Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7
Qatar 1.9 2.3 2.8 1.1 2.6
Lao PDR 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bhutan 3.5 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.8
Guinea 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7
Vietnam 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1 2.4
Bangladesh 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2 3.0
Cambodia 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
Sierra Leone 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.4
Nepal 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6 1.6
Iceland 5.0 4.1 4.5 3.2 2.6
Uganda 3.1 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.2
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.3
Norway 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3 3.0
Macao SAR, China 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4 4.4
Malaysia 3.5 2.8 2.7 3.4 3.3
Thailand 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 3.0
Madagascar 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8
Singapore 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8 4.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.6 3.9 3.9 4.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9 5.2
Japan 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.5
China 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.9
Liberia 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Switzerland 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.6
Luxembourg 4.3 4.7 3.6 4.3 3.4
Guatemala 4.4 4.4 4.9 4.3 2.6
Myanmar 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Moldova 5.6 5.4 6.4 4.4 9.0
Niger 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5
Bolivia 6.0 6.6 5.4 4.4 5.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.4 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.1
Austria 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.5 3.8
United States 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4
Zimbabwe 4.2 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.5
Solomon Islands 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8
India 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Belarus 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Mexico 8.6 6.7 6.1 4.9 3.6
Peru 5.7 6.9 5.4 5.1 5.9
Nicaragua 3.1 3.4 3.8 5.2 4.2
Honduras 4.3 5.8 4.3 5.2 4.0
Romania 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4 5.4
United Kingdom 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.1
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5 4.9
Netherlands 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8 4.9
El Salvador 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9 4.7
Portugal 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.1 5.1
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.0
Indonesia 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.8
Mongolia 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 5.6 4.3 6.4 6.3
Denmark 8.7 8.4 6.4 6.4 5.8
Turkey 7.1 5.8 7.5 6.7 7.4
Paraguay 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7 7.5
Hungary 8.8 8.8 7.7 6.9 6.3
Malta 8.9 8.7 8.6 6.9 8.2
Congo, Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.2
Cyprus 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2 6.7
Central African Republic 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.2 7.2
Ireland 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3 5.6
Cuba 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4 7.5
Nigeria 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5
Burundi 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6
Cabo Verde 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Comoros 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.3
Chad 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.6
Somalia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Angola 7.0 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.3
Australia 8.0 8.2 8.2 7.4 6.7
Slovenia 6.8 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.4
Chile 9.0 7.8 7.6 7.6 10.7
New Zealand 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6
Togo 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.5
Gambia, The 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Eritrea 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.0
Canada 9.1 9.2 8.9 8.0 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 7.3 7.3 7.2 8.1 7.1
Sweden 8.4 9.7 9.8 8.1 6.9
Cameroon 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 7.8
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3 10.5
Ecuador 7.9 8.1 7.6 8.3 9.0
Costa Rica 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4 8.3
Estonia 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5 10.1
Malawi 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.8 8.7
Ghana 10.4 10.3 8.2 9.0 11.0
Israel 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.1 9.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2
United Arab Emirates 2.3 6.2 6.0 9.5 10.1
Mozambique 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.5 9.5
Philippines 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7 9.5
Timor-Leste 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.7 9.0
Bahamas, The 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7 9.4
Germany 9.4 9.7 10.6 9.9 8.9
Ukraine 4.9 6.7 7.8 10.0 10.2
Zambia 15.5 12.9 12.2 10.1 10.3
Uruguay 14.3 13.9 10.1 10.2 15.2
Lebanon 10.6 10.3 10.9 10.2 10.4
Tajikistan 9.9 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3
Afghanistan 10.8 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.9
Kyrgyz Republic 9.5 9.7 9.3 11.0 9.2
Kenya 11.2 11.1 11.2 11.1 11.1
Turkmenistan 10.8 11.1 11.0 11.2 11.2
Azerbaijan 7.0 5.5 7.1 11.3 4.2
West Bank and Gaza 13.0 18.7 15.9 11.3 9.2
Uzbekistan 11.0 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Brazil 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5 12.1
Morocco 12.2 11.9 11.7 11.5 13.3
Croatia 11.6 11.1 11.0 11.5 14.1
Fiji 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.6 11.2
Mali 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7 11.4
Belgium 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7 10.1
Georgia 13.2 11.8 11.8 11.8 12.2
Bulgaria 15.3 13.1 13.3 11.8 13.6
Lithuania 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8 12.1
Finland 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1 10.6
Poland 14.6 13.9 13.1 12.2 13.3
Puerto Rico 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2 9.7
Venezuela, RB 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7 16.0
Russian Federation 9.1 9.3 11.4 13.0 12.9
Senegal 13.1 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.0
Ethiopia 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.1
Slovak Republic 13.8 12.6 12.8 13.1 16.4
Mauritius 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.2 12.9
Latvia 11.6 11.5 14.6 13.5 13.3
Bahrain 16.8 11.0 10.7 13.6 14.4
Sri Lanka 19.7 18.3 16.7 13.8 13.5
France 13.9 14.4 14.4 14.1 13.8
Suriname 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4 20.4
Haiti 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.5 8.3
Pakistan 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0 15.2
Argentina 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0 15.7
Kazakhstan 13.5 15.9 15.9 16.0 16.5
Guyana 18.1 17.5 16.8 16.1 15.5
Serbia 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1 16.0
Barbados 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4 13.4
Italy 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
Greece 13.7 15.4 14.7 16.5 17.8
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7 17.8
Albania 18.5 17.2 16.0 17.3 17.0
Oman 16.8 17.0 17.4 17.7 17.9
Colombia 17.8 18.9 15.9 17.9 20.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3 18.0
Trinidad and Tobago 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8 16.7
Maldives 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.5
Armenia 28.3 20.4 19.9 19.9 19.4
Saudi Arabia 15.1 22.2 19.4 20.6 8.3
Sudan 20.3 20.4 21.4 20.6 20.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6 19.9
Panama 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9 17.1
Namibia 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1
Montenegro 20.7 21.1 21.7 21.1 21.9
Tunisia 19.0 18.1 17.3 21.2 19.4
Belize 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8 20.5
Jordan 27.0 25.2 24.9 22.1 25.1
Jamaica 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3 22.8
Botswana 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5 23.5
Dominican Republic 25.6 27.5 25.8 23.7 22.5
Gabon 20.6 22.9 25.5 25.7 25.9
Swaziland 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8 25.9
Spain 31.3 30.3 29.0 27.2 23.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.8 27.3 30.3 28.0 27.4
Mauritania 28.8 28.9 29.0 29.0 29.1
Libya 29.5 29.7 29.6 29.5 29.4
South Africa 19.8 24.5 26.6 29.6 30.4
Iraq 31.5 31.3 29.5 30.9 29.0
Yemen, Rep. 34.9 32.7 34.8 37.4 33.0
Macedonia, FYR 33.4 36.1 36.7 37.9 33.2
Lesotho 40.0 35.2 48.1 40.9 33.4
Algeria 52.7 55.8 46.9 47.0 47.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Andorra
St. Kitts and Nevis
Aruba
St. Lucia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Seychelles
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau
San Marino
French Polynesia
Samoa
Tuvalu
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Kiribati
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Curacao
Vanuatu
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Djibouti
Dominica
Middle East (developing only)
Marshall Islands
Tonga
Guam

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