Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Benin 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9
Burkina Faso 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Lao PDR 2.1 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.7
Bhutan 2.5 3.9 1.9 2.0 1.8
Vietnam 2.5 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.1
Bangladesh 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.2
Cambodia 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2
Sierra Leone 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4
Nepal 1.9 2.1 3.9 3.2 2.6
Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Uganda 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Papua New Guinea 3.1 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.1
Norway 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.0 3.3
Iceland 5.5 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.3
Qatar 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.7 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Macao SAR, China 2.4 3.4 4.0 2.6 3.4
Malaysia 4.2 3.4 2.7 2.6 3.4
Thailand 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4
Madagascar 4.7 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.5
Singapore 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.8
Brunei Darussalam 5.1 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.9
India 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.4 3.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.7 2.9 2.4 2.0 3.9
China 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0
Japan 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.0
Niger 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0
Switzerland 4.3 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.2
Luxembourg 4.3 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.2
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Moldova 5.3 5.6 5.4 6.5 4.5
Austria 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6
Guatemala 2.8 5.0 3.9 5.4 4.7
United States 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.1 4.7
Zimbabwe 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.9 4.8
Peru 4.8 4.4 5.5 4.8 4.8
Mexico 4.8 8.6 6.8 6.1 4.9
Honduras 4.2 4.2 5.7 4.3 5.2
Nicaragua 2.6 3.0 3.4 3.9 5.2
Romania 8.3 8.7 7.3 5.8 5.4
United Kingdom 7.4 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.4
Korea, Rep. 1.8 1.6 1.5 2.2 5.5
Myanmar 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.6
Netherlands 8.0 8.7 8.1 7.1 5.8
El Salvador 5.1 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.9
Bolivia 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.9
Solomon Islands 5.6 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0
Tanzania 4.9 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2
Portugal 7.6 7.8 7.9 7.2 6.2
Indonesia 6.0 4.6 5.3 5.5 6.3
Denmark 9.0 8.6 8.4 6.5 6.4
United Arab Emirates 4.8 2.3 12.0 6.9 6.4
Equatorial Guinea 6.9 6.8 5.1 3.2 6.5
Azerbaijan 5.4 5.6 6.7 6.6 6.6
Turkey 7.9 7.1 5.8 7.6 6.6
Paraguay 8.0 3.9 5.3 6.7 6.7
Ecuador 10.2 7.4 8.0 9.2 6.7
Hungary 9.3 8.7 8.8 7.8 7.0
Mongolia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Cyprus 4.3 4.9 5.5 4.1 7.2
Ireland 14.7 12.1 11.8 10.2 7.3
Cuba 4.0 9.9 9.0 8.4 7.4
Slovenia 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.9 7.4
Australia 9.4 8.1 8.2 8.2 7.4
Nigeria 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4
Chile 9.9 8.8 7.9 7.7 7.6
Congo, Rep. 8.1 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.6
New Zealand 7.8 6.5 6.3 6.8 7.6
Mozambique 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.9 7.8
Ghana 6.2 3.5 10.3 7.3 7.8
Central African Republic 7.8 7.8 8.4 7.7 7.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9
Canada 9.8 9.1 9.3 8.9 8.0
Angola 8.0 7.4 7.2 7.9 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.4 9.6 9.8 8.1
Burundi 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.1
Somalia 8.5 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Chad 8.1 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.1
Malta 8.8 9.4 8.7 8.6 8.1
Comoros 8.4 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Cabo Verde 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Cameroon 6.3 3.8 9.0 8.6 8.2
Czech Republic 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.9 8.3
