Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Benin 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.6
Qatar 2.6 3.1 1.3 2.8 5.0
Lao PDR 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.2
Bhutan 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.1
Guinea 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
Vietnam 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4 2.2
Bangladesh 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0 3.3
Cambodia 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.7
Sierra Leone 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3
Nepal 4.0 3.4 2.8 1.6 2.3
Iceland 4.1 4.5 3.2 2.6 2.9
Papua New Guinea 3.1 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.4
Norway 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.2
Uganda 2.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Thailand 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0 2.3
Malaysia 2.9 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.1
Macao SAR, China 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4 4.5
Madagascar 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.3
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2 4.0
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.9 4.5
China 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Japan 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5 4.5
Singapore 2.6 2.3 4.0 4.3 4.2
Liberia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Guatemala 4.2 6.0 4.1 2.4 1.8
Switzerland 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.1
Luxembourg 4.7 3.6 4.3 3.4 3.1
Moldova 5.4 2.7 4.4 9.0 7.2
Myanmar 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.0 3.9
Bolivia 6.6 5.4 4.4 5.3 5.9
Austria 4.4 4.6 4.5 3.8 3.8
Nicaragua 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.0 3.7
Niger 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
United States 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4 4.2
India 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.7
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.2
Mexico 6.7 6.1 4.9 3.6 3.3
Belarus 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Honduras 5.9 4.4 5.3 4.0 4.1
Romania 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.4
United Kingdom 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1 4.9
Korea, Rep. 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9 3.5
Peru 7.0 5.9 5.6 6.9 6.8
Netherlands 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9 3.4
El Salvador 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7 4.5
Portugal 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.1 4.8
Tanzania 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6
Indonesia 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8 6.5
Mongolia 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 4.1 6.4 6.4 6.6
Denmark 8.4 6.4 6.4 5.8 5.0
Bahrain 6.9 7.2 6.6 6.6 7.6
Paraguay 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5 9.2
Turkey 5.8 7.5 6.7 7.4 6.1
Hungary 8.8 7.7 6.9 6.3 5.6
Malta 8.2 8.2 7.0 8.3 6.6
Cyprus 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7 7.4
Congo, Rep. 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.0
Ireland 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6 4.2
Cuba 9.0 8.4 7.3 7.5 6.4
Central African Republic 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.4
Australia 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7 6.1
Nigeria 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.4
Chad 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.8 7.8
Somalia 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Slovenia 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.4 7.1
Angola 6.9 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.4
Comoros 7.6 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Burundi 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.8
Chile 7.8 7.6 7.6 10.7 10.1
New Zealand 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6 6.1
Gambia, The 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Togo 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.7
Azerbaijan 5.5 7.1 7.9 4.2 12.9
Canada 9.2 8.9 8.0 7.3 6.7
Sweden 9.7 9.8 8.1 6.9 5.5
Ecuador 6.8 10.6 8.1 9.1 10.1
Eritrea 7.8 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.6
Czech Republic 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5 10.6
Guinea-Bissau 7.4 7.3 8.4 7.2 7.2
Costa Rica 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3 6.8
Estonia 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1 11.5
Cameroon 9.7 9.3 8.9 8.5 7.6
Malawi 8.7 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.2
