Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Benin 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9
Kuwait 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
Lao PDR 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.8
Thailand 3.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 1.4
Cambodia 2.4 2.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Sierra Leone 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2
Burkina Faso 1.7 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.0
Bhutan 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2
Vietnam 2.4 2.2 3.3 2.3 2.7
Nepal 1.6 2.4 3.3 2.5 1.9
Korea, Rep. 4.9 3.5 3.2 2.6 3.2
Guinea 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Netherlands 4.9 3.5 2.5 2.9 3.8
Iceland 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.9 3.1
Switzerland 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.1 4.5
Papua New Guinea 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
El Salvador 4.7 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.5
Mexico 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Bangladesh 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.6
Qatar 2.3 1.4 2.4 3.6 5.2
Luxembourg 3.4 3.1 2.2 3.6 4.7
Guatemala 2.3 1.7 1.6 3.7 3.4
Ireland 5.6 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.0
China 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Norway 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9
Malaysia 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.9
Austria 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2
Cuba 7.5 6.4 4.9 3.9 2.7
Uganda 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.7
Niger 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Nicaragua 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.1 8.2
Cyprus 6.7 7.4 5.8 4.1 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Liberia 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 5.1
United Kingdom 5.1 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.2
Zimbabwe 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Macao SAR, China 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.8
Tanzania 6.0 6.6 6.5 4.6 4.2
Honduras 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.7 6.5
Myanmar 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6
India 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.0
Sweden 6.9 5.5 4.8 4.8 5.3
Denmark 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 6.1
Japan 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1 4.9
Peru 4.7 5.7 4.2 5.2 6.3
Singapore 4.1 4.1 4.0 5.2 5.6
Hungary 6.3 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.6
Madagascar 3.5 3.4 5.0 5.5 6.2
New Zealand 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.1
Moldova 8.9 7.2 5.9 5.6 6.3
United States 4.4 4.2 4.7 5.7 5.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.2 4.0 3.9 5.9 6.2
Portugal 5.0 4.9 5.0 6.0 7.2
Solomon Islands 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.0 5.4
Cameroon 7.8 6.7 8.3 6.1 6.2
Australia 6.7 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.0
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.5
Azerbaijan 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.4 5.0
Bolivia 5.3 5.9 6.4 6.8 6.2
Slovenia 7.4 7.1 6.0 6.8 7.1
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.8 5.3 6.9 7.1
Mongolia 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.4
Canada 7.3 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2
Nigeria 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.4
Romania 5.5 6.3 5.9 7.5 6.3
Congo, Rep. 7.9 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.7
Angola 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 8.0
Russian Federation 12.9 10.4 8.6 7.6 7.9
Mozambique 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.0 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.6
Comoros 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9
Fiji 11.1 10.6 8.5 8.0 11.8
Chad 8.4 8.5 7.9 8.0 7.8
Costa Rica 8.3 7.0 7.9 8.1 8.4
Central African Republic 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.4
Guinea-Bissau 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.0
Somalia 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Cabo Verde 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Malta 8.6 6.6 8.1 8.3 9.8
