Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7
Burkina Faso 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Lao PDR 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Bhutan 3.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8
Vietnam 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4
Bangladesh 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0
Cambodia 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5
Nepal 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6 1.6
Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Uganda 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.1 3.2
Norway 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0
Iceland 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.3 2.6
Qatar 5.3 5.6 5.7 3.4 2.3
Cote d'Ivoire 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Macao SAR, China 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4
Malaysia 3.4 2.7 2.6 3.4 3.3
Thailand 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0
Madagascar 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.5
Singapore 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.9 4.8
India 4.1 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2
China 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9
Japan 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5
Niger 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1
Switzerland 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.6
Luxembourg 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.2 3.4
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.9
Moldova 5.6 5.4 6.5 4.5 8.9
Austria 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6 3.9
Guatemala 5.0 3.9 5.4 4.7 2.3
United States 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.5
Peru 4.4 5.5 4.8 4.8 4.7
Mexico 8.6 6.8 6.1 4.9 3.5
Honduras 4.2 5.7 4.3 5.2 4.0
Nicaragua 3.0 3.4 3.9 5.2 4.3
Romania 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.5
United Kingdom 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9
Myanmar 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.6 4.8
Netherlands 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9
El Salvador 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7
Bolivia 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.3
Solomon Islands 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0
Portugal 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.2 5.0
Indonesia 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8
Denmark 8.6 8.4 6.5 6.4 5.9
United Arab Emirates 2.3 12.0 6.9 6.4 5.9
Equatorial Guinea 6.8 5.1 3.2 6.5 6.5
Azerbaijan 5.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 4.9
Turkey 7.1 5.8 7.6 6.6 7.4
Paraguay 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5
Ecuador 7.4 8.0 9.2 6.7 8.1
Hungary 8.7 8.8 7.8 7.0 6.3
Mongolia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Cyprus 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7
Ireland 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6
Cuba 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4 7.5
Slovenia 6.8 6.6 6.9 7.4 7.4
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7
Nigeria 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Chile 8.8 7.9 7.7 7.6 10.7
Congo, Rep. 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.9
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.7
Mozambique 8.4 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9
Ghana 3.5 10.3 7.3 7.8 11.0
Central African Republic 7.8 8.4 7.7 7.9 7.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9 8.0
Canada 9.1 9.3 8.9 8.0 7.3
Angola 7.4 7.2 7.9 8.1 8.0
Sweden 8.4 9.6 9.8 8.1 6.9
Burundi 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.1 8.5
Somalia 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Chad 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.4
Malta 9.4 8.7 8.6 8.1 8.6
Comoros 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.0
Cabo Verde 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.0
Cameroon 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.8
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5
Gambia, The 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Costa Rica 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3
Togo 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.2
Estonia 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1
Eritrea 8.7 8.4 8.5 8.8 8.9
Malawi 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.9 8.8
Israel 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.2 9.4
Guinea-Bissau 8.0 8.0 7.9 9.4 7.7
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.6 8.8
Philippines 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5
Bahamas, The 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4
Germany 9.4 9.6 10.6 9.9 8.9
Zambia 15.6 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3
Lebanon 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Bahrain 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3
Belarus 9.9 10.5 10.7 10.6 10.4
Ukraine 5.4 7.3 8.6 10.9 11.2
Kenya 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0 11.1
West Bank and Gaza 19.2 18.5 15.8 11.1 9.1
Kyrgyz Republic 9.4 9.5 9.3 11.1 9.2
Brazil 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1
Morocco 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5 13.3
Croatia 11.7 11.2 11.1 11.5 14.1
Fiji 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.5 11.1
Turkmenistan 11.1 11.3 11.1 11.6 11.9
Mali 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4
Uzbekistan 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.7
Belgium 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.2
Lithuania 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8 12.0
Bulgaria 15.4 13.2 13.3 11.8 13.6
Tajikistan 11.1 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.9
Georgia 13.1 11.8 11.8 11.9 12.2
Finland 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6
Poland 14.6 13.8 13.1 12.2 13.4
Puerto Rico 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7
Senegal 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.7 12.7
Venezuela, RB 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0
Russian Federation 9.2 9.3 11.4 12.9 12.9
Mauritius 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.8
Ethiopia 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Slovak Republic 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.1 16.3
Latvia 11.2 10.7 14.6 13.5 13.3
Sri Lanka 19.6 18.1 16.7 13.7 13.5
France 14.0 14.4 14.3 14.0 13.9
Suriname 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4 20.4
Haiti 14.3 14.7 14.7 14.7 8.3
Uruguay 13.2 13.9 12.5 14.8 14.0
Pakistan 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2
Argentina 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7
Libya 14.8 15.3 15.1 15.1 15.0
Kazakhstan 13.4 15.8 15.7 15.8 16.3
Serbia 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.0
Barbados 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4
Italy 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
Greece 13.7 15.3 14.7 16.5 17.8
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8
Jordan 27.2 25.4 25.1 16.8 25.4
Oman 16.3 16.4 16.9 17.1 17.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3 18.0
Colombia 16.0 18.9 17.3 18.6 20.1
Afghanistan 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.6 18.6
Trinidad and Tobago 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7
Maldives 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5
Saudi Arabia 10.5 20.3 19.4 19.4 8.3
Tunisia 18.3 17.8 17.3 20.0 18.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6 19.9
Panama 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1
Namibia 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1
Sudan 20.3 20.5 23.3 21.2 21.2
Montenegro 30.4 30.9 21.1 21.3 21.5
Belize 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5
Jamaica 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8
Gabon 19.5 21.2 23.1 22.7 22.4
Botswana 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5
Dominican Republic 25.7 27.6 25.9 23.7 22.6
Yemen, Rep. 23.5 22.1 23.6 25.3 22.6
Swaziland 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9
Guyana 37.4 33.3 29.3 26.4 31.6
Spain 31.3 30.3 28.9 27.2 23.5
Mauritania 26.8 27.2 28.4 27.5 27.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.8 27.3 30.5 28.4 27.7
Albania 32.9 30.0 32.3 29.5 29.8
South Africa 19.9 24.6 26.7 29.6 30.4
Iraq 29.1 30.3 30.0 29.6 28.0
Armenia 31.4 24.1 21.2 31.4 21.8
Macedonia, FYR 33.1 36.2 36.7 37.9 33.2
Lesotho 40.0 35.5 48.1 40.9 33.4
Algeria 51.3 53.9 45.5 45.8 45.7
Kosovo
Seychelles
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
St. Lucia
Vanuatu
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
South Sudan
Kiribati
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Monaco
Bermuda
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Antigua and Barbuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Greenland
Djibouti
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica
Grenada
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
St. Kitts and Nevis

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