Israel 7.8 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.2
Ghana 10.3 8.1 9.2 11.0 10.7
United Arab Emirates 6.2 6.0 9.4 10.1 5.8
Timor-Leste 8.9 8.9 9.5 9.0 8.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.8
Bahamas, The 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4 8.8
Philippines 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5 11.2
Germany 9.7 10.6 9.9 8.9 8.0
Ukraine 6.7 7.9 10.0 10.2 10.2
Zambia 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3 10.9
Lebanon 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.4 10.6
Tajikistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4
Kyrgyz Republic 9.7 9.1 11.0 9.2 8.4
Turkmenistan 10.6 10.4 11.0 11.4 11.5
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.0
Ethiopia 8.7 9.9 11.2 12.7 11.7
West Bank and Gaza 18.7 15.9 11.2 9.1 11.0
Kenya 11.3 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.2
Croatia 11.1 11.0 11.5 14.1 16.8
Brazil 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1 12.0
Fiji 7.8 9.2 11.6 11.2 10.7
Mali 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4 11.5
Senegal 13.9 13.5 11.7 11.5 13.4
Belgium 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.1 8.3
Bulgaria 13.2 13.3 11.8 13.6 15.7
Lithuania 14.0 13.9 11.8 12.1 13.6
Georgia 11.7 11.7 11.8 12.2 10.4
Cabo Verde 12.1 12.0 12.0 11.8 12.1
Finland 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6 10.5
Puerto Rico 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7 7.5
Uruguay 13.3 12.9 12.2 13.3 14.5
Poland 13.9 13.1 12.2 13.3 18.0
Venezuela, RB 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0 14.3
Russian Federation 9.3 11.4 13.0 12.9 10.4
Mauritius 13.2 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.0
Slovak Republic 12.6 12.8 13.1 16.4 18.5
Latvia 11.7 14.6 13.5 13.3 13.4
Sri Lanka 18.3 16.7 13.8 13.5 11.6
Haiti 14.1 14.1 14.1 8.3 8.5
France 14.4 14.4 14.1 13.8 12.2
Pakistan 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2 16.1
Suriname 15.9 15.1 15.0 20.4 20.6
Argentina 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7 17.1
Kazakhstan 15.9 15.9 16.0 16.5 15.6
Serbia 15.6 16.3 16.1 16.1 14.8
Guyana 17.5 16.8 16.1 15.5 15.1
Oman 15.6 16.0 16.3 16.6 16.7
Italy 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2 14.7
Barbados 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4 11.6
Greece 15.4 14.7 16.5 17.8 16.6
Syrian Arab Republic 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8 22.2
Colombia 18.9 15.9 17.9 20.0 22.2
Morocco 16.6 17.4 18.2 13.3 13.2
Afghanistan 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.3 17.8
Jordan 25.2 21.4 18.5 20.7 21.9
Trinidad and Tobago 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7 15.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.2 19.0 19.0 18.2 18.6
Maldives 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5 19.3
Albania 19.5 18.1 19.7 19.4 14.3
Armenia 20.4 19.7 19.9 20.1 20.1
Saudi Arabia 21.7 19.3 20.3 8.3 8.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.7 20.6 20.6 19.9 22.3
Panama 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1 17.8
Montenegro 21.2 21.7 21.1 21.9 20.9
Namibia 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.6
Tunisia 17.6 17.3 21.2 19.4 19.1
Sudan 21.4 22.4 21.6 21.6 21.5
Belize 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5 16.9
Jamaica 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8 22.4
Dominican Republic 27.3 25.7 23.5 22.4 23.6
Botswana 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5 23.8
Mozambique 25.3 25.5 25.3 25.4 25.8
Gabon 22.7 25.2 25.5 25.7 26.0
Swaziland 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9 25.9
Spain 30.3 29.0 27.2 23.4 21.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.8 30.4 28.7 28.0 27.2
Libya 29.7 29.5 29.5 29.4 29.3
South Africa 24.4 26.4 29.6 30.4 29.0
Iraq 30.5 27.9 30.2 28.4 28.4
Mauritania 30.4 30.5 30.5 30.6 30.6
Yemen, Rep. 32.7 34.8 37.4 33.0 38.8
Macedonia, FYR 36.0 36.6 37.9 33.2 34.8
Lesotho 35.2 48.1 40.9 33.4 30.3
Algeria 55.8 46.9 46.9 47.5 55.8
Grenada
St. Kitts and Nevis
Aruba
St. Lucia
Faroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Andorra
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
South Sudan
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Isle of Man
Greenland
Seychelles
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Palau
Samoa
Tuvalu
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Djibouti
New Caledonia
Liechtenstein
Vanuatu
Tonga
American Samoa
Dominica
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Curacao

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