Germany 8.9 8.1 7.9 8.3 8.8
Togo 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.1
Estonia 10.1 11.5 13.1 8.5 10.4
Burundi 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Belgium 10.2 8.3 6.9 8.6 8.9
Gambia, The 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.2
Haiti 8.3 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.7
Eritrea 8.9 9.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Czech Republic 10.5 10.6 9.9 9.0 9.9
Malawi 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.9
Finland 10.6 10.6 9.7 9.1 8.9
Ukraine 11.2 11.2 10.5 9.2 8.7
Turkey 7.4 6.1 7.3 9.3 9.9
Bahamas, The 9.4 8.8 7.4 9.3 11.7
Chile 10.7 10.1 9.7 9.6 9.7
France 13.9 12.2 10.5 9.8 9.6
Lebanon 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.5
Belarus 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.4
Israel 9.4 9.2 9.7 10.6 11.3
Ghana 11.0 10.7 10.6 10.6 7.9
Puerto Rico 9.7 7.5 9.5 10.8 11.0
Georgia 12.2 10.4 10.7 11.0 11.5
Saudi Arabia 8.3 8.9 8.6 11.0 16.4
Ethiopia 13.1 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.1
Kenya 11.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 10.9
Kazakhstan 16.3 15.4 12.5 11.1 10.4
Indonesia 6.8 6.5 10.3 11.1 12.6
Ecuador 8.1 9.6 11.2 11.2 12.3
Uzbekistan 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
Latvia 13.3 13.4 11.5 11.6 10.8
Brazil 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.6 12.4
Timor-Leste 8.8 8.5 12.6 11.7 10.9
Mali 11.4 11.5 11.7 11.8 12.1
Uruguay 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.8 11.1
Philippines 9.5 11.2 11.8 11.8 11.4
Mauritius 12.8 11.9 11.1 11.9 12.8
Turkmenistan 11.9 11.9 12.0 11.9 11.9
Tajikistan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Barbados 13.4 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.7
Zambia 10.3 10.9 12.7 12.3 13.0
Italy 16.2 14.8 13.0 12.6 11.9
Bahrain 10.3 12.9 10.2 12.6 14.9
Morocco 13.3 13.2 12.5 12.6 12.9
Lithuania 12.0 13.6 14.1 12.8 13.2
Senegal 12.7 12.9 12.8 13.1 12.6
Paraguay 7.5 9.2 9.2 13.6 10.1
Sri Lanka 13.5 11.6 12.1 13.7 13.0
Kyrgyz Republic 9.2 8.4 8.7 14.2 11.1
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 15.1 14.2 14.4 14.5
Libya 15.0 15.1 14.8 14.7 15.1
Belize 20.5 16.6 13.7 15.0 15.3
Greece 17.8 16.6 15.3 15.6 14.9
Albania 29.8 14.3 28.9 15.7 12.4
Serbia 16.0 14.7 14.9 16.1 17.7
Pakistan 15.2 16.1 16.7 16.5 15.7
Spain 23.5 20.9 15.4 16.6 16.1
West Bank and Gaza 9.1 10.9 13.8 16.8 17.6
Oman 17.3 17.5 17.5 17.2 16.9
Croatia 14.1 16.8 21.4 17.3 15.7
Bulgaria 13.6 15.8 18.7 17.3 13.2
Tunisia 18.6 18.1 17.4 17.5 16.5
Afghanistan 18.6 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.6
Panama 17.1 17.8 18.9 18.5 18.1
Slovak Republic 16.3 18.5 18.6 18.7 17.7
Dominican Republic 22.6 23.6 22.2 18.8 26.7
Argentina 15.7 17.1 17.5 18.8 18.8
Venezuela, RB 16.0 14.3 14.6 18.8 20.3
Colombia 20.1 21.6 19.2 19.0 15.5
Suriname 20.4 20.2 19.3 19.6 19.3
Jamaica 22.8 22.4 21.1 19.7 17.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.0 20.6 18.7 20.0 18.9
Sudan 21.2 21.2 20.4 20.3 20.4
Namibia 21.1 21.6 23.6 20.4 21.6
Maldives 18.5 19.1 19.8 20.6 21.3
Poland 13.4 18.0 19.7 20.8 20.4
Montenegro 21.5 32.0 21.0 21.2 21.3
Gabon 22.4 22.0 21.6 21.3 20.9
Yemen, Rep. 22.6 26.4 23.0 23.0 23.3
Syrian Arab Republic 17.8 22.2 27.4 24.1 21.0
Botswana 23.5 27.6 25.8 24.2 26.9
Jordan 25.4 21.9 23.4 24.5 23.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 22.3 23.3 25.6 25.7
Swaziland 25.9 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.7 27.0 29.5 26.4 27.8
Mauritania 27.1 27.6 27.5 27.6 27.1
Iraq 28.0 28.2 28.3 28.1 33.9
Guyana 31.6 19.7 32.7 30.2 28.3
South Africa 30.4 29.0 27.9 31.4 31.2
Macedonia, FYR 33.2 34.8 32.0 32.4 36.3
Armenia 21.8 29.0 40.1 33.8 35.2
Lesotho 33.4 45.5 45.1 40.4 47.3
Algeria 45.7 53.7 49.5 44.9 39.2
Samoa
Dominica
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Monaco
St. Lucia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Guam
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Palau
Greenland
Bermuda
Grenada
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Seychelles
Sao Tome and Principe
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Antigua and Barbuda
San Marino
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Djibouti
Kiribati
Curacao

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