Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Benin 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9
Kuwait 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
Lao PDR 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.8
Guatemala 2.3 1.7 1.6 3.7 3.4
Burkina Faso 1.7 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.0
Cambodia 2.4 2.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2
Luxembourg 3.4 3.1 2.2 3.6 4.7
Qatar 2.3 1.4 2.4 3.6 5.2
Bhutan 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2
Netherlands 4.9 3.5 2.5 2.9 3.8
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1
Thailand 3.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.4
Guinea 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Rep. 4.9 3.5 3.2 2.6 3.2
Nepal 1.6 2.4 3.3 2.5 1.9
Papua New Guinea 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Mexico 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Vietnam 2.4 2.2 3.3 2.3 2.7
Bangladesh 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.6
Norway 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9
Switzerland 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.1 4.5
Ireland 5.6 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.0
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Uganda 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.7
Austria 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2
China 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.2 4.0 3.9 5.9 6.2
Nicaragua 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.1 8.2
Malaysia 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Niger 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.0 5.2 5.6
India 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 5.1
United Kingdom 5.1 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.2
Peru 4.7 5.7 4.2 5.2 6.3
Honduras 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.7 6.5
El Salvador 4.7 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.5
Macao SAR, China 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.8
United States 4.4 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.7
Myanmar 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6
Zimbabwe 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Denmark 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 6.1
Japan 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1 4.9
Sweden 6.9 5.5 4.8 4.8 5.3
Cuba 7.5 6.4 4.9 3.9 2.7
Portugal 5.0 4.9 5.0 6.0 7.2
Hungary 6.3 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.6
Madagascar 3.5 3.4 5.0 5.5 6.2
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 5.3 6.9 7.1
New Zealand 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.1
Cyprus 6.7 7.4 5.8 4.1 4.5
Moldova 8.9 7.2 5.9 5.6 6.3
Romania 5.5 6.3 5.9 7.5 6.3
Slovenia 7.4 7.1 6.0 6.8 7.1
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Solomon Islands 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.0 5.4
Bolivia 5.3 5.9 6.4 6.8 6.2
Australia 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0
Azerbaijan 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.4 5.0
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.5 4.6 4.2
Belgium 10.2 8.3 6.9 8.6 8.9
Canada 7.3 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2
Mongolia 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.4
Turkey 7.4 6.1 7.3 9.3 9.9
Bahamas, The 9.4 8.8 7.4 9.3 11.7
Nigeria 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.4
Congo, Rep. 7.9 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7
Mozambique 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.8
Chad 8.4 8.5 7.9 8.0 7.8
Guinea-Bissau 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.6
Comoros 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9
Costa Rica 8.3 7.0 7.9 8.1 8.4
Germany 8.9 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.8
Angola 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 8.0
Malta 8.6 6.6 8.1 8.3 9.8
Central African Republic 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.4
Somalia 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Cabo Verde 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Cameroon 7.8 6.7 8.3 6.1 6.2
Togo 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.1
