Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
Benin 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9
Nepal 1.6 2.4 3.3 2.5 1.9
Lao PDR 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.8
Burkina Faso 1.7 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.0
Bhutan 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2
Guatemala 2.3 1.7 1.6 3.7 3.4
Qatar 2.3 1.4 2.4 3.6 5.2
Cambodia 2.4 2.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Vietnam 2.4 2.2 3.3 2.3 2.7
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1
Guinea 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Uganda 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.7
Thailand 3.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.4
Bangladesh 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.6
Norway 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9
Papua New Guinea 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Malaysia 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Luxembourg 3.4 3.1 2.2 3.6 4.7
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Madagascar 3.5 3.4 5.0 5.5 6.2
Mexico 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Switzerland 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.1 4.5
China 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Austria 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.9
Honduras 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.7 6.5
India 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.0
Niger 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.0 5.2 5.6
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 5.1
Nicaragua 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.1 8.2
Macao SAR, China 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.8
United States 4.4 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.7
Zimbabwe 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Japan 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1 4.9
Peru 4.7 5.7 4.2 5.2 6.3
El Salvador 4.7 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.5
Myanmar 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Korea, Rep. 4.9 3.5 3.2 2.6 3.2
Netherlands 4.9 3.5 2.5 2.9 3.8
Azerbaijan 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.4 5.0
Portugal 5.0 4.9 5.0 6.0 7.2
United Kingdom 5.1 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.2 4.0 3.9 5.9 6.2
Bolivia 5.3 5.9 6.4 6.8 6.2
Romania 5.5 6.3 5.9 7.5 6.3
Ireland 5.6 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.0
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Denmark 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 6.1
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.5 4.6 4.2
Solomon Islands 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.0 5.4
Hungary 6.3 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 5.3 6.9 7.1
New Zealand 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.1
Cyprus 6.7 7.4 5.8 4.1 4.5
Australia 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0
Indonesia 6.8 6.5 10.3 11.1 12.6
Sweden 6.9 5.5 4.8 4.8 5.3
Mongolia 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.4
Canada 7.3 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2
Slovenia 7.4 7.1 6.0 6.8 7.1
Turkey 7.4 6.1 7.3 9.3 9.9
Paraguay 7.5 9.2 9.2 13.6 10.1
Nigeria 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.4
Cuba 7.5 6.4 4.9 3.9 2.7
Guinea-Bissau 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Cameroon 7.8 6.7 8.3 6.1 6.2
Central African Republic 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.4
Mozambique 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.8
Congo, Rep. 7.9 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7
Cabo Verde 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Comoros 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.6
Angola 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 8.0
Ecuador 8.1 9.6 11.2 11.2 12.3
Somalia 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Togo 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.1
Saudi Arabia 8.3 8.9 8.6 11.0 16.4
Haiti 8.3 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.7
Costa Rica 8.3 7.0 7.9 8.1 8.4