Gambia, The 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.3
Costa Rica 6.0 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.4
Togo 7.7 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.5
Estonia 6.9 8.8 9.0 9.5 8.5
Eritrea 7.8 8.7 8.4 8.5 8.8
Malawi 9.5 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.9
Israel 10.0 8.6 7.8 8.8 9.2
Guinea-Bissau 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.9 9.4
Timor-Leste 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.6
Philippines 9.6 9.6 8.2 8.6 9.7
Bahamas, The 14.8 11.7 14.5 11.3 9.7
Germany 10.1 9.4 9.6 10.6 9.9
Zambia 16.0 15.6 12.9 12.2 10.1
Lebanon 10.9 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.2
Bahrain 14.2 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.4
Belarus 9.8 9.9 10.5 10.7 10.6
Ukraine 6.8 5.4 7.3 8.6 10.9
Kenya 11.3 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0
West Bank and Gaza 19.0 19.2 18.5 15.8 11.1
Kyrgyz Republic 8.8 9.4 9.5 9.3 11.1
Brazil 7.3 7.3 8.7 9.9 11.5
Morocco 12.4 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5
Croatia 11.9 11.7 11.2 11.1 11.5
Fiji 8.0 7.5 7.8 9.2 11.5
Turkmenistan 10.6 11.1 11.3 11.1 11.6
Mali 11.9 12.3 11.9 11.5 11.7
Uzbekistan 11.3 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.7
Belgium 12.4 12.2 12.4 11.6 11.7
Lithuania 15.6 15.3 13.9 13.9 11.8
Bulgaria 19.7 15.4 13.2 13.3 11.8
Tajikistan 10.7 11.1 11.7 11.8 11.9
Georgia 11.8 13.1 11.8 11.8 11.9
Finland 14.9 15.1 14.8 13.0 12.1
Poland 15.9 14.6 13.8 13.1 12.2
Puerto Rico 11.5 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.2
Senegal 13.2 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.7
Venezuela, RB 8.6 12.1 16.1 13.5 12.7
Russian Federation 8.0 9.2 9.3 11.4 12.9
Mauritius 14.4 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9
Ethiopia 11.1 12.9 13.0 13.0 13.0
Slovak Republic 14.1 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.1
Latvia 14.7 11.2 10.7 14.6 13.5
Sri Lanka 20.6 19.6 18.1 16.7 13.7
France 14.4 14.0 14.4 14.3 14.0
Suriname 15.5 11.3 15.3 14.5 14.4
Haiti 16.2 14.3 14.7 14.7 14.7
Uruguay 12.5 13.2 13.9 12.5 14.8
Pakistan 9.3 14.0 14.9 17.2 15.0
Argentina 14.6 22.3 20.2 18.2 15.0
Libya 15.3 14.8 15.3 15.1 15.1
Kazakhstan 9.1 13.4 15.8 15.7 15.8
Serbia 17.9 15.8 15.5 16.2 16.1
Barbados 28.4 23.1 17.9 18.3 16.4
Italy 15.2 16.0 16.1 16.3 16.4
Greece 13.6 13.7 15.3 14.7 16.5
Syrian Arab Republic 17.1 16.4 22.9 19.3 16.7
Jordan 34.3 27.2 25.4 25.1 16.8
Oman 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.9 17.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.2 18.7 18.3 18.5 18.3
Colombia 16.0 16.0 18.9 17.3 18.6
Afghanistan 18.7 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.6
Trinidad and Tobago 21.8 20.5 21.1 19.6 18.8
Maldives 18.7 18.4 19.0 19.4 19.2
Saudi Arabia 10.1 10.5 20.3 19.4 19.4
Tunisia 17.0 18.3 17.8 17.3 20.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.2 27.1 22.0 20.8 20.6
Panama 20.5 20.2 20.3 18.3 20.9
Namibia 21.1 21.2 21.2 21.0 21.1
Sudan 20.2 20.3 20.5 23.3 21.2
Montenegro 21.7 30.4 30.9 21.1 21.3
Belize 16.2 18.2 18.7 21.1 21.8
Jamaica 22.0 22.4 22.9 23.7 22.3
Gabon 17.4 19.5 21.2 23.1 22.7
Botswana 22.7 23.1 23.6 23.2 23.5
Dominican Republic 27.1 25.7 27.6 25.9 23.7
Yemen, Rep. 25.0 23.5 22.1 23.6 25.3
Swaziland 24.5 22.8 23.6 25.8 25.8
Guyana 30.1 37.4 33.3 29.3 26.4
Spain 32.1 31.3 30.3 28.9 27.2
Mauritania 28.3 26.8 27.2 28.4 27.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 29.6 26.8 27.3 30.5 28.4
Albania 33.0 32.9 30.0 32.3 29.5
South Africa 23.6 19.9 24.6 26.7 29.6
Iraq 27.9 29.1 30.3 30.0 29.6
Armenia 25.3 31.4 24.1 21.2 31.4
Macedonia, FYR 32.3 33.1 36.2 36.7 37.9
Lesotho 46.3 40.0 35.5 48.1 40.9
Algeria 44.2 51.3 53.9 45.5 45.8
Kosovo
Seychelles
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
St. Lucia
Vanuatu
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
South Sudan
Kiribati
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Monaco
Bermuda
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Antigua and Barbuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Greenland
Djibouti
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica
Grenada
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
St. Kitts and Nevis

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