 31.4 21.8
Gabon 19.5 21.2 23.1 22.7 22.4
Botswana 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5
Sudan 20.3 20.5 23.3 21.2 21.2
Yemen, Rep. 23.5 22.1 23.6 25.3 22.6
Jamaica 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8
Jordan 27.2 25.4 25.1 16.8 25.4
Swaziland 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9
Dominican Republic 25.7 27.6 25.9 23.7 22.6
South Africa 19.9 24.6 26.7 29.6 30.4
Mauritania 26.8 27.2 28.4 27.5 27.1
Spain 31.3 30.3 28.9 27.2 23.5
Guyana 37.4 33.3 29.3 26.4 31.6
Iraq 29.1 30.3 30.0 29.6 28.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.8 27.3 30.5 28.4 27.7
Albania 32.9 30.0 32.3 29.5 29.8
Macedonia, FYR 33.1 36.2 36.7 37.9 33.2
Algeria 51.3 53.9 45.5 45.8 45.7
Lesotho 40.0 35.5 48.1 40.9 33.4
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Palau
St. Lucia
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kiribati
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Samoa
Seychelles
Kosovo
Dominica
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Andorra
Aruba
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Vanuatu
Faeroe Islands
Curacao
Antigua and Barbuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Grenada
Greenland
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Djibouti
New Caledonia
Guam
Liechtenstein
Sao Tome and Principe

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