Gambia, The 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.2
Chad 8.4 8.5 7.9 8.0 7.8
Burundi 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Malta 8.6 6.6 8.1 8.3 9.8
Malawi 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.9
Timor-Leste 8.8 8.5 12.6 11.7 10.9
Germany 8.9 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.8
Eritrea 8.9 9.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Moldova 8.9 7.2 5.9 5.6 6.3
West Bank and Gaza 9.1 10.9 13.8 16.8 17.6
Kyrgyz Republic 9.2 8.4 8.7 14.2 11.1
Bahamas, The 9.4 8.8 7.4 9.3 11.7
Israel 9.4 9.2 9.7 10.6 11.3
Philippines 9.5 11.2 11.8 11.8 11.4
Puerto Rico 9.7 7.5 9.5 10.8 11.0
Estonia 10.1 11.5 13.1 8.5 10.4
Lebanon 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.5
Belgium 10.2 8.3 6.9 8.6 8.9
Bahrain 10.3 12.9 10.2 12.6 14.9
Zambia 10.3 10.9 12.7 12.3 13.0
Belarus 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.4
Czech Republic 10.5 10.6 9.9 9.0 9.9
Finland 10.6 10.6 9.7 9.1 8.9
Chile 10.7 10.1 9.7 9.6 9.7
Ghana 11.0 10.7 10.6 10.6 7.9
Fiji 11.1 10.6 8.5 8.0 11.8
Kenya 11.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 10.9
Ukraine 11.2 11.2 10.5 9.2 8.7
Mali 11.4 11.5 11.7 11.8 12.1
Uzbekistan 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
Tajikistan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Turkmenistan 11.9 11.9 12.0 11.9 11.9
Lithuania 12.0 13.6 14.1 12.8 13.2
Brazil 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.6 12.4
Georgia 12.2 10.4 10.7 11.0 11.5
Senegal 12.7 12.9 12.8 13.1 12.6
Mauritius 12.8 11.9 11.1 11.9 12.8
Russian Federation 12.9 10.4 8.6 7.6 7.9
Ethiopia 13.1 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.1
Morocco 13.3 13.2 12.5 12.6 12.9
Latvia 13.3 13.4 11.5 11.6 10.8
Poland 13.4 18.0 19.7 20.8 20.4
Barbados 13.4 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.7
Sri Lanka 13.5 11.6 12.1 13.7 13.0
Bulgaria 13.6 15.8 18.7 17.3 13.2
France 13.9 12.2 10.5 9.8 9.6
Uruguay 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.8 11.1
Croatia 14.1 16.8 21.4 17.3 15.7
Libya 15.0 15.1 14.8 14.7 15.1
Pakistan 15.2 16.1 16.7 16.5 15.7
Argentina 15.7 17.1 17.5 18.8 18.8
Serbia 16.0 14.7 14.9 16.1 17.7
Venezuela, RB 16.0 14.3 14.6 18.8 20.3
Italy 16.2 14.8 13.0 12.6 11.9
Slovak Republic 16.3 18.5 18.6 18.7 17.7
Kazakhstan 16.3 15.4 12.5 11.1 10.4
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 15.1 14.2 14.4 14.5
Panama 17.1 17.8 18.9 18.5 18.1
Oman 17.3 17.5 17.5 17.2 16.9
Syrian Arab Republic 17.8 22.2 27.4 24.1 21.0
Greece 17.8 16.6 15.3 15.6 14.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.0 20.6 18.7 20.0 18.9
Maldives 18.5 19.1 19.8 20.6 21.3
Tunisia 18.6 18.1 17.4 17.5 16.5
Afghanistan 18.6 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 22.3 23.3 25.6 25.7
Colombia 20.1 21.6 19.2 19.0 15.5
Suriname 20.4 20.2 19.3 19.6 19.3
Belize 20.5 16.6 13.7 15.0 15.3
Namibia 21.1 21.6 23.6 20.4 21.6
Sudan 21.2 21.2 20.4 20.3 20.4
Montenegro 21.5 32.0 21.0 21.2 21.3
Armenia 21.8 29.0 40.1 33.8 35.2
Gabon 22.4 22.0 21.6 21.3 20.9
Yemen, Rep. 22.6 26.4 23.0 23.0 23.3
Dominican Republic 22.6 23.6 22.2 18.8 26.7
Jamaica 22.8 22.4 21.1 19.7 17.0
Spain 23.5 20.9 15.4 16.6 16.1
Botswana 23.5 27.6 25.8 24.2 26.9
Jordan 25.4 21.9 23.4 24.5 23.1
Swaziland 25.9 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Mauritania 27.1 27.6 27.5 27.6 27.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.7 27.0 29.5 26.4 27.8
Iraq 28.0 28.2 28.3 28.1 33.9
Albania 29.8 14.3 28.9 15.7 12.4
South Africa 30.4 29.0 27.9 31.4 31.2
Guyana 31.6 19.7 32.7 30.2 28.3
Macedonia, FYR 33.2 34.8 32.0 32.4 36.3
Lesotho 33.4 45.5 45.1 40.4 47.3
Algeria 45.7 53.7 49.5 44.9 39.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Aruba
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Palau
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Andorra
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Antigua and Barbuda
Bermuda
French Polynesia
American Samoa
Vanuatu
Djibouti
Grenada
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Dominica
Kiribati
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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