Gambia, The 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.2
Eritrea 8.9 9.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Burundi 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Fiji 11.1 10.6 8.5 8.0 11.8
Saudi Arabia 8.3 8.9 8.6 11.0 16.4
Russian Federation 12.9 10.4 8.6 7.6 7.9
Kyrgyz Republic 9.2 8.4 8.7 14.2 11.1
Haiti 8.3 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.7
Paraguay 7.5 9.2 9.2 13.6 10.1
Malawi 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.9
Puerto Rico 9.7 7.5 9.5 10.8 11.0
Chile 10.7 10.1 9.7 9.6 9.7
Finland 10.6 10.6 9.7 9.1 8.9
Israel 9.4 9.2 9.7 10.6 11.3
Czech Republic 10.5 10.6 9.9 9.0 9.9
Lebanon 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.5
Bahrain 10.3 12.9 10.2 12.6 14.9
Indonesia 6.8 6.5 10.3 11.1 12.6
Belarus 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.4
Ukraine 11.2 11.2 10.5 9.2 8.7
France 13.9 12.2 10.5 9.8 9.6
Ghana 11.0 10.7 10.6 10.6 7.9
Georgia 12.2 10.4 10.7 11.0 11.5
Kenya 11.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 10.9
Mauritius 12.8 11.9 11.1 11.9 12.8
Ecuador 8.1 9.6 11.2 11.2 12.3
Latvia 13.3 13.4 11.5 11.6 10.8
Uzbekistan 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
Mali 11.4 11.5 11.7 11.8 12.1
Philippines 9.5 11.2 11.8 11.8 11.4
Brazil 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.6 12.4
Barbados 13.4 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.7
Turkmenistan 11.9 11.9 12.0 11.9 11.9
Ethiopia 13.1 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.1
Tajikistan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Sri Lanka 13.5 11.6 12.1 13.7 13.0
Morocco 13.3 13.2 12.5 12.6 12.9
Kazakhstan 16.3 15.4 12.5 11.1 10.4
Uruguay 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.8 11.1
Timor-Leste 8.8 8.5 12.6 11.7 10.9
Zambia 10.3 10.9 12.7 12.3 13.0
Senegal 12.7 12.9 12.8 13.1 12.6
Italy 16.2 14.8 13.0 12.6 11.9
Estonia 10.1 11.5 13.1 8.5 10.4
Belize 20.5 16.6 13.7 15.0 15.3
West Bank and Gaza 9.1 10.9 13.8 16.8 17.6
Lithuania 12.0 13.6 14.1 12.8 13.2
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 15.1 14.2 14.4 14.5
Venezuela, RB 16.0 14.3 14.6 18.8 20.3
Libya 15.0 15.1 14.8 14.7 15.1
Serbia 16.0 14.7 14.9 16.1 17.7
Greece 17.8 16.6 15.3 15.6 14.9
Spain 23.5 20.9 15.4 16.6 16.1
Pakistan 15.2 16.1 16.7 16.5 15.7
Tunisia 18.6 18.1 17.4 17.5 16.5
Argentina 15.7 17.1 17.5 18.8 18.8
Oman 17.3 17.5 17.5 17.2 16.9
Afghanistan 18.6 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.6
Slovak Republic 16.3 18.5 18.6 18.7 17.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.0 20.6 18.7 20.0 18.9
Bulgaria 13.6 15.8 18.7 17.3 13.2
Panama 17.1 17.8 18.9 18.5 18.1
Colombia 20.1 21.6 19.2 19.0 15.5
Suriname 20.4 20.2 19.3 19.6 19.3
Poland 13.4 18.0 19.7 20.8 20.4
Maldives 18.5 19.1 19.8 20.6 21.3
Sudan 21.2 21.2 20.4 20.3 20.4
Montenegro 21.5 32.0 21.0 21.2 21.3
Jamaica 22.8 22.4 21.1 19.7 17.0
Croatia 14.1 16.8 21.4 17.3 15.7
Gabon 22.4 22.0 21.6 21.3 20.9
Dominican Republic 22.6 23.6 22.2 18.8 26.7
Yemen, Rep. 22.6 26.4 23.0 23.0 23.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 22.3 23.3 25.6 25.7
Jordan 25.4 21.9 23.4 24.5 23.1
Namibia 21.1 21.6 23.6 20.4 21.6
Botswana 23.5 27.6 25.8 24.2 26.9
Swaziland 25.9 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Syrian Arab Republic 17.8 22.2 27.4 24.1 21.0
Mauritania 27.1 27.6 27.5 27.6 27.1
South Africa 30.4 29.0 27.9 31.4 31.2
Iraq 28.0 28.2 28.3 28.1 33.9
Albania 29.8 14.3 28.9 15.7 12.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.7 27.0 29.5 26.4 27.8
Macedonia, FYR 33.2 34.8 32.0 32.4 36.3
Guyana 31.6 19.7 32.7 30.2 28.3
Armenia 21.8 29.0 40.1 33.8 35.2
Lesotho 33.4 45.5 45.1 40.4 47.3
Algeria 45.7 53.7 49.5 44.9 39.2
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
South Sudan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
Aruba
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Vanuatu
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tonga
Samoa
Palau
New Caledonia
Dominica
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
San Marino
Greenland
Antigua and Barbuda
Kosovo
American Samoa
Seychelles
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Djibouti
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Cayman Islands
Kiribati
Grenada

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